would not the lord protector make himself great, and his family great? Doth not he make these necessities? and then he will come upon the people with this argument of necessity.

This were something hard indeed, but I have not yet known what it is to make necessities, whatsoever the judgments or thouglits of men are. And I say this, not only to this assembly, but to the world, that that man liveth not that can come to me, and 'charge me that I have in these great revolutions made necessities; I challenge even all that fear God; and as God hath said, My glory I will not give unto another; let men take heed and be twice advised, how they call his revolutions the things of God, and his working of things from one period to another; how, I say, they call them necessities of men's creation; for by so doing they do vilify and lessen the works of God, and rob him of his glory, which he hath said, he will not give unto another, nor suffer to be taken from him. We know what God did to Herod when he was applauded, and did not acknowledge God; and God knoweth what he will do with men when they shall call his revolutions human designs, and so detract from his glory, when they have not been forecast, but sudden providence in things, whereby carnal and worldly men are encaged, and under, and at which many, I fear, (some good,) have murmured and repined, because disappointed of their

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mistaken fancies ; but still they have been the wise disposings of the Almighty, though instruments have had their passions and frailties; and I think it is an honour to God to acknowledge the necessities to have been of God's imposing, when truly they have been so, as indeed they have, when we take our sin in our actings to ourselves, and much more safe than judge things so contingent, as if there were not a God that ruled the earth.

It was, say some, the cunning of the lord protector, (I take it to myself) it was the craft of such a man, and his plot, that hath brought it about. And as they say in other countries, there are five or six cunning men in England that have skill, they do all these things : Oh what blasphemy is this! because men that are without God in the world, and walk not with him, and know not what it is to pray, or believe, and to receive returns from God, and to be spoken unto by the spirit of God, who speaks without a written word sometimes, yet according to it: God hath spoken heretofore in divers manners ; let him speak as he pleaseth. Hath he not given us liberty ? Nay, is it not our duty to go to the law and to the testimonies, and there we shall find that there have been impressions in extraordinary cases, as well without the written word as with its and therefore there is no difference in the thing thus asserted, from truths generally received, except we will exclude the



spirit, without whose concurrence all other teachings are ineffectual. I may be thought to press too much upon

this theme, but I

God it

upon your

hearts and mine; the worldly minded man knows nothing of this, but is a stranger to it; and because of this his atheism and murmurings at instruments, yea, repining at God himself; and no wonder, considering the Lord hath done such things amongst us as have not been known in the world these thousand years, and yet notwithstanding is not owned by us.


I have troubled you with a long speech, and I believe it may not have the same resentment with all that it hath with some s but because that is unknown to me, I shall leave it to God, and conclude with that I think myself bound in my duty to God, and the people of these nations, to their safety and good in every respect; I think it my duty to tell you, that it is not for the profit of these nations, nor for common and public good, for you to continue here any longer ; and therefore, I do declare unto you, THAT I DO DISSOLVE THIS PARLIAMENT.

The above extract contains perhaps not more than one half of the entire speech; yet, what is omitted is of far less value.

The speech furnishes no mean specimen of Cromwell's talents as an orator. It is marked, too,with all his characteristic hypocrisy.

2. Whitelocke also wrote, “ Memorials of the English Affairs, from the supposed Expedition of Brute to this Island, to the end of the Reign of King James I.” Published from his original MS. with some account of his life and writings, by William Penn, esq. governor of Pennsylvania; and a preface by James Wel wood, M.D. 1709, folio.

3. There are, besides, various speeches of his own in his “ Memorials," and in other colo lections.


An eminent physician and writer, son of Mr. Thomas Brown, merchant, of London, descended of an ancient and respectable family in Cheshire, was born in 1605, in Cheapside, London. He was educated first at Winchester College, and afterwards, 1623, entered gentleman commoner of Broad-gate-Hall, since Pembroke College, Oxford, as student of medicine. Having taken his degrees in arts, he practiced physic for some time in Oxfordshire. But his mother marrying sir Thomas Dutton, an official man under the government of Ireland, he accompanied her and his step-father to that island, where he visited all the fortresses of the kingdom. This journey inducing an inclination to travel, he made the tour of France and - Italy; and having remained for some time at Montpelier, and at Padua, he came back to

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