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of the noblest which modern Latinity can boast, dissimulation, and swayed by vague ideas of libdescribes him as having plucked the lightning from erty, which, in him, were undefined and ill-digestHeaven and the sceptre from tyrants.
ed." No doubt there is some exaggeration in Descending from such lofty flights to the regions these words. No doubt the late Emperor, at that of sober reality, we may observe that Franklin in period, was stirred by personal resentment at the his later years, and especially in France, adopted hostile conduct of the General in 1815 ; vet it will to a great extent the Quaker garb. He laid aside perhaps be found more easy by any admirer of the huge wig which he used to wear in England, La Fayette to impugn the good faith of the and allowed his long white hair to flow down near- draughtsman than the general accuracy of the ly to his shoulders. His clothes were of the plain-l portrait. est cut and of the dunnest color. The Parisians. The fortune of La Fayette was ample, his yearof that period, ever swayed by external impres- | ly income being little short of two hundred thousions, were greatly struck with, and in their writ. sand livres ; and his connexions, as we have seen, ings frequently refer to, his venerable aspect, and were among the first at Court. Under such circumthey compared him by turns to all the sages of stances, Silas Deane felt the vast importance of antiquity. It is also probable that his Quaker-like securing him. An agreement was concluded heattire may have tended to invest him in their es-tween them, by the intervention of one Mr. Cartimation with the other attributes which they as- michael (for as yet La Fayette spoke no English, signed to the ideal Quaker character, as simplicity, and Deane little French), according to the terms guilelessness, inviolable truth.
| of which the Marquis de La Fayette was to join LA FAYETTE.
the American service, and to receive from ConIt so chanced that in the summer of 1776, La gress the rank of Major-General--no slight temp Fayette, still in his teens, and serving as a subal- tation to a stripling of nineteen! La Fayette was tern with the French army, was stationed with his to be accompanied, or rather attended, by the regiment at Metz. It happened also that in the Baron de Kalb and eleven other officers of lower course of a foreign tour their Royal Highnesses of rank, seeking service in America. He sent, in Gloucester passed a few days in that town. The secret, an agent to Bordeaux, there to purcbase principal officers entertained the Duke at dinner, and prepare a vessel for their voyage. Meanwhen the conversation turned to the last news while he made an excursion of three weeks to from Philadelphia and the new Declaration of In London, where his kinsman, the Marquis de dependence. Being at that period offended with Noailles, was ambassador. He was presented to his Court, from its neglect of the Duchess, the the king, and graciously received. He saw at the Duke indulged in Opposition topics, and, in some opera General Clinton, who had come home on a degree at least, took the part of the Americans. winter leave of absence, and who was next to The details were new to La Fayette. He listened meet him on a field of battle in America. But, with eagerness, and prolonged the conversation by mindful of his own hostile designs, he deemed it asking questions of the Royal guest. The cause proper to forbear from prying into the military of the colonies that had risen against England forces of the kingdom, and declined an invitation seemed to him just and noble, even on the show- to visit the naval armament at Portsmouth. ing of one of the English princes; and before he On his return to France, La Fayette bade fareleft the table, the thought came into his head that well to his young wife, leaving her four months he would go to America, and offer the Americans gone with child, and set out for Bordeaux. Thus his services. He determined to return to Paris, far all had prospered according to his wishes. But and make further inquiries. His inquiries being at Bordeaux he found that his preparations had mainly addressed to Silas Deane and other zealous been discovered and complained of by Lord Storfriends of the insurgents, could not fail to confirm mont, and that a LETTRE DE CACHET for his arrest him in his first impressions. He became fired was already issued. Nevertheless, he did not re with an ardent zeal for Republican principles and linquish his design. He crossed the Spanish fronthe American cause. That zeal coutinued ever tier in the disguise of a courier, found his vessel at afterwards—for well nigh sixty years—the polar Pasages, and there embarked with his companions. star of his course. That zeal, favored as it was by Towards the middle of June he landed on the eoast fortune, adapted to the times that came upon binn, of Carolina ; and after a few days' rest, pursued his and urged forward by great personal vanity, laid route to Philadelphia. His reception by the Conthe foundations of his fame far more, as I con- gress was not at first a warm one; but La Favette ceive, than any strength of mind or talents of his declared that he would accept no pay, and was own. Few men have ever been so conspicuous willing to serve as a volunteer : and under these from afar with so little, when closely viewed, of circumstances, the Assembly fulfilled the terms of real weight or dimension. As a general, it can the secret agreement, and bestowed on him the scarcely be pretended that his exploits were either rank of Major-General. many or considerable. As an orator, we look in At Philadelphia La Fayette saw the American vain for any bigh powers of debate. As a states- troops for the first time, and, according to his own man, we find only an undistinguishing eagerness to account, was struck with their grotesque appearapply the Transatlantic examples and to act the ance—with green boughs fastened to their hatspart of Washington, without duly estimating coarse hunting-shirts instead of uniforms-and either the immense superiority of Washington's muskets, many wanting bayonets, and all of uncharacter above bis own, or the manifold points of equal make and size. But he soon learnt to think difference between America and Europe.
more favorably of these raw levies, when, notwithIt was said by Napoleon at St. Helena, that standing all their disadvantages, he observed their “ La Fayette was a man of no ability, either in conduct in the field. With regard to their comcivil or military life; his understanding was con- mander, his early impressions never changed. It fined to narrow bounds; his character was full of l was also at Philadelphia, and at a dinner-table, comprising several members of the Congress, that “ Lord North is quite sure of the Bishops and the La Fayette was introduced to Washington. The Scotch Peers in the Upper House, and could not boy-general found himself warmly welcomed by fail to be acquitted !” But although these ardent the chief whom he had long admired. " When patriots might differ a little as to the means, they you come to the army,” said Washington, “ I shall were bent on one and the same end; and the Rebe pleased if you will make my quarters your monstrance which was at last agreed upon, aphome, and consider yourself as one of my family." pears to have been framed by their united wisThe invitation thus frankly tendered was no less dom. As thus drawn up it teemed with silly vafrankly accepted. Thus did a cordial intimacy garies fit only to please the lowest order of intelarise between them, Washington at all times lects. Thus it prayed that His Majesty would for treating La Fayette with fatherly kindness, and ever remove from his presence and councils all his La Fayette looking up to Washington with filial Ministers and Secretaries of State, especially Lord regard.
| Mansfield (who by the way was not one of them), La Fayette had already begun to speak a little and that His Majesty would not again admit any English, and by degrees acquired more. But to Scotchman into the administration! the last the difficulties of the language were a
THE CHARACTER OF WILKES. main obstacle, not only to himself, but to every He was born in 1727, the son of a rich distilother foreigner who served with, or under, the ler. Early in life he set up a brewery for himUnited States. Thus there are still preserved self, but soon relinquished the wearisome business. some of the ill-spelled and scarcely intelligible notes Early in life also he improved his fortune by his of Count Pulasky, during the short time that he marriage with the daughter and heiress of the ceserved as general of cavalry. Still worse was the lebrated Dr. Mead, the author of the “Treatise on case of Baron Steuben, a veteran of the school of Poisons." But this lady, being of maturer age Frederick the Second, who joined the Americans a than himself, and of slight personal attractions, few months later than La Fayette, and who greatly was speedily slighted, and he left her with as aided them in the establishment of discipline. The much disgust as he had his brewery. In 1757 he Baron, it appears, could not teach and drill, nor was elected Member of Parliament for Aylesbury, even swear and curse, but by means of an inter- but never obtained any success as an orator, his preter! He was, therefore, most fortunate in se- speeches being, though flippant, yet feeble. In curing as his aid-de-camp Captain Walker of New- truth he had no great ability of any kind, but York-most fortunate, if, as his American biogra- dauntless courage and high animal spirits. Nor pher assures us, "there was not, perhaps, another should we deny him another much rarer praise, officer in the army, unless Hamilton be excepted, a vein of good humor and kindliness, which did who could speak French and English so as to be not forsake him through all his long career, well understood in both.”
amidst the riot of debauchery or the rancor of La Fayette did not always confine himself to the faction. So agreeable and insinuating was his bounds of his own profession ; sometimes, and, conversation, that more than one fair dame as she perhaps, bot greatly to his credit, he stepped be- listened found herself forget his sinister squint and yond them. Here is one case recorded with much his ill-favored countenance. He used to say of satisfaction by himself. He states, that soon after himself in a laughing strain, that though he was his arrival in America, and while attending on the ugliest man in England, he wanted nothing Sunday the service of the Church of England, he to make him even with the handsomest but half was displeased with the clergyman, because in his an hour at starting! Politics indeed seemed at sermon he had said nothing at all of politics. “I first wholly alien from Wilkies's sphere; gayety charged him to his face,” says La Fayette, “ with and gallantry were his peculiar objects. For preaching only about Heaven! ... But next some time he reigned the oracle of green-rooms Sunday," continues the keen young officer, “I and the delight of taverns. In conjunction with heard him again, when his loud invectives against other kindred spirits, as Paul Whitehead and Sir ‘the execrable House of Hanover,' showed that he Francis Dashwood, amounting in all to twelve, was ready and willing to take my good advice." The rented Medmenham Abbey, near Marlow. It JOHN HORNE TOOKE.
is a secluded and beautiful spot on the bauks of His abilities were ill fitted for the profession the Thames, with hanging woods that slope down of a clergyman, which indeed he at last renoun- to the crystal stream, a grove of venerable elms, ced, but they highly qualified bim for his favorite and meadows of the softest green. In days of occupation as a demagogue. Between him and old it had been a convent of Cistercian monks, but Wilkes there now arose a violent animosity and a the new brotherhood took the title of Franciskeen altercation carried on in newspapers. De- cans in compliment to Sir Francis Dashwood, scending to the lowest and most selfish details, whom they called their Father Abbot. On the they were not ashamed thus publicly to wrangle portal, now again in ruins, and once more resignrespecting a Welsh pony and a hamper of claret!ed to its former solitude and silence, I could still Even before the close of 1770 might be discerned a few years since read the inscription placed there the growing discord and weakness of Wilkes and by Wilkes and his friends : fav ce que voudras. his city friends. At a meeting which they con Other French and Latin inscriptions, now with vened to consider their course of action, some pro- good reason effaced, then appeared in other parts posed a new Remonstrance to the King, while of the grounds, some of them remarkable for wit, others urged an impeachment of Lord North in but all for either profaneness or obscenity, and the House of Commons. “What is the use of a many the more highly applauded as combining new Remonstrance ?" cried Wilkes. “ It would both. In this retreat the new Franciscans used only serve to make another paper kite for His often to meet for summer pastimes, and varied Royal Highness the Prince of Wales !"_" What the round of their debauchery by a mock celeis the use of an impeachment ?" cried Sawbridge. I bration of the principal Roman Catholic rites.
WILKES'S ESSAY ON WOMAX.
| it was often compared. His voice loud, soporvus, It appears that Wilkes had, several years be- , and as rolling thunder in the distance, augmented fore, and in some of his looser hours, composed a the effect of his fierce and terrible invective. Few parody of Pope's “ Essay on Man.” In this un- indeed were they who did not quail before his dertaking, which, according to his own account, frown; fewer still who would abide his onset in cost him a gread deal of pains and time, he was, debate. Perhaps do modern English statesman, it is said, assisted by Thomas Potter, second son in the House of Lords at least, was ever so much of the late Archbishop of Canterbury, who had dreaded. In parliament, as at the bar, liis been Secretary of Frederick Prince of Wales, speeches were home thrusts, conveying the and had since shown ability and gained office in strongest arguments or keenest reproofs in the the llouse of Commons, but was (as well became plainest and clearest words. His enemies might one of Wilkes's friends) of lax morals in his pri. accuse his style of being coarse, and sometimes vate life. The result of their joint authorship, even ungrammatical, but they could never deny however, has little wit or talent to make any its energy or its effect. In private life Thurlow amends for the blasphemy and lewdness with was remarkable for his thorough knowledge of the which it abounds. As the original had been in- Greek and Latin writers; and no less for his skill scribed by Pope to Lord Bolingbroke, so was the in argument and brilliant powers of conversation. parody by Wilkes to Lord Sandwich; thus it be- | While yet at the bar, Dr. Johnson said of him to gan, “Awake my Sandwich!" instead of " Awake Boswell: "I honor Thurlow, sir; Thurlow is a fine my St. John!" Thus also, in ridicule of Warbur- fellow; he fairly puts his mind to yours." And ton's well-known commentary, some burlesque after he became Chancellor, the same high authornotes were appended in the name of the Right /ity a ded: “ I would prepare myself for no man Reverend the Bishop of Gloucester.
in England but Lord Thurlow. When I am to This worthlese poem had remained in manu- meet him, I should wish to know a day before." script, and lain in Wilkes's desk, until in the pre- Unless with ladies, bis manner was always unvious spring he had occasion to set up a press at couth, and his voice a constant growl. But behis own house, and was tempted to print fourteen neath that rugged rind there appears to have copies only as presents to his boon companions. lurked much warmth of affection and kindliness Of one of these copies the Government obtained of heart. Many acts of generous aid and unsopossession, through a subor linate agent, and by not licited bounty are recorded of him. Men of learnvery creditable means, and Lord Sandwich holding and merit seldom needed any other recoming it forth in his hand with the air of injured in- mendation to his favor. Thus, on reading Hors. nocence, denounced it as not only scandalous and ley's “ Letters to Dr. Priestly," he at once obtainimpious, but also as a breach of Privilege against ed for the author a stall at Gloucester, saying the Bishop as a Peer of Parliament. He likewise —what I carpestly wish all other Chancellors complained of another profane parody, written by had borne in mind—“that those who supported the same hand, and printed on the same occasion; the Church should be supported by it." Neverthis last was entitled, “The VENI CREATOR para- theless his temper, even when in some measure phrased." The most offensive passages of both sobered down by age, was always liable to violent were now by Lord Sandwich's order read aloud and unreasonable starts of passion. It is related to the House, until Lord Lyttleton with a groan by a gentleman who dined with him at Brighton entreated that they might hear no more!
only a few months before his death--for I must In the discussion which ensued, Bishop Warbur- ever hold that great characters are best porton, forgetting that such ribaldries could not really trayed by little circumstances—that a plateful of tarnish his character, showed a heat which little peaches being brought in, the ex-Chancellor, inbecame it. He exclaimed that the blackest fiends censed at their ill appearance, ordered the window in Hell would disdain to keep company with to be opened, and not only the peaches but the Wilkes--and then asked pardon of Satan for whole desert to be thrown out! comparing them together! Both the Earl and
EDMUND BURKE. Bi-hop in their passion would have readily over- In pamphlets, however, and political essaysleaped the common forms of justice. The former, and even speeches, when revised and sent forth after produciny evidence at the Bar as to the au- singly, may be comprehended in that class, the thorship of Wilkes, wished the House to take personal disadvantages of Burke could no longer measures for his prosecution, without the least de-apply; and as regards that class of writings, it lay. But the Peers, although readily agreeing to may be doubted whether he has ever, in any age, vote the two parodies blasphemous and breaches or in any country, been excelled. The pbilosophy of Privilege, resolved, on the motion of Lord Mans- and deep thought of his reflections—the vigor and field, to adjourn all further questions until the day variety of his style-his rich flow of either paneafter the next, so as to give Wilkes the opportu- gyric or invective-his fine touches of irony - the nity, if he desired it, of alleging any matter in de- glowing abundance and beauty of his metaphorsnial or defence.
all these might separately claim applause ; how LORD TIIURLOW,
much more, then, when all blended into one gloWith all his faults and shortcomings there was rious whole! To give examples of these merits that in Thurlow which overawed and daunted his would be to transcribe half his works. Yet still contemporaries, and of which the impression is if one single and short instance from his maxims not wholly lost even on posterity. It was a say- be allowed me, I will observe that the generous ing of Mr. Fox, that no man ever yet was so wise ardor and activity of mind called forth by compeas Thurlow looked. His countenance was fraught tition bas formed a theme of philosopbic comment with sense ; his aspect stately and commanding; from a very early age. It is touched both by Cihis brow broad, maasy, and armed with terrors cero apd Quintilian; it has not been neglected like that of the Olympian Jove, to which indeed either by Bacon or Montaigne. Yet still, as handled by Burke, this trite topic beams forth, not most elaborately is that of the authorship of only with the hues of eloquence, but even with Jupius; but Lord Mahon has no new facts the bloom of novelty. He invites us to“ an amica- for the vindication of his judgment, that Sir ble conflict with difficulty. Difficulty is a severe Philip Francis was unquestionably the writer instructor set over us by the supreme ordinance of the famous letters under that name. of a parental guardian and legislator, who knows
There is an appendix to each volume; and us better than we know ourselves, as he loves us
s in the appendix of one, and in the notes of better too. He that wrestles with us strengthens
.both, are some curious illustrations of the our nerves and sharpens our skill. Our antagonist is our hiper!" If amidst so much of eloquence
worthlessness of Mr. Sparks's editions of the and feeling as Burke's writings display we are de
writings of Washington and Franklin. We sired to seek for faults, we shall find them, not in
first called attention to this subject some five the want, but only in the exuberance and over
years ago, and after the changes, &c. of Mr. flow of beauties. The palate becomes cloyed by Sparks had been pointed out in The Internao much richness, the eye dazzled by so much tional, a series of carefully prepared criticisms glare. His metaphors, fraught with fancy though appeared in the Evening Post, in which the they be, are often bold; they seem both too nu- discrepancies between the original letters of merous and strained too far; they sometimes cease Washington were exhibted to a degree that at to please, and occasionally border even on the lu- once and for ever destroyed the good reputation dierous and low. Of this defect, as of his excel- of Mr. Sparks in this department. lle chose lerrces, a single instance shall suffice me. In the not to take any notice of the disclosures to "Letter to a Noble Lordd," in 1796, Burk compares which we refer, but it may be that Lord Ma. the Duke of Bedford to a lamb already marked
hon's criticism will secure his attention, and for slaughter by the Marats and Robespierres of
an attempt, at least, for bis vindication. BeFrance, but still unconscious of his doom,“ pleased to the last," and who “ licks the hand just raised
e sides his comparisons of MS. and printed letto shed his blood.” Thus far the simile is con
ters in the appendix, Lord Mahon has seveducted with admirable force and humor. But not
ral allusions to the subject, of which we quote satisfied with his success, Burke goes further: he specimens: insists on leading us into the shambles, and makes “Some samples of the manner in which that the revolutionary butchers inquire as to their du- gentleman (Mr. Sparks) has thought himself at cal victim, “how be cuts up ? how he tallows in liberty to tamper with the original MSS., will be the caul or on the kidneys !” Apart from the found,” &c. beauty of the style, the value, as I conceive, of “Mr. Sparks has printed no part of the corresBurke's writings, is subject to one not unimportant pondence precisely as Washington wrote it, but deduction. For most lofty and far-sighted views has greatly altered, and as he thinks, corrected in politics they will never be consulted in vain. I andrembellished it. Such a liberty with the writOn the other hand, let no man expect to find in ings of such a man might be justifiable, nay, even then just or accurate, or even consistent, delinea- in some respects necessary, if Washingtun and his tions of contemporary character. Where eternal principal contemporaries had been still alive but principles are at stake, Burke was inaccessible to the date of this publication, the year (1838), leaves, favor or to fear. Where only persons are con- as I conceive, no adequate vindication for tampercerned, he was often misled by resentments or by ling with the truth of history.” partialities, and allowed his fancy full play. The
I “ Washington, however, in his public letter to rich stores of Burke's memory and the rare powers of his mind were not reserved solely for his
Congress (unless Mr. Jared Sparks bas improved speeches or his writings; they appeared to no less
ed this passage), says,” &c. advantage in his familiar conversation. Even the
“I know not whether my readers will concur most trivial topics could clicit, even the most ig- with me in liking Washington's own and though norant bearers could discern, his genius. “Sir," home-spun, excellent cloth, much better than the said Dr. Johnson, “if Burke were to go into a sta
Cobweb schemes and gauze coverings' which ble to see his horse dressed, the hostler would say, I have, it seems, been manufactured in its place." We have had an extraordinary man here!" Onother ! A complete errata to Mr. Sparks's editions occasions, also, the author of “Rasselas” extols of Washington. Franklin, and Gon verneur him as “never unwilling to begin conversation, | Morris, would occupy several volumes: and never at a loss to carry it on, never in haste to
we do not remember one instance in wliich leave it off." His attempts at wit, indeed, were
his alterations were justifiable, or in which not always successful, and he might be accused of an inordinate affection for quibbles and puns. His
us they were really an improvement in point favorite niece, and latterly his guest, was some-1
of style. The reprobation with which Mr. times provoked into a - Really uncle that is Sparks has been visited by the learned and very poor.” But upon the whole it may be as- judicious of his own country and England will serted, that in social converse Burke was equalled be a warning to future laborers in the same by none of his contemporaries and his country- / field. The works edited by Mr. Sparks are men, except only Dr. Johnson himself and perhaps no longer, we believe, regarded by historical Lord Thurlow.
students as of the slightest value as authoriWe have no more room for further ex- ties, and no faithfulness or excellence which trarts; those we have made illustrate the may be displayed in future works from his temper and the style of the work, and will hand will retrieve his lost reputation. commend it to the favorable consideration of These volumes will be reprinted immeAmerican readers. Among subjects treated | diately by the Appletons.
FAUST OF WITTENBERG AND FUST OF 1 plause, and carried off all the first prizes MENTZ.
ainong sixteen competitors; he therefore obTT were well if writers on the origin of ty- tained the degree of doctor in divinity; but I pography would obey the injunction of Sir his success only made him proud and headThomas Browne, who thought it not inexpe- strong. He disdained his theological emidient for those who seek to enlighten man- nence, and sighed for distinction as a man of kind on any particular subject, first to acquire the world. He took his degree as a doctor some knowledge thereof themselves, so that of medicine, and aspired to celebrity as a the labor of readers should not so generally | practitioner of physic. About the same time be profitless. In an article by Bishop Mell- he fell in with certain cotemporaries, of tastes vaine, and another in Frazer's Magazine, by similar to his own, and associated with thein an anouyinous contributor, the exercise of in the study of Chaldean, Greek, and Arabic necromancy is imputed to Fust, the inventor science, of strange incantations and supernaor supposed inventor of printing. Nine of tural influences, in short, of all the arts of a every ten persons who write any thing on the sorcerer. subject fall into the same error; they have. Having made such progress as he could by something always to say of Fust and the de- dint of study and intense application, he at vil; curious anecdotes to rehearse of the inul- length resolved to prosecute his purposes still tiplication of copies of the Scriptures in Paris further by actually raising the devil. He hapand elsewhere; spells and incantations by pened one evening to walk in a thick, dark the inventor of the "black" art to describe, wood, within a short distance from Witten&c. But this is all induced by ignorance of berg, when it occurred to him that that was the facts. John Fust, the putative inventor a fit place for executing his design. He stopof printing, was a shrewd silversmith, and ped at a solitary spot where four roads met, we suspect a kuavish one, for without having and made use of his wand to mark out a large any thing to do with the intention of the circle, and then two small ones within the "art preservative of arts," he managed to larger. In one of these he fixed himself, aprob another of the credit and profit of it. He propriating the other for the use of his exwas, however, never in Paris ; he was never pected visitor. He went over the precise in his lifetime accused of the exercise of ma- range of charms and incantations, omitting gical arts; he simply endeavored to make nothing. It was now dark night, between As much money as he could in Germany by the ninth and tenth hours. The devil maniunderselling the copyists in the book market. fested himself by the usual signs of his apAll stories in which necromancy is attributed pearance. “Wherefore am I called ?" said to him or to any other printer; all accounts he, “and what is it that you demand ?” “I of the opposition of the priests to typography require," rejoined Faustus, “that you shonld as an internal invention ; in fine, the whole sedulously attend unto me, answer my inquipopular idea of Faust and the devil, is a mo- ries, and fulfil my behests." dern contrivance, and originated in this man- Immediately upon Faustus pronouncing ner: Some bookmaker, about the year 1580, these words, there followed a tumult overundertook to write a history of printing; he head, as if heaven and earth were coming tohad an indistinct recollection of Professor gether. The trees in their topmost branches Faustus of the University of Wittenberg, and bended to their very roots. It seemed as if in his book blended as many of his adventures the whole forest were peopled with devils, as he could remember with the memoirs of making a crash like a thousand wagons, hurJohn Fust the printer; and from that day a rying to the right and left, before and behind, succession of ignorant chroniclers have con- in every possible direction, with thunder and sidered two men, of totally different charac- lightning, and the continual discharge of great ters, living at different times, as one individual. cannon. Hell appeared to have emptied it
Faust, the necromancer, was born in the self to have furnished the din. There sucduchy of Weimer in 1491, twenty-five years ceeded the most charming music from all sorts after the printer is understood to have died. of instruments, and sounds of hilarity and He is mentioned by Melancthon, Wierus, and dancing. Next came a report as of a tournamany other cotemporary writers, and was ment, and the clashing of innumerable lances. probably in his time not less distinguished as This lasted so long, that Faustus was inany a magician than Agrippa or Albertus Magnus. I times about to rush out of the circle in which It is related of him by Godwin, that he was he had inclosed himself, and to abandon his in his youth adopted by an uncle, dwelling in preparations. His courage and resolution, the city of Wittenberg, who had no children. however, got the better; and he remained Here he was sent to college, and was soon immovable. He pursued his incantations distinguished by the greatness of bis talents, without intermission. Then came to the very and the rapid progress he made in every spe- edge of the circle a griffin first, and next a cies of learning that was put before him. He dragon, which in the midst of his enchantwas destined by his relative to the profession ments grinned at him horribly with his teeth, of theology. But he is said ungraciously to but finally fell down at his feet, and extended have set at naught his uncle's pious intentions. bis length to many a rood. Faustus persisted, He went through his examinations with ap- Then succeeded a sort of fireworks, & pillar