Experts and Politicians: Reform Challenges to Machine Politics in New York, Cleveland, and Chicago

Voorkant
Princeton University Press, 13 feb. 1995 - 264 pagina's

During the Progressive Era, reform candidates in New York, Cleveland, and Chicago challenged the status quo--with strikingly different results: brief triumph in New York, sustained success in Cleveland, and utter failure in Chicago. Kenneth Finegold seeks to explain this phenomenon by analyzing the support for reform in these cities, especially the role of an emerging class of urban policy professionals in each campaign. His work offers a new way of looking at urban reform opposition to machine politics.


Drawing on original research and quantitative analysis of electoral data, Finegold identifies three distinct patterns of support for reform candidates: traditional reformers drew support from native-stock elites; municipal populists found support among stock immigrant groups and segments of the working class; and progressive candidates won the backing of coalitions made up of traditional reform and municipal populist voters. The success of these reform efforts, Finegold shows, depended on the different ways in which experts were incorporated into city politics. This book demonstrates the significance of expertise as a potential source of change in American politics and policy, and of each city's electoral and administrative organizations as mediating institutions within a national system of urban political economies.

 

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Inhoudsopgave

Machine Politics and Reform Politics
3
Incorporating Experts
15
NEW YORK FROM TRADITIONAL REFORM TO PROGRESSIVISM
33
Seth Low and Traditional Reform
35
Hearst McClellan and Gaynor Municipal Populism and the Tammany Response
45
John Purroy Mitchel and the Politics of Municipal Research
54
CLEVELAND FROM MUNICIPAL POPULISM TO PROGRESSIVISM
69
McKissonism and the Muny
73
Carter Harrison versus Reform
123
Edward Dunne Municipal Populism and Party Factionalism
138
Busse Merriam and the Bureau of Public Efficiency
151
CONCLUSIONS
169
Progressivism Electoral Change and Public Policy
171
Appendix
185
Notes
189
Bibliography
229

Tom Johnson Municipal Populism in Power
82
Newton Bakers Progressive Coalition
101
CHICAGO THE FAILURE OF PROGRESSIVISM
119

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Over de auteur (1995)

Kenneth Finegold is Associate Professor of Government at Eastern Washington University.

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