SERM. he became mortal, and therefore subject un to all the ill health, all the diseases, com

mon to mortality ;-the first steps in vice being made, his heart was in a degree corrupted, and he became more liable to vice in future; and I think it probable (for such is the usual consequence of guilt) that the powers of his understanding were considerably impaired. At length, the time arrived when he was to suffer his entire punishment; he died - he laid down that existence, which, had he preserved his innocence, would have been immortal ; - he ceased to be; and, according to strict justice, he never would have revived there would have been an entire end of him. Now all mankind, being sprung from this Adam, share in the ill consequences of his disobedience; they become liable to all the bad effects of his crime — and, among the rest, to death! Every one of us, like unto our first parent, after we



have run our short race here on earth, SERM.

VI. sink into the grave-moulder in the dust from which we originally sprung - and, but for God's boundless mercy, in that state should we continue for ever.

I will now tell you of the remedy which God has provided for this, which will bring me to the immediate subject on which i promised to treat:

As in Adam all die, even so in Christ “ shall all be made alive.” As by the transgression of Adam we lost happiness and immortality, by the perfect obedience of Christ, even to the death upon the cross, we regain them; or, what ought to be the same thing, we are put in a condition of regaining them, and cannot fail of them if it be not our own fault. As connected with Adam, we all sink into the grave; as connected with Christ, we shall all, at a certain time, be raised again. To obtain this high privilege, it is necessary that we Vol. II.


SERM, take Christ to be our master that we be

W come his followers--that we are made one

of that great body of which he is the head.
Now this is done by baptism ;-baptism is
the ceremony which was appointed by him-
self for our admission into that society
which he came to establish. The mean.
ing of baptism is 'washing,' which may
either be done, you know, by dipping the
body into water, or by sprinkling water
upon it -- it is immaterial which. This is
a proper and significant representation of
what it is meant for, namely, of that
cleansing from the guilt of our first på.
rent which is brought about in us, by
taking Christ for our master. As water re-
moves all foulness from the body, so be.
coming the servants of Christ removes all
the foulness of sin (which had deprived us
of the favour of God) from the soul.

We become by baptism, as the catechism expresses it, members of Christ, children


of God, and inheritors of the kingdom of SERM.

VI. heaven.“ Members of Christ,” i. e. we become united to him in a similar manner as the members of the body are to the head. “ Children of God,”.i. e. we are again restored to God's favour, he looks on us again as his sons; our likeness to him, which had been much impaired by the fall of Adam, is restored.“ Inheritors of the kingdom of * heaven,” that is, we gain a title of being happy for ever both in body and soul: this had been lost by Adam's transgression, both for himself and his posterity; had it not been for Christ, when we had died there would have been an entire end of us; through his means, if it be not our own fault, we shall not only rise again and be immortal, but our immortality shall be accompanied likewise by infinite happiness. You will observe that I put in the clause, “if it be not our own fault;' for there are certain conditions on our part to be performed after G7


SER M. baptism, without which we shall not be enn titled to the privileges of it; nay, if we neg

lect these conditions, there is reason to be. lieve that we shall be in a far worse state than if Christ had never come. Christ has procured immortality for all mankind, that is, eternal existence; but whether this eternal existence shall be happy or miserable, depends on themselves; by their own misconduct they may turn what was meant as the greatest of blessings into the greatest of eurses.

After the catechism has recited the privileges to which baptism gives us a claim, it proceeds to' set forth the conditions on which we may secure them; and those conditions our god-fathers and god-mothers promise in our name that we shall observe. They are three; first, that we should renounce. what God forbids; secondly, that we should believe what he teaches; thirdly, that we should do what he commands. Our


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