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Laergy/White House relationship is in accordance with the Atomic
Energy Act of 1954, and the subsequent legislation establishing the
Department of Energy.
Dr. Wagner, who will follow me ia presenting his testimony, will
elaborate further on the cooperative relationship between our two
ADJUSTING TO CHANGE
Because the work of our organization is vital to the national
defense, we must strive to conduct our business in a manner that
will prompt neither a negative public nor regulatory reaction which
could threaten to compromise our ability to get the job done; we
pust manage our business in ways that we
as citizens, would hope
that other industrial operations would be managed.
This means our operations must be carried out in a secure, safe,
and environmentally responsible manner. In addition, our operations Bust produce the required weapons quantities while meeting the stringent quality requirements that will assure their safety and reliability. All of our efforts must be managed efficiently and
In recent years the operational standards against which we must
work have been changing.
The experience of the Three Mile Island
lacident has tightened the standards and practice for the operation
of defense related reactors.
The increasing world-wide incidence
of terrorist activities has required that we enhance the physical security afforded nuclear materials in our sensitive facilities. Our ongoing efforts to effectively manage radioactivity since the
inception of our program have paid off; but now, the adequacy of
previously accepted industrial standards and practices for management
of other chemicals and waste for the protection of the environment
and the public 18 more and more coming into question.
We are adjusting to each of these changes in a careful, responsible way.
We have reviewed our most critical facilities and operations
to define areas needing improvement.
We are continuing these
studies throughout the Defense Programs complex.
We have developed
prioritized plans for addressing the identified deficiences.
Fiscal Year 1984 supplemental request and our Fiscal Year 1985
budget request that we will justify to you, contain near-term
priority upgrades necessary to correct known deficiencies:
primary responsibility, however, is to produce and maintain the
nuclear weapons stockpile in a safe ; . secure, and environmentally responsible manner.
In their testimony following my statement, the Defense Programs
bilities and the manner in which they are addressed in the Fiscal
Year 1985 budget and Fiscal Year 1984 supplemental request.
They will cover the major issues and challenges before them, and
they will address the security, safety, and environmental actions
proposed and underway to assure the success of their programs.
General Hoover, the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Military
Application, will address the reasons why, in support of the
Defense Department, we
are engaged in a substantial effort to
replace the older weapons in the United States arsenal with more
advanced state-of-the-art systems along with some of the technical
challenges involved in pursuing the President's Strategic Defense
Initiative and other weapon developments.
Dr. Gilbert, the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Materials,
will discuss the reasons why the Department must continue to produce
increased quantities of plutonium and tritium for the weapon program
and the steps we
are planning, to provide for responsible interim
and long-term management of our radioactive waste.
Mr. Culpepper, the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Security Affairs,
will discuss with you the issues associated with safeguards
and security at
our nuclear facilities, classification concerns and
activities of the Verification and Control Technology program.
Our Fiscal Year 1985 appropriation request for Defense
Programs totals $7.3 billion.
In addition the request for the
Fiscal Year 1984 Supplemental is $157.6 million (Chart 4).
General Hoover, Dr. Gilbert, and Mr. Culpepper will explain in
detail the specific requirements for their programs.
Because our work is in direct support of the United
States military nuclear forces, it seems appropriate, for
perspective, to compare the size of the Department's Defense
Programs effort to the combined total of the nuclear force effort
in the Department of Defense and in the Department of Energy.
that context, in Fiscal Year 1985, our budget request comprises
about 15 percent of the total.
In Fiscal Year 1984, the
percentage is about 15 percent, and in Fiscal Year 1983, it was
approximately 14 percent.
in the context of prior year budgets, our Fiscal Year 1985 request
and the Fiscal Year 1984 supplemental may
that in the context of the Department of Defense budget for nuclear
our request is not only very reasonable, but it is
also consistent with Congressional action in prior years.
While we are all concerned about budget deficits, our primary
objective within Defense Programs is to provide the nuclear warheads
to support the strategic posture of the Administration.
our budget request will continue
to provide for balanced support of
the Department of Defense.
I will be pleased to
answer any questions the Committee may have.
ROBERT L. MORGAN
Robert L. Morgan was appointed Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Defense Programs, U.s. Department of Energy (DOE) on January 3, 1984. He also continues in his dual position as Manager of the Department's Savannah River Operations office in South Carolina, which he has held since March 1, 1980. Prior to his new appointment as Principal Deputy in the Defense Programs office, Mr. Morgan served as Director of Doe's Nuclear Waste Policy Act Project office since appointment on January 31, 1983. Mr. Morgan began working with the u.s. reactor development program in 1959 while with the U.S. Army at the Idaho Operations Office of the then, Atomic Energy Commission. In June 1965, he resigned his commission and accepted a position at the Savannah River Operations office. He was concerned with the development of work in the Heavy Water Organic Cooled Power Reactor program and when the program was transferred to Canogo Park, California in 1966, Mr, Morgan became the Senior Representative at that site for reactor development programs. Mr. Morgan rejoined the staff at the Savannah River Operations office in July 1973 as Deputy Manager. In November 1977, he was detailed to DOE Headquarters in Washington where he first served as Acting Director for Field Operations Management for the Assistant Secretary for Energy Technology. In May 1978, he was assigned as Acting Director of the office of Nuclear waste Management. He returned to full time status at the Savannah River Operations Office in November 1978 where, in addition to his duties as Deputy Manager, he also served as Assistant Manager for Health, Safety and Environment.
In February 1981, Mr. Morgan was once again detailed to DOE'S
DEFENSE PROGRAMS MISSION
• DESIGN, TEST AND MANUFACTURE ALL U.S. NUCLEAR WEAPONS
• DEVELOP INERTIAL FUSION IN SUPPORT OF THE
NATION'S MILITARY NEEDS
• PRODUCE ALL NUCLEAR MATERIALS REQUIRED FOR THE U.S. WEAPONS PROGRAM AND MANAGE DEFENSE NUCLEAR WASTE
• ENSURE THE PROTECTION, CONTROL AND
ACCOUNTABILITY OF SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS AND DOE FACILITIES
• ENSURE VERIFICATION OF INTERNATIONAL ARMS AGREEMENTS AND CONTROL THE TRANSFER OF SENSITIVE TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT
• CONTROL THE DISSEMINATION OF CLASSIFIED
• ATOMIC ENERGY ACT OF 1954, AS AMENDED
(TRANSFERRED TO DOE BY PL 95-91, "DOE ORGANIZATION ACT").
• ANNUAL "NUCLEAR WEAPON STOCKPILE