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by evill. As therefore the state of man now is;, what wisdome can there be to choose, what continence to forbeare' without the knowledge of evill? He that can apprehend and consider vice with all her baits and seeming pleasures, and yet abstain, and yet distinguish, and yet pre-: fer that which is truly better, he is the true warfaring Christian. I cannot praise a-fugitive and cloister'd vertuc, unexerecis'd and unbreath'd, that never fallies out and sees her adversary, but Ilinks out of the race, where that immortail garland is to be run for, not without duft and heat. Afsuredly we bring not innocence into the world, we bring iinpurity much rather : that which purifies us is triall, and triall is by what is con

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trary. That vertue therefore which is but a youngling in the contemplation of evill, and knows not the utmost that vice promises to her followers, and res jects it, is but a blank vertue, not a pure; her:whiteneffe is but an excrementall whiteneffe ; Which was the reason why our sage and serious Poet Spencer, whoin I dare be known to think a better. teacher then Scotus or Aquinas, describing true temperance under the person of Guion, brings him in with his palmer through the cave of Mammon, and the bowr of earthly bliffe that he might see and know, and yet abstain. Since there. fore the knowledge and survay of vice is iir this world so necessary to the constituting of human vertue, and the scanning of error to the confirmation of truth, how can we more fafely, and with lesse danger scout into the regions of fin and falfity then by reading all manner of tractats, and hearing all manner of reason? And this is the benefit which may be had of books promiscuously read. But of the harm that may result hence three kinds are usually reckn'd. First, is fear’d the infection that may spread; but then all human learning and controversie in. religious points must remove out of the world, yea the Bible itself; for that ofttimes relates blafphemy not nicely, it describes the carnall' sense of wicked men not unelegantly, it brings in holiest men passionately murmuring against providence through all the arguments

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of Epicurus : in other great disputes it an- swers dubiously and darkly to the common reader : And ask a Talmudist what ails the modesty of his marginall Keri, that Mofes and all the Prophets cannot perswade him to pronounce the textuall Chetiv. For these causes we all know the Bible it selfe put by the Papist into the first rank of prohibited books. The ancientest Fathers must be next remov'd, as Clement of Alexandria, and that Eusebian book of Evangelick preparation, transmitting our ears through a hoard of heathenish obscenities to receive the Gofpel. Who finds not that Ireneus, Epiphanius, Jerom, and others, discover, more heresies then they will confute, and that oft .for herefie which is the truer

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opinion. Nor boots it to say for these, and all the heathen Writers of greatest infection, if it must be thought so, with whom is bound up the life of hunan learning, that they writ in an unknown tongue, so long as we are sure those languages are known as well to the worst of men, who are 'both most abłe, and nrost diligent to instill the poison they suck, first into the Courts of Princes, acquainting them with the choisest delights, and criticisms of fin. As perhaps did that Petronius whom Nero callid his Arbiter, the Master of his revels ; and that notorions ribald of Arezzo, dhreaded, and yet dear to the Italian Courtiers. I name not hiin for pofterities fake, whom Harry the 8. nam’d

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