« VorigeDoorgaan »
poor, weak-kneed, peace-loving indi. any longer, was overpowered and vidual, reigned in his stead. After a killed, while Zeinat, his favorite sister, brief six months' reign, the Sunnis per- stood by and cursed his murderers. All suaded him to resign in favor of the males were put to the sword exceptMu'awiyeh, it being understood that ing only Zeinid Abidin, another of after the latter's death Hassan should Husain's sons, who was ill and unable resume the khalifat. Yezid, Mu'awi- to fight, and was taken captive to geh's son, however, had designs of his Yezid with the women. own and persuaded Hassar's wife to The stern Obe'dallah wept when he poison her husband, promising to heard of the death of his enemy, and marry her as a reward, which promise ordered the corpse to be buried with was not carried out.
honors, and when the obsequies were Thus died Hassan in the year of the over a lion came from out of the desert Hejira 49. He left a goodly family of and mounted guard on the saint's tomb. fifteen sons and five daughters; from All this was duly acted with a multithese are descended the seyds or lords. tude of side characters and their hisThe treacherous Yezid succeeded as tories introduced, making the play khalifa and was welcomed by the somewhat difficult to follow. The Sunnis, but the Shiahs elected Husain, acting was energetic and good. PerAli's third son, to the khalifat in the sians are born actors, and the dresses city of Mecca. Shortly the inhabitants and accoutrements
gorgeous, of Cufa becoming dissatisfied with every one's wardrobe and treasureYezid, sent to Husain, begging him to store being laid under contribution. come and take command of the army of All the female characters were of the faithful in Babylonia, so he set out, course undertaken by men, but as the accompanied by sixty-two relations. charms of Persian women are veiled The governor of Bussorah, Obe'dallah,' from curious eyes in long, opaque cova partisan of Yezid, sent his general, erings of blue or black cloth, and the Ameer, to intercept Husain and cut him actors carefully modulate their voices, off from the water (the river Eu- the illusion was not destroyed. Disphrates), and he overtook him at a place trusting their memories, called Kerberla (anguish and vexation). Probably to save themselves trouble, Here terms were offered him if he for a Persian is nothing if not lazy, the would surrender, and he asked till actors read their parts from rolls of anmorning to consider them. Next day cient and grimy paper which have Husain told his followers to leave him served their fathers and grandfathers and save their lives, but they one and before them. The sight of a man in all refused to do so. He therefore en- death agonies defending himself with trenched his camp and sent word to the his sword and reading his last words enemy to say that as the people of Cufa from a scroll somewhat destroys the had chosen him, he would only retire pathos to Western ideas. at their bidding. Next day the strife All day long from noon till dusk the began and the gallant little band made play went on, always ending at sunset
brave struggle against desperate with prayers, in which the whole odds.
audience joined, and recited their proOn the ninth day of the Moharram, fession of faith, turning towards Husain celebrated the marriage be Mecca. tween Cassim, son of Hassan, and his The part of the hero-saint was taken own da ter, in spite of the slaughter by a wealthy young merchant, one of raging round them. His son Ali-Akbar the principal people in the village, and and his youngest child Abdallah were he also provided light refreshment for killed on that same day, and also his the spectators, coffee, sherbet, and of newly-wedded nephew Cassim. At last course the ubiquitous Kalian. When the fatal tenth day dawned; nearly all not acting himself, he came and sat the warriors had been killed and among the spectators and criticised the Husain, wounded and unable to fight performance.
The tenth day was the great day, saint is carried to a gorgeously-decoand the audience were all arrayed in rated sepulchre and laid therein. The mourning for the blessed martyr. The lion comes, and having spoken his part, closing scenes of the battle and blood- mounts guard upon the tomb. This shed excited the people to the highest lion is a masterpiece of art, the skin pitch; the women howled and writhed thereof being striped like a tigers, and to and fro, the men beat their breasts the head made from a gourd painted and tears poured down their cheeks as and decorated with teeth. they saw one after another of the faith- A gun firing announced the spectacle ful little band fall by the sword, their was over, and the audience rose. So blood being realistically represented by excited were they by the tale of sufferred wine, while the whole air was rent ing and martyrdom of their hero-saint, with frenzied shouts of "Husain, and so justly incensed against his murHussan; Hassan, Husain."
derers, that the performers who acted The tears shed by the spectators were the parts of Yezid and his followers carefully preserved, caught on pieces had to be smuggled away for fear of of cotton and afterwards squeezed into violence. a tiny glass bottle and sealed up. These
M. PECHELL. tears are of great value, and when administered to a dying person have been known to revive him when all other means have failed. In glittering array Ja'faah, king of
From Blackwood's Magazine. the Jinns, comes with supernatural
NAPOLEON'S VOYAGE TO ST. HELENA. powers to the saint's assistance, but it Major-General Sir George Ridout is too late, and Husain declines his Bingham, K.C.B. and T.S., the writer aid.
of the following diary, was born July “The light of my eyes, my son Ali 21, 1777, the son of Colonel Bingham Akbar, is dead, and with him all my (Dorset Militia) of Bingham's Melfaithful followers. Why should I combe in Dorset, which has been held therefore live_longer? It is the will of by the family from the time of Henry Allah I should die,” he cries resignedly. III. In his sixteenth year he entered The excitement grows intense.
the army as ensign in the 69th Foot, The wounded Husain is surrounded and served with that and other regiand overpowered, and the general ments in Corsica, on board the fleet orders his soldiers to stone him to in the Mediterranean, at the Cape, and death.
in Minorca. He went through almost In the midst of his death agonies the the whole of the Peninsular War and Prophet himself appears, encouraging the campaigns in the south of France, him, and holding the rewards of Para- as lieutenant-colonel of the 2d battalion dise before his eyes, eternal rest in of the 530 Regiment, and, from August, the arms of dark-eyed houris, and 1812, in command of the brigade, taking waters sweeter than the longed-for part in the battles of Talavera, SalEuphrates, and the dying hero is faith- amanca, where he was severely ful to his trust.
wounded, Vittoria, the Pyrenees, and At last the tragedy is over and the the Nivelle. For these services he resaint is dead. Stillness among the ceived a cross and one clasp, was alspectators, and my moonshee, dressed lowed to accept the Portuguese Order in a long, dark robe and veil, comes for of the Tower and Sword, and was nomward in the character of Zeinat, and inated K.C.B. reads a long oration over the corpse. When Napoleon was consigned to St. He is a finished performer, and the Helena, the 2d battalion of the 53d was poetry and pathos of the scene are selected to accompany and guard him. really touching; his aged, quavering Colonel Sir George Bingham comvoice might well pass for a woman's. manded the troops employed in this ser.
The sun sets, and the corpse of the vice, and continued in the island as second under Sir Hudson Lowe till 1819, to receive Lord Keith. Napoleon chose when he was promoted to the rank of to take the compliment to himself. He major-general. From 1827 to 1832 he was dressed in a plain green uniform, was in Ireland in command of the Cork with plain epaulets, white kerseymere district, an appointment which he was waistcoat and breeches, with stockings, about to relinquish when he died of and small gold shoe-buckles, his hair heart complaint in London, January 3, out of powder and rather greasy, his 1833. In 1831 he had been appointed person corpulent, his neck short, and colonel-commandant of the 2d battalion his tout ensemble not at all giving an idea of the Rifle Brigade.
that he had been so great or was so He had married in 1814 Emma- extraordinary a man. He bowed at Septima, youngest daughter of Edmund first coming on deck, and having spoken Morton Pleydell, Esq., of Whatcombe, to the Admiral, asked for the Captain of Dorset. She survived him forty years, the ship. In passing towards the cabin dying in 1873. The papers here printed he asked who I was. The Captain inwere left by her to her nephew, Arthur "troduced me. He inquired the number Edmund Mansel, late captain 3d of the regiment, where I had served, Hussars. They were placed by Captain and if the 53rd was to go to St. Helena Mansel in the hands of Captain C. W. with him. He then asked an officer of Thompson, 7th Dragoon Guards, who Artillery the same questions. From has edited them for this magazine. him he passed to Lord Lowther, to
whom he addressed several questions, DAIRY OF SIR GEORGE BINGHAM, K.C.B., WITH EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS WRIT
after which he retired to the cabin. TEN FROM ST. HELENA BY SIR GEORGE The Admiral, who was anxious that he AND LADY BINGHAM AND LIEUT.-COL. should as early as possible be brought MANSEL,
to understand that the cabin was not 1815. August 6th.-Having embarked allotted to him solely, but was a sort of at Portsmouth, and working down public apartment, asked Lord Lowther, channel in the Northumberland, with Mr. Lyttleton, and myself to walk in. the wind at west, we perceived at eight Napoleon received us standing. The o'clock in the morning three large ships lieutenants of the ship were brought apparently coming out of Plymouth. in and introduced, but not one of them Signals being exchanged, they proved spoke French; they bowed, and retired. to be the Tonnant, 84, having Lord We remained: Mr. Lyttleton, who Keith's flag on board, Belerophon, and spoke French fluently, answered his Eurotas frigate. On their coming up questions. After we
were tired of with us, Admiral Sir George Cockburn standing, we retired. Half an hour went on board the Tonnant. We made afterwards he came on deck, and enall sail towards the land, and anchored tered into conversation with Mr. Lyt. west off Berryhead on the outside of tleton: he spoke with apparent freedom Torbay, and on the Admiral's return, and great vivacity, but without passion. heard that Napoleon Bonaparte was to He rather complained of his destinabe removed the next day at ten o'clock. tion, saying it had been his intention to
Monday, 7th.-Early in the morning have lived in a retired manner in Enthe baggage of Napoleon came on gland, had he been permitted to have board, and several servants, and per- done so. He replied freely to several sons of his suite, to prepare the cabin questions Mr. Lyttleton put to him that was to receive him. About two relative to what had happened in Spain o'clock he left the Belerophon and came and other parts. This interesting conalongside the Northumberland, accom- versation lasted at least an hour, at the panied by Lord Keith. The guard was end of which he retired. At six o'clock turned out and presented arms, and all dinner was announced. He ate heartthe officers stood on the quarter-deck ily, taking up both fish and meat fre
quently with his fingers; he drank 1 The spelling of the original MS. has been retained throughout.
claret out of a tumbler mixed with a
very little water. Those of his attend- (Beatie) appeared on deck; he inants who were received at the Ad- quired who he was, and where he had miral's table were-Bertrand (Grand served. When he told him he had been Marshal); the Countess, his wife; at Acre he appeared particularly Montholon, General of Brigade and pleased, and took him by the ear, which A.D.C.; and Las Casas, in the uniform I find he has always been in the habit of a captain in the navy, but called a of doing when pleased. He talked a Counsellor of State. The discourse good deal with this officer, walking the was on general and trifling subjects, deck with his hands behind him. At after which he talked to the Admiral of eight o'clock he retired to the cabin. Russia and its climate, and of Moscow, He lost at cards, and observed that good without seeming at all to feel the sub- fortune had of late forsaken him. ject; he spoke as if he had been an About ten o'clock he retired for the actor only instead of the author of all night. those scenes which cost so much blood. Thursday, 10th.–Napoleon did not shed. We rose immediately after appear till dinner-time. He was afdinner, and the Admiral begged me to fected by the motion of the ship, and attend Napoleon. He walked forward said very little. He made an attempt to the forecastle: the men of the 53rd to play at cards, but was obliged to give Regiment and the Artillery were on the it up and retire early. booms; they rose and took off their caps Friday, 11th.-Blowing weather, and as he passed. He appeared to like the Bonaparte invisible the whole day. compliment, and said he was formerly Saturday, 12th.–Napoleon made his in the Artillery. I answered, “Yes, you appearance early, and looked better belonged to the Regiment De la Fère," than usual; he walked the deck sup. on which he pinched my ear with a porting himself on my arm. How little smile, as if pleased to find I knew so did I ever think, when I used to conmuch of his history. He walked for sider him as one of the first generals in some time, and then asked us in to play the world, that he would ever have cards; we sat down to vingt-un. He taken my arm as a support! He spoke showed me his snuff-box, on which but little at dinner, but conversed for were inlaid four silver antiques (coins) half an hour afterwards with the -Sylla, Regulus, Pompey, and Julius Admiral, in the course of which converCæsar-with a gold one on the side of sation he denied having Timoléon. Madame Bertrand told me knowledge of the death of Captain he had found these coins himself at Wright, and said he had never heard his Rome. He did not play high at cards, name till mentioned to him by an En. and left about fifty francs to be dis- glish gentleman at Elba; that it was not tributed amongst the servants. The probable that, having the cares of a latter part of the evening he appeared great nation, he should interest him. thoughtful, and at a little past ten he self in the fate of an obscure individual. retired for the night.
This reasoning, I own, appears more Tuesday, 8th. – The weather was specious than solid. Of Sir Sidney squally, and there was a heavy sea. Smith he also spoke, and said that he Most of the party were affected by the had once (when commanding the army motion of the vessel. Napoleon did not in Egypt, inserted in his orders that he make his appearance.
was mad, as a means of checking the Wednesday, 9th.-Napoleon at dinner intrigues he had attempted to carry on asked many questions, but appeared in with his generals. At cards this evenlow spirits. He brightened up after. ing he was evidently affected with the wards, and came on the deck. He motion of the vessel, and retired early. asked if amongst the midshipmen there Sunday, 13th.-The chaplain dined were any who could speak French: one with the Admiral. Napoleon asked a of them had been at Verdun and under number of questions relating to the stood it a little. The captain of marines Reformed religion; he did not display
much knowledge of the tenets of our of Trafalgar, and I then, as you know, Church, or of the English history at the fell with my whole force on Austria, period of the Reformation. He played who was unprepared for this sudden with his attendants at cards as usual; attack, and you remember how well I the English did not join.
succeeded.” Monday, 14th.–Napoleon asked at At cards this evening he was successdinner a number of questions relative ful, winning nearly eighty napoleons; to the Cape, and whether any com- he evidently tried to lose it again. He munication was carried on by land with was in good spirits at the idea of his any other part of Africa by means of success on his birthday, having been caravans. His information on these, always of an opinion that some days as well as on other topics connected are more fortunate than others. It was with geography, appeared very limited; nearly eleven o'clock before he left the and he asked questions that any well- card-table. educated Englishman would have been Wednesday, 16th.–Bonaparte did not ashamed to have done. The evening appear till dinner-time; he was in good passed off with cards, as usual.
spirits, and asked as usual a variety of Tuesday, 15th.–Napoleon's birthday. questions. After dinner, in his walk The Admiral complimented him on the with the Admiral, he was quite loquaoccasion, and his attendants appeared cious, having, besides his usual allowin dress uniforms. After dinner a long ance of wine (two tumblers of claret), conversation took place, which turned drank one of champagne, and some on the intended invasion of England. bottled beer. He said he apprehended He asserted that it was always his in- that the measure of sending him to St. tention to have attempted it. For this Helena might have fatal consequences. purpose he sent Villeneuve with his He hinted that the people of France fleet to the West Indies, with orders to and Italy were so much attached to refresh at some of the French isles, to him and his person, that they might return without loss of time, and imme- revenge it by the massacre of the Endiately to push up the Channel, taking glish. He acknowledged, however, with him the Brest fleet as he passed (it that he thought his life safe with the was supposed that this trip would have English, which it might not have been withdrawn the attention of our fleets); had it been intrusted to the Austrians two hundred thousand men were ready or Prussians. Of this life he appears at Boulogne (of which six thousand tenacious; one of his valets de chambre were cavalry) to embark at a moment's sleeps constantly in his apartment: nor notice. Under cover of this fleet, he does it appear, either from his own accalculated he would have debarked this counts or those of his attendants, that army in twenty-four hours. The land- he was very prodigal of it at the battle ing was to have taken place as near of Waterloo, certainly the most interLondon as possible. He was to have esting one of his life, and on which his put himself at the head of it, and have future destiny turned. Not one of his made a push for the capital. He added, personal staff was wounded; and had "I put all to the hazard. I entered into he been in the thickest of the fight, as no calculation as to the manner in Wellington was, they could not all which I was to return; I trusted all to have escaped. But to return to his conthe impression the occupation of the versation, he said that, after the Auscapital would have occasioned. Con. trian war, Beauharnais and the people ceive then my disappointment when I about him told him it was absolutely found that Villeneuve, after a drawn necessary that he should marry again, battle with Calder, had stood for Cadiz to have heirs, for the sake and succes- he might as well have gone back to sion of France. The Emperor of Rusthe West Indies. I made one further sia offered him the Arch-duchess Ann. attempt to get my fleet into the Chan- A council was held on the subject, and nel. Nelson destroyed it at the battle in taking into consideration this mar