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taught together with and amongst all the Oxford school was growing in insorts of youths, which course is by fluence. Of course “muscular Chris
never have become many conceived very uncomely and tianity” could not decent, therefore the said school- really popular with the clergy, as it master may not admit any of that sex reduced them to the position of secto be ght in the said school.” ond-rate laymen.
The room is now used as a village 10th.—There was a nut-hatch very reading-hall. Tom Hughes's “Scour busy in one of the limes this morning of the White Horse" describes ing. The bees are also busy there; with a wonderful vividness, which was but listening to them as they "imone of his gifts as a writer, the “pas- proved the shining hour" made me times" that used to be held on occa
less and less inclined for business mysion of the scouring, and it remains self. In fact I fell asleep. A modern their memorial. For now the old idol poet notes “a hum of bees in the is kept clean by the tenant without queenly robes of the lime” as one of ceremony. It is a quaint notion—an the most delightful noises in nature, ancient idol scoured by a muscular and so it is; though his line, when I Christian. People who write in the quote it, makes Sophia shake her petpapers are not old enough to remem
ticoats. On my way to
to conber the hideous Clapham School re
sult my lawyer about a boundary disligion, from which “muscular Chris- pute with G. P., I met a party of three tianity" helped to deliver us. There magpies, which should bode good foris a good sketch of it in Laurence Oli- tune. Prosit! The hedges are in phant's “Piccadilly.” Its outward their full summer glory: symbol was black kid gloves, and its
lovely to see pass-words were many, perhaps the With mullein, and mallow, and agrimony, most odious being the word "engage.” With campion, and chicory handsome and When a clergyman called, it was quite
tall, customary for him to say, “Shall we
And the darling red poppy that's gayest of engage?” and then and there you
all, were expected to let him hale you into to quote a very old-fashioned poetasthe presence of your Maker. Its or- ter. Indeed, such is summer's pomp gan in the press was a paper called and prodigality that many things slip the Record, which ruled the religious by without being enough enjoyed. world with a rod of iron. Any parson That ancient allegory of the pursuit caught thinking for himself of pleasure, which still eludes the purnoted, and
suer, is wonderfully true even of such
a mild delight as the enjoyment of Without reprieve condemned to death For want of well-pronouncing shibboleth;
summer; cannot really set to
work to enjoy it; the enjoyment the “death” in question being not comes when it wills in chance waves; only professional, the disfavor of Lord but I have ever an absurd feeling that, Shaftesbury and loss of preferment, while I am occupied with business inbut “the second death” as well, with doors, flowers wasting their quarters assigned in the disciplinary sweetness, and birds their melody, and department of paradise.
summer is growing old. tion of that good man, Frederick Mau- out is not necessarily to find enjoyrice, the prophet of the musculars, the ment. memory of which has been preserved, The visit of the Artillery Company like a fly in amber, by Tennyson's of Massachusetts to their elder brethdelightful ode to him, helped to dis- ren in England should help to patch gust moderate people; and meanwhile up the sentimental alliance between
But to go
the two countries. But sentiment built new cottages for these people, will not last unless it is supported by others anything but respectable would courtesy and tact. Now it is a curi- be only too glad to come into the ous and unfortunate thing that while empty ones. That is true enough. The individual Americans often excel solution, of course, is for Tom to buy Englishmen in these qualities (one the cottages in question, and either need go no further for an instance reconstruct or pull them down; and than Colonel Walker of the H.A.C., this, if no one suggests it to him, he and that fine phrase of his about her will probably do. But such debates Majesty, “her queenliness as a wo- as last night's will soon bring up the man and her womanliness
council to the level of interest of Lord queen")—the bulk of those prominent Salisbury's circus. in politics seem singularly destitute 15th.–St. Swithin's: just enough of both, and there is no diplomatic rain for the “apple christening." tradition. Happily the educated classes H. M. Inspector paid a "visit withare thoroughly alive to the danger of out notice” to the school. At least it such a state of things; and meanwhile was without notice so far as the England must remember that Amer- schoolmaster was concerned; I had ica is a young country with a Civil known the awful secret for three days Service improving indeed, but still far past as he had proposed himself for from organized, and with the right of luncheon. So I happened to call at the young to be infallible. There is the school and found him there. He an interesting “Tatler” (No. 41) about is a good inspector, if a trifle "tarrifythe Artillery Company, describing a ing,” as we say here. Most inspectors sham fight in the streets of London are terrifying; so much depends upon on June 29, 1709; which shows that their verdict, and it is difficult for the H.A.C. was to the wits of two cen- them to keep the sense of their importuries ago what the Rifle Volunteers tance out of their manner. One inwere to Punch in the sixties.
spector. I know exercises a quite ex11th.—There seems a chance of the traordinary and basilico-like fascinaParish Council meetings becoming tion by virtue of a rather stony blue more lively. Both Tom and his wife eye, and a lapis-lazuli in his fingerare on the council, Tom being chair- ring of the same tint. These in a reman, and they regard it as a highly markable way react upon and redupliuseful means of registering their be- cate each other. He, too, is a good nevolent ukases. But the vicar, who fellow, but full of fads, and the worst has been elected this year, is full of of these is grammar. I heard him notions and wants to democratize it. once take a class in grammar. He As a first step, to insure publicity for asked, amongst other useless things, the discussions, he has persuaded a the meaning of “intransitive.” Hapfew old women to attend the meet- pily no child knew, so he proceeded to ings, all the men being too busy in explain. "Intransitive means not gotheir gardens and not very keenly in- ing over; an intransitive verb terested. Last night there was a de- presses an action that does not go bate about housing. The vicar main- over to an object. For example, the tained that certain cottages (not verb jump is intransitive; Tom's) were a disgrace to the village, 'the cat jumps,' I describe an action and that the people who live in them that doesn't ‘go over.'” O mad inspecwere very respectable people who had tor! I fear your teaching proved more a right (ominous word!) to decent intransitive than your cat's jump. At houses if they could pay for them. luncheon H. M. Inspector amused us Tom replied that if he or any one else with professional anecdotes. At a re
if I say,
mote village school he had surprised theatres, and so the owners of the the infant mistress watering the chil- plays they allowed to be published. In dren with a garden rose before the Shakespeare's will there is an item inexamination began to keep them terlined: “To my fellowes, John Hemfresh. Another story was of a child ynges, Richard Burbage, and Henry whom he asked to explain the word Cundell, xxvjs viija peece to "pilgrim.” “Please, sir, a man who buy them ringes.” The commentator travels about.” “But I travel about. Steevens has some amusing remarks Am I a pilgrim?” “Please, sir, a good on the greasy condition of most copies man."
As an example of what is of the first folio that have come down: meant by “visualizing" in children “Of all volumes those of popular en(and the want of it in inspectors), he tertainment are soonest injured. It told us of a small boy who could not would be difficult to name four folios add nine to seven. The inspector, to that are oftener found in dirty and make the sum easy, put it thus: “Sup- mutilated condition, than this first pose you had nine apples in one hand assemblage of Shakespeare's plays. and seven in the other, how many “God's Revenge against Murder,” “The would you have altogether?” "I Gentleman's Recreation,” and “Johnshould have two jolly good handfuls.”
son's Lives of the Highwaymen." 16th.—The papers report this morn- Though Shakespeare was not, like ing the unveiling of three monuments: Fox the Martyrologist, deposited in a bust in the Abbey of Thomas Ar- churches to be thumbed by the connold, a statue to Newman at the gregation, he generally took post on Brompton Oratory, and a granite col- our hall tables; and that a multitude umn crowned by a bust of Shake- of his pages have “their effect of speare in the churchyard of St. Mary, gravy” may be imputed to the various Aldermanbury, to the editors of the eatables set out every morning on the first folio, Heminge and Condell. It same boards. It should seem that was interesting to notice as character most of his readers were so chary of istic of our tolerant age that several
their time, that (like Pistol, who distinguished persons passed from the gnaws his leek and swears all the first of these celebrations to the sec- while) they fed and studied at the ond. The names of Heminge and Con- same instant. I have repeatedly met dell are less répandus; but their ser- with thin flakes of piecrust between vice to literature cannot easily be ex
the leaves of our author. These uncaggerated, and it is pleasant to think tuous fragments, remaining long in that the great public should recognize close confinement, communicated their who it is they have to thank (under grease to several pages deep on each Shakespeare) for eighteen of his thir- side of them. It is easy enough to ty-six dramas. “We have but col- conceive how such accidents might lected them,” they say, “and done an happen-how Aunt Bridget's masticaoffice to the dead to procure his tion might be disordered at the sudorphans guardians, without ambition den entry of the Ghost into the either of self-profit or fame; only to Queen's closet, and how the halfkeep the memory of so worthy a chewed morsel dropped out of the friend and fellow alive as
gaping Squire's mouth when the visShakespeare. Fellow implies that ionary Banquo seated himself in the they were players-Heminge a poor chair of Macbeth. Still, it is no small one, “Stuttering Hemmings,” he is eulogium on Shakespeare that his called; but besides being players, they claims were more forcible than those were the leading proprietors and man- of hunger. Most of the first folios agers of the Globe and Blackfriars now extant are known to have be
longed to ancient families resident not go to church. Who was it said in the country.” Would that our an- that the one pleasure that never palled cient family possessed its copy, how was the pleasure of not going to succulent soever!
church? I have a notion that it was 18th.—Met some people who have the Bishop of Anyhow it could long lived at Woodbridge, and tried to only be by reference to a constant glean a few fresh stories about Ed- type that the aberration would interward FitzGerald, but with no success. est. Having FitzGerald in my mind, All they could tell me was that he
I took down the first volume of Wesnever entertained and rarely accepted ley's journal, a book of which E. F. G. invitations; that he walked about a thought highly, to read by way of great deal always wearing a plaid, al- sermon. It covers the years of Wesways apparently lost in thought and ley's missionary expedition to the new recognizing nobody, being indeed also colony of Georgia. One does not know short-sighted. He seems to have been which to wonder at most, his toughregarded by the neighbors with a cer- ness of body or his toughness of mind. tain awe as a student and man of let- Both were extraordinary. What would ters, though no one quite knew what one of even our hardest-worked Lonhe wrote or studied. The story lin- don clergy think of the following gers in the place that he once in- Sunday programme:structed his boatman to sew him up
5-6.30 A. M. First English prayers. when he died in a hammock and pitch
9. Italian service for the Vaudois. him overboard. But I am told that 10.30-12.30. English service and serhis tomb is now a place of pilgrimage, I suppose to young gentlemen who 1 P. M. French service. think the quatrains of Omar Khay- 2. Catechizing of children. yam the last word in the criticism of 3. English evensong, followed by life. The pity of it, that FitzGerald prayer meeting, etc. should have sacrificed so exquisite a 6.30. German service, at which, literary gift to refurbishing such an- however, Wesley attended only. tique pessimism, and the irony of it, For another proof of his very refor a man who was always censuring markable physique, one might take Tennyson for his effeminating senti- this account of a travelling adventure, ment and calling on him for trumpet- which was by no means unparalleled blasts. I suppose if a man will live in his Colonial experience:alone in a damp country and dine "Mr. Delamotte and I, with a guide, daily on vegetables and his set out to walk to the Cow-pen; when heart, there is no resisting pessimism. we had walked two or three hours, But FitzGerald would himself have our guide told us plainly, 'He did not recognized that the quatrains were know where we were.' However, bethe poem of a mood. C. gave me lately lieving it could not be far off, we E. F. G.'s Sophocles, with his auto- thought it best to go on. In an hour graph, and the funny churchwarden- or two we came to a cypress swamp, Gothic book-plate designed for him which lay directly across our way; by Thackeray. I remember being there was not time to walk back to once told that FitzGerald and Charles Savannah before night, so we walked Keene were friends for a long time on through it, the water being about the ground of a common attachment breast-high. By that time we had to the bag-pipes before either knew gone a mile beyond it, we were out the side of the other that the world of all path, and it being now past now cares for.
sunset, we sat down, intending to 19th.-Sunday. Megrims, did make a fire and to stay there till
morning; but finding our tinder wet 22nd.—My sister had invited Eugenia we were at a stand. I advised to walk to town to see the royal wedding, and on still, but my companions being I accompanied her, as I wished once faint and weary, were for lying down, more to remonstrate with Charlotte which we accordingly did about sis about her intention of bequeathing my o'clock; the ground was as wet as our father's collection of virtù the cloaks, which (it being a sharp frost) Kensington Museum. Charlotte is were soon froze together; however, I loyalty herself, and so we were not slept till six in the morning. There surprised to find all the windows in fell a heavy dew in the night, which her house ablaze with geraniums and covered us over as white as
tobacco-plants, red and white being, Within an hour after sunrise we came as she informed us, the Danish colors. to a plantation, and in the eveningUnfortunately, the royal personages without any hurt, to Savannah.” did not pass through Chester Square, (Wednesday, December 23, 1736.). so that they were none the happier.
Every page of the journal testifies But the policeman seemed impressed, to the scholar no less than the gentle and no doubt the houses opposite
He quotes obscure Greek epi- which had not decorated felt snubbed. grams; he reads to his Savannah flock I went with the ladies to Jack's rooms exhortations of St. Ephrem Syrus. in Piccadilly to look at the procession. Fancy Mr. H. P. Hughes reading the Read at the club Mr. Gladstone's atrhythms of this saint to a congrega- tack on the minor poet in Henley's tion at St. James's Hall! On his voy- New Review. "He may write if he age back to England he reads Machia- likes, but he must not print." The advelli to see what can be made of that vice has an air of wisdom, and it may political dissenter, and comes to a de- be offered with even more urgency to cided conclusion:
translators of Horace. For transla“In my passage home, having pro- tion, though undoubtedly a useful excured a celebrated book, the works of ercise, cannot deserve printer's ink Nicholas Machiavel, I set myself care- and paper unless the translator be a fully to read and consider it. I began poet of equal genius with his author. with a prejudice in his favor, having And poets do not, as a rule, think it been informed he had often been mis- worth while to translate each other. understood, and greatly misrepre. Why is it that Horace appeals so irsented. I weighed the sentiments that resistibly to the prosaic mind-even of were less common; transcribed the good men? Why, for instance, should passages wherein they were contained; the venerable hand that gave us an compared one passage with another, annotated Psalter give us also a verand endeavored to form a cool impar- sion of Horace? For my part, I symtial judgment. And my cool judgment pathize strongly with the poet, still is, that if all the other doctrines of happily living, who, on being asked to devils which have been committed to English an ode of Horace, replied, “I writing since letters were in the world should as soon think of doing Moore were collected together in one volume, into Greek anapæsts or Tupper into it would fall short of this: and that Greek legiacs.” Mr. Gladstone sugshould a prince form himself by this gests that when a man discovers he is book, so calmly recommending hypoc- not a great poet he should cease to risy, treachery, lying, robbery, oppres- print. But how is this simple-soundsion, adultery, whoredom and murder ing discovery to be made? The poet of all kinds, Domitian or Nero would does not, like the orator, appeal to the be an angel of light compared to that crowd, and estimate his greatness by man.” (January 26, 1737.)
the poll. He knows that if his gift is