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L a tters of fashion there have been very few | silk, with four flounces, and corresponding waist.

I changes since our last publication. We are in coat. The waistcoat now takes the first place in a the midst of the gay season, but its modes, until lady's toilette, and may be considered a triumph disturbed by the approach of spring, were fixed of luxury and elegance, reviving every description before the holidays, and for the most part have of embroidery, and forcing the jewellers to be conalready been reported. The Paris journals, we stantly bringing out some novelty in buttons, &c. may remark, however, dwell much on the unusual It is made very simple or very richly ornamented; ascendency of black, in furs, velvets, cloths, and for instance, those of the most simple description other heavy stuffs, for walking and carriage dress are made either of black velvet, embroidered with es, and on the greater demand than in recent win. braid, and fastened with black jet buttons, or of ters for every species of embroidery.

cachemire; and a pretty style, of straw color, In the first of the above figures, representing a embroidered in the same colored silk, and closed promenade costume, we have a high dress of rich with fancy silk bell buttons, whilst a few may be silk; the skirt has plaided tucks woven in the ma- seen in white, quilted and embroidered with oak terial; it is long, and very full. Manteau of vel leaves and rose-buds. The rich style of waistcoat vet, very richly embroidered; a broad black lace being covered with embroideries, and being closed is set on round the shoulders in the style of a cape, up the front with buttons of brilliants. As a ge. and the cloak is embroidered above it. Capote of neral rule, the waistcoat is made high up the white silk, of a very elegant form, with deep bavolet throat, round which is a fall of lace, or opens en or curtain; a droop of small feathers on the left side. caur, having a fichu à plastron of embroidery,

The second figure, or visiting costume, of heavy worn under. The waistcoat has also two pockets.


Of Literature, Art, and Science.

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THE AZTECS AT THE SOCIETY LIBRARY., ba, Copan, or Papantla. In the great work TOR several weeks the attention of the cu- of Lord Kingsborough are collected many I rious has been more and inore attracted | important remains of Mexican and Aztec art to a remarkable ethnological exhibition at and learning ; Mr. Prescott has combined the Society Library. Two persons, scarcely with a masterly hand the traditions of the larger than the fabled gentlemen of Lilliput, country; and Mr. Stevens and Mr. Squier have (though one is twelve or thirteen and 'thé done much in the last few years to render us other eighteen years of age), of just and even familiar with the more accessible and probably elegant proportions, and physiognomies strik- most significant ruins which illustrate the civing and peculiar, but not deficient in intellectilization of the race subdued by the Spaniards; or refinement, have been visited by throngs of but still Central America is unexplored. In idlers in quest of amusement, wonder-seekers, the second volume of the work of Mr. Stevens, and the profoundest icquirers into human he mentions that a Roman Catholic priest of history. Until very recently, Mexico was pro Santa Cruz del Quiche told him marvellous stoperly described as Terra Incognita. The re- ries of a “large city, with turrets white and nains of nations are there shrouded in ob glittering in the sun," beyond the Cordilleras, livion, and cities, in their time surpassing

where a people still existed in the condition of Tadmor and Thebes, untrodden except by

the subjects of Montezuma. He proceeds : the jaguar and the ocelot. A few persons,

“The interest awakened in us, was the most indeed, attracted by uncertain rumors of an- | thrilling I ever experienced. One look at that cient grandeur in Palenque, have visited her | city, was worth ten years of an every-day life. If temples and tombs

he is right, a place is left wbere Indians and a There to track

city exist, as Cortez and Alvarado found them ; Fallen states and empires o'er a land

there are living men who can solve the mystery Which was the mightiest in her high command, And is the loveliest

that bangs over the ruined cities of America ; who bot no one has been found to read the hiero

can, perhaps, go to Copan and read the inscription

on its monuments. No subject more exciting and glyphics of Tolteca, to disclose the history of attractive presents itself to any mind, and the the dwellers in Anahuac, to make known the deep impression in my mind will never be effaced. annals of the rise and fall of Tlascala, Otum- I Can it be true? Being now in my sober senses, 1

VOL. V.-20. III.--19

do verily believe there is much ground to suppose dren" have the phrenological and general apthat what the Padre told us is authentic. That pearance of the ancient Mexican sculptures, the region referred to does not acknowledge the and may well be regarded for their probable government of Gautamala, and has never been origin, their physical structure, or their were explored, and that no white man has ever pre-l appearance, as among the most wonderful tended to have entered it; I am satisfied. From

om speciinens of humanity." We assent to the other sources we heard that a large ruined city

y following paragraph by Mr. Horace Greeley, was visible; and we were told of another person who had climbed to the top of the sierra, but on

whose testimony agrees with the common imaccount of the dense clouds rising upon it, he had PT

a pressions they have produced: not been able to see any thing. At all events, the

"I hate monstrosities, however remarkable, and belief at the village of Chajul is general, and a

am rather repelled than attracted by the idea of curiosity is aroused that burns to be satisfied. We

their truthfulness. Assuming that there is a prohad a craving desire to reach the mysterious city.

pensity in human nature—an organ,' as the phreNo man if so willing to peril his life, could under

:nologists would phrase it—that finds gratification take the enterprise, with any hope of success, with

in the inspection and scrutiny of Joice Hethe, out hovering for one or two years on the borders

| Woolly Horses, and six-legged Swine, I would of the country, studying the language and charac

rather have it gratified by fabricated and factiter of the adjoining Indians, and making acquaint

tious than by natural and veritable productions, ance with some of the natives. Five hundred

and would rather not share in the process from men could probably march directly to the city,

which that gratification is extracted. There is a and the invasion would be more justifiable than

superabundance of ugliness and deformity which any made by Spaniards; but the government is

one is obliged to see, without running after and too much occupied with its own wars, and the

nosing any out. It was, therefore, with some reknowledge could not be procured except at the

luctance that I obeyed a polite invitation to visit price of blood. Two young men of good consti- |

the Aztec children, and ratify or dispute the comtution, and who could afford to spend five years,

mendations hitherto bestowed on them, in these might succeed. If the object of search prove a

columns and elsewhere. I did not expect to find phantom, in the wild scenes of a new and unex

ogres nor any thing hideous, but, among all simiplored country, there are other objects of interest; 11

lar exhibitions, remembering with pleasure only but, if real, besides the glorious excitement of such

Tom Thumb, I could not hope to find gratification a novelty, they will have something to look back

in the sight of two dwarf Indians. But I was upon through life. As to the dangers, they are

disappointed. These children are simply abridge always magnified, and, in general, peril is discov

ments or pocket editions of Humanity-bright ered soon enough for escape. But, in all proba

eyed, delicate-featured, olive-complexioned little bility, if any discovery is made, it will be made

elves, with dark, straight, glossy hair, well-proby the Padres. As for ourselves, to attempt it

portioned heads, and animated, pleasing counte alone, ignorant of the language, and with the mo

nances. That their ages are honestly given, and zos who were a constant annoyance to us, was out

that the boy weighs just about as many pounds as of the question. The most we thought of, was to

he is years old (twenty), while the girl is about climb to the top of the sierra, thence to look down

half his age and three pounds lighter, I see no upon the mysterious city ; but we had difficulties

reason at all for doubting. That they are human enough in the road before us; it would add ten

beings, though of a low grade morally and inteldays to a journey already almost appalling in the

lectually, as well as diminutive physically, there perspective; for days the sierra might be covered

can be no doubt; and they are not freaks of Nature, with clouds; in attempting too much, we might

but specimens of a dwindled, minnikin race, who lose all; Palenque was our great point, and we

almost realize in bodily form our ideas of the determined not to be diverted from the course we

brownies,' bogles,' and other fanciful creations had marked out.”— Vol. ii., p. 193–196.

of a more superstitious age. Their heads, unlike

those of dwarfs, are small and not ill-looking, but Mr. Stevens appears to have had some with very low foreheads and a general conformaconfidence in the Padre's statement, and ex- tion strongly confirmatory of certain fundamental presses a belief that the race of the aboriginal / assertions of Phrenology. Idiotic they are not ; inbabitants of Central America is not extinct, but their intellect and language are those of childbut that, scattered perhaps and retired, like / ren of three or four years, to whom their gait also our own Indians, into wildernesses which I assimilates them; but they have none of childhave never been penetrated by white men-hood's reserve or shyness, are inquisitive and resterecting buildings of “lime and stone," " with less, and articulate with manifest efforts and difornaments of sculpture, and plastered," "large ficulty. To children of three to six or eight years, courts,” and “lofty towers, with high ranges

their incessant pranks and gambols must be a of steps," and carving on tablets of stone mys

source of intense and unfailing delight. The story terious hieroglyphs, there are still in secluded that

are still in secluded that they were procured from an unknown, scarcecities“ unconquered, unvisited, and upsouglıtly

ly approachable Aboriginal City of Central Ameriaborigines.” It is stated in a pamphlet before

ca called Irimaya, situated high among the moun

tains and rarely visited by civilized man, may be us, that such a city was discovered in 1849 by

by true or false; but that they are natives of that three adventurous travellers, and that one of

part of the world, I cannot doubt. To the moralthem succeeded in bringing to New York two ist, the student, the physiologist, they are subjects specimens of its diminutive and peculiar in- deserving of careful scrutiny and thoughtful obserhabitants—the persons now being exhibited in /vation ; while to those whose highest motive is Broadway. Of the credibility of this account the gratification of curiosity, but especially to we express no opinion, but the “Aztec Chil- children, they must be objects of vivid interest."



residence, but Sir William began to build another THE PRISON OF MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS, AND at Chatsworth, which he did not live to finish.

PALACE OF THE DUKES OF DEVONSHIRE. Ultimately, Elizabeth became the wife of George AMONG the most magnificent of the pala- Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury; she was one of the A tial homes of England-indeed one of most remarkable women of her time, and the the most rich and splendid residences oc- foundress of the two houses of Devonshire and cupied in all the world by an uncrowned Newcastle. Her second son, William, by the master-is Chatsworth, in Derbyshire, the

death of his elder brother in 1616, after being most beautiful district in the British islands.

created Baron Cavendish, of Hardwick, was in With some abridgment we transfer to the In

1618 created Earl of Devonshire. It was happily

said of him, his learning operated on his conduct, ternational an account of a recent visit to

but was seldom shown in his discourse.' His son, Chatsworth, by Mrs. S. O. Hall, with the il

the third Earl, was a zealous loyalist; like his falustrations by Mr. FINHALT, from the Janua- | ther, remarkable for his cultivated taste and learnry number of the London Art-Journal. Our

ing, perfected under the superintendence of the agreeable authoress, after some general ob famous Hobbes of Malmesbury. His eldest son, servations respecting the attractions of the William, was the first Duke of Devonshire; the neighborhood, proceeds:

friend of Lord Russell, and one of the few who "We are so little proud of the beauties of Eng- fearlessly testified to his honor on his memorable land, that the foreigner only hears of Derbyshire trial. Wearied of courts, he retired to Chatsworth, as the casket which contains the rich jewel of which at that time was a quadrangular building, CHATSWORTA. The setting is worthy of the gem. with turrets in the Elizabethan taste; and then, It ranks foremost among proudly beautiful Eng as if bis mind rose upon the depression of his lish mansions; and merits its familiar title of the fortune,' says Kennett, *he first projected the pow Palace of the Peak. It was the object of our pil-glorious pile of Chatsworth ;' he pulled down the grimage; and we recalled the history of the nobles south side of 'that good old seat,' and rebuilt it of its House. The family of Cavendish is one of on a plan ‘so fair an august, that it looked like a our oldest descents; it may be traced lineally model only of what might be done in after ages.' from Robert de Gernon, who entered England After seven years, he added the other sides, yet with the Conqueror, and whose descendant, Ro- the building was his least charge, if regard be had ger Gernon, of Grimston, in Suffolk, marrying the to his gardens, water-works, statues, pictures, and daughter and sole heiress of Lord Cavendish in other the finest pieces of Art and Nature that could that county, in the reign of Edward II., gave the be obtained abroad or at home.' He was highly name of that estate as a surname to his children, honored with the favor and confidence of William which they ever after bore. The study of the law III. and his successor Anne. Dying in 1707, his seems to have been for a long period the means son William, who was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, of according position and celebrity to the family, spent the latter part of his life at Chatsworth, dySir William Cavendish, in whose person all the ing there in 1755. It is now the favorite country estates conjoined, was Privy Councillor to Henry residence of his great grandson, the sixth Duke VIII., Edward VI, and Mary; he had been Gen- and ninth Earl of Devonshire. tleman-Usher to Wolsey; and after the fall of the “The Duke's tastes, as evinced at Chatsworth, are great Cardinal, was retained in the service of of the purest and happiest order;—and are to be Henry VIII. He accumulated much wealth, but found in the adornments of his rooms, the shelves chiefly by his third marriage, with Elizabeth, the of his library, the riches of his galleries of art, and Wealthy widow of Robert Barley, at whose insti- the rare and beautiful exotic marvels of his gargation he scld his estates in other parts of England, dens and conservatories. Charles Cotton, in his to purchase lands in Derbyshire, where her great poem, the Wonders of the Peak, wrote, two cenproperty lay. Hardwick Hall was her paternal | turies ago, of the then Earl of Devonshire and

no language can apply with greater truth to the the great cascade, even the smaller fountains Duke who is now master of Chatsworth:

(wonderful objects any where, except here, where " But that which crowns all this, and does impart

there are so many more wonderful) sparkle through A lustre far beyond the pow'r of Art,

the foliage; while all is backed by magnificent hangIs the great Owner; He, whose noble mind

ing woods, and the high lands of Derbyshire, exFor such a Fortune only was design'd. Whose bonnties, as the Ocean's bosom wide,

tending from the hills of Matlock to Stony MidFlow in a constant, unexhausted tide

dleton. And the foreground of the picture is, in Of Hospitality, and free access,

its way, equally beautiful; the expansive view, Liberal Condescension, cheerfulness, Honor and Truth, as ev'ry of them strove

the meadows now broken into green hills and At once to captivate Respect and Love:

mimic valleys, the groups of fallow deer, and berds And with such order all perforin'd, and grace, of cattle, reposing beneath the shade of wideAs rivet wonder to the stately placo."

spreading chestnuts, or the stately beech-all is “Although carriages are permitted to drive from harmony to perfection : nothing is wanting to comthe railway terminus at Rowsley, to the pretty plete the fascination of the whole. The enlarged and pleasant inn at Edenson, by a road which and cultivated minds which conceived these vast passes directly under the house, the stranger should yet minute arrangenients, did not consider minor receive his first impressious of Chatsworth from details as unimportant; every tree, and brake, one of the surrounding heights. It is impossible and bush ; every ornament, every path, is exactly to convey a just idea of its breadth and dignity; in its right place, and seems to have ever been the platform upon which it stands is a fitting base there. Nothing, however great, or however small, for such a structure; the trees, that at intervals has escaped consideration; there are no bewilderrelieve and enliven the vast space, are of every ing effects, such as are frequently seen in large dorich variety, the terraces nearly twelve hundred mains, and which render it difficult to recall what feet in extent—'the emperor fountain' throwing at the time may bave been much adınired; all is its jet two hundred and seventy feet into the air, arranged with the dignity of order; all, however far overtopping the avenue of majestic trees, of graceful, is substantial; the ornaments sometimes which it forms the centre. The dancing fountain, elaborate, never descend into prettiness; the char

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