« VorigeDoorgaan »
necticut, and Moore of New York, with good him in great loss. He had determined, about old Dr. Bowden, and Dr. Hawks, my friends the year 1801, to give the Christian commuDrs. Berrian and MoVicker of Columbia Colonits an octavo edition, in large type, of the lege, and the energetic Bishop Hobart, the Book of Common Prayer, the first of that size busiest and most stirring man I ever knew. from an American press. To secure the utThe Messrs. Swords were largely occupied in most accuracy, he engaged, for a pecuniary printing works on divinity, and were confess- consideration, the Rev. John Ireland, of ed the printers of sound orthodoxy long be- Brooklyn, to revise the proofs. When the tore “the novelties which disturb our peace" sheets were worked off, it was ascertained had invoked polemical controversy.
that the copy was an exact reprint, save in I should do injustice to my feelings were I one particular. The critical acumen of Irein this rapid sketch to overlook the late James land had discovered, in the Apostles' Creed, Eastburn, the founder of the first reading a "tantological error," in the words, " from room on a becoming scale, in this country, thence he shall come." The word “from" and the publisher of the American edition of wils supertinous, ugrammatical, and inelethe Edinburgh and London Quarterly Reviews. gant, ilccording to Ireland, and, accordingly, He was a gentleman deserving of much esti- it was not in Kirk's edition. Upon the sale mation, of bland manners, and enthusiastic in of a few copies the omission was remarked; his calling. He was curious in antiquarian the fact became known to the bishop of the literature and a great importer of the older church; the book was pronounced defective, authors. Many are the libraries enriched by and the ecclesiastical authorities prohibited his perseverance. Consumption wasted his its circulation. The whole edition fell a dead genervus frame, and he died at a compara- weight upon the hands of the well-meaning tively early age, to the deep regret of the publisher. I had this anecdote from Mr. Kirk scholar and the philanthropist.
I himself, years ago, and he repeated it to me I should like, before I close this portion of not long prior to his death, in last November. these reminiscences, to awaken l'ecollections. This allusion to Kirk brings to my mind of one or two other estimable individuals the notorious John Williams, better known with whom I was long acquainted-George as Anthony Pasquin, under which name he F. Hopkins and Jonathan Seymour. Hop-was doomed to everlasting infamy by Gifford, kins inerits a biography; he justly boasted in his satire of the Baviad and Maviad, in that his edition of Robertson's Charles V. judgments afterwards contirined in a celewas the most accurately printed work of the brated trial for libel in which the famous time. He was fastidious alınost to a fault in Erskine delivered one of his best forensic typographical neatness. He printed only speecles. Williains was the associate in works of positive merit. His enterprise led London of a small but ambitions set of muhim, now fifty years ago, to urge the craft to tual admirers in literature, of whom Mr. render themselves independent of imported Merry and his future wife were the “ Della types, by establishing type-foundries in the Crusca” and “Rosa Matilda," and all three country. There were few indeed arnong us of these worthies came to New-York about who knew practically much about the fowts the year 1798. I have an impression that of Caslon, the Coryphæus of letter-founders. Kirk came at the same time. The character The Scotch hard-faced letter was then ex- of Williams was infamous, and a large share of tensively in use. Hopkins induced the immi- his infamy consisted in his ministering to, if gration to this country of the famous Binney not creating, the passion for personal scandal, and Ronaldson, whose great skill in the art and setting the example of black-mail collecwas soon recognized, and from that era up tions, in newspapers. In the report of the to the present day competent judges aftirin great case of Williams vs. Faulder, it is said that our Bruce, White, Conner, and others, of his paper, called The World, that “In have accomplished all that is requisite in the this were given the earliest specimens of type-founding business. Of Jonathan Sey- those unqualified and andacious attacks on mour, it is enough to say, that at one period all private character which the town first of his life he was more largely engaged than smiled at for their quaintness, then tolerated any of his rivals in printing from manuscripts for their absurdity and will have to lament -so well known and appreciated was his de- to the last hour of British liberty." After votion to his calling, and the accuracy of its he came to this country he associated himresults. In his death, the art lost one who self with the enemies of Hamilton, and pubhad given it elevation, and society a man pos- lished a satire called The Hamiltoniod, sessed of the qualities of industry, temper- edited a magazine entitled The Columbian, ance, honesty, and Christian philanthropy in and was a pioneer in that species of jourthe fullest measure.
nalism which still subsists here upon the most Within a few days has departed from among scandalous invasions of private life and repuus, at the age of eighty years, a supporter of tation. He was doubly detestable, in that he the press who long contributed to the diffu- was the corruptor and worst specimen of the sion of wholesome knowledge. I allude to editorial calling in Europe and in America. Thomas Kirk. I shall terminate these no- I remember frequently seeing Williams, in tices by a striking occurrence, which involved the latter part of his life, in his shabby pep
perand-salt dress, in the obscure parts of the performed a duty, gentlemen, which has been city. I believe he died during the first preva- too long delayed; you have neglected the relence of the cholera in Brooklyn. Fancy may mains of Thomas Paine; I have done myself depict his expression as illustrating Otway's the honor to disinter his bones; I have relines, “as if all hell were in his eyes, and he moved them from New Rochelle; I have dug in hell.” It must not be supposed that I in them up; they are now on their way to Eng. any degree associate the fame of the worthy land; when I return, I shall cause them to Kirk with that of this literary vagabond. speak the Common Sense of the great man :
To a suggestion that I might refer to the I shall gather together the people of Liverlate William Cobbett, as associated with the pool and Manchester in one assembly with periodical press of this country, I may say those of London, and those bones will effect that I see in it no impropriety. Unquestion the reformation of England in Church and ably a minute record would include his Por- State." After some two or three hours we cupine Gazette and his Weekly Register; the took our leave, with unlimited admiration of one an offspring of his juvenile lite, the other his brave utterance and his colloquial talents. of his ripened years. I had some personal With such a hastily written and imperfect acquaintance with him at the time of his last sketch of the newspaper periodical press, of residence in New-York. Hazlitt has, in his printers, editors, booksellers, and authors, ! attractive manner, described him to the life. must close this portion of my present remiHe was deemed the best talker of his day, niscences. I have depended on a memory and his forcible pen has given us indubitable somewhat tenacious as my authority, in most proofs of his powers in literary composition. instances, having no leisure at command for It was not unusual with him to make a visit reference. A volume might be written of to the printing office at an early morning pertinent details. Nevertheless, enough has hour, take his seat at the desk, and after some been said to illustrate, in part, the advancehalf dozen lines were written, to throw off ment of one species of knowledge in this meMSS. with a rapidity that engaged eleven tropolis. Did we institute a comparative compositors at once in setting up. Thus a view of the past and present condition of whole sheet of the Register might be com- the press, we might be better enabled to anpleted ere he desisted from his undertaking. nounce the existing condition of our city as I think that in quickness he surpassed even a Literary Emporium. That it is in accordthe lamented William Leggett, of the Eren- ance with the spirit of the age, seems deing Post. The circumstance is certainly in- monstrable. Abroad, in England, in 1701. teresting in a psychological point of view; and when the stamp duty was levied upon every yet may not be deemed more curious than number of a periodical paper consisting of a the fact that Priestley made his reply to Lind, sheet, the whole quantity of printed paper quite a voluminous pamphlet, in twenty-four was estimated at twenty thousand reams anhours, or that Hodgkinson, the actor, was able nually. Nearly at this period (1704), when to peruse crosswise, the entire five columns the Boston News Letter made its appearance of a newspaper, and within two hours recite in the American colonies, some two or three it thus by memory. I visited Cobbett, when hundred copies weekly may have been its his residence was within a couple of miles of circulation. What is tlie quantity of paper this city, in company with a few professional demanded by the present British periodical gentlemen. It was in October, and a delight-press, I am unable to state. In this month ful day. He heard our approach, and came of January, 1852, it is calcnlated that there to the door without our knocking. “Walk are about three thousand different newspain, gentlemen-am I to consider this as a visit pers and other periodicals printed in this to me?-walk in and be seated on these country, the entire issues of which approaclı benches, for I have no chairs—you may be the yearly aggregate of four hundred and fatigued—will you have a bowl of milk? I twenty-three millions of numbers. live upon milk and Indian corn-I never drink When Franklin was a printer it was a hard spirit or wine, and yet I am a tolerable exam- task to work off over a thousand sheets on ple of English health.” And, indeed, he was both sides in a day, by the hand press. Since a most ample specimen of the genuine John his time we have had the Clymer, the Napier. Bull. His nearly oval face, and florid coun- the Ramage, the Adams, and now Hoe's tenance, with strong gray piercing eyes and Lightning press. By this last-named achievehead thickly covered with white hair, closely ment in the arts, so honorable to a son of trimmed; his huge frame, of some two hun- New-York, and so stupendous in its results dred and seventy pounds weight, correspond to the world at large, twenty thousand paing abdominal development, and well-propor-pers may be printed in one hour. tioned limbs, all demonstrated, with anato- If we advert to the instructive fact, of the mical accuracy, the truth of his observation. enormous circulation of many of the jourHis superior intellect seemed roused in all its nals of New York, as the Herald, the Sun. functions. The United States, England, the the Tribune, the Times, the Erprese, the reform measures, the union of church and Mirror, and others issued daily ; if we calstate, and its absurdity, were only a few of the culate the copies of the Observer, the Home subjects of his caustic remark. "I have just | Journal, the Christian Advocate, and others
of the weekly press; the circulation of the the community a noble estimation of promonthly and other periodicals; if we look at ductive intellect. Instead of a scattered rethie Methodist Book Concern, the Tract Soci-cruit here and there in the ranks of literaety, the American Bible Society, the publica- ture, we have armies at command, of welltions of the Appletons, of Putnam, and of the disciplined men; and the belief is not altoenterprising booksellers of this city generally, I gether idle that, in due season, of these armies what bounds can we set to the offspring of there will be legions. Lovesick tales and Della the typographic art? The Herald and the Cruscan poetry, have yielded to stately essays Tribune in their distinct circulation, consume on the business of life, in philosophy and in critan aggregate of fifty thousand reams pericism, while the native muse has often stronger year. The Harpers, who have thrown John claims to our homage than the verses Dr. JohnBaskerville, and other eminent typographers son has embalıned, and that have made the of Europe in the shade by the magnitude of fame of ancient bards. We no longer gaze at their operations, use one hundred reams of the author as a drone in the live of industry. paper daily, at six dollars per ream, and make our youth are taught that a true man may about ten volumes a minute or six thousand be found among the luxurious and refined as a day. On a former occasion I stated to you well in the humble avocations of life. Amthe agency which Franklin had in bringing bitious of a national literature, we honor forward stereotype plates, as projected by those who have laid its foundations, in the Dr. Colden, in this city, in 1779, and the fact persons of an Irving, a Prescott, and a Banthat the art was communicated to Didot in croft, a Longfellow, and a llawthorne. We Paris, by Franklin himself. I well remember gratefully remember our historical obligations the anxious John Watts, when he showed me to Sparks. We feel the dignity of the scholar his first undertaking in this branch of labor in when we summon to our aid the classical New-York, just forty years ago. It was a Everett. Mourning with no feigned sorrow copy of the Larger Catechism, the one I now the demise of that true son of our soil, the hold in my hand. Notwithstanding the lamented Cooper, we rejoice that a Bryant doubts of many, he felt confident of its ulti- and a Halleck, a Verplanck and a Paulding, mate success, yet suffered by hope deferred. are still left with us. Warm in our feelings, What is now the state of the business in the and made happier by the relations of intermatter of stereotyping? The Harpers alone course, we extend the cordial hand to Tuck
- single firm--have within their vaultserman, our classical essayist and poet; to plates for more than two thousand volumes. Willis, for his felicitous comments on passing
Need I dwell on the improved appliances events; to Griswold, for his admirable works in the great art, which enrich the present in criticism and biography; to Dr. Mayo, for day, or on the influences now at work on his Kaloolah; to Stoddard, for his exquisite the intellectual man? Justly has it been poems; to the generous Bethune, the orator stated, that the press of a single office in this and bard; to Morris, for his Melodies; to Kimcity issues more matter than the industry of ball, for his St. Leger Papers ; to Clark, for the world, with all its scribes and illumina- his Knickerbocker , to Melville, for Typee; tors, in an entire year, previous the time of to Ik. Marvell, for his Rereries; to Ripley, Faust. Let us, then, reverence the press, as for his fine reviews; to Bigelow, for his book our Franklin did. Let us cherish its free-on Jamaica ; to Bayard Taylor, for his V ievos dom, as the triumph of our fathers, if we 4-Foot; to Greeley, for his Crystal Palace love the name of patriot. Let us teach our labors; and to Duyckinck, the son of our old children to acknowledge it the palladium of friend, the bookseller, for his Literary World. our altars and our firesides. Let us recognize In the name of the Republic, we give our it as the Great Instructor, knocking at every heartiest thanks to our intimate friend, the door, and rendering every hovel, as well as learned Dr. Cogswell, as we look at the spaevery palace, a school-house.
cious walls of the Astor Library. Nor is it solely on the score of quantity, The very great length to which I have that we are to contemplate the measures now unconsciously extended these reininiscences, in force for the disciplining of intellect, and forbids me from dwelling, as my heart and the rearing the moral edifice of the nation. Iyour wishes dictate, upon the most glorious I have already remarked on the superior name in American Printing, the immortal ability of the press of our days in comparison Franklin's. His character and deeds, howwith that of the period through which some ever, are familiar to you all; and the language of us have lived. The same energy which of eulogy is needless in regard to one whose has swelled its dimensions, has increased the fame increases with time, and whose transexcellence of its material. Libraries so cendent merits, the constant development of abound, knowledge is so diffused, that indi. that element he brought under human doviduals qualified by scholastic powers, can be minion render daily more evident and mecalled in requisition for the duties of every morable. It is related, gentlemen, that when department å successful journal deinands, the statues of the Roman Emperors were There is moreover a happier recognition of carried in a triumphal procession, one was intellectual merit; reward is higher and omitted, and the name of that one was shoutmore certain; and there exists throughoutled with more zeal than all the others inspired. So I know it to be with as to-night. The it is the best encouragement of youthfil enmemory of Franklin is too ripe in our ergy; it is revealed in every telegraphic deshearts to require words; it is a spell that patch; it hallows the name of our country to sheds eternal glory on the typographical art; I the civilized world.
OF TIPSY DROLLERY, a correspondent of DES CARTES fought at the siege of Rochelle, the Evening Post (Mr. Bryant himself, we and ofter a variety of adventures, established have no doubt), writes: "It is esteemed a limself in Holland, where he composed most mark of a vulgar mind, to divert one's self at of his works. These abound in singular the expense of a drunken man ; yet we allow theories and curious speculations, and their ourselves to be amused with representations spirit of independence aroused the same spirit of drunkenness on the stage and in comic wherever they were read. Scholars and thenarratives. Nobody is ashamed to langh at ologians vied with each other in battling the Cassio in the play of Othello, when he has new opinions. The followers of Aristotle and put an enemy into his mouth to steal away the followers of Locke arrayed themselves his brains. The personation wliich the elder against him. His novelties even drew the Wallack used to give us some years ago, of attention of women from their fashions. “The Dick Dashall, very drunk, but very gentle- ladies of quality here, of late," says a writer manly, was one of the most irresistibly comic from Paris, in 1642, "addict themselves to things ever known. I have a mind to give the study of philosophy, as the men; the layou a translation of a German ballad on a dies esteering their education defective, if tipsy man, which bas been set to music, and they cannot confute Aristotle and his disciis often sung in Germany; it is rather drull ples. The pen has almost supplanted the exin the original, and perhaps it has not lost all ercise of the needle; and ladies' closets, forof its humor in being overset, as they call it, merly the shops of female baubles, toys, and into English. Here it is :
vanities, are now turned to libraries and sancOUT OF THE TAVERN, ETC.
tuaries of learned works. There is a new Out of the tavern I've just stepped to-night
Istar risen in the French borizon, whose intiuStreet! you are caught in a very bad plight.
ence excites the nobler females to this pursuit Right hand and left hand are both out of place; Street, you are drunk, 'tis a very clear case.
of human science. It is the renowned MonMoon, 'tis a very queer figure you cut;
sieur Des Cartes, whose lustre far outshines One eye is staring while t other is shut.
the aged winking tapers of Peripatetic PhiloTipsy, I seo; and you re greatly to blame; Old as you are 'tis a terrible shame.
sopliy, and has eclipsed the stagyrite, with Then the street lamps, what a scandalous sight!
| all the ancient lights of Greece and Rome. None of them soberly standing upright.
'Tis this matchless soul lias drawn so many Rocking and statuering; why, on my word,
of the fairer sex to the schools. And they are Each of the lamps is drunk as a lord. All is confusion ; now isn't it odd ?
more proud of the title-Cartesian-and of I am the only thing sober abroad.
the capacity to defend his principles, than of Sure it were rash with this crew to remain,
their noble birth and blood." Better go into the tavern again.
This is parodied or stolen by the clever an! We find in the Courts of Europe at the Close thor of the Bon Gaultier Ballads, in one of of the last Century, by Henry Swinburne, the his best pieces.
following illustration of American manners:
"An English officer, Colonel A- , was traThe famous Qnaker ANTHONY BENEZET, velling in a stage to New York, and was extremewas accustomed to feed the rats in the area ly anvoved by a free and enlightened citizen's before liis house in Philadelphia. An old perpetually spitting across him, out of the window. friend who found him so engaged, expressed He bore it patiently for some time, till at last he some surprise that he so kindly treated such ventured to remonstrate, when the other said, pernicions vermin, saying, “They slioud rath-• Why. colonel, I estimate you're a-poking fun at er be killed and out of the way." "Nav,"me—that I do. Now. I'm not a-going to chaw my said good Anthony, “I will not treat them own bilge-water, not for no man. Besides, you so; thou wouldst make them thieves by mal- need not look so thundering ugly. Why, I've treating and starving them, but I make them practised all my life, and could squirt through the
her eye of a needle without touching the steel, let honest by feeding them, for being so fed, they
alone such a great saliva-box as that there window.' never prey upon any goods of mine.” This
Colonel A— remained tranquil for some time; singular fact is very characteristic. When feed
at last his anger got up, and he spat bany in his ing rats, the benevolent philosopher used to
to companion's face, exclaiming, I beg you a thoustand in the area, and they would gather sand pardons, equire, but I've not practised as round his feet like chickens. One of the much as you have. No doubt, by the time we family once hung a collar abont one of them, reach New-York, I shall be as great a dabster as which was seen for years after, feeding in you are. The other rubbed his eye, and remained the group.
1 bouche close.
In sopport of the hydropathic practice, and A PORTUGUESE paper gives some statistics in illustration of the etfect of cold, we cite which could only be obtained under the spy an anecdote MIGNET tells of the celebrated and secret police system. There are said to French physician Broussais:
be in Portugal 872,634 married couples, of Seized with a violeht fever at Nimèguen, which the present condition is very nearly ay Broussais was attended by two of his friends, who follows:- " Women who have left their huscach prescribed opposite remedies. Embarrassed bands for their lovers, 1,262. Husbands who by such contradictory opinions, he resolved to fol- have left their wives for other women, 2,561. los neither. Believing himself to be seriously in Couples who have agreed to live separately, dawser, he jumped out of bed in the midst of this 33.120. Couples who live in open warfare, raging fever, and alınost naked sat down to his
under the saine root, 13,263. Couples who escrutoire to arrange his papers. It was in the
cordially hate each other, but dissemble their mouth of January ; the streets were covered with soow. While thus settling his affairs the fever
aversion under the appearance of love, abuted, a sensation of freshness and comfort dif- 162,320. Couples who live in a state of tranfused itself throughout his frame. Amazed at this I quil indifference, 510,132. Couples who are result, Broussais, like a bold theorist as he was, I thought by their acquaintances to be happy, couverted his casual forgetfulness into an experi- but are not themselves convinced of their own ence. He boldly threw open the window, and for felicity, 1,102. Couples that are happy as some time inspired the cold winter air that blew compared with those that are confessedly unin upon him. Finding itself greatly benefited, happy, 131. Couples indisputably happy in he concluded that cool drink would be as refresh-each other, 0. Total, 872,634." ing this stomach as cold air had been to his body. He deluged his stomach with cold lemonade, and The first duel in New England, was fought in less than furty-eight hours he was well again!" | with sword and dagger, between two ser
vants. Neither of them was killed, but both The following amusing anecdote is told in were wounded. For this disgraceful offence, & work recently published in London of Tom they were formally tried before the whole Cooke, the actor and musician:
company (the first settlers), and sentenced to " At a trial in the Court of King's Bench, June, have their heads and feet tied together, and 1833, betwixt certain publishing tweedledums and
so to be twenty-four hours, without meat or tweedle: lees, as to the alleged piracy of an arrange-ldrink.” Their bravery all exploded in a litment of the Old English Gentleman,'-an old English air, by the bye-Cooke was subpænned as
tle while, and they plead piteously to be rea witness. On his cross-examination by Sir James
leased, which was finally done by the GoverScarlet, afterwards Lord Abinger, for the opposite
nor on their promising better behavior. “Such side, that leuned counsel rather flippantly ques
was the origin," says Dr. Morse, “and such, tioned bim thus: “Now, sir, you say that the two 1 may almost venture to say, was the terinimelodies are the same, but different; now what nation of the odious practice of duelling in do you mean by that, sir?" To this Tom promptly New England, for there have been very few answered, . I said that the notes in the two copies fought there since." were alike, but with a different accent, the one being in common time, the other in sixth-eight time;! We are told by Ariosto of a warrior who and, consequently, the position of the accented was so happily gifted that when his arms, his notes wils different.' Sir James-What is musi- legs, or even his head, happened to be chopcal accent ? Cooke-My terms are a guinea a ped off in battle, he could jump down from lesson, eir.' (A loud laugh.) Sir James (rather
rather his horse and replace the dissevered member.
is horse a rufiles)— Never mind your terms here. I ask you Mor
ou Many modern hwnbugs are of this description; what is musical accent. Can you see it?' Cooke -'No.' Sir Jaines— Can you feel it ? Cooke-'|
, they are real polipi; chop them into a thou"A musician can.' (Great laughter) Sir James
sand pieces, and each piece will start up as
brisk and as lively as ever. Metaphysical (very angry. Now, pray sir, don't beat about the bush, but explain to his lordship and the jury,
humbugs are the most difficult kind to deal who are supposed to know nothing about music, with. Contending with them is like wrestling the meaning of what you call accent.' Cooker with spectres; there is not substance enough 'Accent in inusie, is a certain stress laid upon a to catch hold of. particular note, in the same manner as you would lay a stress upon any given word for the purpose LATELY, at a sitting of the Norwegian legisof being better understood. Thus, if I were to lature at Christiana, a petition was presenteży, You are an a88—it rests on ass; but if I led from the world-known fiddler, Ole Bull, were to say, “You are an ass-it rests on you, Sirl in which he solicited the creation of a nationJames' Reiterated shouts of laughter by the al theatre in that town, to receive a subvenwhole court, in which the bench itself joined, fol. loved this repartee. Silence baving been at length
tion from the government, and to which a obtained, the Judge, with much seeming gravity, 1°
dramatic school was to be attached. The acousted the chop-fallen counsel thus: Lord Den
Assembly voted that the petition should be man— Are you satisfied, Sir James | Sir James
taken into consideration, and appointed a (deep red as he naturally was, to use pror Jack committee to draw up a report on it. M. Bull Reeve's own words, had become scarlet in more has already founded, at his own cost, a theathan name), in a great buff, said, “The witness may tre in his native town, Bergen. M. Bull visits go down !'"
this country now in search only of pleasure.