it had been presumed, would never more come into fashion.

No nian contributed more to restore the esteem and credit of these noble pa-' triotic writers than the late ever-to-behonoured Mr. Hollis, of whose beautiful and accurate editions of Sydney's Difcourses, of Locke on Government and Tolération, and of Toland's Life of Milton, we have spoken largely in another place.

Dr. Johnson's peace of mind required "that this recovering taste of the public should not ripen into appetite, particularly for Milton's works, whose reputation he had formerly taken so much elegant pains to depreciate. The source of his disaffection to Milton's principles can

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be no secret to those who have been conversant in the controversies of the times. Dr. Johnson's early and well-known attachments will sufficiently account for it; and posterity will be at no lofs to deter.. mine whether our biographer's veneration was paid to the White Rose or the Red *.

But Dr. Johnson's particular malevolence to Milton may not be so well known, or possibly forgot; we shall therefore give a short account of its progress, from its first appearance to its consummation in this Life of Milton.

In the year 1747, one William Lauder fent to the Gentleman's Magazine some hints of Milton's plagiarism, in pillaging certain modern writers for the materials of his poem, intituled, Paradise Loji. * Sce Preface to Milton, p. 2.


· Who William Lauder was, what was his character, and óf what stamp his moral and political principles, may be learn-ed from a pamphlet, intituled, Furius,' printed for Carpenter, in Fleet-street, without a date ; but, as evidently appears by the Remarks at the end of it, published soon after Lauder's appearance in the Gentleman's Magazine, with his famous discoveries.

Congenial politics create connections between men in whose abilities there is great disparity. Buchanan's principles, in his dialogue, De jure Regni apud Scotos, were equally detested by the noted Thomas Ruddiman and William Lauder. But Lauder's malignity could never prevail with the ingenuous Ruddiman to

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detract from Buchanan's poetical meritz, in compliance with Lauder's furious-zeal: in favour of Johnston's Latin translation of David's Psalms, to which Lauder gave the preference.

e. . . . . . In his alliance with Dr. Johnson, ce-mented by their mutual antipathy to Milton's principles of civil and religious government, he found a paternal indulgence of his fplenetic animosity,

Milton was a Whig, and therefore must be a Plagiary; accordingly, when the time came that Lauder's (trictures in: the Gentleman's Magazine had swelled into the size of a pamphlet of 160 pages, it was ushered into public by a preface, and finished by a poftscript, from the illustrious hand of Dr. Samuel Johnson.

On occasion of these head and tail. pieces the ingenious Dr. Douglas, the detector of Lauder's forgeries, writes

thus :

. 'Tis to be hoped, nay, 'tis expe&ted, « that the elegant and nervous writer, < whose judicious sentiments and inimiis table ftile point out the author of Lau« der's Preface and Postscript, will no á longer allow one to plume himself with á his feathers, who appears so little to às have deserved his affistance; an affic o tance which, I am perfuaded, would is never have been communicated, had “ theré been the least fufpicion of those á facts which I have been the instrument 6 of conveying to the world *".

* Milton vindicated from the charge of Plagiarism, &c. by John Douglas, M.. A. for Mile lás, 1751, p.77



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