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SEC. 1216. [16 U.S.C. 1a-12] Within one year after the date of enactment [Nov. 28, 1990], the Secretary shall develop criteria to evaluate any proposed changes to the existing boundaries of individual park units including

(a) analysis of whether or not the existing boundary provides for the adequate protection and preservation of the natural, historic, cultural, scenic and recreational resources integral to the unit;

(b) an evaluation of each parcel proposed for addition or deletion to the unit based on the analysis under paragraph (1)1;

(c) an assessment of the impact of potential boundary adjustments taking into consideration the factors in paragraph (c) 2 as well as the effect of the adjustments on the local communities and surrounding area.

SEC. 1217. [16 U.S.C. 1a-13] In proposing any boundary change after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall

(a) consult with affected agencies of State and local governments 3 surrounding communities, affected landowners and private national, regional, and local organizations;

(b) apply the criteria developed pursuant to section 1216 and accompany this proposal with a statement reflecting the results of the application of such criteria;

(c) include with such proposal an estimate of the cost for acquisition of any parcels proposed for acquisition together with the basis for the estimate and a statement on the relative priority for the acquisition of each parcel within the priorities for acquisition of other lands for such unit and for the National Park System.

1In section 1216(b), the reference to "paragraph (1)" should be to "subsection (a)".
2 In section 1216(c), it is unclear what is meant by the reference to "paragraph (c)”.
3 In section 1217(a), a comma should appear after the word "governments".


(NATIONAL PARK SERVICE ADMINISTRATIVE REFORM) (Omnibus Parks and Public Lands Management Act of 1996; 110 Stat. 4190; 16 U.S.C. 1f, 170, and 346e)




(1) PURPOSES.-The purposes of this section are—

(A) to develop where necessary an adequate supply of quality housing units for field employees of the National Park Service within a reasonable time frame;

(B) to expand the alternatives available for construction and repair of essential Government housing;

(C) to rely on the private sector to finance or supply housing in carrying out this section, to the maximum extent possible, in order to reduce the need for Federal appropriations;

(D) to ensure that adequate funds are available to provide for long-term maintenance needs of field employee housing; and

(E) to eliminate unnecessary Government housing and locate such housing as is required in a manner such that primary resource values are not impaired.

(2) GENERAL AUTHORITY.-To enhance the ability of the Secretary of the Interior (hereafter in this subsection referred to as "the Secretary"), acting through the Director of the National Park Service, to effectively manage units of the National Park System, the Secretary is authorized where necessary and justified to make available employee housing, on or off the lands under the administrative jurisdiction of the National Park Service, and to rent or lease such housing to field employees of the National Park Service at rates based on the reasonable value of the housing in accordance with requirements applicable under section 5911 of title 5, United States Code.

(3) REVIEW AND REVISION OF HOUSING CRITERIA.-Upon the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall review and revise the existing criteria under which housing is provided to employees of the National Park Service. Specifically, the Secretary shall examine the existing criteria with respect to what circumstances the National Park Service requires an employee to occupy Government quarters to provide necessary services, protect Government property, or because of a lack of availability of non-Federal housing in the geographic area.

(4) SUBMISSION OF REPORT.-A report detailing the results of the revisions required by paragraph (3) shall be submitted to the Committee on Resources of the House of Representatives

and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act. The report shall include justifications for keeping, or for changing, each of the criteria or factors used by the Department of the Interior with regard to the provision of housing to employees of the National Park Service.

(5) REVIEW OF CONDITION OF AND COSTS RELATING TO HOUSING. Using the revised criteria developed under paragraph (3), the Secretary shall undertake a review, for each unit of the National Park System, of existing government-owned housing provided to employees of the National Park Service. The review shall include an assessment of the physical condition of such housing and the suitability of such housing to effectively carry out the missions of the Department of the Interior and the National Park Service. For each unit of such housing, the Secretary shall determine whether the unit is needed and justified. The review shall include estimates of the cost of bringing each unit that is needed and justified into usable condition that meets all applicable legal housing requirements or, if the unit is determined to be obsolete but is still warranted to carry out the missions of the Department of the Interior and the National Park Service, the cost of replacing the unit.

(6) AUTHORIZATION FOR HOUSING AGREEMENTS.—For those units of the National Park System for which the review required by paragraphs (3) and (5) has been completed, the Secretary is authorized, pursuant to the authorities contained in this subsection and subject to the appropriation of necessary funds in advance, to enter into housing agreements with housing entities under which such housing entities may develop, construct, rehabilitate, or manage housing, located on or off public lands, for rent or lease to National Park Service employees who meet the housing eligibility criteria developed by the Secretary pursuant to this Act.


(A) LEASE TO BUILD PROGRAM.-Subject to the appropriation of necessary funds in advance, the Secretary may

(i) lease Federal land and interests in land to qualified persons for the construction of field employee quarters for any period not to exceed 50 years; and

(ii) lease developed and undeveloped non-Federal land for providing field employee quarters.

(B) COMPTETITIVE LEASING.-Each lease under subparagraph (A)(i) shall be awarded through the use of publicly advertised, competitively bid, or competitively negotiated contracting procedures.

(C) TERMS AND CONDITIONS.-Each lease under subparagraph (A)(i)—

(i) shall stipulate whether operation and maintenance of field employee quarters is to be provided by the lessee, field employees or the Federal Government; (ii) shall require that the construction and rehabilitation of field employee quarters be done in accordance with the requirements of the National Park Serv

ice and local applicable building codes and industry standards;

(iii) shall contain such additional terms and conditions as may be appropriate to protect the Federal interest, including limits on rents the lessee may charge field employees for the occupancy of quarters, conditions on maintenance and repairs, and agreements on the provision of charges for utilities and other infrastructure; and

(iv) may be granted at less than fair market value if the Secretary determines that such lease will improve the quality and availability of field employee quarters available.

(D) CONTRIBUTIONS BY UNITED STATES.-The Secretary may make payments, subject to appropriations, or contributions in kind either in advance of or on a continuing basis to reduce the costs of planning, construction, or rehabilitation of quarters on or off Federal lands under a lease under this paragraph.


(A) GENERAL AUTHORITY.—Subject to the appropriation of necessary funds in advance, the Secretary may enter into a lease to build arrangement as set forth in paragraph (7) with further agreement to guarantee the occupancy of field employee quarters constructed or rehabilitated under such lease. A guarantee made under this paragraph shall be in writing.

(B) LIMITATIONS.-The Secretary may not guarantee(i) the occupancy of more than 75 percent of the units constructed or rehabilitated under such lease; and

(ii) at a rental rate that exceeds the rate based on the reasonable value of the housing in accordance with requirements applicable under section 5911 of title 5, United States Code.

In no event shall outstanding guarantees be in excess of $3,000,000,

(C) RENTAL TO GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.- -A guarantee may be made under this subsection only if the lessee agrees to permit the Secretary to utilize for housing purposes any units for which the guarantee is made

(D) FAILURE TO MAINTAIN A SATISFACTORY LEVEL OF OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE.-The lease shall be null and void if the lessee fails to maintain a satisfactory level of operation and maintenance.

(9) JOINT DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY.-The Secretary may use authorities granted by statue in combination with one another in the furtherance of providing where necessary and justified affordable field employee housing.


(A) GENERAL AUTHORITY.-Subject to the appropria

enter into contracts of any duration for the management, repair, and maintenance of field employee quarters.

(B) TERMS AND CONDITIONS.-Any such contract_shall contain such terms and conditions as the Secretary deems necessary or appropriate to protect the interests of the United States and assure that necessary quarters are available to field employees.


(A) GENERAL AUTHORITY.-Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary may lease quarters at or near a unit of the national park system for use as seasonal quarters for field employees. The rent charged to field employees under such a lease shall be a rate based on the reasonable value of the quarters in accordance with requirements applicable under section 5911 of title 5, United States Code.

(B) LIMITATION.-The Secretary may only issue a lease under subparagraph (A) if the Secretary finds that there is a shortage of adequate and affordable seasonal quarters at or near such unit and that—

(i) the requirement for such seasonal field employee quarters is temporary; or

(ii) leasing would be more cost effective than construction of new seasonal field employee quarters.

(C) UNRECOVERED COSTS.-The Secretary may pay the unrecovered costs of leasing seasonal quarters under this paragraph from annual appropriations for the year in which such lease is made.


(A) complete a condition assessment for all field employee housing, including the physical condition of such housing and the necessity and suitability of such housing for carrying out the agency mission, using existing information; and

(B) develop an agency-wide priority listing, by structure, identifying those units in greatest need for repair, rehabilitation, replacement, or initial construction.

(13) USE OF HOUSING-RELATED FUNDS.-Expenditure of any funds authorized and appropriated for new construction, repair, or rehabilitation of housing under this section shall follow the housing priority listing established by the agency under paragraph (13), in sequential order, to the maximum extent practicable.

(14) ANNUAL BUDGET SUBMITTAL.-The President's proposed budget to Congress for the first fiscal year beginning after enactment of this Act, and for each subsequent fiscal year, shall include identification of nonconstruction funds to be spent for National Park Service housing maintenance and operations which are in addition to rental receipts collected.

(15) STUDY OF HOUSING ALLOWANCES.-Within 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall conduct a study to determine the feasibility of providing eligible employees of the National Park Service with housing allowances rather than Government housing. The study shall spe

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