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migration of radionuclides, and acquisition of field data on the major parameters necessary for the prediction of the degree of containment provided by the subseabed and the ocean.

Generic Methods and Supporting Studies

The FY 1.985 budget request for generic R&D and supporting studies is $2.174 million.

The Generic Methods and Supporting Studies activities include three main areas of effort: international program support, special technical reviews, and waste management system studies. The thrust of these efforts is to assure adequate international cooperation, provide an independent assessment os the technical adequacy of the program, and evaluate potential alternatives which could improve the cost, schedule or technical aspects of the civilian Radioactive Waste Research and Development programs.

During FY 1985, the Department's international program efforts will stipport bilateral and multilateral international agreeements. Summary reports will be prepared on the various international programs of the numerous countries emphasizing the status and planning of international waste management activities. At present there are agreements governing information exchange with six countries; they are: Canada, the United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of Germany, Sweden, Belgium and Japan. Discussion with four additional countries are expected to result in additional agreements.

In FY 1983 and FY 1984, a joint DOE/NRC Notice was published stating the U.S. intent to cooperate and provide technical assistance to non-nuclear weapons states in the field of spent Euel storage and sisposla. We have received expressions of interest from Egypt, Korea, the Netherlands and Brazil. Informal expressions of interest have also been expressed by other countries.

During FY 1985, support of special technical reviews by the National Academy of Science (NAS) assisted by the Department of Transportation, and the Bureau of Mines will continue for their evaluations of rock mechanics and tunneling techniques in support of waste management activities. Independent assessments of technical and programmatic issues related to the integration and conduct of the Waste Management and Fuel cycle activities will continue. DOE will also support nuclear fellowship and university programs in the waste management area. program Direction

The FY 1985 budget request to fund five FTE's essential to manage the Civilian Radioactive Waste Research and Development programs is $266,000. The personnel required are located at DOE Headquarters and include administrative and technical talent who manage a broad range of activities, which include research, development, demonstration, industrial involvement, international and university programs. Their responsibilities include assessment of the technical progress, milestone progress, cost expenditures, guidance, overview and integration of all the contractor's activities, and initiation of appropriate actions to resolve problems in any of the R&D areas.

This concludes my remarks in support of the FY 1985 Nuclear Waste Fund Program and the Civilian Radioactive Waste Research and Development Program. I shall be pleased to answer your questions at this time.

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Michael J. Lawrence is the Acting Director of the office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The office was established by the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 and is responsible for carrying out the radioactive waste management storage and disposal activities required by the Act. He is responsible for the siting, licensing and operation of geologic repositories for the permanent disposal of highlevel radioactive waste, development of the monitored retrievable storage option, and the development of at-reactor storage capacity and limtied Federal emergency storage capacity for spent fuel. These programs have a 1984 Fiscal Year budget of $318 million.

In addition, Mr. Lawrence is Special Assistant to the Assistant
to the Secretary for Field Operations. He serves as liaison for
DOE field offices, the Bonneville Power Administration and
Western Area Power Administration.

Prior to these assignments, Mr. Lawrence was the Deputy Director of the office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action, and was responsible for remedial actions at Federal and private sites, activities associated with the cleanup, treatment and disposal of wastes from Three Mile Island, and research, development and demonstration of waste treatment processes including the solidification of wastes at West Valley, New York, in addition to geologic repository programs.

Mr. Lawrence was director of the office of Nuclear Fuel Cycle at DOE and was responsible for the management and direction of nuclear spent fuel storage, reprocessing and transportation research and development programs. He was a U.s, representative to the International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation (INFCE) and the U.S. representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency's International Spent Fuel Management Expert Group.

Mr. Lawronce began his career with the Federal Government in 1969 with the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) after graduating with honors in physics from the University of Maryland. He and his wife, Cindy live with their children, Mat, Jeff and Emily near Laytonsville, Maryland.

February 1984

OFFICE OF CIVILIAN NUCLEAR WASTE MANAGEMENT Mr. LAWRENCE. Since passage of the act, the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management has been established within the Department, reporting directly to the Secretary. Although, as the Secretary indicated when he was over here several days ago, a permanent director has not yet been named, but he does hope that the White House will be able to send to the Senate for confirmation in the near future the name of a candidate for the permanent director.

Senator JOHNSTON. Do you have any idea when that will be?
Mr. LAWRENCE. Sir, it is in the White House right now.
Senator JOHNSTON. The name is at the White House?
Mr. LAWRENCE. Yes, sir.
Senator JOHNSTON. Is that secret, or do you know?
Mr. LAWRENCE. No; that it is at the White House is known.

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