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We are also responsible for the Department-wide transportation
operations and traffic management support programs to assure the
safe, secure, efficient, and economic shipaent of DOE materials in
compliance with applicable Federal laws and regulations.
Major activities in FY 1984 for Transportation Operations and
Traffic Management include reducing rates on DOE shipments through
volume discounts, data automation for more efficient utilization
and management of resources, training and workshops for personnel
shipment of hazardous materials; and activities to
assure uniform DOE compliance with DOT and IAEA rules and
In FY 1985 transportation management training will be expanded to
even more efficient, economical movement of DOE shipments.
LONG-TERM WASTE MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY
This program addresses the long-term management and disposal of
This program is consistent with the Defense Waste
Management Plan for permanent disposal of defense high-level and
transuranic waste the President submitted to you.
HIGH-LEVEL WASTE TECHNOLOGY
As I mentioned earlier, we are developing the technology for the
long-term management of defense high-level waste at DOE sites with
first emphasis on the DWPF at Savannah River.
During FY 1985 we
will perform large-scale tests with simulated waste
the design and demonstrate the reliability of the DWPF systems,
including slurry feed, off-gas, salt disposal, and process
Smaller scale tests with actual high-level waste from
the Savannah River Plant will continue in hot cells.
these tests will assure that the DWPP vill vork as designed.
vill continue to describe and document the predicted behavior of
the glass vaste for in a geologic repository and aske confirmatory tests. During FY 1985 enphasis will shift toward planning, development, selection, and implementation of the
long-tera technology for high-level waste at Hanford.
DEPENSE WASTE PROCESSING FACILITY
The DWPF will innobilize defense high-level waste
at Savannah River for storage, transportation, and disposal in a
The sludge fraction of the high-level vaste,
which contains Bost of the hazardous radionuclides and virtually
all of the long-lived activity, will be immobilized directly in
borosilicate glass after extracting mercury.
The activity in the
soluble salt fraction of the waste, primarily radioactive cesium,
will be separated by precipitation in the tank farm and can be used a beneficial byproduct, possibly in an immobilized form.
The decontaminated salt will be solidified and disposed of on the
Savannah River site.
When the DWPF 18 operational in FY 1989, we
will begin to work off the backlog of high-level waste from
production operations at Savannah River, reaching a steady-state
operation in about 15 years.
Construction of the DWPF began a head of schedule in October 1983
and site grading, installation of temporary construction
facilities, and equipment procurement are underway.
The design is
almost 50 percent complete and on schedule.
construction will continue in FY 1985, leading to "hot" operation
in FY 1989.
We are requesting $ 238 million for the project in
FY 1985 which is our major program increase over FY 1984.
funding 18 necessary to maintain the project schedule and stay
within the total estimated cost.
By the end of FY 1985, the
design will be about 80 percent complete.
Construction of the
main process buildings and support facilities will continue, and
additional major procurements will be made for essential
construction materials and equipment.
It is very important that our construction schedule be
We have planned this project to be cost effective
consistent with the Grace Commission's recommendations.
delays will not only increase costs but will also cause
significant operational problems at Savannah River.
running out of tank space in which to store high-level waste, and
we must continue to
remove waste from the old tanks before
Major delays in DWPF could require the building
of additional tanks and make the high-level waste cleanup job
greater and more expensive.
The total estimated construction cost for the DWPF 18 $ 870 million
and is based on a newly revised cost estimate.
The amounts of
escalation and contingency have been significantly reduced from the previous estimate of $910 million. Additional scope has also
been added to the project that was originally planned for
inclusion in a subsequent line item project (Stage 2).
improvements have eliminated the need for most of the Stage 2
The remaining items, which now make up about
10 percent of the DWPF project, are necessary to provide a
complete facility to handle both sludge and salt waste.
estimate for this project has been reduced by a bout 70 percent
from the original capital cost estimate of $2.8 billion (FY 1979)
through research and development and design optimization.
continue to pursue opportunities to reduce its cost even further through effective project management by DOE staff and contractors
during the construction phase.
TRANSURANIC WASTE TECHNOLOGY
This technology program focuses on supporting the WIPP.
priority 18 to certify newly generated waste for the WIPP if it
meets the acceptance criteria.
This reduces the growth in the
backlog of stored waste that requires exanination before it can be
sent to or processed for the WIPP.
Second, the inventory of "old"
stored waste will be examined and certified or processed
consistent with the WIPP schedule.
In Idaho we have completed the final designs for two pilot plants in FY 1983--the Stored Waste Examination Pilot Plant to examine and certify stored waste containers for the WIPP, and the Processing Experimental Pilot Plant to demonstrate processes for treating stored waste containers (Chart 42) that do not meet the WIPP criteria. In FY 1985 we are continuing construction on both pilot plants.
Other FY 1985 activities include: (1) completing process engineering studies required to certify remote handled wastes and transfer of the technology to the sites; (2) installing and testing a drum counter at Richland; (3) begin certifying newly generated remote handled waste at ORNL; and (4) continuing
technology development and transfer for reduced waste generation
at all sites.
LOW-LEVEL WASTE TECHNOLOGY
The Low-Level Waste (LLW) Technology program supports waste
operations at DOE sites.
In FY 1984 hand books will document
technologies for corrective measures for existing shallow land
burial grounds, improved practices and procedures for operations for new shallow land burial grounds, and waste treatment options for use by generators and operators.
DOE has been developing an alternative to shallow land burial for potentially low-level waste. While these wastes fall within the definition of LLW, they may require greater isolation than that provided by shallow land burial due to their betalgamma activity, heat, chemical toxicity, or if their physical size and shape would preclude WIPP waste acceptance certification. The Greater Confinement disposal Test at the Nevada Test Site is evaluating a
borehole concept (10 foot diameter, 120 feet deep) for special low-level waste. In FY 1984 cesium and strontium capsules have been emplaced in the Greater Confinement disposal Test. In PY 1985 they will be monitored and predictive modeling will be developed.
AIRBORNE WASTE TECHNOLOGY
The Airborne Waste Technology progran supports DOE operations in controlling and disposing gaseous and particulate effluents. In PY 1984 this program will be conpleted with a topical report on real-tine effluent monitoring systens and a final closeout report of efforts accomplished in the program since its inception. In
FY 1985 the orderly completion of a few progran-related tasks vill be performed under the low-level waste progran.
TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
This program seeks to assure that safe, efficient, and reliable
transportation will be available for defense auclear wastes.
Technology development, testing, and operational safety and
accident analyses are conducted at the Transportation Technology
Center at the Sandia National Laboratory in Albuquerque, New
(Chart 43) In FY 1984 a prototype TRUPACT unit will be fabricated, and regulatory compliance testing will be performed. (Chart 44) The high-level waste cask final design will be completed and a prototype cask fabricator selected. Major
components of the first production unit of the new shipping
package for cesium and strontium capsules will be delivered and made available for use. We will evaluate the impacts of regulatory changes; develop standards for packaging; and maintain data bases on shipments, incidents, routing, emergency response,
and state and local legislation.
In FY 1985 work will focus on research, development, and
evaluation of nuclear materials transport systems to meet the
Department's program requirements.
This will include structural
and thermal analysis and modeling, test environment characterization, testing facility development, transportation logistics and economic analysis on specific programs under development, analysis of State and local government transportation packaging legislation, analysis of IAEA Safety Series 6 inpact on U.S. packaging, and accident assessment and risk analysis under