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to Abraham long ago : “ In thee fall all nations be bleffed ;' in THEE, what ThĘE? the fame Thee that is in qur text, which preacheth the same gospel also ? “I will give TEE for a covenant of the people;” even the people that are called Gentiles, and heathens, uncircumsion, aliens, and dogs. Well, there is the name of the peo. ple whole covenant he is, they are Gentiles.
(2.) The firname of the people is Gentile's, dark and blind; Gentiles bound and imprisoned: and see if the firname be not yours, Sirs, as well as the naine. There are especially two firnames here that the people have. The first firňaine is dark and blind; this is imported in these words, " A light to the Gentiles, to open blind eyes." Well, is this your firname? Are you darkness itself in the abstract? Are you in the darkness of igno. rance, darkness of error, in the darkness of corruption, in the darkness of confufion, in the darkness of desertion, in the darkness of delusion? O! here is a brave cove. nant for you to fign: It is a covenant of light ; he that is the covenant of the people, is the light of the Gentiles. But all the light in the world, without fight, will be un. comfortable; and therefore, is another part of your firname blindness as well as darkness? Have you not only fore eyes, and see ill, but are you blind, and see none at all ? Are you blind with respect to sin, and cannot fee it in its power and guilt? Blind with respect to duty, and cannot see what to do ? Blind with respect to God, and cannot see him in his beauty and excellency? Blind with respect to Christ, and cannot see him in his glory, fulness, and righteousness? Blind with respect to ordi. nances, and cannot see the power and glory of God in the sanctuary? Blind with respect to providence, and cannot discern the figns of the times? Blind with respect to your interelt in Christ, and cannot see whether that be secured or not? Blind with respect to your warrant to intermeddle with Christ and his institutions ? Blind with respect to all fpiritual and eternal things ? Why, this covenant of the people is designed to open the blind éves: And if darkness and blindness be the firname of the people, for whose benefit Christ is the covenant, and if that be your firname also, why then there is room at
the foot of this covenant, to set down your name and firname both. This covenant of the people is a cove. nant of light, to the people that are dark; and a covenant of sight, to the people that are blind. Let all them that find this to be their firmame, subscribe to this covenant, and say, I ain one of the dark people, and I come for light; I am one of the blind people, and I come for fight : there is my name, Lord; let it be recorded among the dark, blind people of which Christ is the covenant.-- Again, the second firname of the people, is bound and imprisoned: This is imported in these words, “ To bring out the prisoners from the prifon, and then that fit in darkness out of the prison-house." Now, whatever prison you arc in, Sirs, if your firname be a bowid prison, our text speaks to you. Are you in the prison of fin, a bond-Save and a fervant unto lusts? Are you in the prison of Satail, in the devil's prifon, led captive by him at his pleasure ? Are you in the prison of the law, a debtor to do the whole law, and a debtor to bear the whole curse of it ? Are you in the prison of carnality, clogged with things of this world ? Are you in the prison of a black league with death, and covenant with hell ? Are you in the prison of a natural state, as a child of disobedience, and a child of wrath ? Are you in the prison of temptations, either froin without; or within, filled with dreadful fuggestions, and blafphemous injections ? Are you in the prison of afl: &tion, either upon soul or body, state or family? Are you in the prison of doubts and fears and defpondency, with your soul cast down within you? Are you in the prison of unbelief, conclurled under it, fo as you cannot for your life get an act of faith elicite? Are you in the prison of wretched carelessness, unconcernedness, and indifferency, not caring whether you be loosed and delivered out of prison or not? Are you in the prison of Atheism, and cannot believe a God, a Christ, a heaven, or hell ? Are you in the prison of death, and in bondage through sear of death? Or, are you in the prison of security, fearing nothing, but sleeping in the arm's of the devil ? What prison-house are you in; man? Answer to vour name ; prisoner in. such
a prison-house that I have named. Is the door of the prilon-house bolied and barred that you cannot get out, and the heavy chains and fetters of hell about you, so as you cannot loole them any more than you can unline the axle-tree of the universe ? Behold, this cove- . ni unt of the people is a covenant of liberty for the people that are in prison. If I have not named the prison, or the chamber of the prison-house you are in, name it yourself, and say, I am prisoner in such a prison-house ; I have been to long andito long in such a dark prison, and lo, I let down my name, to wit, a bound prisoner, confenting to be liberate by the Son of God, and consenting that he would work the content himself, and do all that concerns my liberty. Why, man, down with your name that same way; and if you be not fet at lie berty in God's own time and way, you will be the first that ever gave in a fubfcription, and was not received : nay, marked and recorded it shall be ; for the covenant fpeaks to you by name and firname, saying, “Go forth, ye prisoners of hope: The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, for he hath anointed me to preach and proclaim liberty to the captives.". This covenant of the people then is drawn up already, and signed. See who hath figned it, ver. 8. “I am the Lord, that is my name ?" He hath figned it by a name, by which he is known in heaven and earth, even JEHOVAH; I am JEHOVAil, I am the Lord, that is my name. O glorious 'nanie subscribing this bond! That is his name; what is yours? Why, can you say, I am one of the people they call Gentiles? I' am a dark, blind, bound prisoner; that is my name and sirnanie both. Yea, be your name as vile and black as hell, yet down with it in capital letters; for the infinitely fair name of the first subfcriber will let it off; his name will answer for all the defects and deformities of yours: and if you wait till you be in a better condition, and have a better name to sign with, you will wait to the day of judgment, and in the mean time inevitably perish at death; and all the money of your terms, conditions, and good qualifications, which you will bring as a price in your hands, will perish with you. Nay, you have no. thing to do in this covenant, but bless God that brought
it to your hand, and fign it with your heart. - Christ hath a commiffion from his Father, and we in bis name: to take in the fubfcriptions of all the people, who e name and firname I have mentioned; and I liope I have not niffed any one here. Thus you see who the peo. ple are, for whole b nc fii lie is the covenant; and that he is well designed the covenant of the people, feeing all the people here named have a right of access to the co. venant, a warrant to leal and subscribe to it; and all the people, that are pubicribers, have a right of pofiuffit on to tie whole good of the covenant, and to the leal thereof, the lacrament of the supper.
IV. The Fourth thing proposed, was to fnew, By whose authority, or by what au hority, Christ is the coi venant of the people; and fo to lint at his divine ordi. nation to this business, in these words, " I will give thee.” Wiere you have, i. The glorious person ordaining, I. 2. The glorious person ordained, THEF. 3. The gracious manner of the ordination, CIVE. 4. The graci. ous motire and ground, “I wul give thee." A short · word to each of thele. " ist, The glorious person ordaining Christ to this work, "I will give thee;" What I? I the Lord, I JEHOVAH, I the firit person of the glorious Trinity. Gud the Father here is the first grand party of the covenant; yea, here is God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, effentially considered, contracting with the Son, and ordaining hini, personally considered, to this work. Now, this glorious person ordaining Christ to this work inports,
1. The will of God and the Father, that Christ, the fecond person, ffiould come and bear the whole weight of the covenants: Hence Christ tells us, “ He had com: mandment from the Father, and that he came to do his will,?' John vi. 37, 38, 39. God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, by an unanimous counsel, ordained and appointed the Son to come in his own person upon the errand of man's redemption; and God the Father being the first in the order of subsistency, and so the first in operation AD EXTRA, therefore the giving is primarily afcribed unto him. . . scorede doen om . ....
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2. His being the person ordaining, iniports the divine authority of Christ's commission, in that he is given of the Father, and came from the Futher, john xvi. 28. and xvii: 8.; where Christ comiends that faith which believes' his divinę miffion, his divine ordination to this mediatory work.
3. His being ordained of God, imports, God's con. fidence in hiin, as being both able for, and faithful to perform the whole work that he gave him to do. He was confident that he would be a faithful and righteous servant; “By his knowledge thall my righteous feryant justify many. This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleafed.”
4. His being the person ordaiving, imports, the Fa. ther's zealous concern for the reilemption and falvation of men ; " God so loved the world, that he gave his only ly begotten Son: I will give thee." His hand is firit at the blessed bargain, subscribing this covenant ; phewing, ...) that he will do the whole work of the covenant by him... felf, and by his Son Jesus Chriít; and will get the whole glory of it: and hence the strain in which he subscribes, ver. 8. “I am the Lord, that is my name, and my glo, ry will I not give to another.” He will let none share of any of the glory of it but himself, either in the contrivement, commenceinent, advancement, or the com, pletement thereof.
2dly, The glorious person ordained, in the pronoun TIef, namely, Christ the second person of the glorious · Trinity, and the other part of the covenant; “I will give Tilee." And Christ being the person here ordained, imports,
1. His having cordially assented and agreed to the bargain; God would not have given him, if he had nog conlented: but as he and his Father are one, so there is but one will betwixt them; and his consent is recorded among the decrees of heaven; “In the volume of thy boak it is written of me, Lo, I come.?
2. His being the person ordained, imports, the insufficiency of all others for the work of man's redemption; “ Him hath God the Father sealed: Sacrifice and offer. ing thou wouldi not, a body halt thou given me." Tho?