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And so beneath the veil of seeming uniformity the human forms and individual hearts begin to assert themselves ; and one cowled figure is known as a repentant libertine, another as an innocent and childlike dreamer, and a third as a fierce old warrior with battered body and bloodstained soul. Yet for all there is one system, one garb, one standard, one relentless round of discipline and prayer.

“It is good for us to be here,” said St. Bernard, “ for here a man lives more purely, falls more rarely, rises more quickly, walks more heedfully, rests more safely, dies more happily, is cleansed (in Purgatory) more speedily, is rewarded more abundantly.” And what St. Bernard said must surely be true, whether for soldier, libertine, or saint.

But there came a time when the voice of the " Doctor Mellifluus” ceased to charm, and another spirit had the mastery in England. On the 8th of June 1537 one Arthur Darcy wrote as follows:

nativitatem sancte marie solemnitatem omnium sanctorum, tondendi et radendi sunt fratres. Coci calefaciant et deferant aquam in claustrum. Pectines, forcipes, rasoria et affilatorias custos eorum acuet et preparet. Fratres tondeant quibus jusserit Abbas. Tonsi alterutrum radant, et in claustro, præter infirmos qui infirmitorio sunt. Rasura corone fiat non exigua tonsura per desuper aures. Nullus nisi invitatus aliquem radere presumat, vel se velle facere signet. Nullus vero invitatus audeat refutare. Signum autem radendi alter alteri non faciat, nisi post tabulam pulsatam."

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“ Ytt shall like your honorable lordship to be advertysed, ytt I was wt my lord lewtenant at ye suppression of Gervaix; wch howse wtin the gate is covered holly wt leadds, and her is one of the fayrest chyrches yt I have seen, fayre medowe, and ye ryver running by ytt, and a great demayn. The Kyng's hyenes is att great charge with his stoods of mares at Thornbury and other places, whych are fyne grounds, and I thinke yt at Gervaix and the graynges incident, with the help of ther gret hardy commons, ye Kyn's hyenes, by good ouerseers, shold have ther the most best race that shold be in England, hard and sownd of kynd, for surely the breed of Gervaix for hors was the trydd breed in the north. Ye stallyons and mares well sortyd, I thinke in no realme shold be found the lyke to them : for ther is hardy and good hye grownds for the summer and in wynter woodes and lowe grownds to fire them. My lord, by my lord lewtenant, I have restitutyon off a grett part of my goods at Coverham. From Gervaix I went to Sallay,” etc. etc.

It was in the “hardy and hye grownds” at Fors, near Murbeck, that the monks of Jervaulx were first established, and they had then no “woodes and lowe grownds,” for the winter. The place was afterwards known as the “ Dale Grange” and the “Grange ;” and the historian of Richmondshire tells us that, some recent alterations having been made in a barn, he discovered “one round-headed light, a genuine remnant of the original building,” and that there still remained in the wall a single trefoil window, from which he inferred that the monks of Jervaulx, out of reverence for the place of their origin, maintained a

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