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accomplished when a 25 ton per day experiment begins operation as a technical
baseline for acid hydrolysis of biomass. Improved methods for alcohol/water
separation and for anaerobic digestion of feedstocks will be evaluated under
The Refuse-Conversion-to-Methane (Refcom) facility at'
Pompano Beach will also be operated to evaluate methane production from a
combination of sewage sludge and municipal solid waste.
The Department requests $3.1 million to fund the Regional Biomass Program
which serves as a focal point for biofuels technology transfer activities.
These regional programs will provide regional-specific information concerning
biomass feedstock resources, feedstock conversion technologies and potential
end-use applications to localities and industry in a form suited to their
WIND ENERGY SYSTEMS
Wind energy involves the conversion of the energy of moving air into more
useful forms, such as electricity. The Department requests $23.3 million to
continue development of the technology base to support industry development of
cost-effective and durable wind conversion technologies.
For the $8.8 million requested in Aerodynamics Research, an improved
understanding of the essential interaction between wind turbine airfoils and
the wind will be gained. The performance of wind machines under actual
operating conditions and in different environments will be evaluated. Airfoil
shapes and operating strategies which may improve the long-term performance of
wind machines will also be analyzed and tests will be conducted at windfarns to
determine how the location of multiple wind machines influences the performance
of each individual machine.
DOE requests $7.7 million for Structural Dynamics research to improve the
ability of industry to accurately predict structural loads.
performance of commercial and the DOE MOD-2 wind machines will be carefully
monitored and evaluated to determine the natural resonant frequencies of modern
wind machine designs. Samples of materials commonly used for wind machine
blades, such as wood/epoxy, fiberglass, and aluminum, will be tested to
determine the potential durability of these materials in different operating
The $1.7 million request for the Small Systems Test Center at Rocky Flats
will provide testing and engineering support to industry. Analytical tools and
design information developed through the Rocky Flats testing program will be
provided to manufacturers, windfarm users, universities, and utilities.
The Department intends to complete its portion of the MOD-5B design and
evaluation process under the FY 1985 request of $4.2 million.
OCEAN ENERGY SYSTEMS
Ocean energy technology involves the extraction of energy from ocean waves,
currents, tides, and salt or thermal gradients.
The FY 1985 budget request of
$3.5 million will be focused on understanding ocean thermal energy conversion
(OTEC) systems for generation of electrical power.
The $1.0 million request in Materials and Structures Research will center
on the development of materials that can withstand the severe ocean
environment. Fiberglass reinforced plastic pipe will be tested to determine
Its fatigue parameters.
Techniques for installation of safe and secure OTEC
components in the rugged ocean environment will be developed and tested.
The $1.4 million for Thermodynamics Research and Analysis will support a
variety of research to improve the understanding of thermal stress and
fatigue, and improvements in OTEC heat exchangers to increase overall
efficiency of this critical component.
Io Experimental Verification and Testing, $0.6 million will fund the
development and experimental verification of generic computer models at the
Seacoast Test Facility.
The $0.5 million request for Environmental and Oceanographic Research will be used to study the impact of the extraordinary large water requirements for OTEC systems. Changes that may occur in the environment as related to the
siting of OTEC systems will be evaluated within the DOE request.
INTERNATIONAL SOLAR ENERGY
The International Solar Energy Program serves to assist U.S. industry in
conveying the technical quality of their products to potential foreign users.
The FY 1985 budget request 18 $0.5 million.
The DepartRent of Commerce will be funded to enter into cost-sharing
agreements with industry to provide for international exposure of American
solar technology at foreign expositions and other trade events.
domestic seminars will be conducted to enable u.s industry to better understand
international trade opportunities and the best methods for offering U.S.
SOLAR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
DOE considers technology transfer a two-way process through which
industrial priorities are considered early in the federal planning process and
which provides a mechanism to transfer research results, experiences and
"lessons learned to groups and individuals within the private sector research
and manufacturing communities. Thus, technology transfer is a vital link
between the public and private sectors in the research and development
The program request for FY 1985 is $6.0 million.
The Departmental request of $3.2 million for Solar Technical Information
and Mandated Reports will provide for continuation of the SERI technical
information program and the preparation of reports mandated by law.
The Department is requesting $2.2 million for the continued operation of
the Conservation and Renewable Energy Inquiry and Referral Services (CAREIRS)
which provides general information to the public concerning conservation and
renewable energy technologies.
CAREIRS also provides referrals to appropriate
organizations or publications for persons who request detailed technical
The request of $0.4 million for Technology Transfer Assessments will be
used to evaluate in cooperation with industry innovative technology transfer
methods for improving information flow between the public and private sector.
A variety of methods including seminars, workshops, conferences, cooperative
research projects, cost-sharing, fee-paid user test facilities, and technology transfer centers will be reviewed and evaluated.
A series of Seminars and Workshops will be funded with the Departmental
request of $0.2 million.
These forums will ensure that an open and meaningful
dialogue is maintained between the DOE and the private sector.
Geothermal energy involves the direct use of the natural heat of the earth
and its conversion to other useable energy forms. The FY 1985 budget request
of $27.1 million will allow continuing resolution of technical barriers
to the use of geothermal resources.
The $3.5 million request for Geopressured Resource research will allow
continued testing of Gulf Coast geopressured production wells to better
quantify the potential of this resource.
The Department also proposes to
develop, install and evaluate a wellhead electric generator suited for
operating at this type of geothermal well in cooperation with industry.
The $5.5 million request for Hot Dry Rock research at Fenton Hill will
provide a basis for verifying the potential of this geothermal energy
extraction technique. The feasibility of constructing a multiple-fracture,
large scale reservoir with a project life of at least ten years will be specifically evaluated.
The Department requests $9.9 million for Hydrothermal research activities
to address injection of unuseable geothermal waters, define reservoir
characteristics, and conduct heat cycle research materials testing at the
Geothermal Test Facility. Especially important, DOE will fund the drilling of
a very deep hydrothermal well to examine the characteristics of deep hot water
reservoirs to better define the potential of this form of geothermal energy.
Mapping techniques will be field tested to locate natural fracture systems
within hot water reservoirs to provide a better basis for defining this
resource potential. The feasibility of tapping potential hydrothermal
reservoirs associated with volcanic craters of the Cascade Range will also be
evaluated under the Department's FY 1985 request.
The $4.4 million request for Hard Rock Penetration research includes tests
on new drilling bits and the development and field-testing of a prototype
advanced drilling system on a cost-shared basis with industry.
million request for Magma Energy Extraction research will include the
identification of reservoirs suitable for the extraction of energy from molten
rock and evaluation of materials that can operate in the harsh magma
In geothermal Technology Transfer, the request of $1.0 million will be used
for a variety of activities including conferences, seminars, publicatons, and
cooperative technology reviews to improve knowledge sharing with the geothermal
research, development and industrial community.
Small scale hydropower is a comparatively nature technology that uses the
nation's streams and smaller waterways as an energy source to produce
The FY 1985 budget request 18 $0.5 million.
The DOE program
will focus on monitoring a number of hydropower projects funded through prior
years and transferring the results of those projects to the non-federal
GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT FUND
The Geothermal Resource Development Fund (GRDF) was established to broaden
the geothermal energy technology base through guarantying risk capital for
private sector development of several state-of-the-art facilities.
million budget request allows for evaluation of pending loan applications, restructuring of existing guaranty agreements and monitoring outstanding loans.
The Energy Storage Technologies (EST) program serves as the nucleus for
virtually all research activities related to energy storage within the
Department of Energy. The program conducts research on energy storage
technologies to support the private sector development of efficient, reliable,
economic, safe, and environmentally acceptable energy storage systems.
1985 budget request for the Energy Storage program is $17.1 million.
The $14.9 million Battery Storage activity consists of technology base
research and exploratory technology development and testing.
base research activities encompass fundamental research with the overall
objective of providing the basis for improvements in existing battery systems
and the identification and development of new battery and fuel cell systems.
objectives of the exploratory technology development and testing activity
include development and evaluation of high-performance, long-life, economical,
and producible batteries for future mobile and stationary energy storage
Two aims of the technology base research are to imporve naterials and
components of cells and batteries and to understand selected electrochemical
phenomena, lacluding corrosion. Experience has shown that materials
limitations within electrochemical systems are the principle cause for failing
to meet established system-performance goals. Improved materials and