o'clock. Perekatoff, clad in a green seized his broad-brimmed English hat coat, high square cravat, pea-colored and went out into the courtyard. His trousers, and spatter-dashes, stood at dog timidly followed him. The clever a window, attentively catching flies. animal was well aware that his master The daughter sat at her embroidery had not much authority in the house, frame, her plump little hand rose and and therefore behaved cautiously and fell gracefully


modestly. Nenila was sitting on the sofa, gazing Nenila approached her daughter, silently into vacancy.

gently raised her little head, and gazed "Have you sent the invitations to tenderly into her eyes. "You will tell the regiment, Sergei Sergeitsch?" she me when you are in love, will you not?" asked, turning to her husband.

she said. "Tor the evening? Certainly, ma Marja smilingly kissed her mother's chère!" (He was not permitted to ad- hand and nodded several times. dress her with the Russian Matuschka, "Don't forget,” Nenila added, then little mother.) “Certainly, of course.” patted her cheek and followed her hus

“We haven't men enough,” Nenila band. continued “The young ladies won't Marja leaned back in her chair, her know with whom they are to dance." head sank on her breast, and clasping

Her husband sighed, as if he were her hands she looked out of the windeeply distressed by this deficiency. dow a long time with sparkling "Mamma,” said Marja suddenly, "is eyes.

A faint flush tinged her fair Captain Lutschkoff invited too?cheeks. Then, sighing, she sat erect "What Captain Lutschkoff ?”

again and tried to go on with her "One of the officers; he's said to be embroidery, but dropped the needle, a very interesting man.”

leaned her face on her hand, and "Indeed!”

unconsciously biting the point of the “Yes, he isn't handsome, nor even needle, fell into

day-dream. young, but everybody is afraid of him.

After some time she glanced over her He's terrible duellist." (Nenila shoulder, scanned her outstretched frowned) “I should so much like to see

arm, rose, went to the mirror, smiled, him."

put on her hat, and slipped out into the “Then you'd get a sight of a very garden. commonplace person,” observed Pere

The guests began to arrive about katoff. “I suppose you think he's a eight o'clock in the evening. Madame sort of Lord Byron. Nonsense! Why Perekatoff received and talked to the my child, I, too, in my day, was con- older ladies with great urbanity; Marja sidered a dangerous brawler!"

took charge of the younger ones, and Marja gazed at her father in sur- Perekatoff himself discussed farmprise, then, smiling, ran up to him and business with the land-owners, and kissed his cheek. Nenila, too, could meanwhile continually glanced at his not help smiling, yet Perekatoff had wife. By degrees the young provincial told no lie.

fops appeared-they came late inten"I don't know whether this Captain tionally—and finally the colonel of the Lutschkoff will come,” said the mother. regiment, accompanied by his aids, "Possibly he may do us the honor." Kister and Lutschkoff, whom he preMarja sighed.

sented to the mistress of the house. “Come, come, don't fall in love with Kister murmured the customary "very him,” cried her father. “I know you happy," while Lutschkoff merely young ladies are fond of rhapsodizing bowed. Perekatoff rushed up to the about such fellows nowadays." colonel, warmly shook bands, and "I am not,” replied Marja truthfully. gazed cordially into his eyes. The

Nenlla glanced coldly at her hus- colonel instantly looked sullen. band. Perekatoff began to play with Dancing began. Kister engaged the his watch-chain, as if confused, then daughter. The ball opened with an



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écossaise, a dance very fashionable in Where is she?” those days.

Kister pointed out Marja. “Tell me," said Marja, when they “Ah! Not bad-looking." And had danced through the room several Lutschkoff yawned. times and were standing among the “What an icicle!" cried Kister, hurryfirst couples, "why doesn't your friend ing off to invite another young lady to dance?"

dance. “My friend-who?"

Yet, spite of his yawning, Lutschkoff Marja pointed her fan at Lutschkoff.

was immensely gratified by his friend's "He never dances," replied Kister. news. His self-love was flattered by "Why did he come here then?” finding that he aroused curiosity. He

Kister smiled. “Oh! he wanted to always spoke contemptuously of love enjoy the pleasure

because he felt that it would be very “I believe you only entered our regi- difficult for him to inspire it. On the ment a short time ago?" interrupted other hand, it was an easy matter to Marja.

affect pride and indifference. LutschYour' regiment,” replied Kister, koff was neither young nor handsome; laughing; “yes, only a short time ago." but he had succeeded in surrounding “And don't you feel bored in our

himself with a sort of halo, and thereprovince?"

fore might venture to put on airs. By “Why, how can I! I have found such degrees he had become accustomed to pleasant society!—and the scenery the bitter satisfaction isolation confers.

And Kister expatiated upon the nat- This was not the first time he had ural beauties of southern Russia.

attracted a woman's attention; some Marja listened with drooping head.

had even tried to make advances to Lutschkoff was standing in the corner, him; but his cruel indifference had carelessly watching the dancers.

repelled them. He knew that his fea"How old is Captain Lutschkoff?" tures were ill-suited to express any the girl asked suddenly.

tender emotion (if the affair progressed “About-about thirty-five," answered to an interview or explanation, he was Kister.

at first clumsy, then-enraged by his "He is said to be very dangerous

own awkwardness-coarse and insultapt to fly into sudden rages,” Marja ing.) He remembered several ladies hastily added.

whom he had known in former years; “Oh, a little quick-tempered, but a

the relations between them had capital fellow."

scarcely assumed an affectionate char"I hear that everybody is afraid of

acter, when they were seized with him."

such icy aversion that they instantly Kister laughed.

shrank from him. So he had at last

resolved to maintain mysterious "I? Captain Lutschkoff and I are

bearing and despise what destiny had excellent friends."

denied him. The majority of man"Really?"

kind feel no other scorn. Any honest "Your turn! Your turn!” was shouted

and involuntary, that is, genuine outall sides. They again danced

burst of passion, was incomprehensithrough the room.

"I congratulate you,” said Kister to ble to Lutschkoff; he himself was Lutschkoff, when at the end of the always playing a part when he raved.

was the only person dance he joined his friend; “the daugh- The young cornet ter of the house asked of nothing but in whom his sneering laugh awakened you all the time."

no ill-will; the honest German's eyes "Impossible!” replied Lutschkoff sparkled with noble, joyous interest scornfully.

while readiag aloud to Lutschkoff cer“You are a lucky fellow! She's a tain passages from his beloved Schilvery pretty girl; look at her."

ler, and the bully sat with bowed head

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"And you?”



and puzzled expression, staring into glancing mischievously at her with his vacancy.

pleasant blue eyes. Kister danced until he was so tired “Yes, he must be very unhappy.that he was ready to drop. Lutschkoff “He unhappy! What put that idea still sat motionless in his corner. into your head?” And Kister laughed From time to time he cast a side glance gleefully. at Marja from under his knit brows, "You don't understand. You don't but whenever their eyes met his face understand," she said, shaking her assumed indifferent expression. head. Marja had already danced three times “Why shouldn't I understand?" with Kister. The frank, enthusiastic Marja shook her head again, and youth had won her confidence, and she glanced across at Lutschkoff. chattered to him freely and merrily; The latter noticed the look, and but at heart she felt secretly oppressed slightly shrugging his shoulders, went her thoughts were busied with Lutsch- into another room. koff.

The musicians struck up the mazurka. The officers became very nimble; their heels clicked, and it seemed as if even their epaulettes

From The Nineteenth Century. were jumping; the civilians, too, began

THE MASSACRE IN TURKEY.1 to stamp their heels Lutschkoff did

The foregoing articles, with which not stir; his eyes followed the whirling I have become acquainted through the couples without any show of inter

kindness of the editor, appear to me est.

likely to attract the public attention, Then some one touched his arm. He

not only by ability and integrity, but looked around him, his neighbor by the remarkable diversity in the pointed to Marja. She was standing points of view from which the several before him with downcast eyes, hold- authors approach the discussion, and ing out her hand. Lutschkoff gazed at the not less remarkable decision with her a moment in surprise, then care- which they arrive at a common conclulessly unbuckled his sword, threw his

sion: that conclusion being, that the cap on the floor, stepped out clumsily "situation" in the East is intolerable, from between the chairs, took Marja and that action with a view to a remedy by the hand and danced through the

has become indispensable, and ought ball-room with her, but he neither not to be delayed. jumped nor clicked his heels together;

It may be worth while to remark that he seemed to be merely performing a

that situation, besides being intolerable, disagreeable duty. His partner's heart

is unexampled. It is not without exbeat violently.

ample that the Great Assassin, now "Why don't you dance?” she asked

sultan of Turkey, should have defied all at last.

Europe; but on two occasions when he "I am not fond of dancing," he

made the attempt, in 1876–7, and in replied. “Where is your place?”,

1880, it cost him the severance of four“Over there."

teen millions of people from his empire, Lutschkoff led Marja to her chair,

whereas his daring has now effected bowed coldly to her, and returned to

this defiance, up to the present point, his corner. ' But a thrill of joyous with absolute impunity, and with triexcitement began to stir his embittered umphant success. In a witty and punbeart.

gent sarcasm, Dean Swift set forth Kister again invited Marja to dance. “What a strange person your friend

1 Mr. Gladstone's article is the fifth in a gronp

of five on the same subject. The other writers is!”

are the Rev. Dr. J Guinness Rogers, the Earl of “He seems to interest you very Meath, John Burns, M P., and Professor H. much,” replied the young cornet, Anthony Salmoné.


that, when ten men well armed enter people are not indeed permitted to exinto conflict with one man in his shirt, press their sentiments; but all the evithe man in the shirt is nearly sure to dence before us is to the effect that as a be beaten. In the present case, not body they, the Mahommedans as well indeed ten but six men well armed have as the Christians, are thoroughly disfought with one man in his shirt, and affected. The motive power, which has that a very ragged one, but the man in directed these atrocities, and is only the shirt has thus far been victorious, watching the movement of the hand on and has exhibited his consciousness of the clock to direct more, consists in the victory by the periodical repetition of sultan himself, sitting in the Yildiz his crimes now blazoned throughout the Kiosk, with his dishes tasted lest his world.

cook should poison him, and surNor (to do the six men justice) has this rounded by ten or, as some believe, been because they were insensible to twenty thousand troops in his capital, the enormity of the offences. On the whom, contrary to his general practice, contrary, though we do not know all, he regularly pays, feeds, and clothes, yet it has become known even to us on and on whom, rightly or wrongly, he the outside of all charmed circles, thinks he can rely. through channels which if accidental are Such is the unexampled character of authentic, that a remedy the strongest the Eastern controversy in its present and most direct of all has been de- phase. The interrogation, however, of liberately proposed and variously ad- the hour, to which the British nation is vanced in their deliberations, and bas from day to day heaping mountain high only failed to take effect through cer- the materials of an affirmative reply, is tain reciprocal jealousies, independent whether, besides being unexampled, it of the merits of this particular contro- is also intolerable. I venture to add versy before us. Now it may be laid that we have already passed the point down as a general rule that the failure at which a doubt could be raised of strong remedial propositions is not whether the Eastern question had been a mere return to the status ante, but really opened or not. Quite apart from Forsens the general position. They are the present national movement, or its sure to have become known to the crim. immediate consequences, opened that inal who is unhappily also a sovereign; question is by the weight of facts, and their collapse is like an assurance of so effectually opened that unless by the impunity; and that assurance of im- application of effective remedies it punity becomes for the time absolute, never can again be closed. when the six powers cast aside their Upon the humiliation, which Europe weapons of offence, and descend to the has been suffering for the last eighteen prosecution of an illimitable diplomatic months through its diplomacy, the peowar, which has been based upon the ple of this country appear to be well method of stillborn remonstrance, and agreed. They seem also to be of one which, not from fault of execution, but mind in the belief that action is absofrom the law of its nature, was doomed lutely demanded by the intolerable from the first to be, and to become with character of the situation. Further the lapse of time more and more, a they have no doubt as to the title of the thing pitiable and contemptible. powers collectively, or it may be indi

The last feature of strangeness, in vidually, to undertake such action; the this successful contumacy by the single ground or reason of it being found in hand, remains to be stated. When a the hideous character, and the vast exparticular sovereign defies the world, it tent, of the Armenian massacres, to is sometimes with the love and venera- gether with the certainty that nothing tion, always at least with the assent but fear on the part of the Assassin and support, of his subjects. There is will prevent their indefinite repetition. no evidence that the sultan has any one For, though the wonder be scarcely less of these props to sustain him. His than the crime, it really seems as if he had marked out for himself as an parison with the Treaty of San Steinfernal mission, even the extirpation fano. of the race whose blood, as we under- But while the argument for action as stand, he shares; and as if he would opposed to mere expostulation is under not consider his business was at an end the Treaty of Berlin complete and even until the last Armenian was at his last imperative for all the powers, it cannot gasp.


be too pointedly borne in mind that over Now, the action which is contem- and above everything which belongs to plated is humane; and it is also of tue the five sister States, England is inclass which is called humanitarian.

vested with an altogether separate But, as between nations, the fact that obligation, in which they have no share a given course is agreeable to humanity

whatever. Were the Treaty of Berlin does not of itself amount to a sufficient swept to the bottom of the sea, the five justification for entering

powers would have no rights in the upon

it. Neither is it enough to say that we have

matter save those of generalized humade a careful examination of means

manity. But, in that same contingency, and ends, and are well convinced that would remain absolutely unaffected, as

the rights and obligations of England the undertaking is within our power. she draws them, distinctly but cumulaBut there is still something more that tively, from another source. we lack; for we have not had the sword

It pleased us, in the year 1878, to of the Almighty entrusted to our keep- conclude, without the interven‘ion of ing, and while we are bound to follow the powers, a separate treaty with and require humanity in our own house, Turkey, which however became known we may not have a title to enforce it in to

them before the transactions the house of our neighbor. We ought at Berlin were completed. It was thus therefore to examine whether our case tacitly accepted or allowed by them; is complete, and whether we have the but, whatever their attitudes in regard specific rights and obligations, which to it may now have been, it is absosuffice, in the case that may be before lutely binding as between the contractus, to invest us with a jurisdiction that, ing parties. This treaty differs from apart from these specific rights, would most others in two important particupot properly belong to us.

lars, of which the joint effect is, if I The specific right, then, which the mistake not, to give a great amount of powers of Europe possess, and which additional point and force to the oblientails a corresponding obligation, to gations we have spontaneously inprevent the recurrence of atrocious and curred. wholesale crime in the Turkish Empire, The name of honor is one, which has is the right conferred, and the obliga- often been abused in political discustion imposed, by treaty; let us say sion. It has been made a cover for misnomination by the Treaty of Berlin. carriage, for mistake, for crime. It has This right, and this obligation, attach to been profaned for evil purposes quite all the powers. It is the shameless vio- as much as the name of Liberty, even lation of it by Turkey which entails her (perhaps) almost as much as the name liability as towards them all. There of Order. But it is a great and a sacred are two of them, however, from whom name; and, where it can be invoked

who sound moral judgment would entitle us under a valid plea, the man to expect a special forwardness. One hesitates to make whatever sacrifices of them is Russia, who by the Treaty of it may require, degrades both himself San Stefano had promised so much to and the nature which he bears. the Christians. And the other is En- Under the Treaty or Convention of gland, to whom unhappily were owing 1878, a great advantage was obtained in a principal degree such shortcomings by Turkey; for England became enas attach to the Treaty of Berlin in com- gaged to defend not Armenia only, but

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