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men and angels had put their shoulders to this work, it would never have been done ; for the redemption of the soul is precious, and cealeth for ever, as to the creature. He alone is the Meiliah, chosen, constituted, promised, typified, to whom all the prophets gave witness, and we are not to look for another: insufficiency is ingraven and stamped upon all others.
3. His being the Person ordained, imports, the alone . fufficiency of this glorious Person for this glorious work.
O the glorious excellency of this person here given ! and, Q the glorious fufficiency of this Person! “ I will give thee. I have laid help upon One that is mighty:!! this is he that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength, mighty to save: this is he that comes from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrab; who trode the wine-press of his Father's wrath alone, and of the people there was none with him.
4. His being the Person ordained of the Father, imports, the unparallelled love both of him that gave, and of him that is given; both of the ordainer and ordained: “ Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and gave his Son to be a propitiation for our fins," i John iv. Io. And herein is love, that Christ so chcarfully undertook this work; He rejoiced in the habitable parts of the earth, and his delights were with the fons of men, Prov. viii. 3.1. Here are both the par. ties of the covenant, God and Chrilt; that glorious I, and that glorious THEE; “ I will give thee:” two wonderful Covenanters. God foreseeing from eternity that 'mankind would be ruined, by violating the covenant betwixt God and man, fet on foot a better project, even an inviolable covenant betwixt God and Chrill: two. unchangeable parties, mutually engaging for the relief and recovery of the lost funer; and Christ bearing such a part of the work, as to get the name of the whole ; “ I will give thee for a covenant of the people.”.
3dly, The glorious manner of this ordination, is im-. ported in the word GIVE; “I will give thee. A man's gift makes room for him, says. Solomon, and give him place among great men,” Prov. xviii. 16. Men are esteem. ed and respected for the valuableness of the gifts and be.
nefits they give; how much more should God's gift make room for him! Christ is God's gift ; “ I will give thee for a covenant of the people.” And this giving of Christ implies several things which cannot concern the manner of his ordination, -to be a covenant of the peo. ple. .
1. In general, and negatively, God's giving of Christ does not imply, that he was bout to alienate his own right to Chrift from him?elf to us; no, he is ļill his only begotten Son : when we give a thing to another, we alienate our own right to it; but it is not lo liere : what God gives, we may have the benefit and ulc of it, but God still keeps a right over us and it : hence says the apostle, “ All things are yours, for ye are Chrift's, and Cirrist is God's." But,
2. More particularly, and pofitively, God's giving of Christ for a covenant to the people, implies,
(1.) His eternal defiination by the Father for this end, to be the covenant of the people, before the people had a being; they were not so much as consulted in the mat. ter, when the contract was signed in the counlel of peace betwixt the Father and the Son; and we have po rea: son to complain of injury done us here, for we have 10thing to contract on our part: the breach of the first covenant left us worfe than nothing; for the firli Adam left us with a burden of debt, a burden of poverty and want; yea, a burden of curses from the fiery law; and all that we can do, is to increase the debt, indiead of being able to pay it oif. Now, I say, God's giving him, includes his internal destination by the Father for this imediatorial work, without our having any hand in it, or knowledge of it, or any obligation lying upon God fo to do as he did, in the eternal transaction with his Son concerning the people, whom he designed to save. There was no obligation lying upon Christ, to come in our stead, to be our Surety, to take our guilt, and pay. our debt, previous to his own consent; nor any obliga. tion upon God to accept of a Surety, instead of the prin. cipal debtor: therefore, God's giving of Christ, must imply a tranfa&ion, wherein the Son consented to be the covenant, to be the Mediator, to take our guilt upon him; and the Father consented to send him, and ac. cept of his surety ship for loft finners.
(2.) God's giving of Christ, implies his actual qualia fying, and sending hini to accomplish that which was contrived from eternity. How he called and qualified him, you see in the preceeding verse; he called him in righteousness, and qualified him with a fupereminent unction of the Holy Ghost; “ I will put my Spirit upon hiin, and he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles." Accordingly he received tlie Spirit above the measure.. How he sent him, you see in feveral places of scripture; he gave him a body, a true body, and a reasonable soul; and then he gave him to the death in the fulne's of time; for, “ It pleased the Lord to bruise hin;" Juftice awakened against him; “ Awake; O sword, againit my Shepherd, mite the Shepherd.” He was put in the wine-press of divine vengeance, and bruiled there: he was not only bruised in his pame, being called a mad. man and a devil; not only bruised in his estate, while
the foxes had holes, and the birds of the air had nests, · but the Son of man had vo where to lay his head'; nei.
ther was he bruised in his body only, while they pierced his hands and his feet; but bruised in his foul, till it was exceeding sorrowful, even unto death, and till the a. gonies of his soul preiled the blood out of his body, even great drops of blood : no wonder, for he was plunged in the ocean of God's wrath, and suffered all the hell that was due to fin: fin being imputed to hiin as the covenant of the people, justice did not spare him; Rom. viii. 32. ” He spared not his own Son, but gave him to the death for us all."
(3.) God's giving of Christ implies, that the manner of his ordination of this work, was every way free and gratuitous: what freer than a gift? God gives Christ for a-covenant of the people, without regard to any mo. tive, merit, or solicitation of the people ; yea, and in opposition thereto. This gist is free, in opposition to merit, either of condignity or congruity. If we be for merit of our own, we must be for heil, for thar is all that we merit ; if wretchedness, mifery, and a mass of contufion and enmity, be accounted merit, then we may lay claim to it, but no otherwise. This gift is free,
in opposition to constraint, force, or necessity: God had nothing from without to constrain him to contrive the redemption of man, or to give Corist for that end ; though all mankind should have been for ever drowned in the food of his wrath, God had remained as he was, as happy as ever; .no force was upon him to contrive a remedy for man. This gift is free, in opposition to debt : God owed us nothing but wrath ; but we owe many millions of talents to his infinite justice.' In a word, it is free, in opposition to all motives from without God himself. There was nothing about us, to move him to pity us, ten thousand things to move him to destroy us. Upon what condition in us could God be moved to give his Christ to us; seeing our best condition, before he gave him in possession to us, is a condition of fin and misery, death and thraldom? But then again,
(4.) God's giving of Christ for a covenant of the people, his giving him thus; Į say, implies a right and title that the people have to receive him. God's giving Christ, is the foundation of our title to receive him : faith, which is the only actual acceptance of the gift, is. the mean of putting us in possession ; but it would be. the height of presumption, thus to take and receive, if, there were no giving; John ii. 27. “ No man receiveth any thing, except it be given him from heaven:"", As this. receiving then supposes a giving of Christ, prior to the.. receiving, so this giving of Christ for a covenant of the. people, implies the people's right, and title, and warrant to receive him. There is a two-fold giving' of Christ:
1. A giving of Christ in point of actual poffeffion; and thus he is given to the elect soul in the day of believing; and this giving is the foundation of his title to: all things in and through him : for, “ How will he not with him freely give us all things?” Rom. viii. 32. And till a man have an interest in Christ thus, he hath no saving right to any thing, no right to a communion-table; nay, no covenant-right to the food of his common.table. : 2. There is a giving of Christ in point of exhibition and gospel-offer; and thus he is given to the whole via fible church, in the dispensation of the word; and this
giving is a foundation of our title to receive Chrift, and our claim of right to take this gift out of the hand of the Giver. A right of pofleifion none have, till they believe, and take the gift that is offered; blit a right of acceis and warrant to believe, all have, whether they believe or not, or whether they take this gift out of God's hands or not. That Christ is God's gift to a whole yilible church in this fenfę, is a great privilege, whatever the world think or say about it, and it is a part of my errand this day, to tell you of it: if it be disgusting doctrine to any, and will not go down, we cannot help it; it is Bible-doctrine, and gospel-doctrine, and therefore we mult preach it in his naine, who commands us to preach the gospel to every creature. But, I think, it should be welcoine doctrine to all that hear me, That Christ is given to all the people in this house, in the same manner that the manna was given to all the people of old, John vi. 32.; where Christ speaking to all the promiscuous multitude, and making a comparison betwixt himself, and the manna that fell about the tents of Ifrael in the wilderness, says, “ My Father giveth you the true bread from heaven;" where the revelation and offer of Christ is declared to be a giving of him, before ever he be received or believed on. It is · such a gift and grant, as warrants a man to believe, and receive the gift ; for this end is he given to a perishing world; “ God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on him, might not perish, but have everlasting life.” As the brazen serpent was given for a common-good to the whole camp of Israel, that whosoever in all the camp, being ftung with the fiery-serpents locked thereto, might not die, but live; even fo is Christ given as a common good to poor ftung finners, that looking to him they may be saved. Christ is given to all, in the dispensation of this gospel. And, O it should be glad tidings of great joy to all people, That to us a child is born, to us a Son is given, whose name is WONDERFUL. This giving, in a general and definite manner, to all, in the gospel offer, may bę, and is, for the most part, where there is no receiving : but there can be no receiving of Christ for salvation,