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ment, Defence of Smectymnus, and others. : Dr. Johnson will hardly deny that these patriotic pieces vapoured beyond the environs of Milton's boarding-school, even perhaps to the warmest scene of action, the Commons' House of Parliament: nor can we think he will (except in a. fit of merriment) call them small performances, with respect to their effects; as he himself must know by experience the service that political pamphlets do to the faction their authors adhere to, when seasonably published. The merit of the faction, or of the author, is out of the question. We believe it will not be disputed, that Milton was as valuable a writer to the party he

espoused,

was

espoused, as Dr. Johnson is to the present administration, though not (at the time referred to) bought with a price.

The Doctor says, “ This is a part of “ his life from which all his biographers * seem inclined to shrink, They are un*** willing that Milton should be degrad**ed to a school-master ; but since it can“ not be denied that he taught boys, one < finds out that he taught for nothing ; 65 and another, that his motive was only “ zeal for the propagation of learning; 6 and all tell what they do not know to 66 be true, only to excuse an act which no “ wise man will consider as in itself dif* graceful. His father was alive, his, " allowance was not ample, and he sup

“ plied

o plied its deficiences by an honest and “ useful employment.”

This is said with more confidence than the Doctor's carelessness in consulting Milton's Biographers will justify. Philips is not one and another; and he is the only original from whom those who have apologised for Milton's employment in teaching youth have copied.

Whether Toland knew the particulars of Milton's motives, must be left to God and his own conscience; but to say that “ Milton had no sordid or mercenary “ purposes" will not imply that he taught for nothing.

Milton's friends are obliged to Dr. Johnson for doing credit to his supposed occupation of a schoolmaster; but To

.. land

land had done it before him, whose re. marks would hardly have been seconded in the new narrative, if the author had not had some fellow-feeling of the reproach of Milton's adversaries ; a circuinstance that gave us some especial wonder that the Doctor should be so much ashamed of the whipping story retailed from Aubrey

Concerning this part of Milton's Life, Mr. John Philips must, out of all comparison, be the most authentic historian: He was Milton's pupil from the beginning; and they who attend to the series of facts in his account will perceive how much Dr. Johnson's speculations on vagrant inattention, Nuggish indifference, and abfurd misapprehension, introduced by way E 2

of

of confuting those facts, might have been spared...

“We are told,” says the new narrative, " that in the art of education he per“ formed wonders; and a formidable lift " is given of the authors Greek and “ Latin that were read in Aldersgate“ street by youth between ten and fifteen “ or fixteen years of age.” And then follows the wise observation, that “no“ body can be taught fafter than he can " learn *.”.

But who were these youth ? Even his fister's two fons, (perhaps only one of them, the younger); as appears by what Philips says after he had specified the formidable lift. * New Narrative, p. 27.

" Now

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