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destitute children in the neighbourhood of Edinburgh.

ceeding day, in a state of intoxication. Who after this can talk against temperance societies ? Laugh at their principles who may, the country will soon be ruined unless they come into full operation.

The well-known and benevolent Mrs. Fry is at present visiting the prisons of Scotland, and suggesting improvements in the airing, exercise, and discipline of the prisoners.

SOMERSETSHIRE. A recent number of the Taunton Courier says, “In one part of this country, no less than five cases have occured within the last week, of the loss of children who were burnt to death. In the space of about thirty years, during which we have conducted this journal, the almost incredible number of 2,500 children have lost their lives by fire within this county."

SUSSEX. A plan is in embryo at Brighton for the establishment of an institution for educating the daughters of poor clergymen as governesses. It is proposed to - receive 100 pupils, the daughters of

poor clergymen, to be clothed, boarded, and educated as governesses, at a charge of 201. per annum to each pupil. Similar institutions have succeeded in Westmoreland and Gloucestershire.

REMARKABLE DELIVERANCE.-We copy, from a recent number of the Edinburgh Advertiser, the following re. markable fact, as illustrating the provi. dence of God over helpless infancy.On Friday last, as the Defiance coach, from Edinburgh, was passing through Forfar, a child, not more than two years old, toddled out so suddenly from a door, that the first that was seen of it was close at the leaders' heads. To pull up, on the instant, four high-spirited ani. mals was impossible ; besides, the smallest hesitation would have thrown the child from the position it was in, under the coach. Captain Barclay, therefore, with great coolness and presence of mind, determined at once on attempting to clear it, which he succeeded in doing in a wonderful manner-the splinterbar of the leaders first missing it, by not more than an inch, and afterwards the fore and hind wheels, by half an inchits little hands, which it held up, as if by instinct, actually touching them. The child, or rather infant, continued its course across the street, quite unconscious of the miraculous escape it had made. The guard, passengers, and all who witnessed it, were horror-struck, considering the child's fate inevitable. Captain Barclay, on arriving at the inn, gave particular directions to Mr. Ross, to have handbills posted up in the town, calling upon parents to be more careful in future, particularly at the hour when the public coaches pass ; of which also due intimation is always given by the guards with their horns.”

WARWICKSHIRE. Twelve of the leading Christian mi. nisters of Birmingham, recently published a request to their congregations not to sanction, by their attendance, the oratorio held in that town, during the past month, but to give their contributions to the General Hospital in another way. The total receipts of the musical performances amounted to 13,4001.

IRELAND. The population of Dublin amounts to rather more than 250,000. Upon reference to a report drawn up in 1832-3, we find that out of this 250,000 no less than 15,000 are paupers.

SCOTLAND. BENEVOLENT BEQUEST.-Mr. Do. naldson, a literary gentleman, has lately died, and left about 220,0001. for the foundation of a hospital for orphan and

FRANCE. The last census of the population of Paris, states the number of its inhabitants at 785,000 persons, who occupy 29,000 houses.

During the last ten years, the average number of births in France has been 997,490 ; that of deaths, 781,480. The average annual increase in the popula. tion, therefore, has been 186,000. Dur. ing the whole of the ten years, the population of France has increased 1,860,000 persons, of whom 1,045,000 were boys, and 815,000 girls, that is to say, one fifth more boys than girls. The average number of marriages annually is 237,544.

551,6001, ; their imports are worth 5,806,4001, ; their exports 9,932,5001.; the property yearly created is 21,972,5492 and the whole existing property, moveable and immoveable, is estiinated at 126,690,0001. A BOLITION OF SLAVERY.-We are exceedingly delighted to know that accounts have been received from all parts of the West Indies, stating the peaceful and in almost every instance, the happy manner in which the negroes have passed from slavery to liberty ; the intelligence indeed furnishes matter for the most devout thanksgiving.

From official accounts it appears, that in the year 1819, the number of children abandoned in France, amounted to 99,346; in 1820, 102,103 ; in 1821, 106,000; in 1822, 109,000; in 1823, 111,000 ; in 1824, 116,749; and in 1831, 122,981. During the last-mentioned year the expense for nursing and maintaining these children was 8,725,845 francs, about 350,0001. There have been no accounts made up since the year 1831.

AMERICA. New YORK.-There was once a poor man, a shoemaker, named Gideon Lee, who went from house to house with his kit on his back, to make and mend shoes for his more wealthy neighbours, to obtain a livelihood. He is now immensely rich, and at this hour holds the high and honourable office of mayor of the city of New York, in the United States.

SWITZERLAND. A new iron suspension bridge has been constructed at Fribourg. The chains are 1800 feet long. The ravine over which they stretch is 180 feet deep. The expense has been 24,0001., of which French capitalists have advanced half.

HOLLAND. It is said that a sailor, named Conrad Vancouver, is now living at Dort, at upwards of 135 years of age. He must surely be the oldest man in Europe.

YALE COLLEGE, CONNECTICUT.At the commencement of Yale College, on the 20th of August last, the degree of D. D. was conferred on the Rev. Andrew Reed, of London, and the Rev. James Matheson, of Durham.

PRUSSIA. The Berlin States Gazette of the 24th of August states, that a fire has entirely destroyed the small Prussian town of Tutz, in the Marienwerder district : twenty-nine men fell a prey to the flames, and thirty others are lying in great danger. The population of 1000 persons only escaped with their lives. In the fortified town of Amberg, Bavaria, seventy houses have been burnt down, strongly suspected to be the work of incendiaries.

THE DEAD SEA. The following description is by Mr. Thompson, an American missionary,who visited it in April, 1833 :-"After the pilgrims had bathed in the Jordan, we left them, and turned down to the south, in company with three or four other English travellers and a guard from the governor, to visit the Dead Sea. We rode across plains of barren sand for an hour and a half, when we stood upon the bank of this memorable lake. Without any reference to what others have said, I can testify to the following facts. The water is perfectly clear and transparent. The taste is bitter, and salt far beyond that of the ocean. It acts upon the tongue and mouth like alum, and smarts in the eye like camphor, and produces a burning and pricking sensation over the whole body. It stiffened the hair of the head much like pomatum. The water has a much greater specific

WEST INDIES. POPULATION, &c.—The West Indies comprise 117,140 square miles; they contain 74,240 white, and 884,600 coloured inhabitants; their revenues amount to 541,5001., and their expenditure to

gravity than the human body, and hence no efforts would cause us to sink below the surface; and, standing perpendicu. larly, you would not descend lower than the arms. Although there was evidence in the sands thrown upon the beach, that in great storms there were waves, yet there appeared to be some foundation of its immobility. Notwithstanding there was a considerable breeze, the water lay perfectly lifeless, causing not the slightest splashing against the pebbles on the shore. The ancient historians say, that large quantities of bitumen were gathered from the surface of this lake ; and is it not quite possible, to say the least, that it formerly existed in such quantities as to spread over the

whole face of the sea, and thus effectually prevent the wind from interrupting its death-like quietude? Modern travellers state that there is very little of this substance now to be found, and certainly we saw nothing like it. We saw no fish nor living animals in the water, though birds were flying over it in various directions unharmed. We all noticed an unnatural gloom hanging not merely over the sea, but also over the whole plain below Jericho. This is mentioned also by ancient historians. It had the appearance of the Indian summer of the "valley.' Like a vast funeral pall let down from heaven, it completely shut out all prospect, at a short distance down the sea."

Notices of Books.

A most interesting and valuable book has just issued from the press, entitled, “ Missionary Researches in Armenia ; including a journey through Asia Minor, and into Georgia and Persia, with a visit to the Nestorian and Chaldean Christians of Oormiah and Salmas." By ELI SMITH and H. G. 0. Dwight, Missionaries from the American Board of Missions. To which is prefixed, “ A Memoir on the Geography and Ancient History of Armenia," by the Author of The Modern Traveller." This ample title-page does not describe the value of the book, nor does it raise half the expectations it would gratify, No class of persons can read it without advantage. The traveller, the patriot, the philanthropist, and the Christian, the old and the young, may all sit down to this work as a high intellectual feast. We shall, we confess, be disappointed and grieved if it does not extensively circulate. We congratulate the editor, the engraver, (for the volume includes a map,) the printer, and the publisher, on the manner in which they have introduced this valuable work to the English public.

however, indeed we know, that we have some readers who enjoy sound truth presented in an impressive and original style, calling forth all their powers of thought and reasoning. To such we would most strongly recommend a most admirable five shilling volume by the Rev. John Jefferson, on The Official Glory of the Son of God; or, a Treatise on the Universal Headship of Christ." Such a work seldom issues from the press, and it will live for many years to do great good, after the death of its author. We hope our thinking readers will test our opinion in reference to this valuable publication.

The Rev. E. STEANE, of Camberwell, has lately published a beautiful sermon, on The Ministry of Recon. ciliation." It was delivered before the supporters of the Baptist College, at Bristol, and they showed the correctness of their judgment in requesting its publication. We especially commend it to our brethren in the ministry.

The far larger portion of the books we have hitherto introduced to our readers, have been adapted for those who have comparatively little time for reading, and those who can devote but little close thought to books. We hope,

Many years ago, a very impressive and devout book was written by the Rev. S. BEAUFOY, which was called, A. Guide for True Pilgrims, and Touchstone for Deceived Souls." We have often heard of its usefulness, and are glad therefore to know that a new and very cheap edition of it has been just published by Wightman. We heartily wish it success.

tive and valuable book just issued from the Religious Tract Depository, entitled, An Explanation of the Principal Pa. rables of the New Testament.It is very good and very cheap.

Songs of a Pilgrim; short Poems on Sacred Subjects," by John Cox, sold by Baynes, is a pocket volume containing much holy devotion. If the Christian reader does not always admire the poetry, which, however, is respectable, his heart will be raised to the con. templation of holy and heavenly things by correct sentiments expressed in flowing language. We earnestly pray that such effects may be extensively produced by this book.

" Verses for Pilgrims,” by the Rev. C. I. YORKE, M.A., Rector of Shenfield, Essex, sold by Crofts, is an elegant volume of poetry, some of it rising to considerable beauty, and all of it correctly delineating scriptural facts and feelings. We have read some of its contents with very considerable interest, and hope that our readers will very generally put themselves in possession of it.

" The Young Servant's Companion and Counsellor; addressed principally to Young Females on their first entering into Service," by Mrs. MUDIE, just published by Orr and Smith, is a small book, but full of important advice on the duties of domestic servants. It well deserves a cordial reception into every family, and its advice cannot be acted upon without incalculable advan tages resulting from the conduct it recommends.

Mr. Edwin SAUNDERS'S Five Mi. nutes' Advice on the Care of the Teeth," the sixteenth edition of which lies on our table, is a small pamphlet published by Renshaw, which commands attention from its correct information, plain sense, and sound advice. It can scarcely be introduced into a family without ad. vantage.

The Rev. J. Garwood. A.B., Mic nister of Wheler Chapel, has just printed a plain, scriptura], and impressive “ Sermon, occasioned by the Death of Mr. T. W. Perry.Its delivery must have excited attention, and we trust that its circulation may be useful. It is published by Wertheim, Aldersgate-street.

" The Sea-boy," and other poems, by R. RUEGG, of Blackheath, published by Darton and Harvey, is a little volume breathing a spirit of piety, and indicating the possession of poetic feeling. In the present day, no poetry but that of a very high order meets a chance of public reception; but we really think that Mr. R. has only to write with careful study, to try his best, and to publish slowly, in order to produce something that may be favourably received, and that shall rise.

The prolific pen of the Rev. R. Phi. LIP, of Maberly Chapel, has just sent forth a new and interesting volume, under the title of Redemption: or, the New Song of Heaven, the test of truth and duty on earth,which is published by Messrs. Forbes and Jackson. It presents much important truth in a de. votional spirit, and considerable originality of style. This volume will form an agreeable companion to its author's Guides," with which it is uniform in size and price.

We have perused with great pleasure the reprint, in Glasgow, of a Memoir of the Rev. Gordon Hall, A.M., one of the First Missionaries of the American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions, at Bombay." By HORATIO BARDWELL. It is a volume which forcibly illustrates the benevolent and zea. lous spirit which Christianity inspires, and will greatly promote the missionary cause wherever it is read. The work is very handsomely printed, and the en. graving is well adapted to excite great interest in the affecting event it de. lineates.

Our young friends may very profitably direct their attention to an instruc

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PIETY ESSENTIAL TO THE FULL DEVELOPMENT OF

THE MENTAL POWERS.

(Concluded from page 104.) IV. Piety insures to us divine teaching. And, with all the weakness and insufficiency of man, who, that knows his own ignorance and the inability of human means alone to cure it, would not esteem such teaching above all price ? He who has yielded obedience to the divine commands, and thus become imbued with the spirit of piety, is included in the gracious declaration of Christ, “ If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine ;' in which is promised not merely knowledge on one point, but also, by implication, such a clearing of the perceptions, that all divine truth (and why not all human knowledge ?) shall assume a vividness and a plainness, in which it was never before clothed. By piety one becomes a child of God. He not only claims God as his Father, but God acknowledges him to be his son. He puts on the meek dependence of a child. And if an earthly father, of cultivated and disciplined mind, rejoices to lead a meek, obedient, inquiring child into the paths of knowledge, shall not God much more rejoice to enlighten the minds of his ignorant and erring children? especially when increase in knowledge is so intimately connected with increase of holiness ; when every new faculty of the mind, of which the Christian gets command, is to be employed for the divine glory ; when every item of knowlege is to be made the means of waking him to fresh adoration, and every advance in mental vigour is a consecrated advance-consecrated to the divine praise ?

There are various passages in the Scriptures, which favour the idea, that devoted Christians enjoy the peculiar teachings of God. We may call attention particularly to the promises of Jesus in his valedictory address to his disciples. He there tells them plainly that he withholds some things, " because ye cannot bear them now"— but adds, “when the Spirit of truth is come, he shall guide you into all truth.” And again, “ The Spirit shall teach you all things, and shall bring all

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