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out no end of tea, glees, and speeches, lence combined; and because at every until 9.30; finished off with a speech until turn the drinksellers were flouting us 10 o'clock; came here very bad with cold, with this epigram, which, whatever took chlorodyne, and went to bed very may have been the intention of the miserable; woke next morning quite well. speaker, dangerously dazzled and deWent over the Infirmary, sat out a three ceived the multitude. "If you did not hours' public meeting, attended a two understand the grounds of my objechours' Church Extension committee meet- tion to the Permissive Bill," wrote the ing, talked with clergy till 5 o'clock, had bishop to Canon MacDonnell, “it is my dinner, and am off now to an evening clear that multitudes besides must meeting. Such is the easy, luxurious life
have misunderstood it too.” For mywe bloated prelates lead.
self, I never did misunderstand it; but, Ye gentlemen in curacies who sit at home at ease having once endeavored to show its How little do ye think upon the labors of our sees.
error, I left it alone. Bishop Magee I am still in the midst of a Confirmation
was bitterly and disproportionately tour, which will not end until next week. offended by my perfectly fair and hon
whereas bad The week after I have to preach before est criticism, and the queen; and nearly every day after been on cordial terms, he suddenly bethat, for five weeks, I have to preach or
came cold and hostile without telling speak somewhere or other, until June 18, me the reason till years later. I then when I hope to get away for my summer ventured to say to him, very much holidays.
more plainly than I here write, how You may see from this at what a pace far better it would have been if he we “bloated and indolent" English prel had at once let me know that he had ates are living. I doubt if any one of us taken offence. In that case he would will live as bishop ten years.
have received from me, by return of God knows, and he only, how I hate post, an expression of the most sinpatronage. It is the most anxious, thank
cere regret if, however unwittingly, I less, and disappointing duty that any man
had misrepresented his meaning and can be called on to perform.
wounded his sensitiveness. Nothing He is certain to disappoint nineteen out would have pleased me more than to of twenty eligible men, and then it is twenty to one that the twentieth disap- of what had been his real meaning.
give any explanation which he desired points him!
He himself afterwards regretted the form Canon MacDonnell accuses of in which he had expressed his meaning; harping on the too famous remark of and, in later years, owing to circumMagee (in his speech of May 2, 1872). stances to which I will not allude, he It was universally quoted in the became entirely friendly, and ceased press that "he preferred to see En- to speak of me with disdainful anger gland free to England sober.” With and contemptuous epithets. I believe all explanations I still regard it as in- that the last
which volving a disastrous sophism, a dan- preached in London was preached at gerous error in judgment and a most my church by my request. Mr. Gladfalse antithesis. But I have never stone was present, and spoke of it as harped on it. So far as I can remem- one of the finest sermons he had ever ber, I only once publicly tried to ex- heard. That day the bishop-it was pose its falsity, in a speech delivered just before he became Archbishop of in the Sheldonian Theatre at Oxford. York—dined with us, and the ArchI did so because I had devoted my bishop of Armagh, then Bishop of utmost efforts to awaken the con- Derry, was our other guest. He descience of my fellow-countrymen to scribed the sermon as worthy in parts realize the deadliness of a curse which of Bossuet. I had first made the acMr. Gladstone in the House of Com- quaintance of both when
described more pernicious Dean of Cork and the other Dean of than those of war, famine, and pesti- Emly, and I happened to sit between
them on the platform at the Church palace of the Archbishop of CanterCongress in Dublin in 1868. The Dean bury was pulled down by the Puriof Cork, as he then was, spoke to me tans in 1558, the archbishops have now most kindly about the paper I had no palace at Canterbury, and practiread, and himself made a speech upon cally use the Deanery as their palace it. The last time I saw him was at during their visits, three times a year the Athenæum, almost immediately or oftener, to the premier cathedral. before his death, when, in radiant I had
before witnessed spirits, he thanked me heartily for my closely the sunny charm and geniality congratulations on his recent promo of fatherliness and brotherliness tion to the Archbishopricof York, which which characterized his demeanor to threw a vivid gleam of happiness upon all with whom he was thrown, from the his closing days, and had, as he ex- greatest of bores down to the most depressed it, "given him 'quite a lightful of companions, and from the lease of life.' He was not exempt oldest bedesman of eighty down to from those faults which mark all men, the youngest choir-boy of eleven. even the best; but he was a good as This “sweetness and light,” this power well as an eminent man, and in these of making himself universally bevolumes may be found many argu- loved, was undoubtedly a great help ments and opinions of great and per- to him in his public work. And how manent value on important subjects. admirable had been his career! There were some of his public lines Gifted, both as a youth and as a man, of action with which I cannot honestly with great personal comeliness, he alexpress any agreement; but his en- ways seemed to win all hearts. As a deavor to procure legal protection for boy at school, he had not only had a the tormented children of bad parents stainless character, but was happy in is one of many efforts for which he the friendship of two other boys, who deserves all gratitude and praise. remained his lifelong intimates-the
When Archbishop Tait ill in late Dr. Lightfoot, Bishop of Durham, 1869 Archbishop Magee wrote: “Who and the present Bishop of Durham, and what a Gladstonian archbishop Dr. Westcott. Even as boys they were would be, if he resigned or died, God seriously and unfeignedly religious. only knows." But the “Gladstonian It is a proud thing for Birmingham archbishop” in 1882 was Dr. Benson, School, and for their head master, Dr. the beloved and saintly prelate who Prince Lee, the first Bishop of Manhas just been taken from us. Dr. chester, to have trained at the same Magee had himself pointed out his fit- time three boys, who, though very ness, and with great prescience indi- much unlike each other, grew up to cated the line he would take if chosen. be among the foremost prelates and He wrote: “All things considered, age greatest theologians of their age. Dr. especially, he would, perhaps, prove Lightfoot and Dr. Westcott have renthe best for the Church. He would dered inestimable services to the elucertainly unite and lead the Episco- cidation of the text and interpretation pate better than the Bishop of Dur- of the New Testament. Dr. Benson ham.” I believe that the recognition was, if a less deep, yet, perhaps, an of Dr. Benson's goodness and of his even more graceful scholar than either rare qualities of head and heart will of them. He was fitted for his high grow as time goes on. Although I had position by his thorough knowledge of known him ever since we were under- and interest in cathedral life, and in graduates-he was only a little senior all branches of liturgical, ecclesiastito me--at Trinity College, Cambridge, cal, and archæological lore. He also I never got to love him more, or set possessed remarkable tact and practia higher value on his private character cal ability, large-hearted tolerance, and public services, than during the genuine sympathy with men who diflast eighteen months. As the old fered from him, and a quiet force of
persuasive influence. And how bright preaching to the boys in the temand useful were his la bors! He be- porary chapel, and meeting them at came Chancellor's Medallist at Cam- his hospitable table, I saw how kind bridge, and Scholar and Fellow of his he was, yet how firm; and how natcollege. There have been few more urally he won the affection of his pubrilliant writers of Latin and Greek pils. He then became canon and verse than he. His version of Gray's chancellor of Lincoln Cathedral, and "Ode on the Death of a Favorite Cat," by the singular success and felicity of written in the Medal Examinations, his work there evinced his fitness for became quite famous for its felicity. the arduous post of founding the new Probably the last Latin elegiacs which cathedral and organizing the new diohe ever wrote were written at my re- cese of Truro. At Truro again he won quest, to place under the opus sectile the hearts of all the Cornishmen. memorial of Bishop Phillips Brooks in When Archbishop Tait died he was at St. Margaret's church. They were as once one of those who were marked follows:
out by the popular voice as likely to
succeed him. What his primacy was, Fervidus eloquio, sacra doctissimus arte,
Suadendi gravibus vera Deumque viris, how deep and real were the services Quæreris ab sedem populari voce regen
which he was enabled to render to the dam,
Church of England and of Wales in Quæreris,ab sedem rapte domumque dangerous crises, how indefatigable Dei.
were his self-denying labors, how con
ciliatory his tone, how firm his princiThey were rendered by his poet son, Mr. Arthur Benson:
ples, how large his tolerance, how
munificent his generosity both to rich Fervent with speech, most strong with and poor, is known to all. On Friday, sacred art,
October 16, he was laid in his honored To light, to lift the struggling human resting-place, the first archbishop of heart;
the Reformed Church of England to To feed the flock: thy people's choice was be interred in Canterbury Cathedral, given,
in which repose the remains of the Required on earth, but ah! preferred to great majority of the previous priheaven.
mates down to Cardinal Pole, who The career of the late archbishop died in 1559. The Duke of York, as was indeed enviable. After a short representative of H.M. the queen; spell of work under Dr. Goulburn, as
Prince Charles of Denmark; the reprean assistant-master at Rugby, he at- sentative of the German emperor, and tracted the favorable notice of the of almost every member of the royal prince consort, and while quite a family were present and laid wreaths young man was chosen the first head- or floral tributes on his grave. Two master of Wellington College, which archbishops, more than thirty bishops, was one of the memorials of Arthur, several headmasters of our great pubDuke of Wellington. To start a new lic schools, some judges and literary school nobly and successfully is men, more than three hundred clergy, Herculean task; but no one could have the mayor and corporation of Canachieved it more admirably than Dr. terbury; the mayors of other towns; Benson. He stamped all the institu- the commandants and many officers of tions of the college with his own in- the soldiers at Canterbury and Dover; dividuality, gave it the motto Heroum delegates from the Universities of Filii, and, in the words of his son, Cambridge, Oxford, Dublin, from vari
ous great public bodies, and from taught the sons of hero sires
many schools; the students of St. To be the sires of hero sons.
Augustine's College, boys of the Visiting the college, as his guest, at King's School and Clergy Orphan an early stage of its career, and School, and not these only but also
Roman Catholics, Jews and Noncon- “who should outstrip all praise and formists of all denominations ilocked make it halt behind her." What to the ancient city on that tempestu- Prospero said of Miranda may be said ous day to do honor to his beloved of Scott's second love, whom he marmemory. The universal sorrow mani- ried. “O, how delightful,” wrote a fested at that impressive and pathetic friend, “to see the lady that is blessed fu eral ceremony, together with the with Earl Walter's love and has mind messages of condolence which flowed
enough to discover the blessing.” in from America, Canada, Australia, After their marriage, Scott and his New Zealand, and all parts of the wife Charlotte lived in a pretty cotworld, is the best proof bow deep and tage, in which they indulged a mutual how sincere was the appreciation of taste for flowers, and where their the work and of the character of the friends were often entertained in their 92nd Archbishop of Canterbury, one sitting-room, from which loving whose sudden yet happy death almost womanly fingers had removed all exactly marks the close of the thir
traces of poverty, and good taste more teenth century since first the baptism than fulfilled the uses of wealth:of King Ethelbert by St. Augustine inaugurated the conversion of the
It was here that, in the ripened glow of Saxon race, and the first establishment
manhood, he seems to have felt something
of his real strength, and poured himself in England of the Christian faith.
out in those splendid original ballads F. W. FARRAR.
which were at once to fix his name upon the roll of great writers.
Scott's first love-affair, with “Lady
Green Mantle," lasted for seven years, From The Academy. when the lady put an end to it quite SIR WALTER SCOTT'S FIRST LOVE.1
unexpectedly by marrying another. This little book, which the author Could she have foreseen the future, it with rare modesty describes a would, no doubt, have ended differ"compilation" tells, for the first time ently, for she was worldly wise. That connectedly, the story of good Walter she in some measure reciprocated his Scott's first experiment in wooing. regard there can ibe little doubt. She The facts are well and briefly mar- could appreciate and admire his rising shalled, and the tale is simply and poetic talents. They corresponded sympathetically told. The writer be- often upon literary matters, in which lieves-with Lockhart—that Scott's she seems to have had considerable inseven years lost in wo
ng had a pro- terest. In 1795, the year before the nounced effect upon his writings, ren- end of the romance, the lady went dering the thought of love so painful much into society, which her lover that he left much of the love-making thought "had not in the least altered between his young heroes and hero- the meekness of her manners.” But, ines to the imagination of his readers. for all his hopefulness, doubts would I do not agree that the disappointment sometimes creep into his mind—“mean of the great novelist's youth had any suspicions" the good, trusting soul such deterrent effect upon his writ- called them. In the August of the ings.
same year he received a letter, in reply I wonder if it has been ever noticed to one of his own which must have how little store Shakespeare set upon been most cunningly worded, for first loves. His most romantic lovers Scott, trained as he was to interpret had overpast short swallow flights of documents, could not quite compass its romance before they followed one meaning. A confidential friend, to
whom he showed it, interpreted it fa1 The Story of Sir Walter Scott's First Love. By Adam Scott. Edinburgh: Macniven & Wal- vorably. She had, however, merely lace.
temporized, pointing out the impru'dence of a definite engagement, but The materials from which the story not throwing over her interesting is derived are not very full. Indeed, lover hastily. It was, however, bet- Lockhart, in his life of Scott, touches ter than he had expected, for he upon the affair but lightly. The lovers writes:
met frequently:If you were surprised at reading the
It was a proud night with me (wrote important billet, you may guess how Scott] when I first found that a pretty agreeably I was at receivilg it; for I had,
young woman could think it worth her to anticipate disappointment, struggled to while to sit and talk with me, hour after suppress every rising gleam of hope; and hour, in the corner of a ballroom, while all it would be difficult to describe the mixed the world were capering in our view. feelings her letter occasioned, which, entre nous, terminated in a very heavy fit of After this they "read together, rode crying.
together, and sat together." When Writing to Miss Edgeworth in 1818, apart they corresponded, and Scott
“constituted himself her literary menScott replies to some friendly criticism
tor.” She admired his rising talents as follows:
loved his society, and led him onward I have not read one of my poems since from hope to hope. He visited her they were printed, excepting, last year, from time to time at her home at In“The Lady of the Lake," which I liked vermay. But the girl was more likely much better than I expected, but not well to be moved by self-interest than by enough to induce me to go through the sentiment; she valued herself highly, rest. So I may truly say with Macbeth:- and a struggling young lawyer with a I am afraid to think of what I've done: [sic]
taste for poetry, did not quite come up Look on't again I dare not.
to her expectations. When a wealthy This much of Matilda I recollect (for that young baronet, with the addition of a is not easily forgotten), that she was at
banking business, appeared upon the tempted from the existing person of a
scene, there was no question between lady who is now no more, so that I am
the two suitors. "Lady Greenmantle" particularly flattered with your distin- passed quietly out of the poet's life, guishing it from the others, which are in marrying Sir William Forbes, who general mere shadows.
remained to the end one of his wor
thiest and best friends. He did not dare to look upon what Scott, who was one of the proudest had done, because he
and manliest of men, endured the dis strangely to have undervalued his own appointment, as he afterwards enwork. The truth being that his ideas dured more real and more bitter trials, and his pen flowed so rapidly, and calmly and philosophically. The exwith so little mental effort, that his perience enabled him to describe a works must have seemed to him the first love: “a fanciful creature of our result of a purely mechanical process. own rather than a reality. We build Authors are apt to value their work, statues of snow, and weep when they often erroneously, according to the melt.” amount of labor expended upon it. Scott's first love was divinely fair,
The real name of “Green Mantle” golden haired and blue eyed. I bewas the rather uneuphonious one of lieve, if all the elderly men, in our Wilamina.
own islands at least, could join in a She was the only child and the heiress general confession of their first loves.
most of the objects of worship would of a cadet of the ancient family of Invermay, who afterwards became Sir John be found to have been blondes—the Wishart Belches Stuart, Bart.,
of princesses in the fairy tales were cerFettercairn. Her mother was the eldest tainly fair, and that is an element in daughter of David, sixth earl of Leven support of the conjecture. But does and fifth of elville.
the remembrance of one's first love