and accuracy of their references. The au-, alliance. All the elements of Washington's thorities cited were often recondite and ob- greatness—his courage, hardihood, military scure,--yet it was evident that they had prescience, and merciful disposition-are been sitted carefully and critically. The stamped indelibly on this the first act of his same may be said of the volume before us. public life :

Careful research had enabled Mr. Bancroft “In the middle of November, with an interpreto throw new light on several points con- ter and four attendants, and Christopher Gist as a nected with the settlement and early history guide, he left Will's Creek, and following the Inof his country. As his dates approach dian trace through forest solitudes, gloomy with nearer to the present tiine, the sources of the fallen leaves, and solemn sadness of late new information open on him in abundance. autumn, across mountains, rocky ravines, and The MS. additions to our knowledge of the

streams, through sleet and snows, he rode in nine times treated of in these volumes are consid

days to the fork of the Ohio. How lonely was

the spot. where. so long unheeded of men, the erable; but they are spread pretty fairly over the entire narrative-lending a new

rapid Alleghany met nearly at right angles "the

deep and still water of the Monongahela! At light to the events and adding a new trait to

It to once Washington forcsaw the destiny of the place. the characters-rather than thrown into I spent some time.' said he. in viewing the riv. masses. The effect produced is more that I ers: the land in the Fork has the absolute comof greater roundness and completion than of mand of both.' "The flat, well-timbered land all absolute change in old historical verdicts. around the point lies very convenient for building.' We quote one out of iunnmerable instances After creating in imagination a fortress and a city, of these minute but characteristic additions. he and his party swam their horses across the AlThe historian is speaking of the Duke of leghany, and wrapt their blankets around them Newcastle, -whose ignorant government of for the night, on its northwest bank. From the the colonies was one of the chief sources of Fork the chief of the Delawares conducted Washtheir discontent:

ington through rich alluvial fields to the pleasing u For nearly four-and-twenty years he remained valley at Logstown. There deserters from Louisminister for British America: vet to the last, the ana discoursed of the route from New Orleans to statesman, who was deeply versed in the statistics Quebec, by way of the Wabash and the Maumee, of elections, knew little of the continent of which and of a detachment from the lower province on he was the guardian. He addressed letters, it its way to meet the French troops from Lake Erie, used to be confidently said, to the island of New while Washington held close colloquy with the England,' and could not tell but that Jamaica was

half-king; the one anxious to gain the west as a in the Mediterranean. Heaps of colonial memo

part of the territory of the ancient dominion, the rials and letters remained unread in his office;

other to preserve it for the Red Men. “We are and a paper was almost sure of neglect unless

brothers,' said the half-king in council; 'we are some agent remained with him to see it opened.

one people ; I will send back the French speechHis frivolous nature could never glow with affec

belt, and will make the Shawnees and the Delation, or grasp a great idea, or analyze complex

es wares do the same.' On the night of the twentyrelations. After long research, I cannot find that

ninth of November, the council-fire was kindled he ever once attended seriously to an American

an aged orator was selected to address the French question, or bad a clear conception of one Amer

the speech which he was to deliver was debated ican measure."

and rehearsed; it was agreed that, unless the Walpole had told us that Newcastle did

French would heed this third warning to quit the not know where Jamaica was :—the amusing

land, the Delawares also would be their enemies; address “ Island of New England” Mr. Ban

and a very large string of black and white wamcroft finds referred to in a manuscript letter

i pun was sent to the Six Nations as a prayer for

aid. After these preparations, the party of Washof J. Q. Adams. It serves to suggest that

ington, attended by ihe half-king, and envoys of what is usually thought to be a joke of Wal- the Delawares o

the Delawares, moved onwards to the post of the pole's was probably the literal truth :the French at Venango. The officers there avowed man who is sufficiently innocent of geogra- the purpose of taking possession of the Ohio; and phy to make New England an island, would they mingled the praises of La Salle with boasts have no difficulty in confounding the East of their forts at Le Beuf and Erie, at Niagara, and West Indies.

Toronto, and Frontenac. “The English,' said they, In this volume we first meet with the can raise two men to our one; but they are too great character who is to be the hero of the dilatory to prevent any enterprise of ours.' The Revolution now looming before the reader. Delawares were intimidated or debauched; but Mr. Bancroft treats us to no full-length por- the balf-king clung to Washington like a brother, trait of George Washington :-instead of a

and delivered up his belt as he had promised. The picture he presents us with the man. Wash- ra

wacha rains of December had swollen the creeks. The ington comes before us at twenty-one,-in

in messengers could pass them only by felling trees the chamber of Governor Dinwiddie, of Vir

| for bridges. Thus they proceeded, now killing a ginia; from whom he is accepting a perilous

buck and now a bear, delayed by excessive rains

and spows, by mire and swamps, while Wachingbut most important mission—to cross the ton's quick eve discerned all the richness of the forests, rivers, and mountains which separate meadows. At Waterford, the limit of his journey, he Williamsburg and Lake Erie, in the depths of found Fort Le Boeuf defended by cannon. Around & severe winter, and there endeavor to de- it stood the barracks of the soldiers, rude log-cabtach the Delaware Indians from the French Jins, roofed with bark. Fifty birch-bark canoes, and one hundred seventy boats of pine, were al- | -among them, Sir Peter Halket,—and thirtyready prepared for the descent of the river, and seven were wounded, including Gage and other materials were collected for building more. The field officers. Of the men, one half were killed Commander, Gardeur de St. Pierre, an officer of or wounded. Braddock braved every danger. His integrity and experience, and, for his dauntless secretary was shot dead; both his English aids courage, both feared and beloved by the Red Men, were disabled early in the engagement, leaving refused to discuss questions of right. “I am here,' the American alone to distribute his orders. "I enid he, by the orders of my general, to which I expected every moment,' said one whose eye was shall conform with exactness and resolution.' And on Washington, 'to see him fall.'Nothing but the he avowed his purpose of seizing every English- superintending care of Providence could have man within the Ohio Valley. France was resolv- saved him. An Indian chief-I suppose a Shaw. ed on possessing the great territory which her mis nee—singled him out with his rifle, and bade others sionaries and travellers had revealed to the world. of his warriors do the same. Two horses were Breaking away from courtesies, Washington hast- killed under him ; four balls penetrated his coat. oned homewards to Virginia. The rapid current Some potent Manitou guards his life,' exclaimed of French Creek dashed his party against rocks; the savage. • Death,' wrote Washington, 'was ler. in shallow places they waded, the water congeal- elling my companions on every side of me, but, ing on their clothes; where the ice had lodged in by the all-powerful dispensations of Proridence, I the bend of the rivers, they carried their canoe have been protected! To the public,' said Davis, across the neck. At Venango, they found their a learned divine, in the following month, 'I point horses, but so weak, the travellers went still on out that heroic youth, Colonel Washington, whom foot, heedless of the storm. The cold increased I cannot but hope Providence has preserved in so very fast; the paths grew 'worse by a deep snow signal a manner for some important service to his continually freezing. Impatient to get back with country. “Who is Mr. Washington ?' asked Lord bis despatches, the young envoy, wrapping him- | Halifax, a few months later. "I know nothing of self in an Indian dress, with gun in hand and pack him,' he added, “but that they say he bebaved in on his back, the day after Christmas quitted the Braddock's action as bravely as if he really loved usual path, and, with Gist for his sole companion, the whistling of bullets.'” by aid of the compass, steered the nearest way Thus opened that career of glory, modersacross the country for the Fork. An Indian, who tion, and success-thus, at the period of nasbad lain in wait for him, fired at him from not fif- cent manhood were exhibited the marking teen steps' distance, but, missing him, became his traits of that serene and devoted characterprisoner. I would have killed him,' wrote Gist, which have placed the name of Washington

but Washington forbade.' Dismissing their cap- on the noblest and loftiest pedestal in the tive at night, they walked about half a mile, then | Temple of Fame. kindled a fire, fixed their course by the compass, Leaving for a while the only figure in that and continued travelling all night, and all the next

scene of miserable and savage warfare on day, till quite dark. Not till then did the weary wanderers “think themselves safe enough to sleep,'

, which the mind can dwell with any degree and they encamped, with no shelter but the leaf

of trust and satisfaction, we will move to the less forest-tree. 'On reaching the Alleghany, with northeast of the English settlements, and folone poor batchet and a whole day's work, a raft | low the story of the unhappy people of Acswas constructed and launched. But before they dia. Mr. Bancroft has drawn a touching picwere half over the river, they were caught in the ture of the homely virtues and obscure hapo running ice, expecting every moment to be crush-piness of this rural population before the ined, unable to reach either shore. Putting out the terference of the British officers changed their setting.pole to stop the raft, Washington was jerk. Ljoy into wailing, and endowed their simple ed into the deep water, and saved himself only by annals with a dark and tragic interest:grasping at the raft-logs. They were obliged to “After repeated conquests and restorations, the make for an island. There lay Washington, im- treaty of Utrecht conceded Acadia, or Nova Sco prisoned by the elements; but the late Decem- tia, to Great Britain. Yet the name of Annapo, ber night was intensely cold, and in the morning lis, the presence of a feeble English garrison, and be found the river frozen. Not till he reached the emigration of hardly five or six English famiGist's settlement, in January, 1754, were his toils lies, were nearly all that marked the supremacy lightened.”

of England. The old inhabitants remained on the Washington reported the state of affairs on soil which they had subdued, hardly conscious the Lakes,—and active measures were conse- that they had changed their sovereign. They quently adopted. Of the rapid and brilliant | still loved the language and the usages of their development of his military genius, we are

forefathers, and their religion was graven upon not now to trace the progress; but it is scarce

their souls. They promised submission to Eng ly possible to read without a shudder of "the

land; but such was the love with which France hair-breadth 'scapes" of the young man whose

bad inspired them, they would not fight against

its standard or renounce its dame. Though conlife was of such inestimable consequence to his country. Thus, in the battle fought by /

o quered they were French neutrals. For nearly

forty years from the peace of Utrecht they had Braddock-to whom Wasbington acted as I been forgotten or neglected, and bad prospered aide-de-camp-against the French and In- their seclusion. No tax-gatherer counted the dians in 1755, he appeared to others as well folds, no magistrate dwelt in their bamlets. The as to himself to bear a charmed life. In this parish priests made their records and regulated aotion, says Mr. Bancroft,

their successions. Their little disputes were set“Of eighty-six officers, twenty-six were killed tled among themselves, with scarcely an instance of an appeal to English authority at Annapolis. , hoping forbearance; willing to take an oath of The pastures were covered with their herds and fealty to England; in their single-mindedness filocks; and dikes, raised by extraordinary efforts and sincerity, refusing to pledge themselves to of social industry, shut out the rivers and the bear arms against France. The English were tide from alluvial marshes of exuberant fertility. masters of the sea, were undisputed lords of the The meadows, thus reclaimed, were covered by country, and could exercise clemency without richest grasses, or fields of wheat, that yielded apprehension. Not a whisper gave a warning of fifty and thirty fold at the harvest. Their houses their purpose till it was ripe for execution. But were built in clusters, neatly constructed and com- it had been determined upon' after the ancient fortably furnished, and around them all kinds of device of Oriental despotism, that the French in. domestic fowls abounded. With the spinning- habitants of Acadia should be carried away into wheel and the loom, their women made, of flax captivity to other parts of the British dominions. from their own fields, of fleeces from their own * * France remembered the descendants of her flock, coarse, but sufficient clothing. The few sons in the hour of their affliction, and asked that foreign luxuries that were coveted could be ob- they might have time to remove from the penintained from Annapolis or Louisburgh, in return sula with their effects, leaving their lands to the for furs, or wheat, or cattle. Thus were the English ; but the answer of the British Minister Acadians happy in their neutrality and in the claimed them as useful subjects, and refused them abundance which they drew from their native the "liberty of transmigration. The inhabitants land. They formed, as it were, one great family. of Minas and the adjacent country pleaded with Their morals were of unaffected purity. Love the British officers for the restitution of their was sanctified and calmed by the universal | boats and their guns, promising fidelity, if they custom of early marriages. The neighbors of could but retain their liberties, and declaring that the community would assist the new couple to not the want of arms, but their conscience, should raise their cottage, while the wilderness offered engage them not to revolt. The memorial,' said land. Their numbers increased, and the colony, Lawrence in Council, ‘is highly arrogant, insidious which had begun only as the trading station of a and insulting.' The memorialists, at his summons, company, with a monopoly of the fur trade, came submissively to Halifax. You want your counted, perhaps, sixteen or seventeen thousand canoes for carrying provisions to the enemy,' said inhabitants."

he to them, though he knew no enemy was left The transfer of this colony from French to in their vicinity. "Guns are no part of your English rule could not fail to be productive goods,' he continued, “ as by the laws of England of some untoward results. The native all Roman Catholics are restrained iom having priests feared the introduction among them

arms, and are subject to penalties if arms are of heretical opinions :-the British officers

found in their houses. It is not the language of treated the people with insolent contempt.

British subjects to talk of terms with the Crown, " Their papers and records” says our histo

" or capitulate about their fidelity and allegiance.

0 | What excuse can you make for your presumption rian, “ were taken from them" by their new lin treatin

| in treating this government with such indignity as masters :--

to expound to them the nature of fidelity ? Man“ Was their property demanded for the public ifest your obedience by immediately taking the service ? they were not to be bargained with for oaths of allegiance in the common form before the payment. The order may still be read on the Council. The deputies replied that they the Council records at Halifax. They must com- would do as the generality of the inhabitants ply, it was written, without making any terms, should determine ; and they merely entreated * immediately,' or the next courier would bring leave to return home and consult the body of an order for military execution upon the delin- their people. The next day, the unbappy men, quents.' And when they delayed in fetching foreseeing the sorrows that menaced them, offered firewood for their oppressors, it was told them to swear allegiance unconditionally.” from the governor, ' If they do not do it in proper But it was now too late. The savage partime. the soldiers shall absolutely take their pose had been formed. That the cruelty houses for fuel. The unoffending sufferers sub-might have no excusé, it happened that mitted meekly to the tyranny. Under pretence

while the scheme was under discussion letof fearing that they might rise in behalf of ters arrived leaving no doubt that all the France, or seek shelter in Canada, or convey pro

shores of the Bay of Fundy were in the posvisions to the French garrisons, they were ordered to surrender their boats and their firearms; and,

session of the British. It only remained to conscious of innocence, they gave up their barges / be fixed how the exportation should be efand their muskets, leaving themselves without | fected: the means of flight, and defenceless. Further

“To hunt them into the net was impracticable; orders were afterwards given to the English offi- artifice was therefore resorted to. By a general cers, if the Acadians behaved amiss to punish proclamation, on one and the same day, the scarce. them at discretion ; if the troops were annoyed, I ly conscious victims, ‘both old men and young to ipflict vengeance on the nearest, whether the men, as well as all the lads of ten years of age,' guilty one or not, -taking an eye for an eye and were peremptorily ordered to assemble at their a tooth for a tooth.'"

respective posts. On the appointed 5th of Sep There is no reason to believe that these ten

tember, they obeyed. At Grand Pré, for exam

ple, 418 unarmed men came together. They were atrocious orders were not executed in the

marched into the church, and its avenues were spirit in which they had been conceived.

closed, when Winslow, the American commander, But worse remained to come :

I placed himself in their certre, and spoke : You The Acadians cowered before their masters, are convened together to manifest to you His Ma

jesty's final resolution to the French inhabitants of families seeking their companions, of sons anxof this his province. Your lands and tenements, ious to reach and relieve their parents, of mothers cattle of all kinds, and live stock of all sorts, are mourning for their children. The wanderers sighforfeited to the crown, and you yourselves are to ed for their native country; but to prevent their be removed from this his province. I am, through return, their villages, from Annapolis to the isthhis Majesty's goodness, directed to allow you li mus, were laid waste. Their old homes were but berty to carry off your money and household ruins. In the district of Minas, for instance, 250 goods, as many as you can, without discommoding of their houses, and more than as many barns, the vessels you go in.' And he then declared were consumed. The live stock which belonged them the King's prisoners. Their wives and fa- to them, consisting of great numbers of horned milies shared their lot; their sons, 527 in number, cattle, hoge, sheep, and horses, were seized as their daughters, 576; in the whole, women and spoils and disposed of by the English officials. A babes and old men and children all included, 1,923 beautiful and fertile tract of country was reduced souls. The blow was sudden; they had left home to a solitude. There was none left round the but for the morning, and they never were to re- ashes of the cottages of the Acadians but the faithturn. Their cattle were to stay unfed in the ful watchdog, vainly seeking the hands that fed stalls, their fires to die out on their hearths. They him. Thickets of forest-trees choked their orhad for that first day even no food for themselves chards; the ocean broke over their neglected or their children, and were compelled to beg fordikes, and desolated their meadows." bread. The 10th of September was the day for Nor were the woes of this ill-treated peothe embarkation of a part of the exiles. They ole ended: were drawn up six deep, and the young men, 1611 « Relentless misfortune pursued the exiles wherein number, were ordered to march first on board

ara ever they fled. Those sent to Georgia, drawn by the vessel. They could leave their farms and

and | a love for the spot where they were born as strong cottages, the shady rocks on which they had re- las that of the captive Jews, who went by the side clined, their herds and their garners; but nature of the rivers of Babylon for their own temple and yearned within them, and they would not be se- 1

se, land, escaped to sea in boats, and went coasting parated from their parents. Yet of what avail

from harbor to harbor ; but when they had reachwas the frenzied despair of the unarmed youth? They had not one weapon; the bayonet drove for their native fields, they were stopped by or

ed New England, just as they would have set sail them to obey; and they marched slowly and

ders from Nova Scotia. Those who dwelt on the heavily from the chapel to the shore, between Seo

St. John's were torn once more from their new women and children, who kneeling, prayed for homes. When Canada surrendered, hatred with blessings on their heads, they themselves weep. lit.

weep its worst venom pursued the 1,500 who remained ing, and praying, and singing hymns. The seniors

south of the Ristigouche. Once more those who went next; the wives and children must wait till

dwelt in Pennsylvania presented a humble petiother transport vessels arrived. The delay bad

y bad tion to the Earl of Loudoun, then the British Comits horrors. "The wretched people left behind were

mander-in-Chief in America; and the cold-hearted kept together near the sea, without proper food

peer, offended that the prayer was made in French, or raiment, or shelter, till other ships came to

seized their five principal men, who in their take them away; and December with its appall

own land had been persons of dignity and sub ing cold had struck the shivering, half-clad,

stance, and shipped them to England, with the broken-hearted sufferers before the last of them

request that they might be kept from ever again were removed. The embarkation of the inhabit

becoming troublesome by being consigned to serants goes on but slowly,' wrote Monckton, from

vice as common sailors on board ships of war." Fort Cumberland, near which he had burned three hamlets, 'the most part of the wives of the men

And so it was throughout:-“ We have we have prisoners are gone off with their children. I been true," said they in one of their petitions. in hopes I would not send off their husbands without “to our religion, and true to ourselves; yet them. Their hope was vain. Near Annapolis, a nature appears to consider us only as the ob hundred heads of families fled to the woods, and ljects of public vengeance.”—“I know not," & party was detached on the hunt to bring them writes Mr. Bancroft, “if the annals of the in. Our soldiers hate them,' wrote an officer on human race keep the records of wounds so this occasion, and if they can but find a pretext wantonly inflicted, so bitter and so perennial to kill them, they will. Did a prisoner seek to as fell upon the French inhabitants of Ac&escape, he was shot down by the sentinel. Yet dia." some fled to Quebec; more than 3,000 had with American history has at least one element drawn to Miramichi and the region south of the l of peculiar character. The voyage of the PilRistigouche; some found rest on the banks of the grim Fathers—the settlement of the Virginia St. John's and its branches ; some found a lair in

cavaliers—the foundation of Pennsylvania their native forests ; some were charitably shel- lth tered from the English in the wigwams of the sa

she though all events of profound moral interest, vages. But 7,000 of these banished people were

as well as productive of fine pictorial effects, driven on board ships, and scattered among the

are not without parallels more or less close English colonies, from New Hampshire to Georgia in the.

New Hampshire torsin in the varied tale of ancient and modern colalone ; 1,020 to South Carolina alone. They were onization. But that which is distinctive and cast ashore without resources ; bating the poor peculiar in the story of American civilization house as a shelter for their offspring, and abhor- is, its struggle against the Red Men. Settlers, ring the thought of selling themselves as laborers. it is true, have often found themselves in Households, too, were separated; the colonial strange company. In Africa the Greek col. newspapers contained advertisements of members I onizer elbowed the swarthy Ethiop. In South

America the Spaniard stood beside the Peru-, be correctly repeated to the head Council at Ononvian and the Carib. Dutchmen have encoun-daga. An express messenger from the Miamis tered the Malay and the Dyak. For two hurried across the mountains, bearing to the centuries English settlers have had to deal shrewd and able Dinwiddie, the Lieutenant-Govwith the uncivilized races of the East and ernor of Virginia, a belt of wampum, the scalp West-from the Bushmen of the Cape to the

of a French Indian, and a feathered pipe, with savages of New Zealand. But none of these

letters from the dwellers on the Maumee and on the races present the same attractive features as

Wabash. “Our good brothers of Virginia,' said the brethren of the Iroquois and the Mohi

the former, 'we must look upon ourselves as lost, cans. About these latter there are points of

if our brothers, the English, do not stand by us romantic and chivalric interest.

and give us arms.' 'Eldest brother,' pleaded the

Though not Picts and Windaws, this string of wampum ag. free from the vices of the savage, they often sures you, that the French King's servants have exhibit virtues which might shame the Euro-spilled our blood, and eaten the flesh of three of pean. There is something of dignity in their our men. Look upon us and pity us, for we are aspect and bearing. They are seldom with-in great distress. Our chiefs have taken up the out a natural and original poetic sense,-and hatchet of war. We have killed and eaten ten their language has a wild Ossianic music. of the French and two of their negroes. We are They are bold in metaphor and apt in natural / your brothers; and do not think this is from our illustration. A group of actors on the scene mouth only; it is from our very hearts. Thus having characteristics so peculiar and so attrac

they solicited protection and revenge.” tive as the Red Skin is invaluable to a histo

The Duke of Newcastle was unequal to the rian whose tendency is to see events and note task of driving the soldiers of France from character under their most pictorial aspects.

Canada or froin the valley of the Mississippi. The part taken by the Indians in that war | The North and South were both in the hands between the French and English in America of France. The route of the Ohio and the which ended in the conquest of Quebec and Mississippi had been discovered by adventhe expulsion of the Lilies from Canada is turers and missionaries of that nation; and parrated at great length by Mr. Bancroft - a few years of quiet possession of the terriand the atrocious nature of the conflict is

tory would have allowed French statesmen well brought out. At the commencement of to consolidate their power in those regions, the war, we are allowed a glimpse at a curi-, and to draw a strong cordon around the enous war-council:

tire group of English colonies on the Atlantic « • Brothers,' said the Delawares to the Miamis,

seaboard. But Pitt's genius was brought to we desire the English and the Six Nations to put

bear at a critical moment on the arrangement their hands upon your heads, and keep the French

of this great question—and he conceived the from hurting you. Stand fast in the chain of project of breaking the Mississippi line and friendship with the Government of Virginia.' | attacking the enemy in their strongholds on * Brothers,' said the Miamis to the English, your the St. Lawrence. Three expeditions were country is smooth; your hearts are good; the fitted out. Amherst and Wolfe were ordered dwellings of your governors are like the spring in to join the fleet under Boscawen, destined to its bloom. Brothers,' they added to the Six Na- act against Louisburgh-Forbes was sent to tions, holding aloft a calumet ornamented with the Ohio Valley-Abercrombie was intrusted feathers, the French and their Indians have struck with the command against Crown Point and us, yet we kept this pipe unhurt; and they gave Ticonderoga, though Lord Howe was sent it to the Six Nations, in token of friendship with out with the last named as the real soul of them and with their allies. A shell and a string

the enterprise. Mr. Bancroft writes : of black wampum were given to signify the unity of heart; and that, though it was darkness to the

“None of the officers won favor like Lord westward, yet towards the sun-rising it was bright Howe

Howe and Wolfe. Both were still young. To and clear. Another string of black wampum an- high rank and great connections Howe added mannounced that the war-chiefs and braves of the liness, humanity, capacity to discern merit, and Miamis held the hatchet in their hand, ready to judgment to employ it. As he reached America, strike the French. The widowed Queen of the he

the he entered on the simple austerity of forest warPiankeshaws sent a belt of black shells intermixed tar

mived fare. James Wolfe, but thirty-one years old, had with white. “Brothers,' such were her words, ‘I A

already been eighteen years in the army; was at am left a poor, lonely woman, with one son, whom

Dettingen and Fontenoy, and had won laurels at I commend to the English, the Six Nations, the

Laffeldt. Merit made him at two-and-twenty a Shawnees, and the Delawares, and pray them to

lieutenant-colonel, and his active genius improved take care of him.' The Weas produced a calumet.

the discipline of his battalion. He was at once We have had this feathered pipe,' said they, 'from

authoritative and humane, cevere, yet indefatigathe beginning of the world; so that when it be

hot when it her bly kind; modest, but aspiring and secretly concomes cloudy, we can sweep the clouds away. It scious of ability. The brave soldier dutifully is dark in the west, yet we sweep all clouds away

avad loved and obeyed his widowed mother, and his towards the sun-rising, and leave a clear and se

gentle nature saw visions of happiness in scenes rene sky.' Thus, on the alluvial lands of Western of domestic love, even while he kindled at the Ohio, began the contest that was to scatter death prospect of glory, as 'gunpowder at fire.'” broadcast through the world. All the speeches On the 28th of May the expedition reachwere delivered again to the Deputies of the Na- ed Halifax.tions, represented at Logstown, that they might “For six days after the British forces on their

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