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Why didn't you take me by the ear as wanted to speak to me alone. I thought if I were a child? You knew it-so it he had had no time, found no opporwas a matter of perfect indifference to tunity to talk freely! Now he has you?"
spoken! Listen, he may be an extraor“But what right had I
dinary man, but he's stupid-yes, yes, “What right? The right of friend. stupid! He isn't capable of uttering ship. Ah! yes, he is your friend, too- two coherent words. And then he is I am ashamed of myself, Fedor. He is positively rude. But I don't want to your friend. Toat man treated me yes- accuse him too harshly. He probably terday in a way
thought I was a silly, reckless girl. Marja turned away. Kister's eyes True, I had scarcely spoken to him. flashed, and he grew very pale.
He had aroused my curiosity; but I sup“Well, well, don't get angry. Listen, posed that a man you honored with Fedor, you mustn't be angry! Every- your friendshipthing turned out for the best. I am "Pray don't speak of him as my glad that yesterday's explanation took friend,” interrupted Kister. place. Why do you suppose I am talk- “No, no, I don't wish to make trouble ing to you about it? Because I wanted between you!" to complain of Captain Lutschkoff ? “Good heavens, I would gladly sacriOh! no. I have already forgotten him. fice for your sake not only my friends, But I am somewhat in fault towards but even All intimacy between Capyou, my good friend. I should like to tain Lutschkoff and myself is over,” he make an explanation, beg your forgive added hastily. ness, and ask your advice. You have Marja gazed earnestly into his eyes. taught me sincerity; my heart feels so “Let us say no more about him," she light when I am with you. You are no said. “This will be a lesson to me. It Lutschkoff.”
was my own fault. For several months “Lutschkoff is blunt and awkward," I daily saw a good, clever, gay, agreeKister said, with effort, “but-"
able man, who” Marja hesitated a “What, a but! You are not ashamed moment in embarrassment—"who also to say but. He is blunt and awkward -seemed to like me—a little-and I, and spiteful and conceited-you hear. stupid thing," she hastily continued, I say and, not but."
"preferred the other-no, no, I didn't "You say so because you are still prefer the other, but-" under the influence of your anger, She bowed her head in embarrassMarja Serjevna,” replied Kister sadly. ment and was silent.
“What, I angry? Why, look at me; A strange emotion took possession of is this the way people appear when they Kister. "Is it really true?” he thought. are angry? Listen,” Marja went on; "Marja Serjevna!” he began at last “think what you please of me—but if aloud. you suppose I am flirting with you Marja raised her head and gazed at to-day out of revenge, then- Her him with eyes full of tears. eyes filled with tears.
“Don't you guess of whom I am speak•Be frank, Marja Serjevna.”
ing?" she asked. “Oh! how stupid and hateful you can Kister, almost holding his breath, exbe! Look at me. Am I not treating you tended his hand to her. Marja eagerly frankly and honestly? Can you not seized it, and pressed it closely, tenread my soul?”
derly. "Well, then-yes, I do believe you," “You are my kind friend again, are Kister continued, smiling, as he noted you not? What won't you answer the sorrowful persistency with which me?" she tried to catch his glance, “but tell “Surely you know that I am your me what induced you to grant Lutsch- friend," he murmured. koff a meeting?"
“And you don't condemn me? You “What? I don't know myself. He have forgiven me? And understand
LIVING AGE, VOL. XII. 613
me? And you don't laugh at a girl who springs of Manchu government shows a grants an interview to one man one day, gradual tendency to disappear. and the next talks to another as-as I But it must not be imagined that all
now talking to you—you won't imperial decrees are issued for publicamake sport of me, will you?”
tion. Anything of a confidential naHer face glowed; she held his right ture, whether in the form of a decree, hand firmly clasped in both her own. rescript, or memorial, is "kept inside;"
“I make sport of you!” replied Kister; and there is no capital in the world “I-I-why, I love you I love you!" he where it is more difficult to purchase exclaimed.
secret documents than Peking. But Marja covered her face with her these documents, when they concern hands.
the general weal, are none the less “Have you not long known, Marja, transmitted for record or report to most that I love you?”
of the viceroys and provincial governors, from whose offices it is often not
difficult to obtain, by purchase, copies From Longman's Magazine
of interesting documents. The local THE “PEKING GAZETTE” AND CHINESE gentry, who like to be informed upon POSTING.
everything which concerns the interests Previous to the introduction under of their caste in general and of their European auspices of the Chinese news- relatives holding office in particular, papers now daily circulated from Hong usually have a clerk or two in their pay, Kong and Shanghai, and of more recent and these clerks are not slow to disyears also, to a lesser extent, from
foreigners have Tientsin and Hankow, there was hardly similar and more liberally bestowed any dissimination of news throughout funds at hand for a like purpose. Bethe empire, except that conveyed by the sides this, Chinese officials themselves Peking Gazette, or, as the Chinese call sometimes find it advantageous to obit the Metropolitan Reporter (King-pao). tain the publication in the native press For many years past English transla- of confidential documents; and, as this tions of the more important documents native press would soon be strangled to issued to and published by the Peking death without its European protection, Gazette office have been furnished, they can easily disavow all responsi. either in full or in the form of a digest, bility by referring their censorious according to their weight and interest, superiors to the foreign editor as the by the leading Shanghai newspaper; responsible person. Over and over and, moreover, all the native Shanghai again have the viceregal governments newspapers, and some of the others, remonstrated with the consuls at publish daily, in extenso, the original Shanghai, and endeavored to institute Chinese versions: in the case of interest- a sort of press inquisition; but at last ing imperial decrees or very important they have come to perceive, on the one memorials from the Provinces, the chief hand, that all such attempts are vain, organs of the Chinese press even obtain and, on the other, that "what is sauce their information by telegraph from for the goose is also sauce for the Peking. And thus it happens that the gander"-unpleasant publicity in one work of centralization, which has in instance being compensated by desirevery sense largely developed since the able notoriety in another. Thus it European envoys settled in Peking comes that the Shen Pao, or Shanghai thirty-five years ago, has been consider- Reporter, has now become an acceptable ably facilitated and brought home to organ even at court, besides circulating the Chinese mind; both foreigners and all over the empire, and, to a less extent, natives receive rapid, precise, and throughout Corea, Japan, Annam, Siam, regular information of what goes on in and Burma; and it is as well-managed the capital, and the mystery which, an organ as any European daily newsuntil a generation ago, enveloped the paper.
Yet the Peking Gazette has lost none of department at Peking which is charged its importance; on the contrary, as the with the duty of copying and delivering Shen Pao invariably prints the whole of in the form of a Gazette such documenit, the circulation of the older sheet has tary information as may be given to it been enormously increased and popular- for that purpose by the emperor's order ized. The promotions and degrada- or with the authority of the Privy tio which, of course, present little of Council. This information is grouped interest to foreigners, are scanned with in three divisions, which may be thus avidity by the hungry provincial ex- enumerated: A. Court matters. B. pectants; the latest news concerning the Original decrees, rescripts, appointexaminations is instantaneously tele- ments, degradations, etc.. C. Direct graphed to Shanghai, and at once reports to the emperor from the provincirculated for the information of the cial governments. Under the first head gaming fraternity, who make huge bets appear the routine duties of the minis. on the results, and, in the case of Can. ters in attendance, and the lists of preston, Hong Kong, and Macao, get up entations (if any) made by them. Two popular lotteries involving millions or three heads of departments are in sterling a year in prize money. For- attendance every eighth day until the eigners anxiously look for the publica- whole twenty are exhausted, when the tion in the Gazette of decrees favoring round begins again. The Gazette anmissionaries, which documents are of nounces, for instance: "To-day was the little use if left to the saving grace of attendance day of the Board of Office local proclamations issued by the pro- and the Hanlin Academy; there were vincial authorities. Budding censor's, no presentations.” Besides the Boards who usually commence their successes of Revenue, Rites, Punishments, War, in public life by protesting against and Works, there are the Mongolian somebody or something (it does not Superintendency, Household, Stud much matter what so long as it “goes Office, Sacrificial Court, Clan Office, down'), are delighted to their Board of Astronomy, Censorate, Ban. names in print with the imperial com- queting Court, Court of Revision, Transments upon their effusions. For many mission Office, Education Office, Royal years the words “telegraph” and “news- Mews, etc., etc. As in England, the paper" were studiously ignored by the Cabinet has no regular official organizapalace and by the provincial bureaux; tion, but it meets the emperor every it would have been almost as great an morning before dawn, and is now, in outrage to insert the word “telegram” many respects, practically one and the in an imperial decree as to speak of same thing as the Board of Foreign the Empire Music Hall bottled stout Affairs, which is a creation of 1860, and in a queen's speech; but now tele- rather officious than official. The graphic decrees and telegraphic reports Inner Council is much like our Privy are the order of the day, and a gen- Council; its official existence survives, eral in Turkestan only the other but its functions have to most intents week mentioned in his memorial been superseded by the Cabinet Council. that he was sending the good news of In addition to the above administrative his victories to be published in the departments there are the Imperial Shen Pao. Changes in China come Body Guard, Two Wings, and Eight slowly, at least to those who are eager Banners; these military departments for progress; but in this, as in other also come in turn, but take ten days, matters, the difference between 1896 instead of eight, to exhaust; conseand 1866 is almost as great at root, quently their rotation varies in respect though not so apparent above ground, of the civilians. After the announceas in the case of Japan. The vast ment concerning attendances, the Gacarcase of China is unmistakably mov- zette usually goes on to enumerate the ing.
applications for furlough, sick leave. There is a special bureau or public permission to visit parents' tombs, and
and Chinese Posting. so on. Then come the verbal applica- our imperial mother and ourself had tions for special appointments, and the conferred presents of pills and ginseng list of persons nominated on extraor- upon him at various times. We now dinary temporary duty; for instance: hear, alas! that he is no more. X.Y.Zi's "The Board of Revenue applies for a penalties during life are hereby canspecial auditor, His Majesty
celled. One thousand pounds are bepleased to nominate the Grand Secre- stowed for funeral expenses, and the tary X.” Or, “The War Office submits local officials will pay every respect to the propriety of appointing special ex. the coffin as it passes through their jurisaminers for the military status of com,
dictions, Prince A. will meet the propetent armorer. His Majesty
cession outside Peking, and spread a pleased to name the Princes A. and B., Tibetan quilt upon the remains. Let the President C., and Messieurs D., E., X.Y.Z.'s son B. become a junior presiand F. for this duty." Next follows a dent; his eldest grandson C. will be prelist of special audiences accorded; thus: sented when he comes of age. In this “Special audiences granted to Li Hung way do we delight to honor an upright Chang and to A., the ex-minister to and loyal servant. Russia and Germany." Finally, the 2. Let X. become viceroy of Sz Chwan, movements of the emperor are notified, 3. Let Y. replace X, as governor of just as with us; thus: "His Majesty Ho Nan, proceeding direct to his post proposes to pass through the A. gate at without seeking our further instruc8 A.M. to-morrow, proceed to the B. tions. Until he arrives, let 2. the audience chamber, and formally sanc- treasurer act as governor. tion the documents awaiting submis- 4. During the past ten years China sion there. After this the emperor will and the foreigner have learnt to know proceed by way of the C. court and the each other better, yet there are still disD. portal to the E. palace, and will there tricts where Christian missionaries are perform the appropriate rites for the viewed with hostility. The viceroys day. His Majesty will present bis and governors of provinces should cirrespects to the dowager-empress on his culate copies of the treaties throughout way back, take a turn in the new all subordinate local offices, and see sceam-launch, quit the Lily Pond, and that prefects and magistrates carry out regain his private apartments by way our imperial desire that in future disof the F. garden and G. gate."
tant men be treated with every kindThe range of ground covered by the imperial decrees is of course very wide. 5. The Governor X. reports a number Yet there is considerable sameness and of incompetents. The Prefect A. is an similarity. I have read nearly all the opium sot and too fond of actors! the imperial decrees published during the Magistrate B. is a fellow of low and past twenty years, and I think I may mercenary spirit. Let each be reduced safely say that out of a daily average one grade. The Prefect C. is no fool, of ten there is not one which is not but he is getting old and feeble. Let worded in purely stereotyped fashion. him retire on his present rank. The The following are all routine decrees, Magistrate D. is simply an idiot. Let varying only slightly according to him take charge of the local education special circumstances. In order to save department instead. space and avoid wearying the reader 6. The Governor A. reports the death I have much curtailed them.
of the Prefect of Canton. Let him I. The worthy Viceroy X.Y.Z. of Sz select a successor from one of the avail. Chwan began his career as an ordinary able competent prefects in charge of bachelor, gradually working his way any other town; let B. have the post through the various administrative thus vacated. ranks until he was entrusted with a prov- 7. The remarks of the Censor X. upon ince of his own. He had repeatedly the immortal tendencies of the age are solicited permission to retire, and both not destitute of common
striving after virtue, we only follow sudden stoppage of the floods in nine the lead of our sacred ancestors of districts. We are infinitely touched by never-to-be-forgotten memory; still, it is this gracious evidence of the gods' possible that failure of our own may intervention. The Academy bas been exercise deleterious psychological ordered to compose a suitable aphorism effect upon the minds of men at large. for engraving on a gorgeous tablet. In future let all viceroys and governors The Viceroy will proceed in full uniwatch their own conduct more closely, form, followed by the whole official with a view to propitiating Heaven's body, to hang this tablet in the Moth's favor.
Eyebrows Hall, in order to prove to the 8. The Resident in Tibet reports that local deity that we are not indisposed the soul of the defunct Dalai Lama has to requite his services. been found in the body of A., an infant 14. When the eclipse of the moon of the peasant B. family. It must be takes place to-morrow, let the proper remembered that, in consequence of an authorities set up the usual howls, and ofience by C., his late Majesty com- save the moon in due legal form. manded twenty-five years ago that no 15. Let the X. murder case be handed souls should be found for three genera- to the Governor of Kwang Si, who will tions in the district of D. It is presumed duly summon all parties and witnesses, that the resident has this command in examine the papers, and endeavor to his mind's eye, and that the B. family is get at the real truth. Let the appellant untainted with local disability. If this be sent back from Peking to be at once be so, the finding of the soul is ap- confronted with the appellee. proved.
Specimens of imperial decrees and 9. A man stopped our sedan-chair rescripts might be multiplied indefiyesterday with a petition. Let him be nitely, but the above are sufficient for handed over to the Board of Punish- illustration. Nos. 2, 3, 6, 11 occur alments whilst enquiry is made.
most daily, Nos. 5 and 15 at least once lv. We yesterday received the benign a week. The others occur at rare intercommands of our imperial mother the vals. It rarely happens that a decree dowager to save our legs by riding in a
appears couched in entirely new style, litter instead of walking across the Lily or treating of quite a fresh subject. Garden. Though we thought our body
The area covered by reports from the was fairly sound, still we must not for- Provinces is just as extensive as that get our capacity as representative of all occupied by decrees and rescripts. As men under the sun. In future, at least
rule, confidential memorials when it is windy, let the litter be pre- treated confidentially, but occasionally pared.
they are published in all their aldness, 11. Let A. be general at Foochow.
and viceroys and governors indulge in 12. Eunuchs are at the best of times very unconventional language about but the orts of men. Taking warning each other before the emperor. I reby the fate of the Trang and Ming member in 1872–73 the Viceroy Liu dynasties, we Manchus have never en- K‘un-yi (now at Nanking), when govtrusted these menials with any impor
ernor of Kiang Si, got into a mess with tant charges. The head eunuch A.
a local magnate then on a visit to appears to have used rude language to Peking. The local magnate had writLi Hung Chang on the latter's declining ten him private letters with a view to to pay certain fees. Let him receive evading taxation on certain property. fifty blows with the stick, and let the The governor, in contradicting the magiron tablet of rules suspended in the nate's slanderous statements, said: "His eunuch department be read out aloud motives must have been corrupt, for to them all once a month.
long before that I had half-a-dozen 13. The Viceroy of Hu Kwang reports private letters from him on the subject the descent to the earth from the clouds from Peking." The emperor said: of a green lizard, and the consequent “How came you to let them run into the