Sustainable Water for the Future: Water Recycling versus Desalination
This book is part of a series on sustainability. Specifically, it deals with the issue of sustainable water use. Fresh sources of potable water are being depleted across the world. Pure water is the goal of water utilities as well as several industries. Well past the experimental stage, membrane processes are now a proven and reliable method of providing high-quality, cost-effective water. Membrane technologies have immediate applications to treatment of fresh, brackish and sea waters, as well as wastewater reclamation. With innovative module design and engineering, micro- and ultra-filtrations have become effective and economical for drinking water production, particularly for removal of microorganisms. Membrane bioreactors are being developed for municipal and industrial water recycling. Various membrane processes are also used to remove contaminants from industrial wastewaters.
This book covers the fundamental and practical concepts and issues regarding the application of membrane technologies for sustainable water treatment. It describes and compares the effectiveness of desalination versus water recycling for long-term sustainable water use.
- Describes the global water situation with respect to sustainability - Emphasizes the role of membrane technologies - Compares the strategies of water recycling and desalination
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Water Recycling Technologies
Concentrate Disposal Options
Comparison of Desalination versus Water Recycling
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
acid anion applications biomass bipolar membrane brackish water carbon cation cation-exchange membrane cell chemical chloramination chlorine component compounds concentration polarization contaminants costs current density deionization desalinated water desalination capacity desalination process desalting diluate drinking water effluent electrical electrodeionization electrodes electrodialysis reversal Environ environmental evaporation exchange membranes feed solution filtration flow fluidized bed crystallization flux formation forward osmosis groundwater hollow fiber increase industrial ion-exchange membranes ions irrigation layer MBRs Membr membrane bioreactor membrane distillation membrane surface mg/L microfiltration Mm3/day municipal wastewater nanofiltration NDMA nitrosamines operation organic osmotic pressure oxidation permeate permselectivity photocatalysis polymer pore potential pretreatment projects reaction recycled water reduced rejection removal renewable energy resistance reverse electrodialysis reverse osmosis RO concentrate RO membranes salinity seawater seawater desalination sludge solar sulfate Technol technologies temperature thermal transport typically wastewater treatment water recovery water recycling water reuse water supply