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court. She was one of the most accomplished women of her day. The following letter, copied from the Massachusetts Historical Society's archives, is one of several written by him to Sir William Pepperrell:

In the Camp, May 7, 1745. Hon. Sir:-I beg the party from the grand Battery may be as private as possible in getting their boats ready and cannot be willing to proceed without Shaw, to be my pilot. If he is not come by land should choose to send a boat for him immediately and also the city may have as warm a fire as we can give them in different places, until one o'clock or two and then a cessation until they hear us engaged. Hope to have all ready, pray send Shaw. Sir your most Obedient, Humble Servant,

JOHN GORHAM. There is in Stamford, Conn., a portrait painted by Copley in 1762 of Elizbeth Gorham Rogers, daughter of Colonel John Gorham and his wife Elizabeth Allen. The original of this portrait was born in the old Gorham house, now standing in Barnstable, in 1739. This portrait is now on exhibition at Copley Hall, Boston, among those of famous and beautiful women. It is owned by Miss Louisa Low.

The Gorhams were descended from four of the Pilgrims on the Mayflower, namely: John Tilley and his wife, John Howland and his wife Elizabeth Tilley. The first John Gorham married Desire Howland, one of the first born in Plymouth.

(Gleaned from “Massachusetts Historical Society,” “Massachusetts Archives,” “Nova Scotia Archives," "Palfrey's History of New England," "Otis' Barnstable Families,” “Gustavus A. Hinckley, Esq., of Barnstable,” “Mrs. Ann Gorham Fish of Barnstable,” “Major Nelson Gorham of Fulton, New York.”|-F. W. S.

NOTES BY THE WAY

FORMER PROFITS IN MISSOURI STEAMBOATS

Few people are aware of the former profits of Missouri River steamboating. No legitimate business-not speculative-probably ever paid like former steamboating on the Missouri. Capt. Joseph Kinney, who died about five years ago at his home at Old Franklin, opposite Boonville, cleared $56,000 on one round trip from St. Louis to Fort Benton, Mont., after the war. Capt. Kinney owned and commanded the Cora, which was named after one of his daughters. This boat's wreck lies in “Cora Chute," between St. Charles and the mouth of the Missouri River.

The La Barges and the Doziers, families of Missouri River steamboatmen, at times made from $25,000 to $35,000 in trips to Fort Benton. Capt. Edward Herndon, who ran into Kansas City for many years, and was well known here, made $60,000 on one trip to Fort Benton from St. Louis on the steamer William J. Lewis. This was about 1867. A company of Missouri people owned the boat. The round trip occupied about ninety days. The profit was something less than $700 a day.

John Campbell of this city was paid at the rate of $350 a ton, or 1772 cents a pound, for taking government freight from St. Louis to Fort Benton. The rate was 72 cents from St. Louis to the mouth of the Yellowstone River, and 10 cents a pound from there to Fort Benton. There was a profit in a cargo of 300 tons of this kind of freight. Capt. Barnes, who for many years after the war ran the Columbian between St. Louis and Omaha, often cleared $10,000 on a trip. The Columbian's wreck is covered by sand, with an undergrowth of willows, at Buckhorn Point, near Brunswick.

Capt. Charles K. Baker, who died about six years ago at the home of his son, C. K. Baker, jr., near Westport, many times cleared thousands in a few weeks with different steamers which he owned. Among them were the Admiral, Minnehaha, and Sioux City. Capt. Baker was at one time paid $1,600 a month to take charge of the piloting of the M. S. Mepham, a large sidewheel boat. Capt. Baker employed an assistant at $100 a month, and made a monthly salary of $1,500 for

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himself. Capt. John Gunsollis of St. Louis, who was killed about three years ago in a steamboat accident, was paid at the rate of $1,000 a month for piloting on the Missouri River just after the war, He was well known in Kansas City. In 1883 the old sidewheel steamer Fannie Lewis was condemned as unseaworthy. Capt. James Kennedy, agent of the present packet company here, and Capt. C. B. Tilden persuaded the Lewis's owners to have the boat repaired and run another season. The owners did as requested. Capt. Tilden commanded and Capt. Kennedy represented the boat as agent at Kansas City, and in six months made $10,000 profit. This was the last year for the Fannie Lewis. The boat was afterwards taken apart at St. Louis and the machinery used elsewhere.

Cincinnati Commercial Gazette

ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS

WASHINGTON ON CLOTHES

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This and the two following letters relate to the making of a full-dress military suit, which Washington desired to have ready for his birthday. The suit was to be prepared in accordance with the specifications of the Secretary of War for such a dress, and Washington's desire to have it finished on time was in all probability for the occasion of the marriage of his adopted daughter, Nellie Custis, to his nephew, Lawrence Lewis.

The letters show that the suit was not finished in time, and the last letter, under date of July 14th, 1799, intimates that the impossibility of procuring the proper gold thread embroidery might necessitate sending the coat to Europe, in which case Washington desired to be advised before such action was taken. Whether the suit was completed according to directions is not definitely known, but it is thought that the only dress uniform Washington owned at any time was the buff and blue suit familiar to all Americans.

Written the same year in which he died, these letters are remarkable for their fine condition; the chirography is scarcely indicative of the advancing age of the author, being exceptionally firm and handsome, with perfect alignment.

Mount Vernon, February 10, 1799. To Mr. (James) McAlpin, Fourth Street, Philadelphia. Having requested in a former letter that you would make me a uni

a form suit of cloaths by such directions as the Secretary of War would give;-of such kinds of cloth as I mentioned to you in that letter;and moreover that they might be with me by the 22d of the present month;—I hope my desire in all these particulars will be complied with

Let them be packed in a Portmanteau to be made for that, &

occasional uses thereafter, of very stiff and thick leather of the following size, etc. Transmit your account of the cost of all the articles required, and the amount shall be remitted to you, by Sir,

Your Hble. Servant,

G. WASHINGTON.

Mount Vernon, May 12, 1799. Having heard nothing from you since my last request (now more than two months ago) that you would complete, and send on my uniform Suit so soon as the gold thread, which you informed me was expected in the Spring Shipping, should have arrived; I give you the trouble of receiving this letter on the Subject;—and to request that no unnecessary delay may prevent the accomplishment of it.

Send the cloaths in such a Portmanteau as I discribed (sic) in my former letter, & by some Person (if you can) who may be coming through, to Alexandria;—to be lodged at the Post Office, or Stage Office in that Town;—with the Bill of cost, etc. I am sir,

Your Hble Servant,

G. WASHINGTON.

Written exactly five months before his death, and five months after the first letter, (ante. ] ordering his military dress suit, still undelivered.

Mount Vernon, July 14, 1799. Your letters of the 24th & 27th ulto. have come duly to hand;and persuaded as I am that, you have used your best endeavours to furnish my uniform Coat, agreeably to the regulations of the War department, I thank you for your exertions; although they have failed of the desired effect.

Some years ago (while the Government was in New York) I had a cloke well embroidered there (at the instance of a Mr. Bahr, who was then my Taylor)-possibly, the same person, or some other, might be found there still, to do it, if Mr. Bahr is living and was applied to.

If a failure takes place there also, and the coat is not already embarked for Europe, let it remain as at present, and inform me of the state of, and what can be done with it.-I am Sir,

Your very Hble. Servant,

G. WASHINGTON.

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