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the legislative power with four shillings in the pound, yet, even during the War, have paid, upon an average, scarcely more than Two shillings in the pound, of their true rents.
• For this reason, Equity dictated, that this inequality should, in fome measure, be retified, before any new tax was laid on to buithen their fellow subjects; who, from their personal estates, and various branches of commerce in which they are engaged, have paid their real proportions of the public burdens; and there is no just argument to be afligned, why the Landed Gentlemen Mould elcape with smaller payments than are demanded by the Legilature, out of the true yearly returns of their estates,
• This point, the Ministry, out of tenderness to the Landholders, did not care rigidly to infist upon, till it appeared that the kingdom, in general, could not be otherwise relieved. But now that the Adminiftration are obliged, in their own juftification, to lay the state of the Landed Interest, in this respect, before the whole Community, the Budget, not the Minilter, is answerable for any disagreeable consequences that may ensue from the people's being fully apprised of this important truth! If the nation shall now insist on a thorough reform in this almost universally interesting case, and require a new and perfect account of the real rents of the estates all over the kingdom, the Club in Albemarle street, that set the Budget to work, must answer it to those who may suffer by this delicate enquiry! Then it will appear, whole friendship was greatest to the Landholders. Then it will be seen, whether the Minister, whose tenderness induced him to wink at this inadequate tax, or the Patrons of the Budget, who compelled him to his vindication, are moit co be blamed for the consequences that may fall, from thence, on the Landed Gentlemen in general.'
The Author finally takes leave of his Antagonist, with an encomium on the present Ministry ; which if they do not deserve, will prove as severe an arraignment of their conduct, as could possibly have flowed from the united pens of every Writer on the other side the question, viz.
• Thus, says he, from an impartial view of our present and pait circumftances, I have laid before the public, what, I doubt not, will be found, a fufficient justification of the Advertisement that gave rise to this difpu'e; and a full and compleat Answer to the aspersions, thrown by the Writer of the Budget, on a Miniltı y whole oeconomical conduct is the only falve that can be laid to the public fores; whofe candour places them above every fufpicion of fallity; and whose steady pursuits of the welfare of their country, amidst a load of the most virulent calımny, will one day exalt their fame beyond the reach of those who, by a pro-. digal dissipation of our treasures, laid a foundation for a national bankTuptcy; from which, nothing but a timely ftop to the prodigal schemes they had formed, could have possibly refrued us.'
MISCELLANEOUS. Art. 12. India Tratts. By Mr. Holwell and Friends. Cone
taining, I. An Address to the Proprietors of East-India Stock; setting forth, the unavoidable Necessity, and real Motives, for the Revolution in Bengal, 1760. II. A Refutation of a Letter from certain Gentlemen of the Council at Bengal, to
the Honourable the Secret Committee. III, Important Facts regarding the East-India Company's Affairs in Bengal, from the Years 1752 to 1760, with Copies of several very interesting Letters. IV. 'A Narrative of the deplorable Deaths of the English Gentlemen who were suffocated in the Black Hole in Fort William, at Calcutta, June 1756. V. A Defence of Mr. Vanfittart's Conduct. Illustrated with a Frontispiece, representing the Monument erected at Calcutta, in Memory of the Sufferers in the Black-Hole Prison. The Second Edition, revised and corrected, with Additions. 4to. 6s. Boards. Becket and De Hondt.
As the pieces contained in this volume have been already mentioned in our Review, as they severally came out, it is unneceffary for us to enter into any particulars concerning them, on occasion of their present collective republication. Oar Readers, however, will not be displéa'sed to hear what Mr. Holwell himself has said of thein, in his Dedication to Sir William Baker, Knt. William Mabbot, and John Payne, Esqrs.
• The following small tracts, in consequence of unprovoked injuries, were haltily thrown together, says Mr. Holwell
, during the late clamorous disputes between Directors, Proprietors, and Candidates for the management of East-India affairs at home and abroad.
-How they came to be so hattily produced, and as hastily published, it seems re. quifite I should explain a little more at large.
• At the beginning of these intestine broils, I was determined to a. void engaging on either side; and, to shun solicitation, I disposed of all the lock I tood pofleffed of, without retaining as much as might enuitle me to a single vote; so truly desirous I was to enjoy in quiet that peaceful retirement I had dearly purchased at the expence of so many difficulties, miseries, and heavy misfortunes as fell to my lot, while in the service of the Company.
Such, I say, were my resolutions, to which I should most stri&tly have adhered, if I had not found my character first indirecily, afterwards openly attacked, by the baseft calumnies, which were levelled against me in a manner, sudden, unmerited, and unexpected.
• Under these circumstances, there was a necessity of speaking for myself, and, which was fill more nnpleasing, I found myself likewise conftrained to enter upon my vindication without delay.--The pungency of these accusations--the precipitancy of the times, and a dispolition to take every thing for granted that was not immediately refuted, obliged me not only to dispatch them as quickly as was posible, but also to produce them in like hurry to the public eye,
• It was from these accidents, which I could not either foresee or avoid, that they came into the world not to weli digested, and with much leis accuracy, than the candid part of mankind have a right to expect in every production that claims their consideration, and is fubmitted to their judgment.
• To the same causes I may very justly refer those errors of the press, which were in some of them so numerous, as scarce to leave the sense intelligible ; to say nothing of other mistakes in orthography and diction, all arising from the utter impostibility of allowing me time requisite to revise and correct the proof thcets.
It is from a just sense of these involuntary imperfections, that I have been led to review, to reform, and to cast into somewhat a different shape these little pieces, that were thus exposed; and to render them ftill clearer and more satisfactory, I have added some other Tracts, which, however seasonable, I had not the leisure to prepare, and which, from my observing the obscurity arising from their omiffion, I conceived it my duty to add as soon as opportunity would permit.
• My Narrative of the fatal catastrophe at Calcutta, and that unex. ampled scene of horror to which so many subjects of Great Britain were exposed, in the prison of the Black-Hole, has so close a connection with one of the pieces that precede it, as scarce to require an apology for reprinting it in this edition; prefixing, as a frontilpiece to the volume, a print of the monument which I erected, at my own expence, to the memory of those unhappy fufferers.' Art. 13. The Life of William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy,
and King of England. By Andrew Henderson, Author of the Life of the Earl of Stair.
12mo. 2 s. 6d. sewed. Nicoll.
Mr. Henderson, of whose literary talents we have already given sufficient specimen, here labours to dress up the character of the celebrated Norman, as that of a finished Hero; and certainly William is, to say the least, as much entitled to that character, as either • Macedonia's madman, or the Swede.' Those who are not possessed of the original authorities from whence this industrious Compiler has drawn his matesials, may find some entertainment in the perusal of this volume; in which are many particulars not to be met with in the general Histories of England; and some too, which will make the good-natured Reader smile.
Art. 14. An Ejay on Temporal Affection. In a Letter to a noble
Lord. To which are added, certain Rules for Health and long Life. : By the most celebrated Genius of the Age. 8vo. 6. Wilson and Fell.
The Author endeavours to be wittily obscene, and is indeed obfcene enough. He has also too much wit to stand excused for making so scandalous a use of it. Art. 15. An Account of the Southern Maritime Provinces of France;
representing the Distress to which they were reduced at the Conclufion of the War in 1748. And in what Manner they may again be distressed, upon any future renewal of Hoftilities. With a Supplement, containing Observations on the three principal Cities of Provenie, namely, Aix, Marseilles, and Toulon.. To which are added, fome Remarks on the Marine of France. 4to. 45. fewed. Harrison.
Had this book been published in France, we should have thought it the effect of a commendable zeal in some patriotic Frenchman, defirous of preventing his native country from being distressed by its enemies. Its publication in England, hoivever, just after the conclusion of the Jür Wicht
* The author, at miedmaye, Bark.
Peace, carries with it a very equivocal appearance: doth its Author imagine the French may not profit by it, as well as the English? And, if they do, its utility to them will be immediate, and may effectually supersede the advantages we might otherwise have taken, in case of a renewal of hoftilities. The more just and important, therefore, the observations contained in this pamphlet may be, the less reason can we conceive for its present publication.
K-n-k Art. 16. The Succesion of Parliaments. Being exact Lists of the
Members chosen at each general Election, from the Restoration, to the general Election, 1761; with other useful Matters, By Charles Whitworth, Efq; Member of Parliament. 35. Newbery, &c. The only merit a compilation of this kind can boast, is Correctness; which, as far as we have had opportunities of examining, is the characteriilic of the present Lifts. Art. 17. The History of St. Kilda; containing a Description of this
remarkable Island; the Manners and Custorns of the Inhabitants ; the religious and pagan Antiquities found there ; with many ather curious and interesting Particulars. By the Rev. Kenneth Macauley, Minister of Ardnamurchán, Missionary to the Island, from the Society for propagating Christian Knowlege. 8vo. 4s. boards. Becket.
This appears to be the most authentic account yet published of this fa.
Marriage-Ait. Also the present pernicious System of Matrimonial
After endeavouring to shew, that the restrictions imposed by the Marriage act have already produced the most fatal effects to this nation; and that, if not repealed, it will, in the courle of half a century more, in fome degree, depopulate the kingdom ;-our Author, in the true p:o. jefting ipirit of the age, recommends a scheme which, he tells us, is actually now carrying into execution, by a fociety of Gentlemen, of ungueltionable reputc and probity, (no doubt!) whereby all ranks and degrees of people, of both sexes, who otherwise might end their days in a state of celibacy, may accommodate themselves in the matrimonial way, and be rendered happy for lite. This is to be done by a RecisTER-OFFICE ; the benevolent Managers of which will be lo obliging, as to bring iogether such Maids and Laichziors, Widows and Widow.
ers, as otherwise may be totally at a loss how, or in what manner, to
the Creation to the present Time. By Question and Answer.
Compilations like this, intended for the entertainment and infruction of Youth, vary so little from each other, that what has been said of one, will serve for one thousand, viz. That the plan is undoubtedly useful; and if the work be but tolerably executed, it cannot fail of anjwering, in some measure, the end proposed. Art. 20. C. Cornelius Tacitus a falso impietatis crimine vindicatus :
Oratio ex instituto viri Cl. Francisci Bridgman militis habita in Sacello Collegii nei Nasi .Oxon. 12. Kalendas Januarias, A. D. 1762. Aj Joanne Kynaston, A. M. Collegii ejusdem Socio. 4to. 1s. ' Flexney.
This is a candid and generous attempt to vindicate Tacitus from the fevere censure of Famianus Strada, and particularly from the charge of impiety:-Mr. Kynaston's language is elegant, and his manner spirited and liberal.
SERMON S. 1. BEFORE the Sons of the Clergy, at St. Paul's.' By Richard Hind, D. D. Rector of Shering in Essex, and Chaplain to the Bishop of London. To which is annexed a list of the annual amount of this charity, from the year 1731. Bathurst.
2. Sin reigns not, nor shall reign, in the Saints.-- At a monthly exer. cise of Prayer, April 26, 1-64. By John Brine. Keith.
3. At the anniversary meeting of the Governors of the City of London Lying-Ing Hospital for married women, May 17, 1964. To which is added, an account of the Hospital. By Glocelter Ridley, L. L. B. Minister of Poplar. Brotherton.
4. The serious confideration of a future judgment, a very powerful argument to dissuade youth from the pursuit of unlawful pleasures.at Warwick, on a Lord's Day Evening Lecture, 1763. By John Knight. Fuller.
5. At the Cathedral church at Norwich, June 19, 1764; being the Guild-day. By John Green, M. A. Minister of St. George's, in Norwich. Crowder, &c.