« VorigeDoorgaan »
the part of the lion; for probably, at the fatal moment, the hair of the wo. man's head irritated the lion's throat, and compelled him to sneeze or cough ; at least this supposition seems to be confirmed by what followed ; for as soon as the lion perceived that he had killed his attendant, the good-tempered and grateful animal exhibited signs of the deepest melancholy, laid himself down by the side of the dead body, which he would not suffer to be taken from him, refused to take any food, and in a few days pined himself to death.
work with rapidity; and when he had finished, he called him to see that the repair was properly done. The keeper made no answer. Having repeatedly called in vain, he began to feel alarm for his situation, and he resolved to go to the upper part of the cage, where, looking through the railing, he saw the lion and the keeper sleeping side by side. from the impulse of the moment, the astonished carpenter uttered a loud cry; the lion, awakened and surprised by the sudden yell, started on his feet, and stared at the mechanic with an eye of fury, and then, placing his paw on the breast of his keeper, lay down to repose again. At length the keeper was awakened by some of the attendants, but did not appear the least apprehensive for his own safety, but shook the lion by the paw, and then quiety led him to his former residence.
FREJUS, in his Relation of a Voyage made into Mauritania, gives a singular anecdote of a lion, which, he says, was related to him in that country by very credible persons. About the year 1614 or 1615, two Christian slaves at Morocco made their escape, travelling by night, and hiding themselves in the tops of trees during the day, their Arab pursuers frequently passing by them. One night, while pursuing their journey, they were much astonished and alarmed to see a great lion close behind them, who walked when they walked, and stood still when they stood. Thinking this a safe conduct sent them by Providence, they took courage, and travelled in the day-time in company with the lion. The horsemen, who had been sent in pursuit, came up, and would have seized upon them, but the lion interposed, and they were suffered to pass on. Every day these poor fugitives met with some of the human race, who wanted to seize them, but the lion was their protector until they reached the sea-coast in safety, when he left them.
A liox, which the French at Fort St. Louis in Africa were about to send to Paris, on account of his great beauty, having fallen sick before the departure of the vessel which was to convey him to Europe, was loosed from his chain, and carried into an open area. M. Compagnon, author of An Account of a Journey to Bambuk, having returned home from hunting, found this animal in a very exhausted state, and out of compassion poured a small quantity of milk down his throat, whereby the lion was greatly refreshed, and soon after recovered his perfect health. From that time the lion was so tame, and acquired so great an attachment for his benefactor, that he ate from his hand, and fol. lowed him about every where like a dog, with nothing to confine him but a slender string tied round his neck.
THERE was in the menagerie at Brussels, some years ago, a large lion, called Danco, whose den happened to require some repairs. The keeper brought a carpenter to mend it; but when the workman saw the lion, he started back with terror. The keeper entered the animal's cage, and led him to the upper part of it, while the lower part was refitting. The keeper then amnsed himself for some time playing with the lion ; and being wearied, he soon fell into a sound sleep. The carpenter having full reliance on the vigilance of the keeper, pursued his
MR. STUBBS painted several pictures of lions for Lord Grosvenor : among others the lion destroying a stag, and another in which the animal was attacking a horse. The studies for these pictures were made from a lion belonging to Lord Melbourne, confined in a cage at his villa, at Hounslow Heath. He was very assiduous in watching all the movements of the animal, and made a great number of sketches from it.
Whilst thus diverting himself, he had many opportunities of observing the of terror betrayed by the lion on this occasion, appeared to be equal to those of the most timid animal.
animal, and in particular as to the manner in which he springs on his prey
One day, whilst thus engaged, the lion walking backwards and forwards in his cage, according to his usual custom, the creature looked over the artist's head, and suddenly standing with one leg up, as a dog points, he remained so long in this posture, and so perfectly still, as to afford Mr. Stubbs an oppor. tunity of making a complete outline of him in that position: he had scarcely finished it, when the lion suddenly sprang forwards, threw his breast and body flat against the bars of his cage, and spread out his fore claws to their utmost extent, seeming greatly enraged at the impediment in his way.
It afterwards appeared that a man had come into the animal's view at a distant part of the garden, walking di. rectly towards the cage, when the lion made his point, waiting steadily until the man came within the reach of his spring, the effect of which was of course frustrated by the bars of the cage.
The lion's cage was in an angle of the garden, to which a gravel walk led up on one side, and passed in front of it. One day, while Stubbs was standing in front, drawing, one of the gardeners who saw him at a distance. Thinking he would work more conveniently on a table, fetched one for that purpose, and putting it on his head, carried it with the four legs uppermost.
A long time before he approached the cage, the lion heard him, and immedi. ately crawled with mischievous cunning, hiding himself close to the wall of his confinement nearest to the side where he heard the footsteps, with an evident design to spring upon him as soon as he came in view. Thus he lay prepared, until the man came close to the den, when the appearance of so new an object frightened him so thoroughly, that instead of springing at the man, he flew like lightning to the opposite side of the cage, and ran down two or three stairs towards the lower apartment, always keeping his eyes on the object of his terror. He there hid his head under some straw, in an agony of apprehension, until the man had put down the table before the painter ; this restored the creature to his natural state, he became composed, but not immediately, for he long retained a fearful suspicious look.
Mr. Stubbs stated that the symptoms
M. Felix, the keeper of the animals at Paris, in the year 1808, brought two lions, a male and female, to the Jardin des Plantes. About the beginning of the following June, he was taken ill, and was unable to attend the lions; another person, therefore, was under the necessity of performing this duty. The male, sad and solitary, remained from that moment constantly seated at the end of his cage, and refused to receive food from the stranger, whose presence was hateful to him, and whom he often menaced by bellowing. The company even of the female seemed now to displease him, and he paid no attention to her. The uneasiness of the animal afforded a belief that he was really ill; but he was so irritable, that no one dared to approach him. At length Felix recovered, and, with the intention of surprising the lion, he crawled softly to the cage, and showed only his face between the bars. The lion in a moment made a bound, leaped against the bars, patted him with his paws, licked his hands and face, and trembled with pleasure. The female also ran to him, but the lion drove her back, and seemed angry, and a quarrel was about to take place; but Felix en. tered the cage to pacify them. He caressed them by turns, and was afterwards frequently seen between them. He had so great a command over these animals, that, whenever he wished them to separate and retire to their cages, he had only to give the order. When he had a desire that they should lie done and show strangers their paws or throats, on the least sign they would lie on their backs, hold up their paws one after another, and open their throats.
GENERAL WATSON, while out one morning on horseback, with a doublebarreled rifle, was suddenly surprised by a large mule lion, which bounded out upon him from a thick jungle. He fired, and it fell dead almost close to his feet. A female then darted out upon him. He wounded her, and she fled into the thicket. Suspecting that her den was close at hand, he followed, soon tracked her to it, and completed her destruction.
In the den were found a beautiful pair of cubs, male and female, supposed to be then not more than three days old. These the general brought away with him, and succeeded, by the assistance of a goat, who was prevailed upon to act in the capacity of foster-mother to the royal pair, in rearing them until
they attained sufficient age and strength to enable them to bear the voyage to England. On their arrival in this country, in September, 1823, he presented them to his Majesty, who commanded them to be placed in the Tower of London.
Miscellanies. FACTS.-The number of bones in the resolved—to rush into the presence of frame-work of a human body is 260, the Judge of quick and dead, 108 of which are in the feet and hands, "And dare Him to do his worst !". there being in each 27. The quantity of blood in adults is on
It need scarcely be added, this young an average about 30lbs., which passes
woman could not fulfil her awful purpose through the heart once in four minutes.
at the chosen time and place. The week Only one-tenth of the human body is
rolled on, and the next sabbath she solid matter. A dead body weighing
again repaired to Surrey Chapel, where 120lbs., was dried in the oven till ali
a discourse by Mr. Griffin from Nahum moisture was expelled, and its weight
i. 3, “ The Lord hath his way in the was reduced to 12lbs. Egyptian mum
whirlwind and the storm, he maketh the mies are bodies thoroughly dried ; they
clouds the dust of his feet," led her to usually weigh about 7lbs.
see, that God, in his providence, was The lungs of an adult ordinarily in
always acting for the accomplishment of hale 40 cubic inches of air at once; and
his purposes of love and grace. The if we breathe 20 times in a minute, the
result was, the deliverance of this young quantity of air consumed in that time
woman from an awful and ignominious will be 800 cubic inches, or 48,000
death; her conversion to God, and pubinches in an hour, and 1,152,000 inches
lic dedication to his glory and service by in a day, which is equal to 86 hogsheads.
union with a Christian church.
REMARKABLE CONVERSION. – We copy the following interesting anecdote from “ Brief Memoirs of the late Rev. John Griffin,'' mentioned in our last number, as recently published by Simpkin and Marshall :
A young woman, who had been disappointed in marriage, came to the awful determination to commit suicide ; she had chosen the time, the place, and the means. Just before the appointed hour that she intended should close her earthly career, and which was to exchange temporal for eternal woe, she was asked by a friend to go to Surrey Chapel. She complied with the invitation ; Mr. Griffin was the preacher, and the text he had selected was, “Oh that they were wise, that they would consider their latter end." (Deut. xxxii. 29.) At the close of the discourse, quite unconscious who were his auditors in so large and crowded a congregation, Mr. Griffin was led to address himself par ticularly to any one, who might have
A FINE WOMAN.-It is pleasant to observe how differently modern writers and the inspired author of the book of Proverbs describe a fine woman. The former confine their praise chiefly to personal charms and ornamental accomplishments, while the latter celebrate only the virtues of a valuable mistress of a family, and an useful member of society. The one is perfectly acquainted with all the fashionable languages of Europe ; the other opens her mouth with wisdom, and is perfectly acquainted with all the uses of the needle, the distaff, and the loom. The business of the one is pleasure; the pleasure of the other is business. The one is admired abroad, the other at home. Her children rise up and call her blessed, her husband also praiseth her. There is no name in the world equal to this, nor is there a note in music half so delightful as the respectful language with which the grateful son or daughter perpetuates the memory of a sensible and affectionate mother.
RECIPE FOR BURNS.—We find a recipe in Silliman's Journal, extracted from a foreign one, for the cure of burns, which is simple, and seems to be founded on correct principles ; we recommend it to our readers as being, in our view, worth trying.
Dissolve in cold water as much alum as it will dissolve ; put it in a bottle, and keep it ready to apply immediately to a burn. Dip a cotton rag in the solution and spread it on; keep it on until inflammation ceases. Pain will immediately cease, and blisters will be prevented or soon healed.
Wherever they see a dog, they immediately call him and offer him food.
The dogs on the island of Bombay, a few years ago, were many of them mad; whereupon an order was issued by the governor for killing them all without exception. This order being known, the Persees were greatly alarmed; they met together, and entered into a solemn league in defence of their dogs, and threatened to protect the lives of their canine dependants at the risk of their own.
Dogs. It is curious to trace the attachments and aversions of mankind in regard to animals. Many nations .consider the dog as an unclean animal. By the Jews they were considered in a degrading light, and were not suffered to come within the precincts of the temple, and a comparison of a human being to a dog was contemptuous in the extreme. “Am I a dog ?" said the Phi. listine to David. “What! is thy servant a dog ?” said Hazael to the pro. phet. . Herodotus, on the contrary, relates, that among the Egyptians, the females of this race were buried in consecrated chests. When Tritantæchmes was appointed to the principality of Babylon, he kept such an immense number of Indian dogs, that four great towns were exempt from every other tax but that of maintaining them.
The Turks extend their charity so far as to found infirmaries, and to bequeath legacies to dogs. The Persees, of Bombay, breed great numbers of dogs, and feed them regularly twice a day.
PERILS OF THE SEA.--I saw a boy climb to the main-top-mast; he had been ordered there to secure a loose tackling—he would not have gone could he have helped it; the night was dark to pitchiness, but, by the light of the binnacle, I was enabled to detect a large tear that was rolling down his cheek. There was no moment for delay, the order given must be executed, so away went the boy. It was a boy that had entertained me with everlasting stories of his mother and his home, and who told me of the dread he had that he should never return to them. The boy went up, I watched him; he had gained the first steeple, now flew on to the second, had put his foot upon the yard, and grasped the tackling, when--when-but my brain reels, for what I heard was a sudden fall, and then a gurgling in the waves.-East India Magazine.
SILK.- Many of our greatest temporal comforts owe their origin to insignificant instruments. Look at silk; we owe it to a worm. It is said that fourteen thousand millions of silkworms are constantly employed in producing the silk consumed in the United Kingdom.
Domestic and Foreign Entelligence.
LONDON AND MIDDLESEX.
CURIOUS Fact. — A singular incident took place a few days ago, which may afford a subject of speculation to the naturalist. Mr. Myers, of St. Peter's-alley, Cornhill, had a linnet sus. pended in a cage in his shop. While it was singing, a fine sparrow-hawk suddenly darted down, seized the cage,
and flew with it into the neighbouring church-yard; where, finding itself greatly embarrassed in the wire work, it was soon caught. The poor bird was evidently starving, for he most vora. ciously ate the food given to him. The linnet was found dead in the cage.
SAVINGS BANKS.—These important and valuable institutions appear consi. derably on the increase. In London, Middlesex, and Surrey, there are 48 banks, 93,483 depositors, and 2,445,9521. amount deposited, being an average of 261. belonging to each depositor.
PAPER.—We are informed that the amount paid for duty on paper, manufactured in the United Kingdom, during the past year, was no less than 752,2541. The tax is threepence on the best kinds.
The ARMY.-One of the greatest curses which ever afflicted our earth is war. Look at the evil to which our late contests have led. We have now an army which, including what is termed half-pay, costs the country from seven to eight millions annually. Nor is this all; it was lately officially stated in Parliament, that one soldier out of every twenty has, within the past two years, passed through the public gaols. This fact alone shows the awfully demoralized state of our army, and we fear that the naval service is not much better.
CHRISTIAN INSTRUCTION SOCIETY. -We have been requested to publish the annexed list of a course of lectures to mechanics, which will be delivered at Barbican-chapel, on Tuesday evenings, at eight o'clock, and we readily comply with the solicitation :
October 7th, 1834.-The Nature and Worth of the Soul, by the Rev. J. Woodwark.
14.-The Moral Government of God, by the Rev. E. Steane.
21.-The Insufficiency of Reason and Necessity of Revelation as a Guide to true Religion, by the Rev. J. P. Smith, D.D.
28.–The Divine Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures, by the Rev. A. Fletcher, M.A.
November 4th.—The Holy Scriptures the only Rule of Faith and Practice, by the Rev. J. Burnet.
11.-The Doctrines and Precepts of the Holy Scriptures, Evidences of their Inspiration, by the Rev. J. Styles, D.D.
18.-The Fulfilment of Prophecies, a Demonstration of the Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures, by the Rev. J. E. Giles.
25.-The Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures, attested by Miracles, by the Rev. J. Young, M.A.
December 2nd.--The Delineation of Personal Character afforded in the Holy Scriptures, an Evidence of their Inspi. ration, by the Rev. J. Robinson.
9.-The Evidence of Christianity derived from the Character of its Divine Founder, by the Rev. J. P. Dobson.
16.-The Evidence of Christianity derived from the Resurrection of Christ, by the Rev. J. Blackburn.
23.—The Evidence of Christianity arising from its Influence in the Formation of Character, by the Rev. C. Stovel.
30.-The Evidence of Christianity from its Triumph and Progress in the World, by the Rev. J. Morison, D.D.
INSTABILITY OF Riches.-An elderly gentleman lately presented himself at one of the metropolitan policeoffices, to solicit help, who stated that in 1820 he was worth nearly five millions sterling. He then resided in India. He has been lately compelled to wander about London for six successive nights, not being able to pay for a bed, and when he was led to the office, he was nearly famished for want of food.
DECREASE OF EXECUTIONS.-It is gratifying to know that while many persons are talking of the vast increase of crime, the fact is, that the most awful crimes are less frequent than formerly. This, in connexion with the increasing indisposition to execute the sanguinary laws of our code, has so operated, that the late sheriffs of London, Messrs. Harmer and Wilson, on retiring from office, could say what none of their predecessors could have said for centuries past, that they had not been called upon to execute the sentence of death on a single criminal.
PAUPERISM.-It has been computed that in England a twelfth of the population are paupers : their support cost last year 6,790,7991. In Scotland, the proportion is only one-fortieth, and the sum raised for their support by assessment, voluntary contributions, and collections at church-doors, amounted to only 114,0001. in 1820 ; the allowance to each averaging 5ls. per annum, or