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points of the law, and in Canada the other, some den of filth and impurity. This change tenth is thrown in. Old Joe's mother, an would have been very gratifying, had not a strong, aboininable Yankee Hecate, grinned like a disagreeable odor almost deprived me of my whole bag-full of monkeys when informed / breath as I entered the room. It was unlike any that her son was expected to dis-locate as

thing I had ever smelt before, and turned me so

sick and faint, that I had to cling to the door-post soon as sleighing began.

for support. “ Joe,' she guessed, ' would take his own time. /^«

| "Where does this dreadful smell come from ?' The house was not built which was to receive him; | «• The guidness knows. ma'am: John and I and he was not the man to turn his back upon a

have searched the house from the loft to the warm hearth to camp in the wilderness. It was

cellar, but we canna find out the cause of the neither the first snow nor the last frost that would

stink. turn Joe out of his comfortable home.'”

“It must be in the room, Bell, and it is imposMrs. Hecate spoke a true word. Frost sible to remain here, or to live in the house, until came, sledgos ran, thaw began—not an inch | it is removed.' budged Joe. The sun gained power, a soft “Glancing my eyes all round the place, I spied south wind fanned the frozen earth, the snow what seemed to me a little cupboard, over the disappeared-still the reckless, dishonest mantel-shelf, and I told John to see if I was right. scamp made no sign of removing, and replied | The lad mounted upon a chair, and pulled open & with abuse to the remonstrances of those to small door, but almost fell to the ground with the whom his dwelling belonged. In the States, dreadful stench which seemed to rush from the

closet, and with a brother Yankee, his obstinacy might have led to revolver and rifle work..

“* What is it, John ?' I cried from the open door.

| «• A skunk I ma’arm, a skunk! Sure, I thought The English emigrants patiently waited, to

the devil had scorched his tail, and left the grizzled their own great inconvenience. Joe reckoned he shouldn't move till his 'missus' was con-lhe continued, holding up the beautiful but odious

hair behind him. What a strong perfume it has !' fined an interesting event which was ex- | little creature by the tail. pected to come off in May. About the mid- “* By dad! 1 know all about it now. I saw dle of that month the Joe family was increas- Ned Layton, only two days ago, crossing the field ed by a sturdy boy, whereupon its chief de- with Uncle Joe, with his gun ou his shoulder, and clared his intention of turning out in a fort this wee bit baste in his hand. They were both night, if all went well. Mrs. Moodie did not laughing like sixty. Well, if this does not stink believe him-he had lied so often before; but the Scotchman out of the house,' said Joe, ' I'll be he was determined to take her in at last, as content to be tarred and feathered ;' and thin they he had done at first, for this time he was as both laughed until they stopped to draw breath. good as his word. On the last day of May

“I could hardly help laughing myself; but I they went, bag and baggage, and Mrs. Moodie

begged Monaghan to convey the horrid creature sent over her Scotch maidservant and Irish

| away, and putting some salt and sulphur into a tin serving-man to clear out the dwelling, which

plate, and setting fire to it, I placed it ou the floor

in the middle of the room, and closed all the doors she justly expected would be in bad enough

for an hour, which greatly assisted in purifying the condition. But her expectations were far ex

house from the skunkification. Bell then washed ceeded by the reality. The malignity of these

out the closet with strong ley, and in a short time people, who from her had received nothing no vestige remained of the malicious trick Uncle but kindness and good offices, was degrading Joe had played off upon us.” to human nature. Presently the Irishman The smell of skunk and Yankee eradicated, returned, panting with indignation :

there still was much to be done before the « « The house,' he said, "was more filthy than a house could be deemned habitable. It swarmpig-sty. But that was not the worst of it; Uncle ed with mice, which all the night long perJoe, before he went, had undermined the brick formed fantastical dances over the faces and chimney, and let all the water into the house. pillows of the new comers. The old logs "Oh! but if he comes here agin,' he continued, which composed the walls of the dwelling grinding his teeth and doubling his fist, ' I'll thrash

were alive with bugs and large black ants, him for it. And thin, Ma’arm, he has girdled round

and the fleas upon the floor were as thick as all the best graft apple-trees, the murtherin' owld villain, as if it would spile his digestion our ating

sand-grains in the desert. With the warm

weather, then just setting in, came legions of them.'

“John and Bell scrubbed at the house all day. I mosquitoes, that rose in clouds from the nuand in the evening they carried over the furniture, I merous little streams intersecting the valley. and I went to inspect our new dwelling. It looked But in spite of all these discomforts, summer beautifully clean and neat. Bell had whitewashed was felt to be a blessing, and “roughing it" all the black, smoky walls, and boarded ceilings, in the woods was far less painful than in the and scrubbed the dirty window-frames, and polish- season of snow, and frost, and storm. ed the fly-spotted panes of glass, until they actu- ' “ The banks of the little streams abounded with ally admitted a glimpse of the clear air and the wild strawberries, which, although small, were of blue sky. Snow-white-fringed curtains, and a bed a delicious flavor. Thither Bell and I, and the with furniture to correspond, a carpeted floor, and baby, daily repaired to gather the bright red bera large pot of green bouglis on the hearthstone, ries of nature's own providing. Katie, young as gave an air of comfort and cleanliness to a room she was, was very expert at helping herself, and which, only a few hours before, had been a loath- we used to seat her in the middle of a fine bed, whilst we gathered farther on. Hearing her talk-, for them an independent origin. His ethnoling very lovingly to something in the grass, which ogy is of the romantic school, and rather she tried to clutch between her white hands, call. loose. His imagination gets the better of his ing it. pitty, pitty,' I ran to the spot, and found reasoning, and his “organ of wonder,” to it was a large garter-snake that she was so affec- speak in the manner of phrenologists, is overtionately courting to her embrace. Not then aware developed. His habits of mind and training that this formidable looking reptile was perfectly, I do not seem to be such as to qualify him for harmless, I snatched the child up in my arms, and ran with her home, never stopping until I reached

littérateur than the philosopher. His writhe house and saw her safely seated in her cradle."

tings are, in consequence, very amusing, but Sixteen years elapsed after the departure

require to be dealt with cautiously. of Joe and his brood from her neighborhood

The facts before Mrs. Moodie heard any thing of their

must be winnowed from the fancies with

which they are mingled, if we wish to use fate. A winter or two ago, tidings of them

them for scientific purposes. reached her through one who had lived near

Imaginative men are usually warm lovers them. Hecate, almost a centenarian, occu

and fierce haters. Our American envoy's pied a corner of her son's barn. She could not

appreciation of female charms is so intense, dwell in harmony under the same roof with her daughter-in-law. The lady in purple and I that he cannot pass a pretty woman without her sisters were married and scattered abroad.

word inscribing a memorandum respecting her in

his note-book, afterwards to be printed more Joe himself, who could neither read nor write,

at length with additional expressions of admihad turned itinerant preacher. No account

ration. A pair of black eyes cannot sparkle was given of the hopeful Ammon.

behind a lattice without being duly recorded. Mrs. Moodie's work, unaffectedly and na

His affection for the ladies is only equalled turally written, though a little coarse, will delight ladies, please men, and even amuse

by his dislike of the “ Britishers." The handchildren. On our readers' account we regret

somest girl and the ugliest idol could scarcely

distract his thought from the vices and crimes our inability to make further extracts from

of England and the English. its amusing pages. The book is one of great

If he is to be originality and interest.

trusted, the whole population of Central

America regards every Englishman as a bitFrom the London Literary Gazette.

ter enemy. He paints us in the blackest hoes, MR. SQUIER ON NICARAGUA.*

and prophesies the fall of England with unM ANY causes are combining to give great

| disguised delight. Blaster about Britain is W importance to the States of Central | the prominent fault of the book, and one for America. Their own fertility and natural which the writer will, when he knows more advantages, the commerce of the Pacific, and

of the Pacific and about us, be ashamed of himself. Every day the gold of California, unite to attract the

it is becoming more and more the interest of earnest attention of enterprising men and engi

men and Englishmen and Americans to pull together. politicians towards them. At the present (onsanguinity

present Consanguinity and the love of constitutional moment, the appearance of this full and able liberty are strong ties. They may be forgotaccount of Nicaragua is peculiarly well-timed. I ten for a time, but in the end must work upThe writer of it describes himself as “late / permost. Recent events have done much to chargé d'affaires of the United States to the

remind us of our near relationship with our Republics of Central America." His official transatlantic cousins, and them of the Angloposition has evidently enabled him to get at Saxon blood to which they owe their premuch information that would otherwise have eminence among the nations of the New been inaccessible. His name is well and fa- | World. The grasping and interfering qualivorably known to ethnologists and antiquari- / ties that bring down upon us the unmitigated ans by his researches into the history of the censures

ory of the censures of Mr. Squier are quite as promiaboriginal monuments of the United States, nently manifested in the doings of his counand by his very curious, though somewhat trymen; and whilst in one chapter he cenfanciful, essay on “ The Serpent Symbol, and

ent Sumbol and sures our meddlings with, and claims upon, the Worship of the Reciprocal Principles of the Mosquito shore, in another he anticipates Nature in America." The bias and extent of something very like the annexation of all his studies make him a very competent per-1

or Central America to the United States. son to investigate the antiquities of Nicara-1. The Mosquito country, about which we gua. The chapters devoted to this subject in have seen of late so many very unsatisfactory the work before us are full of interest, and / paragraphs in our newspapers, is a thinly highly to be valued for the abundance of fresh populated and most unbealthy tract on the observations they contain. Like many Ameri- Atlantic sea-board of Central America. It is can archaeologists and historians, Mr. Squier inhabited by a mixed breed of Indians and

Negroes, supposed to be ruled by a semiand antiquity of the aborigines of the New

civilized individual, who rejoices in the entoWorld. If we understand rightly, he claims

ightly, he claims mological title of King of the Mosquitoes,

one by no means inappropriate, considering Nicaragua; its People, Scenery, Monuments, and the the amount of small annoyance we have en. Proposed Inter-oceanic Canal. By E. G. Squier. New-L York: Appletons.

dured through disputes about his territory. He is supposed to be under British protection; l other evidence, that a Mexican colony did it is difficult to understand exactly why. The exist in Nicaragua at the period of the dismain purpose we have in view seems to be covery of the country in the fifteenth centuthe securing a proper supply of the peculiar ry. This had been surmised before, but not hard woods of this region. Britons at home clearly made out. generally make peace over their mahogany; Much interest attaches to the population of abroad they seem to pick quarrels over it. Nicaragua, on account of the large propor

Central America includes an era of 150,000 tion of families of Indian blood, pure and square miles. Under Spanish dominion it mixed, of whom it is made up. The qualities was divided into the provinces of Guatemala, which enabled the ancient Indian people of Honduras, San Salvador, Nicaragua, and Cos- Mexico, Central America, and Peru, to beta Rica. These became independent states come civilized nations after a peculiar fashin 1821, and subsequently united to form the ion, are not extinct, and seem to be retained “Republic of Central America.” They sepa- and re-developed in proportion to the prevarated again, in 1839, into so many distinct lence of Indian over Spanish blood. The Inrepublics. Nicaragua, Honduras, and San dians of Nicaragua are remarkable for indusSalvador have recently confederated. The try and docility; they are unobtrusive, hosentire region of Central America presents pitable, and brave, although, fortunately for very marked and important physical features. themselves, not warlike. They make good These are the great plain, six thousand feet soldiers, yet have no morbid taste for the above the sea, upon which stands the city of military profession. The men are agricultuGuatemala; the high plain forming the centre rists; the women occupy themselves with of Honduras and part of Nicaragua; and the the weaving of cotton, and make fabrics of elevated country of Costa Rica. Between good quality and tasteful design. It is interthe two latter lies the basin of the Nicara- esting to find the Tyrian dye still employed guan Lakes, with broad and undulating ver- in their manufactures. They procure it from dant slopes broken by steep volcanic cones, a species of Murex inhabiting the shores of and a few ranges of hills along the shores of the the Pacific. They take the cotton thread to Pacific, intermingled with undulating plains. the sea-side, where, having gathered together Of the two great lakes, the lesser, Managua, is a sufficient quantity of shell-fish, they paone hundred and fifty-six feet, and the larger, tiently squeeze over the cotton the coloring Nicaragua, one hundred and twenty-eight feet fluid, at first pellucid and colorless, from the above the Pacific ocean. The former is fifty animals, one by one. At first the thread is or sixty miles in length by thirty-five wide, pale blue, but on exposure to the atmosphere the latter above a hundred miles long by becomes of the desired purple. This color is fifty wide. On or near their western borders so prized that purple thread dyed by cheaper are the chief cities of the country. Enormons and speedier methods, imported from Europe, isolated volcanic cones rise to the height of cannot supplant the native product. With from 4000 to 7000 feet in their neighborhood mingled humanity and thrift they replace the or on the islands that stud them. Numerous whelks in their native element, after these remains of antiquity, ruins of temples, and shell-fish have yielded up the precious liquor deserted monolithic idols, give interest to for which they were originally gathered. The their precincts, whilst the scenery is describ- Indian population also exclusively manufaced as being surpassingly grand and beautiful. ture variegated mats and hammocks from the The sole outlet is the river San Juan, a mag- Pita, a species of Agave, and are as skilful as nificent stream flowing from the southeast- their ancient ancestors in the making of potern extremity of Lake Nicaragua, for a length tery. They do not use the potter's wheel. of about ninety miles, into the Atlantic. The Politically they enjoy equal privileges with climate is generally healthy, more especially the whites, and all positions in church and towards the Pacific side. Nicaragua is inha- state are open to them. Among them are bited by a population of about 260,000, one- men of decided talent. Physically they are & half of which, or more, is composed of mixed smaller and paler race than the Indians of the breeds, Indians, in great part civilized, com- United States, but are well developed and ing next in number, then whites, of whom muscular. Their women are not unfrequentthere are about 25,000, and, lastly, some 15,- 1 ly pretty, and when young are often very 000 Negroes. They live chiefly in towns, and finely formed. cnltivate the soil, which is very productive, Happily in Nicaragua no distinctions of and capable of supporting a much larger pop- caste are recognized, or, at any rate, they ulation. The natural resources of Nicaragua have no influence. Such of the people as appear to be very great. Sugar, cotton, cof-claim to be of pure Spanish blood are, in fee, indigo, tobacco, rice, and maize, are the most instances, evidently partly of Indian dechief productions. There is, besides, great scent. The Sambos, or offspring of Indian mineral wealth. In ancient times the abori- and Negro parents, are a fine race of people, gines appear to have occupied considerable taller and stronger than the Indians. cities, and to bave attained a civilization com- Mr. Squier's admiration for the gentler (in parable with that of the Mexicans. Indeed, Nicaragua we can scarcely say the fair) sex, Mr. Squier has proved, by philological and has led him to picture very vividly the charms and appearance of the ladies he encountered not content with the revenues they derive during his travels. The following is a precise from funerals, they charge according to the and tempting description :

| length of tiine (from ten to twenty-five years) “The women of pure Spanish stock are very the dead are to be permitted by then to rest fair, and have the embon point which characterizes in their graves. When the purchased time is the sex under the tropics. Their dress, except in up, the bones and the earth derived from the a few instances where the stiff costume of our own decomposed corpses are removed and sold to country had been adopted, was exceedingly loose the manufacturers of nitre! The least war. and flowing, leaving the neck and arms exposed. like of citizens may thus in the end become a The entire dress was often pure white, but geneldatender

defender of his country, when converted into rally the skirt, or nagua, was of some flowered

la constituent of gunpowder. The most quiet stuff, in which case the guipil (anglicè, vandyke) was white, heavily trimmed with lace. Satin slip

? and unambitious of mortals may complete his pers, a red or purple sash wound loosely round ca

al career by making a noise in the world, when the waist, and å rosary sustaining a little golden

fired off from a mortar. Assuredly this is a very cross, with a narrow golden band or a string of novel and original method of shooting churchpearls extending around the forehead and binding yard rubbish, and we recommend a fair considthe hair, which often fell in luxuriant waves upon eration of it to our vested parochial authorities, their shoulders, completed a costume as novel as Mr. Squier claims to be the first person it was graceful and picturesque. To all this, add who has described the ancient monuments of the superior attractions of an oval face, regular Nicaragua, or, indeed, to have indicated their features, large and lustrous black eyes, small existence. Excellent and numerous plates mouth, pearly white teeth, and tiny hands and and cuts of these very interesting though feet, and withal a low but clear voice, and the rather frightful relics are given in his work. reader has a picture of a Central American lady | Hitherto the antiquities of the northern por of pure stock. Very many of the women have, tion of Central

in have, tion of Central America only have been exhowever, an infusion of other families and races, from the Saracen to the Indian and the Negro, in

plored, and are familiar to us through the reevery degree of intermixture. And as tastes dif

searches of Stephens and of Catherwood. fer, so many opinions as to whether the tinge

The Indians still reverence the shrines and of brown, through which the blood glows with a

statues of their ancient gods, and are apt to peach-like bloom, in the complexion of the girl conceal their knowledge about their localiwho may trace her lineage to the caziques upon ties and existence. Those described by our one side, and the haughty grandees of Andalusia traveller have mostly suffered dilapidation and Seville on the other, superadded, as it usually through the religious zeal of the conquerors. is, to a greater lightness of figure and animation They appear to differ among themselves of face, whether this is not a more real beauty somewhat in degree of antiquity, but there is than that of the fair and more languid señora, no good reason — this is the conclusion to whose white and almost transparent skin bespeaks which Mr. Squier comes—for supposing that a purer ancestry. Nor is the Indian girl, with her they were not made by the nations found in full, little figure, long, glossy hair, quick and mis

possession of the country. The structures in chievous eyes, who walks erect as a grenadier be

or about which they were originally placed neath her heavy water-jar, and salutes you in a

were probably of wood, and great mounds musical, impudent voice as you pass—nor is the Indian girl to be overlooked in the novel contrasts

and earthworks, like the teocallis of Mexico, which the ' bello sexo' affords in this glorious land

were associated with them. of the sun."

A section of Mr. Squier's work is devoted The Nicaraguan ladies occupy themselves to an elaborate dissertation on the proposed with smoking and displaying little feet in interoceanic canal, illustrated by an excellent satin slippers when daily they go to church map. We recommend these chapters to the and back. In the early evening they occa

consideration of all who are interested upon sionally pay visits, and if a number of both this important subject. Like most parts of sexes happen to assemble at the same house a his book it is defaced by not a few sneers at. dance is improvised, though regular parties

arties and misstatements about, the English. About or balls are rare and ceremonial.

the bad taste of these outbursts we shall not At festival seasons the Nicaraguans have say more. That they should come from a some curious customs, apparently derived man who is professionally a diplomatist, is from their ancient heathen worship.

evidence of his indiscretion and unfitness for In some of the Nicaraguan towns, espe

his political calling. As an amusing traveller cially in Leon, the pernicious practice of bury

and diligent antiquarian, however, we can do ing the dead within the walls of city churches | Mr. Squier full honor, and were glad to see is persisted in, even as in London, and, just the just compliment lately paid to bim in Leo. as with us, against the opposition of all sen- don, when our Antiquarian Society elected sible persons, including the government itself. him an honorary member. Fees to the church and attendant officials are [This interesting and important work of at the root of the evil, and give it a vitality our countryman is reviewed in a flattering that defies all attempts at eradication. The manner in most of the great organs of critical priests of Leon have evaded all edicts about opinion in England, and its sale there, as well this nuisance, and have improved upon the as in, this country, has been very large for practice of our metropolitan parishes ; for, | one so costly.]

From the Dublin University Magazine.

power; but as yet she had heard no othor THE HEIRS OF RANDOLPH ABBEY.* instrument than an antique harpsichord of IV. THE MIDNIGHT VOICE AND ITS ANSWERED her grandmother's, and such singing as the OALL.

village girls regaled her with when they stood TADY RANDOLPH took leave of Lilias at at work in the fields. No wonder, then, that

I the door of her room, and she having, this wonderful strain had an effect upon her with infinite trepidation, declined the ser like that of enchantment; it seemed to take vices of the lady's maid, who seemed to her possession of her whole soul, and absorb every rather more awful and stately than the lady faculty. She became, as she listened, utterly herself, soon remained alone in the magniti-unconscious of all things, save that this encent apartment which had been assigned to trancing melody drew ber towards it with an her. She looked all around it with a glance irresistible attraction; the sound was so disof some disquietude, for the vastness of the tant, yet so clear, she could not tell if even it room, and the dark oak furniture, made it were within the house at all; but she did look very gloomy. She contemplated the not ponder on its position, or on the nature kuge bed, which bore an unpleasant resem- of it; only, like one who walks in sleep, she blance to a hearse, with the utmost awe; it rose mechanically on her feet to go to it. If seemed to her that there was room for a her mind, steeped in that marvellous melody, dozen concealed robbers within the massive could reflect at all, it was to conclude that folds of the sombre curtains, and the retiec-she had fallen asleep and was dreaming, so tion of her own figure in the tall mirrors, that she had no thought but the longing not looked strangely like a white ghost wander- to awake from a dream so beautiful. Slowly ing stealthily to and fro; the only gleam of drawn by the sweet sounds, as by invisible comfort that shone in upon hier, was from the chains, she moved towards the door and glimpse of the midnight sky that could be opened it; then, sweeter, louder than before, seen through the chinks of the window-shut- floating into her very soul, came that angel ters. As the night was not cold she went voice, with the full swelling chords that and threw the window open, feeling that the seemed, as it were, to clothe it, filling her companionship of the stars would destroy all with a sense of enjoyment so intense, that these fantastic fancies; and very soon her she would have felt constrained to follow sense of loneliness and oppression passed after it, even had she known it would lure away, for there came & soft wind that lifted her to some murderous precipice, like the the curls of her long fair hair, and kissed her dangerous sirens in the haunted woods of cheek caressingly, and she could not help be- Germany. lieving it was a breeze from the Irish hills Truly there was a strange fascination in that bore to her the blessing of her kind old this soft and sublime music, filling the quiet grandfather; gayly as ever she closed the night as with a soul, whose breathing was window and went to sit down, wondering if melody. And Lilias yielded without a ever she should feel inclined to sleep again thought, or effort, to the entrancing power, after the excitement of the last two days. which, like a mesmeric influence, drew her She had unbound her hair aud let it fall imperiously towards it, panting and breatharound her like a golden veil, when, sudden- less, as though she feared the sounds would ly, a sound came floating towards her, on the die before she reached them every faculty still night air, which irresistibly attracted her concentrated in the sense of hearing. She attention.

| hastened rapidly along the passages down the It was a sound of music, deep solemn ma-wide staircase, and, guided by the deepening sic, rising with a power and richness of me- volume of the strain, reached the door of the lody she had never heard before; whence it great hall, which stood open. She passed came, or how it was produced, she could not within it, and at once discerned, that from conceive, for it seemed to her unpractised ear this room proceeded the wonderful harmony not to proceed from one instrument, but from which had so allured her, the instrument many, and yet there was through it all a whose solemn tones formed the accompaniunity of harmony which could result froin ment was evidently the magnificent organ the influence of a single mind alone: now, it which stood at the further end of the ball; swelled out into soft thunders that vibrated and, as she had never heard one before, it is through the long passages up to the very roof not to be wondered at that now, when a of her vaulted room, and deep into her beat-hand endowed with extraordinary skill drew ing heart, then it died away to a whisper forth its full power, she should have been faint as the sigh of a child, only to rise again enraptured; but it was not so much the mamore glorious than before; and, over all, jesty of sound, swelling from the noblest inheard distinct as the lark in heaven at morn- strument in the world, that had so won the ing's dawn, there thrilled a voice of such un- very soul within her as the voice, sounding earthly sweetness that she could not believe it almost celestial to her ears, which still was belonged to an inhabitant of this world. thrilling with unutterable sweetness through

Lilias had one of those sensitive passionate the echoing hall. However glorious those souls over whom music has an uncontrollable deep low chords, it was yet only the metal * Continued from page 387.

| which gave them forth; but there was a spiVOL. V.-NO. IV–31

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