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DOE TECHNOLOGY BASE CONTRIBUTES TO THE BROADER “NUCLEAR DETERRENCE

INFRASTRUCTURE”

• NUCLEAR WEAPONS EFFECTS AND SURVIVABILITY • NUCLEAR WEAPON SYSTEM DESIGN • ANTI-TERRORIST SECURITY • REACTORS FOR SPACE AND MILITARY BASE POWER

(DELETED]

• NUCLEAR INTELLIGENCE

Dr. WAGNER. An important part in the equation is the survivability of our weapons; the effects produced by them; the effects produced by Soviet weapons on the survivability of U.S. weapons. DOE, for years, has maintained a rather extensive activity in those areas. We depend on that a lot. It has been cut back as their budget difficulties occurred during the 1970's; I think, perhaps, cut back too far. We are suffering to some extent from it, but they still continue to support us in that

area.

In addition to designing warheads, they help us design the systems, as well. This is partly to compensate for what I believe is a rather skimpy infrastructure in the Department of Defense itself, [deleted). We are currently engaged in a program to upgrade the security of our nuclear weapon storage sites against the terrorist threat. It's a large program. It is carried out within NATO. We could not have done it without the support that the Sandia Laboratories gave us, and continue to give us. The Sandia people are a continuing presence in the European theater. We simply could not do without that kind of support. Let me jump to another point. (Deleted.)

(Deleted.) DOE provides some things that we simply could not get from internal DOD resources. Now, this is work that's done mostly on a reimbursable basis with Department of Defense funds; however, it relies on the technology base that has grown in DOE over the years, which we would hate to see eroded or not put back in tip-top condition.

DOE TECHNOLOGY BASE As you know, the Department of Defense is embarking on an overall high-technology upgrade of our conventional forces.

DOE TECHNOLOGY BASE CONTRIBUTES TO DOD'S NONNUCLEAR CAPABILITY AS WELL

SOME EXAMPLES
• NONNUCLEAR ADVANCED MUNITIONS
• NONNUCLEAR DIRECTED ENERGY WEAPONS
• ARMOR
• BATTLEFIELD SENSORS
• SUBMARINE QUIETING AND HYDRODYNAMIC

EFFICIENCY
• ASW SIGNAL PROCESSING
• CHEMICAL WARFARE DEFENSE

Dr. WAGNER. The DOE laboratories contribute a lot to that, in the area of nonnuclear munitions, nonnuclear directed-energy weapons, armor designs, battlefield sensors, submarine quieting, chemical warfare defense-last, but certainly not least. There is a tremendous technology base there. DOD depends on it, and we feel it should be kept as strong as possible.

[Deleted.]

(Deleted] feel that it's very important in addition to producing weapons for the stockpile, to support their technology base.

Senator DOMENICI. (Deleted.) It seems to me the funding level the last 3 years has been going up substantially. Is that not a question of funding—it has

Dr. WAGNER. Mr. Chairman, it has been going up, but most of the increase has been for production of specific weapons for the stockpile. We have tried to limit the production requests as much-and have, we believe-as much as we can. It is funding for the technology base that I believe is important to focus on, to rebuild a truly healthy capability in this area.

[Deleted.]
Dr. WAGNER. I certainly think we should.
Senator DOMENICI. Well, why don't we? (Deleted.)
Dr. WAGNER. (Deleted.]
Senator DOMENICI. I would think so.
Dr. WAGNER. (Deleted.]

Senator DOMENICI. Is that a legitimate area of concern, General? That he's just expressed?

General HOOVER. Yes, sir.

Mr. MORGAN. We have reorganized the Department, and within defense programs, now we do have a Deputy Assistant Secretary for Intelligence, who is working that arena—the CIA and other sides of the intelligence community—to solve that problem, Mr. Chairman. So, we are addressing that now with the organization, and it's working quite a bit better than it was before. (Deleted.) If I may, sir, I'd like to briefly go through a few slides here that I've pulled out.

NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM The weapons complex, of course, starts with three design laboratories, where they do all the development work.

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Mr. MORGAN. This single line weapons production complex makes bombs, warheads, and the shells for the DOD. Where do we do that? As you know, we have several production facilities that actually make the various components and they're assembled at Amarillo, Tex., and then shipped off to the DOD. We have three support facilities working on inertial confinement fusion as well as the three weapons design laboratories.

WEAPONS ACTIVITIES

INVESTMENT STRATEGY FOR 1984 AND BEYOND

• MEET PRODUCTION NOW AND IN THE FUTURE

(DELETED] • INCREASE RD&T MANPOWER 15 PERCENT • INCREASE TESTING

[DELETED] • REVITALIZE AGING PLANT

- RESTORATION

-RD&T FACILITIES • IMPROVE CERTAIN WEAPONS IN THE STOCKPILE • PROVIDE MANAGEMENT AND MANUFACTURING

FLEXIBILITY

Mr. MORGAN. The investment strategy that we're working for fiscal year 1984 and beyond includes meeting production now and in the future, including a surge capability. We also want to increase our RD&T manpower by 15 percent; increase our test capability [deleted] revitalize the aging plant; improve our weapons in the stockpile; and provide manufacturing flexibility.

Just where are we in the production at this point in time? We are actually building warheads in this budget for nine separate weapons systems.

AMARILLO FACILITY Senator DOMENICI. I want to ask you a question about the production capability that Amarillo brings to mind. Is there any evidence that the Catholic bishop in that area is having any impact on personnel?

Mr. MORGAN. He is not at this time, sir.

Senator DOMENICI. And, the Department's aware of that, and watches that?

Mr. MORGAN. Yes, sir, we are.

Senator DOMENICI. Any other areas where religious conviction is having any impact on your ability to keep personnel and perform your mission? Mr. MORGAN. (Deleted.]

WEAPON BUILDS (Deleted.]

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