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accomplished when a 25 ton per day experiment begins operation as a technical

baseline for acid hydrolysis of biomass. Improved methods for alcohol/water

separation and for anaerobic digestion of feedstocks will be evaluated under

laboratory conditions.

The Refuse-Conversion-to-Methane (Refcom) facility at'

Pompano Beach will also be operated to evaluate methane production from a

combination of sewage sludge and municipal solid waste.

The Department requests $3.1 million to fund the Regional Biomass Program

which serves as a focal point for biofuels technology transfer activities.

These regional programs will provide regional-specific information concerning

biomass feedstock resources, feedstock conversion technologies and potential

end-use applications to localities and industry in a form suited to their

needs.

WIND ENERGY SYSTEMS

Wind energy involves the conversion of the energy of moving air into more

useful forms, such as electricity. The Department requests $23.3 million to

continue development of the technology base to support industry development of

cost-effective and durable wind conversion technologies.

For the $8.8 million requested in Aerodynamics Research, an improved

understanding of the essential interaction between wind turbine airfoils and

the wind will be gained. The performance of wind machines under actual

operating conditions and in different environments will be evaluated. Airfoil

shapes and operating strategies which may improve the long-term performance of

wind machines will also be analyzed and tests will be conducted at windfarns to

determine how the location of multiple wind machines influences the performance

of each individual machine.

DOE requests $7.7 million for Structural Dynamics research to improve the

ability of industry to accurately predict structural loads.

The structural

performance of commercial and the DOE MOD-2 wind machines will be carefully

monitored and evaluated to determine the natural resonant frequencies of modern

wind machine designs. Samples of materials commonly used for wind machine

blades, such as wood/epoxy, fiberglass, and aluminum, will be tested to

determine the potential durability of these materials in different operating

conditions.

The $1.7 million request for the Small Systems Test Center at Rocky Flats

will provide testing and engineering support to industry. Analytical tools and

design information developed through the Rocky Flats testing program will be

provided to manufacturers, windfarm users, universities, and utilities.

The Department intends to complete its portion of the MOD-5B design and

evaluation process under the FY 1985 request of $4.2 million.

OCEAN ENERGY SYSTEMS

Ocean energy technology involves the extraction of energy from ocean waves,

currents, tides, and salt or thermal gradients.

The FY 1985 budget request of

$3.5 million will be focused on understanding ocean thermal energy conversion

(OTEC) systems for generation of electrical power.

The $1.0 million request in Materials and Structures Research will center

on the development of materials that can withstand the severe ocean

environment. Fiberglass reinforced plastic pipe will be tested to determine

Its fatigue parameters.

Techniques for installation of safe and secure OTEC

components in the rugged ocean environment will be developed and tested.

The $1.4 million for Thermodynamics Research and Analysis will support a

variety of research to improve the understanding of thermal stress and

fatigue, and improvements in OTEC heat exchangers to increase overall

efficiency of this critical component.

Io Experimental Verification and Testing, $0.6 million will fund the

development and experimental verification of generic computer models at the

Seacoast Test Facility.

The $0.5 million request for Environmental and Oceanographic Research will be used to study the impact of the extraordinary large water requirements for OTEC systems. Changes that may occur in the environment as related to the

siting of OTEC systems will be evaluated within the DOE request.

INTERNATIONAL SOLAR ENERGY

The International Solar Energy Program serves to assist U.S. industry in

conveying the technical quality of their products to potential foreign users.

The FY 1985 budget request 18 $0.5 million.

The DepartRent of Commerce will be funded to enter into cost-sharing

agreements with industry to provide for international exposure of American

solar technology at foreign expositions and other trade events.

Additionally,

domestic seminars will be conducted to enable u.s industry to better understand

international trade opportunities and the best methods for offering U.S.

technology abroad.

SOLAR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

DOE considers technology transfer a two-way process through which

industrial priorities are considered early in the federal planning process and

which provides a mechanism to transfer research results, experiences and

"lessons learned to groups and individuals within the private sector research

and manufacturing communities. Thus, technology transfer is a vital link

between the public and private sectors in the research and development

process.

The program request for FY 1985 is $6.0 million.

The Departmental request of $3.2 million for Solar Technical Information

and Mandated Reports will provide for continuation of the SERI technical

information program and the preparation of reports mandated by law.

The Department is requesting $2.2 million for the continued operation of

the Conservation and Renewable Energy Inquiry and Referral Services (CAREIRS)

which provides general information to the public concerning conservation and

renewable energy technologies.

CAREIRS also provides referrals to appropriate

organizations or publications for persons who request detailed technical

information.

The request of $0.4 million for Technology Transfer Assessments will be

used to evaluate in cooperation with industry innovative technology transfer

methods for improving information flow between the public and private sector.

A variety of methods including seminars, workshops, conferences, cooperative

research projects, cost-sharing, fee-paid user test facilities, and technology transfer centers will be reviewed and evaluated.

A series of Seminars and Workshops will be funded with the Departmental

request of $0.2 million.

These forums will ensure that an open and meaningful

dialogue is maintained between the DOE and the private sector.

GEOTHERMAL

Geothermal energy involves the direct use of the natural heat of the earth

and its conversion to other useable energy forms. The FY 1985 budget request

of $27.1 million will allow continuing resolution of technical barriers

to the use of geothermal resources.

The $3.5 million request for Geopressured Resource research will allow

continued testing of Gulf Coast geopressured production wells to better

quantify the potential of this resource.

The Department also proposes to

develop, install and evaluate a wellhead electric generator suited for

operating at this type of geothermal well in cooperation with industry.

The $5.5 million request for Hot Dry Rock research at Fenton Hill will

provide a basis for verifying the potential of this geothermal energy

extraction technique. The feasibility of constructing a multiple-fracture,

large scale reservoir with a project life of at least ten years will be specifically evaluated.

The Department requests $9.9 million for Hydrothermal research activities

to address injection of unuseable geothermal waters, define reservoir

characteristics, and conduct heat cycle research materials testing at the

Geothermal Test Facility. Especially important, DOE will fund the drilling of

a very deep hydrothermal well to examine the characteristics of deep hot water

reservoirs to better define the potential of this form of geothermal energy.

Mapping techniques will be field tested to locate natural fracture systems

within hot water reservoirs to provide a better basis for defining this

resource potential. The feasibility of tapping potential hydrothermal

reservoirs associated with volcanic craters of the Cascade Range will also be

evaluated under the Department's FY 1985 request.

The $4.4 million request for Hard Rock Penetration research includes tests

on new drilling bits and the development and field-testing of a prototype

advanced drilling system on a cost-shared basis with industry.

The $1.4

million request for Magma Energy Extraction research will include the

identification of reservoirs suitable for the extraction of energy from molten

rock and evaluation of materials that can operate in the harsh magma

environment,

In geothermal Technology Transfer, the request of $1.0 million will be used

for a variety of activities including conferences, seminars, publicatons, and

cooperative technology reviews to improve knowledge sharing with the geothermal

research, development and industrial community.

HYDROPOWER

Small scale hydropower is a comparatively nature technology that uses the

nation's streams and smaller waterways as an energy source to produce

electrical power.

The FY 1985 budget request 18 $0.5 million.

The DOE program

will focus on monitoring a number of hydropower projects funded through prior

years and transferring the results of those projects to the non-federal

community.

GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT FUND

The Geothermal Resource Development Fund (GRDF) was established to broaden

the geothermal energy technology base through guarantying risk capital for

private sector development of several state-of-the-art facilities.

The $0.1

million budget request allows for evaluation of pending loan applications, restructuring of existing guaranty agreements and monitoring outstanding loans.

ENERGY STORAGE

The Energy Storage Technologies (EST) program serves as the nucleus for

virtually all research activities related to energy storage within the

Department of Energy. The program conducts research on energy storage

technologies to support the private sector development of efficient, reliable,

economic, safe, and environmentally acceptable energy storage systems.

The FY

1985 budget request for the Energy Storage program is $17.1 million.

The $14.9 million Battery Storage activity consists of technology base

research and exploratory technology development and testing.

The technology

base research activities encompass fundamental research with the overall

objective of providing the basis for improvements in existing battery systems

and the identification and development of new battery and fuel cell systems.

objectives of the exploratory technology development and testing activity

include development and evaluation of high-performance, long-life, economical,

and producible batteries for future mobile and stationary energy storage

applications.

Two aims of the technology base research are to imporve naterials and

components of cells and batteries and to understand selected electrochemical

phenomena, lacluding corrosion. Experience has shown that materials

limitations within electrochemical systems are the principle cause for failing

to meet established system-performance goals. Improved materials and

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