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TRANSPORTATION OPERATIONS

We are also responsible for the Department-wide transportation

operations and traffic management support programs to assure the

safe, secure, efficient, and economic shipaent of DOE materials in

compliance with applicable Federal laws and regulations.

Major activities in FY 1984 for Transportation Operations and

Traffic Management include reducing rates on DOE shipments through

volume discounts, data automation for more efficient utilization

and management of resources, training and workshops for personnel

involved in

shipment of hazardous materials; and activities to

assure uniform DOE compliance with DOT and IAEA rules and

regulations.

In FY 1985 transportation management training will be expanded to

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assure

even more efficient, economical movement of DOE shipments.

LONG-TERM WASTE MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY

This program addresses the long-term management and disposal of

defense wastes.

This program is consistent with the Defense Waste

Management Plan for permanent disposal of defense high-level and

transuranic waste the President submitted to you.

HIGH-LEVEL WASTE TECHNOLOGY

As I mentioned earlier, we are developing the technology for the

long-term management of defense high-level waste at DOE sites with

first emphasis on the DWPF at Savannah River.

During FY 1985 we

will perform large-scale tests with simulated waste

to optimize

the design and demonstrate the reliability of the DWPF systems,

including slurry feed, off-gas, salt disposal, and process

controls.

Smaller scale tests with actual high-level waste from

the Savannah River Plant will continue in hot cells.

Together,

these tests will assure that the DWPP vill vork as designed.

vill continue to describe and document the predicted behavior of

the glass vaste for in a geologic repository and aske confirmatory tests. During FY 1985 enphasis will shift toward planning, development, selection, and implementation of the

long-tera technology for high-level waste at Hanford.

DEPENSE WASTE PROCESSING FACILITY

(Charts 40-41)

The DWPF will innobilize defense high-level waste

at Savannah River for storage, transportation, and disposal in a

geologic repository.

The sludge fraction of the high-level vaste,

which contains Bost of the hazardous radionuclides and virtually

all of the long-lived activity, will be immobilized directly in

borosilicate glass after extracting mercury.

The activity in the

soluble salt fraction of the waste, primarily radioactive cesium,

will be separated by precipitation in the tank farm and can be used a beneficial byproduct, possibly in an immobilized form.

as

The decontaminated salt will be solidified and disposed of on the

Savannah River site.

When the DWPF 18 operational in FY 1989, we

will begin to work off the backlog of high-level waste from

production operations at Savannah River, reaching a steady-state

operation in about 15 years.

Construction of the DWPF began a head of schedule in October 1983

and site grading, installation of temporary construction

facilities, and equipment procurement are underway.

The design is

almost 50 percent complete and on schedule.

Design and

construction will continue in FY 1985, leading to "hot" operation

in FY 1989.

We are requesting $ 238 million for the project in

FY 1985 which is our major program increase over FY 1984.

This

funding 18 necessary to maintain the project schedule and stay

within the total estimated cost.

By the end of FY 1985, the

design will be about 80 percent complete.

Construction of the

main process buildings and support facilities will continue, and

additional major procurements will be made for essential

construction materials and equipment.

It is very important that our construction schedule be

maintained.

We have planned this project to be cost effective

consistent with the Grace Commission's recommendations.

Any

delays will not only increase costs but will also cause

significant operational problems at Savannah River.

We are

running out of tank space in which to store high-level waste, and

we must continue to

remove waste from the old tanks before

problems develop.

Major delays in DWPF could require the building

of additional tanks and make the high-level waste cleanup job

greater and more expensive.

The total estimated construction cost for the DWPF 18 $ 870 million

and is based on a newly revised cost estimate.

The amounts of

escalation and contingency have been significantly reduced from the previous estimate of $910 million. Additional scope has also

been added to the project that was originally planned for

inclusion in a subsequent line item project (Stage 2).

Technical

improvements have eliminated the need for most of the Stage 2

requirements.

The remaining items, which now make up about

10 percent of the DWPF project, are necessary to provide a

ost

complete facility to handle both sludge and salt waste.

The cost

estimate for this project has been reduced by a bout 70 percent

from the original capital cost estimate of $2.8 billion (FY 1979)

through research and development and design optimization.

We will

continue to pursue opportunities to reduce its cost even further through effective project management by DOE staff and contractors

during the construction phase.

TRANSURANIC WASTE TECHNOLOGY

This technology program focuses on supporting the WIPP.

The first

priority 18 to certify newly generated waste for the WIPP if it

meets the acceptance criteria.

This reduces the growth in the

backlog of stored waste that requires exanination before it can be

sent to or processed for the WIPP.

Second, the inventory of "old"

stored waste will be examined and certified or processed

consistent with the WIPP schedule.

In Idaho we have completed the final designs for two pilot plants in FY 1983--the Stored Waste Examination Pilot Plant to examine and certify stored waste containers for the WIPP, and the Processing Experimental Pilot Plant to demonstrate processes for treating stored waste containers (Chart 42) that do not meet the WIPP criteria. In FY 1985 we are continuing construction on both pilot plants.

Other FY 1985 activities include: (1) completing process engineering studies required to certify remote handled wastes and transfer of the technology to the sites; (2) installing and testing a drum counter at Richland; (3) begin certifying newly generated remote handled waste at ORNL; and (4) continuing

technology development and transfer for reduced waste generation

at all sites.

LOW-LEVEL WASTE TECHNOLOGY

The Low-Level Waste (LLW) Technology program supports waste

operations at DOE sites.

In FY 1984 hand books will document

technologies for corrective measures for existing shallow land

burial grounds, improved practices and procedures for operations for new shallow land burial grounds, and waste treatment options for use by generators and operators.

DOE has been developing an alternative to shallow land burial for potentially low-level waste. While these wastes fall within the definition of LLW, they may require greater isolation than that provided by shallow land burial due to their betalgamma activity, heat, chemical toxicity, or if their physical size and shape would preclude WIPP waste acceptance certification. The Greater Confinement disposal Test at the Nevada Test Site is evaluating a

borehole concept (10 foot diameter, 120 feet deep) for special low-level waste. In FY 1984 cesium and strontium capsules have been emplaced in the Greater Confinement disposal Test. In PY 1985 they will be monitored and predictive modeling will be developed.

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AIRBORNE WASTE TECHNOLOGY

The Airborne Waste Technology progran supports DOE operations in controlling and disposing gaseous and particulate effluents. In PY 1984 this program will be conpleted with a topical report on real-tine effluent monitoring systens and a final closeout report of efforts accomplished in the program since its inception. In

FY 1985 the orderly completion of a few progran-related tasks vill be performed under the low-level waste progran.

TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

This program seeks to assure that safe, efficient, and reliable

transportation will be available for defense auclear wastes.

Technology development, testing, and operational safety and

accident analyses are conducted at the Transportation Technology

Center at the Sandia National Laboratory in Albuquerque, New

Mexico.

(Chart 43) In FY 1984 a prototype TRUPACT unit will be fabricated, and regulatory compliance testing will be performed. (Chart 44) The high-level waste cask final design will be completed and a prototype cask fabricator selected. Major

components of the first production unit of the new shipping

package for cesium and strontium capsules will be delivered and made available for use. We will evaluate the impacts of regulatory changes; develop standards for packaging; and maintain data bases on shipments, incidents, routing, emergency response,

and state and local legislation.

In FY 1985 work will focus on research, development, and

evaluation of nuclear materials transport systems to meet the

Department's program requirements.

This will include structural

and thermal analysis and modeling, test environment characterization, testing facility development, transportation logistics and economic analysis on specific programs under development, analysis of State and local government transportation packaging legislation, analysis of IAEA Safety Series 6 inpact on U.S. packaging, and accident assessment and risk analysis under

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