knowledge of outdoor life than as a lion in catching his fish in the air. It scholar and divine. He had some mis would be much more satisfactory if the givings that when the occupants of the seals, whose ponds are near that of the lion-house were particularly wanted to sea-lion, could have a glass-faced tank show an interest in the scent, they to catch live fish in, like that conmight refuse to do so. But though it structed for the diving birds. Their was only half an hour before feeding wonderful, smooth, rapid movements in time, and they had had no food since the water could then be admired and four o'clock on the previous day, the better understood. Recently the writer jaguars, lions, and leopards showed the saw the seal being made an involuntary greatest pleasure in the perfume. assistant in scrubbing out its own tank.

The Society's collection of foxes, The water was three parts let out, and wolves, and wild dogs has for some time the keeper then threw it fish. The seal been below the standard desirable in floundering about in the shallow water such a “doggy" country as England. served the purposes of a mop, and The cages, which are close to the lion- washed the sides of the tank fairly house, along the southern boundary of clean of algæ and mud. Just beyond the Gardens, are too small to give the the seal-ponds, on the way to the animals much room for exercise, and swine-houses, are the emus' paddocks. except an occasional litter of young After the first excitement of Australian dingos or Esquimaux dogs there are discovery cooled down, emus, kannone of those delightful litters of young garoos, black swans, and even the wolves and foxes which are so attrac- ornithorynchus, became part of the tive to the public at some foreign commonplace of natural history. Yet zoological gardens. At the Hague, for few people know that the reason why instance, there was in the present “emu trimmings” are almost the softest spring a litter of eight young wolves,

material in the world is that each of the whose mother, rather thin from looking hair-like feathers is really double, two after such a family, was like a living shafts springing from one root. This replica of the bronze she-wolf of the can be verified at the Zoo by inducing Capitol. On the other hand, there are

the bird to let its feathers be separated in the cages at the present time the sur- by hand. Here, too, the first emus bred vivors of Lieutenant Peary's Esqui- in England were hatched. Dr. Bennett, maux dogs, fine black-and-white collie- a Quaker gentleman, kept some tame like animals; and the color changes in

emus in Kent, and the hen laid and the Arctic foxes are always worth ob- begun to sit. Then on a Saturday afterserving.

noon she deserted, and, as it was conThe fashion of going see the lions trary to Dr. Bennett's principles to fed forms no part of the writer's con- travel on Sunday, he took the eggs to ception of "How to see the Zoo." All bed with him, and there "incubate” the cats look their worst when hunched them all Sunday, taking them up from up or sprawling on their bellies, gnaw. Beckenham to the Zoo on Monday morning bones, with their sharp canine teeth ing. The summer litters of young wild -meant for cutting flesh, and not gnaw- boars, and the tame woodcock and ing-constantly in their way. On the bower birds in the Western Aviary, other hand, nearly every other animal

near the main entrance, are always looks its best when at meals, from the worth a visit in spring and summer, and quiet ruminants enjoying their hay to

the herons' pond and gullery behind thi the seal, sea-lions, pelicans, and diving polar bear's cage, though overcrowded birds. The sea-lion's exhibition of are full of nesting herons, gulls, and catching fish thrown to him is artificial, ibises in May and June. The public is but most creditable to his power of eye.

much divided in mind on the subject of The writer has seen Dutch cranes catch- the monkeys. The writer, without feeling nuts, but not with such perfect cool. ing any strong dislike for the inhabiness and skill as that shown by the sea, tants of the large central cages, prefers the rare and finely-furred species in the the insect-house, and then leave the small cages along the inner wall of the Gardens by the north gate. house, the Diana monkeys, blue mon- This will leave the parrot-house, keys, and marmozets. If permission elephant-house, giraffes, beavers, hippo. can be had to visit the inner chamber, potamus, zebras, and moose-yard as in which the first gorilla used to be untried ground for another day. The exhibited, numbers of rare and delicate kangaroos and wallabys are some of the South American monkeys and tropical most domesticated of the wild animals lemurs are usually to be seen, which in the collection. They are as tame as are not able to stand the wear and tear cats, and as they breed without diffiof public life in the main room. The culty in England, the pretty and strange oldest and in many respects the most arrangement by which the young, even interesting of the Zoo monkeys lives when fully developed, covered with fur, outside the house, in an open cage, ex- and shod with long sharp hoofs, are carposed to all conditions of weather. ried in the abdominal pouch can always This is the Tcheli monkey from the be seen. It is pure laziness on the part mountains near Pekin. It has been in of the older "joeys,” for they can hop the gardens for fourteen years, and is about and feed themselves as well as as attached to its keepers as a bulldog their mothers can. to its master. Were it at liberty it The ape-house and its vestibule, in would be quite as formidable as a dog, which lives the giant ant-eater, is for it tries to attack any one who usually crowded and disagreeable, both touches the keeper, and, as the bars in odor and temperature, in the afterprevent it from using its teeth, it throws noon. The new gorilla, which is the any missile, with great precision, at favorite of the hour, is usually thorthe visitor's head. In any case a visit oughly tired of holding “receptions" by to the South Garden should be con- that time; and an early morning visit is cluded by seeing the diving birds' recommended. The keeper says that exhibition of submarine flight and the young gorilla promises to be as swimming. when fed in the fish-house intelligent as Sally, and its thoughtfulat noon or 5 P.M.

ness, attention, and deliberation are The animals kept north of the main certainly very unusual even in road are far less easy of access than anthropoid ape of such tender years. those in the original garden in the inner Two small coal-black apes belonging to circle of the park. The ground covers

Mr. Gambier Bolton should be noticed a long narrow space running parallel in this house. They are remarkably with the road, and is itself cut into two friendly and intelligent, and have little strips by the Regent's Park Canal. On of the semi-human appearance which is these two narrow ridges are to be found so disconcerting a feature in the large some of the most interesting creatures species. in the collection; but each series of The small cat-house, next to the apehouses has to be visited without house, would, if better constructed, be reference to any train of association of one of the most popular features in the ideas connecting their inmates, and Gardens. Many of the ocelots and after the last in the row is reached it tiger-cats are more decorative even than is necessary to return to the starting the leopards, though the snow-leopard point near the “tunnel,” crcus the bridge, is perhaps without a rival. Moreover, and make a fresh lateral excursion on they are extremely interesting in view the other bank of the canal. If time is of the probable origin of our domestic an object, it is no bad plan, after seeing cats. The result of modern inquiry the collection in the original garden, shows that the domestic cats of differto pass through the tunnel, turn to the ent parts of the Old World are probably right, and, after seeing the kangaroos, intermixed with the wild breeds, of the lesser cats, and the apes, to cross the which there are in India, for instance, bridge and visit the butterfly farm in several varieties, and that there is no


single ancestor of the domestic cat. single cage, and as they are by no means In the collection at the Zoo, the ephemeral, their beauties are open to visitor should look at the “chaus," view for several days. Swarms of the common wild cat of India and swallow-tailed butterflies, hornet clearNorth Africa, and another smaller wings, stick insects, and smaller moths cat of very similar appearance, the also appear during the month of June, Felis maniculata, from Suakim. These and in July the larvæ of the Ailanthus are probably the ancestors of the an- and Prometheus silk moths, more brilcient Egyptian cats. The European liant in color than the perfect insect, are wild-cat and the spotted Indian tiger- seen feeding in the cases. In winter the cats should be contrasted with these. greater number of the glass cages are For beauty of fur the “golden cat” of lifeless, as the cocoons or chrysalides Sumatra, and the ocelots, in the same are sleeping the winter sleep. These house, are unrivalled, and the “fossa,” cocoons are themselves beautiful oba cat-like creature from Madagascar, jects; but they can be seen in summer remarkable both for its form and rapid during the hatching season no less well movement. Unfortunately, the house than in winter. is rather dark—it was the old reptile- The “Middle Garden,” to the left of house–and the cages, square boxes the tunnel looking north, has some with no top light and little space, do not special attractions at the present time. show off the beauty of the inmates. At The best hour at which to visit this part the Amsterdam Zoological Gardens of the Gardens is just after 6 P.M. on these small cats are shown in a horse- Saturday. The band in the South Garshoe-shaped series of cages facing the den has finished its programme with light; each cat has a heap of fine Italian "God save the Queen,” which, as the shavings, like those sold to ornament two elephants know well, is the signal grates, to lie on, and the whole effect to cease work and have supper. Both is excellent.

of the giant beasts walk to the off-sadThe ocelots and most of the genets dling ground, where the Indian ele. in this house are delighted with the phant kneels and collects the last scent of lavender water. The cats are offerings of buns while the saddle is nearly all savage, and the visitor must removed. Then the pair walk off to forego his, or her, inclination to stroke their house in the Middle Garden, them. A very large and beautiful Their eyes positively twinkle at the Norwegian lynx has just been added to thought of their bath, their supper, and the collection of cats. It is kept in the no more work till Monday, and they alsouth garden, in the racoons' cages. most break into a trot as the pleasant

The “transpontine" section of the Zoo sight of their pond, their hay, and the contains a number of falcons and cool stable breaks upon their view. hawks in cages, the giant tortoises (not Like the farm horses, the elephants more remarkable, except for their size, drink a prodigious quantity of water than the little fellows sold in the before eating their supper, and make streets), and the insect-house, which the latter last until well after dark. though small, is infinitely charming in

C. J. CORNISH. the spring and early summer, when the tropical moths and rare butterflies are hatching out. From the beginning of May till the middle of June there is a constant succession of broods of the

From Temple Bar. Cecropian silk moths,

SELBORNE AND GILBERT WHITE. Tussur silk moths, and other large The Hampshire village of Selborne, tropical moths with plumage like five miles from Alton station, has but feathers and flowers mixed and blended. little altered since Gilbert White lived A few hours see the birth of from ten to there. The railway has not carried thirty of these lovely creatures in a thither the excursionist or converted



the quiet village into a fashionable re- years occupied by Professor Bell, who sort for holiday-makers. Indeed, all lies in Selborne churchyard. the railway influences tend the other The other side of White's house faces way. In taking a journey from Somer the Plestor, a piece of land originally set to Selborne I changed trains five given by Adam de Gurdon in the reign or six times, and there was then await;, of Edward I., and from that day to this ing me an hour's drive from Alton.' the playground of the village. Here, Yet, in spite of this, there are a few, White tells us, once stood “a vast oak, allured by the pages of Gilbert White with a short, squat body and huge, and catching enthusiasm from him, horizontal arms extending almost to the who visit Selborne, and in the summer extremity of the area.” A great temmany more drive over from adjacent pest overthrew it, and, though the vicar towns. For those who come there is “bestowed several pounds in setting it the best at the village hostel, the in its place again, it died.” There is, “White Hart” Inn, where that refresh- however, a successor, but one by no ment awaits the man who, alive to the

means remarkable either for size or pleasures of Nature, cannot ignore the shapeliness. practical needs of life. In this charm

The houses round the Plestor form aling village, then, in the sweet spring- most a quadrangle. It is through the time, amidst the quivering notes of the Plestor that we pass into the church, nightingale and the beautiful liquid whose “squat tower,” as White terms warble of the thrush, passing along it, is forty feet high only. White inmeadows painted with primroses, cow

forms us that it was stuccoed in his slips, bluebells, anemones, and “lady- time, and it may be that this stucco, smocks all silver-white,” those who

which was slowly placed on the buildwish may “plume their feathers and let ing by masons during a whole summer, grow their wings."

is the very stucco we see there to-day. Selborne is backed by a steep ground from this tower it was that White covered with beech-trees, many of con

watched the movements of "those siderable age, which raise their hand- amusive birds, the swifts,” and also the some forms all up the steep ascent nightly sallyings forth, in search of and form a commanding feature in the

“mice and such small deer," of a pair landscape for many miles round. This

of barn-owls. long stretch of beech-covered slope is

The church itself is carefully decalled the Hanger; and certainly it does scribed by Gilbert White in his “Anhang over the village, which nestles, separated from it by a few fields, be- tiquities of Selborne,” and is, in general neath its shelter. Some of the fields feature, much as when he cast around

it his accurate and observing eye. The lying between the Hanger and the village are planted with hops, which are

Gothic pillars, the font lined with lead, largely grown round Selborne. Gilbert the four stone brackets which once supWhite's house faces the Hanger. Most ported images, and the lancet windows

are as they were in his day. Even the of the old building remains, but it has

"oaken balusters" round the space ocbeen much added to. A beautiful and extensive lawn, or, as our ancestors cupied by the Holy Table, and the wainwould have termed it, “a fair plea- scoting placed by the Rev. Andrew saunce,” with many handsome shrubs, Etty are unchanged. “Nothing,” White lies in front of the house, while at the remarks, “can be more irregular than end of the garden is the very sun-dial, the pews of this church,” and it is a reposing on a pillar, which the natural- pleasure to find that new ones have ist placed there. Between the lawn and been set up, though one or two of the the fruit and vegetable garden is a por- old ones remain to delight the antition of a wall erected by White and quary. The stone coffins alluded to by bearing his initials_"G. W." This White, which in his day were employed house, called the Wakes, was for many as pavement, have been taken up and


placed in a spot reserved for them in ous, and will doubtless survive many the south aisle.

generations yet unborn. A walk through All the alterations in this church have the churchyard carries one along lines evidently been thoughtfully and rever- of beeches and by a rippling stream ently made, and probably none would and through pleasant meadows to the be better pleased than White himself to Priory. see them. White's ancestors lie under How this Priory was founded by the chancel, and relations of his outside Peter de Rupibus, Bishop of Winthe chancel. Under the chancel are chester, how it became rich, how as buried his great-grandfather, his grand- time passed it grew corrupt and became father—vicar Selborne and his the prey of vice, debt, and maladminisfather. White refers to burials within tration, how that great and noble prethe walls of churches as indecent, and late. William of Wykeham, strove, by doubtless for this reason was himself constant visitations, by stern remonburied outside.

strance, by munificence to avert Over the Holy Table is a beautiful impending ruin, is told at length painting, representing “The Adoration by White. Bishop Waynfete, too, of the Magi,” said to be the work of in vain tried advice and censure, and Albert Dürer, and presented to the at last consented to the petition of church by Benjamin White, an eminent Magdalen College, Oxford, that the London bookseller, brother of Gilbert revenues of the Priory should be taken and publisher of his “History of Sel- away and its estates assigned to that borne." This picture for some years seminary of learning which he had remained in the vestry, but is now in its founded. rightful position. It is a most striking This happened many years before the presentment of that scene, so popular Reformation, when "some who twofold with painters, of wisdom pouring forth balls and triple sceptres carried" overtreasure at the shrine of innocence and threw that monastic system against purity. Just a little to the right of the which, but for its vices, they would bave north side of the chancel is White's worked in vain. Selborne Priory fell, grave, with a headstone and footstone, and not even in White's time could a each with his initials. The stranger vestige of it be seen, though its site can has some difficulty in finding the grave, be clearly traced. It lay pleasantly as, save these stones, there is nothing seated close to a flowing trout-stream to mark it from others. Here, then, amidst sweet meadows and ample wood. surrounded by many whom he knew and all that could charm the eye. Its and loved, and who loved and venerated destruction tells the sad tale of men him, beneath the shadow of his parish false to a sacred trust; abusing and church and within a stone's throw of wasting the pious offerings of the peohis house, lies this great man, in noth- ple, and at length bringing on theming greater than in his humility. In the selves a tardy but terrible punishment. chancel is a mural monument to his We can walk from the stone bridge memory. The graveyard, which White opposite the Priory to Selborne by a regarded as overcrowded in his time, road which, no doubt, was once the has recently received a considerable main line of communication between addition of ground.

Selborne and the Priory itself, and, The ancient yew-tree, supposed by whichever way we take, nothirig is White to have been planted prior to the more striking than the abundance of time of Edward I., was measured by wild animal life. Partridges. with a White and found to be twenty-five feet rush and a whirr, frequently ily out of in circumference but to this a century cover; the crow of the pheasant is has added several feet. In this April of heard; the magpie, with heavy flight, the year it has been shedding clouds of passes in the distance: the cuckoo tunes dust just as it did when the naturalist his merry note. and the weasel, the wrote about it: it looks hale and vigor- squirrel, and the hare are often seen.

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