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also by the contributions of the State and local governments and member universities.
HOWELL HEFLIN. Senator WARNER. That is quite adequate, Mr. Chairman, and I thank you for your courtesies.
Chairman HATFIELD. We are happy to have you, Senator Warner. We will be discussing this in some detail later. I know Senator Johnston is very interested in this issue, and I, as well, am interested because this is a request of the fiscal year 1985 budget and, therefore, the reprogramming should clearly be, as Dr. Trivelpiece has indicated, a noncommitment to the program and to project construction until there is an adequate congressional authorization giving full consent and support to the project. It may appear to be a rather unimportant technicality, but I think it is a very fundamental matter to follow the legislative process and not commit ourselves to a project through a reprogramming effort, a project that has not been authorized.
Secretary HODEL. Mr. Chairman, I hear you very clearly and I certainly agree it is a management responsibility as well, within the Department to see to it that I don't find myself supporting what appears to be simply a study effort, which is, in fact, ultimately turned into a commitment for a project. We have more than a few opportunities for that kind of activity within the Department. I appreciate and support guidance from the committee on these issues as well. Chairman HATFIELD. Thank you, Mr. Secretary.
PREPARED STATEMENT AND PREPARED QUESTIONS FOR THE RECORD Dr. Trivelpiece, we will have some additional questions for your response.
(The questions and answers follow:]
STATEMENT OF ALVIN W. TRIVELPIECE
Mr. Chairman and Members of the Subcommittee: It is a pleasure to appear here today to present the FY 1985 budget request for the programs supported by the office of Energy Research (ER). They include: High Energy and Nuclear Physics, Basic Energy Sciences, Magnetic Fusion Energy, Biological and Environmental
· Research, Energy Research Analyses, University Research Support,
University Research Instrumentation and Multiprogram General
Purpose Facilities. The High Energy and Nuclear Physics programs
are under the General Science and Research appropriation. All of
the other programs are under the Energy Supply R&D appropriation.
The FY 1985 budget request for all ER programs is shown in Table 1.
This budget request reflects the goals and strategies set out in
the Fourth National Energy Policy Plan (NEPP-IV), published in
October 1983. As stated in NEPP-IV, the goal of our national energy policy is to foster an adequate supply of energy at reasonable costs. The strategies for achieving this goal are: (1) to minimize Federal control and involvement in energy markets while maintaining public health and safety and environmental quality, and (2) to promote a balanced and mixed energy resource system.
Basic Energy Sciences
a/ These estimates reflect $15.6 million for savings resulting from FY 1985 management
initiatives. NEPP-IV also stresses the need to: 1) increase our basic understanding of nature and matter, 2) advance the frontiers of scientific, and engineering knowledge that forms the basis for technological innovation, 3) assess the potential human health and environmental effects associated with development and use of energy technologies, and 4) transfer new knowledge to the private sector where it can be developed further and applied. The programs that I will discuss today accomplish all of these things. They do so through the research itself, through a variety of communications mechanisms such as publications, workshops and private sector access to laboratory facilities and, finally, through the training of graduate students who carry their knowledge of cutting-edge research into their careers after completion of their studies.
At this point I would like to discuss each of the programs
mentioned above in some detail.
HIGH ENERGY AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS
The High Energy and Nuclear Physics programs contribute to DOE's
implementation of NEPP-IV's goal and strategies by supporting the
most basic long-term scientific research--that aimed at improving
our understanding of the fundamental constituents of matter and
energy and the basic forces in nature that control the interactions
among those constituents.
This research advances the frontiers of
our scientific and technical knowledge and provides fundamental building blocks for technological innovation. Because the research is long-term and not initially applicable to any given energy technology, the private sector has no incentive to support research in high energy and nuclear physics.
The Department's High Energy and Nuclear Physics programs have long
been important to the vitality and development of science and
technology in the U.s.
Through the efforts of its practitioners,
this research has made vital contributions not only to energy resource development but to education, health, industry and national defense. Significant contributions to the economic growth
and prosperity of the Nation have come directly from the results of
the research, from technological spinoffs, and from the training of
tomorrow's scientists through the involvement of university
graduate students in carrying out the research. Through technology transfer, these ideas and people have made contributions in a variety of industries including medical instrumentation, control and instrumentation of industrial processes, and the production of
nuclear energy. In FY 1985, the HENP programs will continue to
increase our fundamental understanding of the physical world and assure that research results are available to those who might use
In this century, scientific investigation has focused on understanding the relationships among ever more fundamental constituents of matter, with the research frontier moving from atoms, to nuclei, to the constituents of nuclei (protons and neutrons) and recently to even more elemental subnuclear constituents, somewhat whimsically referred to as quarks and gluons. The Department funds approximately 90% of the High Energy and Nuclear Physics research that is carried out in the United States. The National Science Foundation supports the rest in a joint endeavor with the Department.
The High Energy and Nuclear Physics programs are closely related in
terms of goals, the types of facilities and equipment used to reach
these goals and the impact that research in one program has on the
other. Although the two programs have related goals, they have quite different research emphases.
The Nuclear Physics program strives to attain a better
understanding of the structure and properties of the atomic nuclei
that comprise the cores of the atoms and the forces that govern
It also seeks to determine how the quark
substructure of protons and neutrons influences the make-up and
characteristics of nuclei_li.e., how do quarks act when they are imbedded in nuclei?). High Energy Physics research seeks to
understand the nature and relationships among the fundamental