Sensory Abilities of Cetaceans: Laboratory and Field Evidence

Voorkant
Jeanette A. Thomas, Ronald A. Kastelein
Springer Science & Business Media, 31 jan. 1991 - 710 pagina's
This book evolved through the efforts of several organizations and the dedication of many individuals. In 1987, we received arequest to propose a workshop topic for the Fifth International Theriological Congress (ITC) to be held in August 1989 in Rome, Italy. After looking up the meaning of the word "theriological" in the dictionary and discovering that it pertains to mammalian behavior, we decided a symposium on sensory abilities of whales and dOlphins would be an interesting topic. The ITC convenes only every five years and has the distinction of being very weIl attended by scientists from around the world. We thought that hosting a workshop in conjunction with the ITC would attract a variety of international scientists that rarely have the opportunity to interact. Fortunately for all involved, our prediction was correct. The first two days of the workshop, 23-24 August 1989, were held in conjunction with ITC and the nearly 1,000 attending scientists were able to view our posters and listen to lectures. The third day was limited to only ab out 65 invited scientists who were divided into topical working groups chaired by a rapporteur.
 

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Inhoudsopgave

3Dimensional Computer Reconstructions with Emphasis on the Nasal Diverticula
1
Histological Tracer and Immunocytochemical Studies
19
A Potential Neural Substrate for Geomagnetic Sensibility in Cetaceans
31
Light and Electron Microscopic Study
39
Evolution of the Nasal Anatomy of Cetaceans
67
ThreeDimensional Reconstructions of the Dolphin Ear
81
Sensory Neocortex in Dolphin Brain
107
Evolutionary Morphology and Acoustics in the Dolphin Skull
137
Electrophysiological Studies on Hearing in Some Cetaceans and a Manatee
405
Localization of the Acoustic Window at the Dolphins Head
417
Concluding Comments on Cetacean Hearing and Echolocation
427
Preliminary Results from Psychophysical Studies on the Tactile Sensitivity in Marine Mammals
435
Taste Reception in the Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus gilli and the California Sea Lion Zalophus californianus
447
Cognitive Performance of Dolphins in Visuallyguided Tasks
455
Anatomical and Histological Characteristics of the Eyes of a Monthold and an Adult Harbor Porpoise Phocoena
463
Quasiolfaction
481

Tactile Sensitivity Somatosensory Response Skin Vibrations and the Skin Surface Ridges of the Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus
163
A Potential System of Delaylines in the Dolphin Auditory Brainstem
181
Concluding Comments on Sensory Anatomy and Physiology
195
Target Detection in Noise by Echolocating Dolphins
203
Preliminary Notes on Behaviour of a Blindfolded Freeswimming Dolphin Performing a Target Echolocation Task in a Pool
217
On the Two Auditory Subsystems in Dolphins
233
Modelling the Receive Directivity from Tooth and Lower Jaw Geometry
255
Studies on Echolocation of Porpoises Taken in Salmon Gillnet Fisheries
269
Very Highfrequency Acoustic Emissions from the Whitebeaked Dolphin Lagenorhynchus albirostris
283
High Intensity Narwhal Clicks
295
Investigations on the Control of Echolocation Pulses in the Dolphin Tursiops truncatus
305
Purposeful Changes in the Structure of Echolocation Pulses in Tursiops truncatus
317
Echolocation Characteristics and Range Detection Threshold of a False Killer Whale Pseudorca crassidens
321
Preliminary Hearing Study on Gray Whales Eschrictus robustus in the Field
335
Interferences about Perception in Large Cetaceans Especially Humpback Whales from Incidental Catches in Fixed Fishing Gear Enhancement of Nets...
347
Formation of an Adaptive Structure of the Peripheral Part of the Auditory Analyzer in Aquatic Echolocating Mammals during Ontogenesis
363
Frequencyselectivity of the Auditory System in the Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus
385
Masked Hearing Abilities in a False Killer Whale Pseudorca crassidens
395
Best Vision Zones in the Retinae of Some Cetaceans
505
Visual Ecology and Cognition in Cetaceans
519
Glance Touch Position Gesture and Bubbles
537
Visual Displays for Communication in Cetaceans
545
Concluding Comments on Vision Tactition and Chemoreception
561
Acoustic Behavior of Mysticete Whales
571
Acoustic Behavior in a Local Population of Bottlenose Dolphins
585
Organization of Communication System in Tursiops truncatus Montagu
599
Signalization of the Bottlenose Dolphin during the Adaptation to Different Stressors
623
Concluding Comments on Acoustic Communication
635
An Update with Live Stranding Records in the United States
639
Behavioural Evidence
651
The Microstructure of Decisionmaking
665
A Testable Model for Demonstrating Symbolic Representations on Bottlenose Dolphins
677
The Ability of Bottlenose Dolphins Tursiops truncatus to Report Arbitrary Information
685
Concluding Comments on Other Sensory Abilities
699
INDEX
703
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