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its critical ascendancy, contrast "a tize” = Greek daypapparitev),
and 'bayonetted' soldiery" with "a that what is sauce for the Greek goose bludgeoned mob”? Did not Leigh is sauce for the Greek gander. But Hunt write of “ 'coronetted' actresses" ?
our reply is that the cases are not on Did not a variety of authors use the all-four with each other: the Greek deword "cabinetted”? And where is the rivatives are formed with Greek sufchemist, except in America, who knows fixes from the Greek Oblique nounany other way of setting down “car- stem; whilst the English derivatives buretted," or "sulphuretted,” or “phos- are formed by English suffixes, and phoretted” hydrogen but with two ts? should be dealt with on purely English But yet even in these words, saving the analogies. If the argument from Greek chemical terms, there is largely pre- had any weight, it would carry with it ponderant evidence of the contrary not only an extra m, but the at as well, practice, and it seems better, on the and would make the past tense of “diawhole, to disregard the secondary gram” into “diagrammated,” which is stress on the final syllable, confine our a palpable "reduction to the absurd.” attention to the principal accent, and we have seen above how “theoremed” let these words all conform to the one
has been spelled; in like manner "diageneral rule; even the chemical terms
demed” has always been treated with above excepted have a Transatlantic
a single m, from the fourteenth century movement in this direction, and the author of "Piers Plowman,” asserting "Century Dictionary” of New York ori- that “Dauid schal ben dyademed and gi- inserts "carbureted,” -etted, with its daunten hem alle," down to Southey's preference exhibited by the relative po- “three diademed princes.” sition of the two forms.
Three lines will suffice to show that What, then, shall we do with "ana
we must in like manner write "chrysgram,” “diagram," "epigram,” and alises," "incubuses,” "omnibuses,” “monogram," if they should need this and, if necessary, "octopuses;" for in style of grammatical inflection? Car- all these words the stress falls on the lyle, in his "Heroes," replies with a first syllable. And so we seem to have double illustration when he says that settled everything comfortably, when there are some matters “which refuse
up crops that cantankerous p again; as to be theoremed or diagramed.” John in disyllables, so in trisyllables, he reBunyan, or his printer, in the well- fuses to be amenable to law and order. known couplet that identifies the “im- He declares stoutly in favor of “handimortal dreamer" as the author also of capping" the "handicapper,” and won't the second part of the “Pilgrim's Prog- budge an inch. This is disconcerting; ress,” uses an ambiguous apostrophe, it destroys the harmony of our concluand says,
sions. But in this case there is, per
chance, a loophole which may allow a Witness my name if anagram'd to thee The letters make Nu hony in a B;
settlement of the dispute on honorable
terms of compromise. "Handicap” whilst Warburton throws the weight of bears distinct, though gradually oblithis influence completely into the oppo- erating, traces of having been a comsite scale, writing of the poet Benlowes pound word, once "hand-i'-th’-cap," and that some of his admirers "ana
like other compounds, may claim to grammed his name into Benevolus." follow the rules that govern its comModern newspapers, too, have in- ponent elements; and just as we have stances of "diagrammed (results of ex- no question that a boot may be “toeperiments)” and “diagramming." There capped,” but not “toe-caped," so we is a slight plea in justification here that may concede equal privilege, on Greek derivatives of these Greek etg. grounds of its composite origin, to this mons get a double m in the original rebellious “handicap," and arguing tongue (as witness "epigrammatic”. thence retrospectively, may even exGreek émypap patikÓS, “diagramma- tend similar indulgence to "kidnap.”
Thus we reduce to a minimum the un- which took place on May 30, 1895. He justified irregularities, and leave an was anxious that, as he says,easy basis, if our reforming sugges
If any descendant of mine in days far tions were accepted, for an almost, if
distant should chance to inherit some pornot perfectly, uniform adherence to one
tion of my fondness for family records, common rule.
however simple, for ancestral anecdotes, ALFRED ERLEBACH.
however slender, he or she should find something to gratify their humor saved from the fire-grate or the paper-mill.
He cannot trust the care of these rec
ords to his immediate posterity, beFrom The London Quarterly Review.
cause though, as he quaintly puts it, THE CONFIDENCES OF A SOCIETY POET.1 he has an immense admiration for
Mr. Locker-Lampson quoted in the them, he does not know which is more preface to the first edition of his “Lyra trying, “their languid endurance of a Elegantarium” the following sentence family history, or their inaccurate repefrom a newspaper reviewer, which, tition of it.” though its reference was to Praed in He was born at Greenwich Hospital, the first place, seems to have even a very appropriately, for his family had closer application to himself:
an hereditary connection with the
navy. His grandfather, Captain John His poetry is that of a man who belongs Locker, enjoyed the distinction for to society, who has a keen sympathy with the lightsome tone and airy jesting of der him as second lieutenant. The re
some time of having Nelson serving unfashion,-but who nevertheless, amid all this froth of society, feels that there are
spect which Lord Nelson throughout depths in our nature which, even in the his career cherished for his old comgaiety of drawing-rooms, cannot be for- mander is honorable to them both. gotten. His is the poetry of bitter-sweet, of sentiment that breaks into humor, and
My dear friend [Nelson wrote to him in of solemn thought, which, lest it should be 1799, shortly before his death], I well too solemn, plunges into laughter; it is in
know your goodness of heart will make an especial sense the verse of society.
all allowance for my present situation,
and that truly I have not the time or As a writer of such verse, the author power to answer all the letters I receive at of these “Confidences” gained a fore, the moment. But you, my old friend, most place by the publication of his after twenty years' acquaintance, know little volume of “London Lyrics," in
that nothing can alter my attachment and
I have been your 1857. These posthumous memoirs gratitude to you.
scholar. It is you who taught me how to confirm his title to be known also as a
board a Frenchman by your conduct when man of charming disposition and refined tastes, a genial host, a discrimi- said, "Lay a Frenchman close and you
in the Experiment. It is you who always nating collector; in short, a student
will beat him," and my only merit in my and lover of the exquisite in letters and profession is being a good scholar. Our life, on whose quiet leisure only the friendship will never end but with my most narrow and crabbed utilitarian life. could find it in his heart to frown.
A few months after this, Nelson atThe volume of memoirs, to which he tended the remains of his old friend to has chosen to give the title of "My Con
their last resting place in Addington fidences,” is dedicated to his descend- Churchyard, and wrote to Lady Hamants. It was written at different times
ilton, under the depression of spirits to during the last fifteen years of his life, which he was subject:and was in type on the day of his death,
I regret that I am not the person to be 1 My Confidences: An Autobiographical Sketch. attended upon at this funeral, for alBy Frederick Locker-Lampson. London: Smith, though I have had my days of glory, yet
I find this world so full of jealousies and
Elder & Co. 1896.
envy, that I see but a very faint gleam really is. She was very unselfish, enterof future comfort.
ing heart and soul into our fun and amuseCaptain Locker had been appointed ments, and even sympathizing with our
minor follies. governor of Greenwich Hospital. His son, John Locker, was civil commis
Such was the domestic atmosphere in sioner of the hospital, where in 1821
which the future poet was cradled. Frederick Locker was born. From his
He was very pretty and precocious, son's description, one conceives him as
but an exceedingly delicate, boy; and a superior man, somewhat rigidly and
remained all through life physically obstinately aware of his superiority, fragile and sensitive. The Bishop of and by no means of facile commerce in Norwich, Dean Stanley's father, in an his domestic relations. In 1810, he re
interesting letter published in this volturned from India with his hair in a
ume, describes the home in Greenwici pigtail, and though that interesting Hospital, in one of the wings overlookform of headdress had long ceased to
ing the river, with its moving panobe fashionable, he could not be pre
rama of shipping. The writer dwells vailed upon to give it up, until his
the choice collection of drawings brother, “the wag of that generation of and paintings in the dining and drawLockers,” came behind his chair one
ing rooms, and on the well-selected day at dinner and cut it off.
volumes which filled the oak shelves His mother was the daughter of the
in the library, and even more on the Rev. Jonathan Boucher, an estimable
admirable school connected with the clergyman, and a distinguished philolo- hospital, and superintended by Comgist.
missioner Lockhard, where "one thouMy mother [says Locker) was exceed
sand children under perfect discipline ingly handsome. Tall and slight, she had
were educated and prepared for the a remarkably graceful carriage, a natural sea.” dignity of manner and movement; and It must, indeed, have been an ideal this description held good when she was home for an imaginative child. more than sixty years old. She had an innocent, anxious face. She told me that I have faint visitings of nostalgia she was very timid as a girl, and that, [wrote Locker, sixty years later) when when first married to my father, she was I think of my home there. ... the afraid of him. She often suffered from squares and colonnades which were the nervous lassitude, which made general playground of my boyhood, the terrace, society, especially in the evening, painful the five-foot walk, and the abounding to her. But independently of that, her river. One of my earliest recollections thoughts and desires centred in home, were the men, mysterious in their enor. with husband and children. She took the mous boots, who, with a toothless rake, liveliest interest in many things, a simple as the tide receded, cleared the mud from womanly interest. She was swayed by the shore immediately in front of our winher feelings and sentiments more than by dows. Then, on wintry mornings, there any intellectual and logical conviction. were the river pilots and longshoremen, in She was not what is called a superior their row boats at anchor, taking a fisherperson. One of her peculiar attrac- man's constitutional, “three steps and tions was her simple enjoyment of a joke overboard,” and with shrugged shoulders, against herself. My mother was as merry promoting circulation by beating their as a grig. She had a delightful laugh. arms across their chests. I remember the As I have said, we were very proud but familiar sounds from the craft in midrather afraid of my father. No one liked stream, and the cheer of the early collier a jest more than he did, but it was not men as they weighed anchor. Then the the same thing. And I am afraid she garden in the Hospital grounds, which spoilt us, for when he was angry she contained a pavilion of pleasure in the would often and often stand in the gap shape of a very earwiggy summer house; while we rallied behind her. She had as and the laundry yard, from which caro much of her children's confidence as par- luogo we became a nuisance to our neighents
well have. How little that bors. We lighted bonfires there; dug
caves; kept rabbits, fowls, pigeons and at Dulwich; two years at another day guinea pigs, called after the characters in school at Blackheath; none of them Walter Scott's novels.
very satisfactory. From this infant paradise, Frederick
It is remarkable [says the writer, lookwas transferred at seven years old to
ing back on these days] how systems have a preparatory school on Clapham Com
changed as regards the treatment of boys. mon, kept by a lady of the scarcely re
Burney's was not a cheap school; while I assuring name of Griffin. A year was was there I cost my father £100 a year-a spent here, not very satisfactorily large sum of money then—and yet we either to the child or his parents, and were ill looked after and poorly fed. then he went to a private school in There were no cubicles; some of us slept Hampshire. We are apt to think that two in a bed. We had tea, or milk and Dickens's picture of the reliance on the water, and huge hunches of bread, spread suasion of the cane by the middle-class with butter, for breakfast; for dinner, schoolmaster of his day is rather over
rice pudding and current dumpling ("stick
jaw”), on alternate days, served on an undrawn; but Locker's reminiscences sup
savory pewter platter, and before our ply one out of many confirmations of
meat; then our beef or mutton, served on the truth of the great humorist's obser
the same plate as the pudding, and vation:
washed down with inferior "swipes” in Years afterwards, when I was about lengthy Latin thanksgiving. The food
tin mugs; all this inaugurated by a eighteen, he came to see my father at
was coarse in quality, and the washing Greenwich, and I was amazed to think
arrangements, to make the best of them, the person before me, old and gauche, and with a propitiatory grin, was that formi- unpleasant. The system of punishment
was a mistaken one; not much caning, and dable savage who had once exercised so
less flogging; but it was often, "Locker, terrible a sway. We talked of past days,
copy out the Ten Commandments ten and, as he was rather jocose, I ventured
times," or, for a neglected lesson or word to say that I still felt the tingling of the forgotten, to write out, perhaps during the hazel switches. The miserable creature best part of a summer afternoon, that pretended that he had no recollection of
particular word a thousand times. the circumstance. “It is strange, my dear young friend, but I have entirely forgotten
We are apt to forget how very much it.” “Perhaps you have forgotten it, sir,
more comfortable life is for most people but then, as some one has said, you were
than it was fifty years ago—and not at the other end of the switch."
only has the standard of comfort been Under the rule of the south-country raised, but the means of cheerful and Creakle, young Locker indulged in the innocent recreation have been enorusual pastimes of the boy animal; he mously multiplied and diffused. The stole Mrs. Barnett's jams and pickles, clerk or shopman of to-day may have cut off and appropriated the buttons of his grievances, but with his bicycle, his his master's ecclesiastical gaiters, free library, his halfpenny paper, and "made free with his lozenges, and his cricket or tennis, he has no reason ruined his fishing tackle.” But, at the to envy the lot of his precursors half a same time, the dreamy, pensive habit century ago. of mind, which he had inherited with Frederick Locker's school career was his delicate health, asserted itself, and so far from being brilliant that, he tells began to give a pervading color and us, his parents, in sheer despair, took tendency to his life. “The sense of him away at seventeen, and sent him to tears in mortal things, and of the tran- a colonial broker's office. Here he exsitory nature of everything took, and hibited no particular talent for busihas ever since kept, possession of me.” ness, but a “marked turn for quizzing," There were other school experiences, which was not so much to the purpose. a year with the Vicar of Drearyboro', He admits that at this time he was a simple, kindly old man; another at something of a would-be fine gentle. “a huge, unregenerate, bullying school” man, giving little heed to invoices and warrants, and a good deal to the cut of Bruce, afterwards so well known and his trousers. One is not surprised to loved as Lady Augusta Stanley, and learn that the elder Mr. Locker was used to command the young couple to advised to remove him. He held a tem- the select courts which she held in the porary appointment at Somerset House earlier years of her widowhood—a corfor some time after this, and in 1842, еted privilege. At the house of his became a junior clerk in Lord Hadding- mother-in-law, Elizabeth, Lady Elgin, ton's office at the Admiralty. Here he a gifted and distinguished lady with a seems to have found his niche, or passion for cold air, of which Mr. rather, perhaps, to have outgrown that Locker makes great fun in these remidle and fantastic phase through which iniscences, he met several of the most so many clever young men have to eminent citizens of the Republic of pass before they “find themselves” and Letters, Browning among others, who their true place in life. He was many used to come to the Rue de Lille to read years at the Admiralty, and his record Keats' poetry to Lady Elgin. “The of the small triumphs and failures of good fellow never read his own.” The his official career makes very interest- sketch of Mrs. Browning is kindly and ing reading.
discriminating: In 1849 he had an attack of nervous depression, which led indirectly to an I never saw her in society, but at her important crisis in his life. He had to
own fireside she struck me as very pleastake leave of absence from his office ing and exceedingly sympathetic. Her and went to Paris, armed with various physique was peculiar; curls like the
pendant ears of a water-spaniel, and poor letters of introduction, among others
little hands—so thin that when she welone to Lady Charlotte Bruce, who was
comed you she gave you something like then living at 29 Rue de Varennes, one
the foot of a young bird: the Hand that of the fine old mansions in the Fau
made her great had not made her fair. bourg St. Germain. This was his first But she had striking eyes, and we forgot meeting with his future wife. Her any physical shortcomings - they were wit, one may presume, attracted him at entirely lost sight of in what I may call first; but he soon came to recognize the her incomparable sweetness, I might albeauty of a most lovable and lofty most say affectionateness; just as 'while character, and he grew to regard her
we are reading it, we lose sight of the inas his "beneficent angel." They cor;
completeness of her poetry—its lack of
artistic control. She vanquishes by her responded when Lady Charlotte left
genius and her charm. for London, and right on till March of the following year, when she came
At the Deanery in Dean Stanley's back to town. During a walk in Hyde time, adorned by the gracious presence Park Mr. Locker proposed, what
of his sister-in-law, and also at Lord manner he can best relate:
Houghton's, Mr. Locker met other We had seated ourselves on a bench and leading lights, many of whom neither spoke. I took her hand. “This chronicled here in their habit as they
lived. He met at the house of the fais the prettiest hand in all the world,” said I. "I happen to know of one that's mous giver of breakfasts, Dante Rosquite as pretty,” said she. Another si- setti, who distinguished himself by sitlence. Perhaps I was incredulous, but ting after dinner with his face buried when she put the other pretty hand into in his hands. Mr. Locker met him on mine, I know that we were both very other occasions and found him pleasant happy.
enough, but thought his poetry without Mr. Locker's marriage extended the charm, and could not reconcile himself circle, already considerable, of his ac- to the "congregation of queer creaquaintance among notable and inter- tures,”—ravens, marmots, wombats, esting people. The queen had a great and it was even rumored a gorilla regard for Lady Charlotte Locker, as which used to live in the garden beshe had for her sister, Lady Augusta hind the house in Cheyne Walk. Like