Engaging Extremists: Trade-offs, Timing, and Diplomacy
For many, negotiating with terrorists amounts to capitulation that only encourages more terrorism. The editors of this book, by contrast, argue that engaging extremists is an indispensable part of a broad policy that is complex in its tactics and deliberate in its balance. While recognizing that engagement carries many risks, they contend that it is not the act of negotiation that encourages or discourages terrorism; it is the terms of the negotiated agreement. The point is not whether to negotiate but how to negotiate creatively to moderate terrorist means. "Engaging Extremists" concerns negotiation with political terrorist organizations, separating terrorist groups that can be engaged from those that, for the moment, cannot. Dealing with terrorism includes keeping violent means in check, transforming its ends from destruction to participation, and undercutting the grievances on which it is based. The essays in this volume tackle the questions of when and how with a mixture of conceptual discussions illustrated by case analyses. By approaching terrorism as a phase in conflict by ethnic, religious, ideological, and other groups, the first half of this volume identifies appropriate times and tactics for taking advantage of the terrorist organization s life cycle from when it begins, matures, and declines. The latter half focuses more specifically on the how by studying successful experiments in engaging future and past terrorists, the role of third-party mediators, and two case studies of failed negotiations with terrorists.In the face of terrorism and militant extremism, states must strike a delicate balance between isolation and engagement. "Engaging Extremists" provides valuable insight into when and how such engagement might be pursued."
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Determining Strategic Moments
Growing Out in Organization
Failure of Multiparty Mediation
Devising Strategy and Tactics
Change through Debate?
Eluding Peace? Negotiating with Colombias ELN
When and How to Engage
About the Contributors
Abdullah el-Faisal accessed Nov accessed Oct action actors Afghanistan agreement al-Qaeda al-Zayyat armed struggle attacks bombings Brixton Salafis cease-fire challenge chapter Colombian committed conflict counterterrorism dialogue effective efforts el-Faisal engagement extremists FARC Fatah Gama’a Islamiya Gerry Adams global goals government’s guerrilla Hamas Hamas’s Hezbollah Höglund hostage ideological individual initiative insurgency involved Islamic Islamist Israel Israeli jihad leaders leadership legitimacy London LTTE LTTE’s means mediators ment militant military mission moderation movement Muslim National nationalist Negotiating with Terrorists Northern Ireland NTO’s ofthe organization’s Palestine Palestinian parties peace process peace talks Political Violence population potential President prison recruits religious repression role sides Sinn Fein social society Sri Lanka state’s strategic interests strategy suicide suicide bomber tactics Taliban Tamil target terrorism terrorist groups terrorist organization tion Touval transformation United University Press Uribe William Zartman Zartman