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WEAPONS ACTIVITIES

FY 1985 WEAPONS PROGRAM BUDGET

SUMMARY

• THE BUDGET
-MEETS ALL NWSM REQUIREMENTS
-SUPPORTS GROWTH IN STRATEGIC DEFENSE INITIATIVE
-CONTINUES RESTORATION PROGRAM
-CONTINUES FY 1984 TEST REVITALIZATION PROGRAM

AND INITIATES RD&T PROGRAM
-SUPPORTS LONG-TERM COMMITMENT TO ENVIRONMENT,

SAFEGUARDS, AND SECURITY
-SUPPORTS VIABLE ICF PROGRAM
-CONTINUES STOCKPILE IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM

Mr. MORGAN. The budget meets the Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Memorandum requirements, supports growth in activities related to the strategic defense initiative, continues the

the restoration program, implements an expanded revitalization effort to include R&D, and supports long-term commitments. We have a viable ICF program, and we are continuing the stockpile improvements program.

NUCLEAR MATERIALS PRODUCTION

Going to the nuclear materials production side. This is what the process of materials flow in DOE looks like. We have, first, the raw material coming in from our enrichment and feed plants. It is enriched in the gaseous diffusion plants and delivered to Y-12. We also have depleted uranium going into the system. We then fabricate fuel elements and targets, both at Savannah River and Richland, which are irradiated in the reactors; then we take the spent fuel and targets out; reprocess them, deliver the recovered materials to the weapon component manufacturers, and store the waste. The facilities that we use in materials production basically are shown on this chart.

HY PRODUCTS PLUTONIUM-220 AMERICIUM CALIFOANIUM KAYPTON COBALT-60

CURIUM CESIUM STRONTIUM

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TEST
REACTORS

DIFFUSION

OAK RIDGE, T.

PADUCAH, K. PORTSMOUTH, 0.

DEFENSE PROGRAMS

NUCLEAR MATERIALS SITES

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LEGEND

Major Nuclear Materials Sites Minor Nuclear Materials Activities

PLUTONIUM

WASTE

SPENT
FUEL

NAVY FUELS

NUCLEAR MATERIALS

ASHTABULA

FERNALD

OAK
RIDGE

SAVANNAH

RIVER

21,400 Average FY 1984 Employment 1870 Sq. Miles of Lond-1% Times the Sin ol Rhode Island $13.4 Billion-Escalated Acquisition Corts in FY 1984 Dolları

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Mr. MORGAN. Briefly, on the defense waste and byproducts, this is the amount of waste that we have in the defense inventory. We're dealing withthat adequately at this point in time.

SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY

Our major concern is public health and safety, and disruption of our stockpile capability.

SECURITY AFFAIRS

SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY

MAJOR CONCERNS

• ENDANGERING PUBLIC HEALTH & SAFETY
• DISRUPTION OF THE NATION'S STOCKPILE

-MAINTENANCE OF CURRENT STOCKPILE
-NEW PRODUCTION

SECURITY AFFAIRS

SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY

DOE SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY PLANNING

AND PROGRAMMING

• THREAT
• SITE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENTS
• SITE SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY PLANS
• SENIOR MANAGEMENT REVIEW
• PROGRAM FORMULATION
• BUDGET FORMULATION
• INSPECTION AND EVALUATION

Mr. MORGAN. (Deleted] our inspection and evaluation team-we're doubling that capacity—so from headquarters we will evaluate our critical facilities every 18 months to ensure that our security is adequate.

LESSONS LEARNED

We needed corporate commitment, education and awareness, and reduction and consolidation of inventory.

SECURITY AFFAIRS

SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY

MAJOR LESSONS LEARNED IN PAST YEAR

• CORPORATE COMMITMENT
• SECURITY EDUCATION AND AWARENESS
• REDUCTION/CONSOLIDATION OF SNM INVENTORY
• DEFENSE IN-DEPTH
• CROSS FERTILIZATION AMONG FIELD OFFICES
• COST EFFECTIVENESS

Mr. MORGAN. We are moving strategic materials away from potential vulnerabilities. We now have defense in depth at all DOE critical facilities; cross-fertilization in communication between field facilities, and we believe that we are cost effective.

MAJOR CONTINUING ACTIONS

We have major continuing actions, such as implementation of the NSC directive. As you know, we just had hearings on air-space restrictions to restore restrictions at all our primary facilities. We were taken to court on the physical fitness standards. We lost that case on a pro

cedural process. We're going back and correcting that, and we should have that in place soon. And, as I mentioned, we're expanding our inspection and evaluation activities.

SUMMARY OF SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY ACTIVITIES

In summary, [deleted] until we can get all the essential projects properly funded and completed, we have increased manpower at the various locations to ensure security. We do have an aggressive oversight program.

And that is what I tried to summarize because of the time commitment, sir, and I appreciate your hearing it.

[Deleted.)

Senator DOMENICI. Let me suggest that Senator Abdnor, who was a member of the subcommittee, as I am, is here, and will complete the hearing. I regret that I have to go. I want to say to all of you that I hope you don't think that this Senator thinks what you're doing deserves only 45 minutes to an hour of time. I'm sorry that we just get caught in this particular bind. It's tremendously important and some of you know that I'm personally very interested in this particular aspect of the DOE and the defense budget. But, I'm going to have to submit questions that I have in writing and I thank you all very much for accommodating me today and we'll do our best. If the subcommittee, after the staff has reviewed and summarized for the members and the chairman-if we have any need for additional information, we'll obviously get hold of you and we appreciate your cooperation.

Senator, will you take over?

Senator ABDNOR (presiding). Yes, sir, thank you. It's been pointed out to me that General Hoover and Dr. Gilbert really haven't had much of an opportunity to cover their areas. Would you care for a little additional time to give us a little more background?

Mr. MORGAN. Sir, we did submit their testimony for the record, and I tried to summarize that, but I did eliminate a number of the graphs that we were going to cover, and if you would like, we can spend some more time going through the specifics we'd like to cover, and General Hoover can talk in more detail about his program.

Senator ABDNOR. Why don't we do that.

WEAPONS PROGRAM

General HOOVER. I'm Major General Hoover, sir. Mr. Morgan did summarize the key points that we wanted to make; however, I would like to emphasize several of them. If you compared the weapons com: plex to a high-technology corporation, it would rank in the top quarter of the Fortune 500. But more importantly, it is [deleted]. And as such, I would certainly caution against cutting the [deleted] capability and capacity very close to the point of being able to produce or not. It's important to have some hedge against uncertainty.

I also believe that, although there are disparate views with regard to nuclear weapons, as long as we have them in the stockpile, as long as

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