so much as the unequal and untimely interchange of power pressed too far, and relaxed too much.

5. Queen Elizabeth seeing Sir Edward —— in her garden, looked out at her window, and asked him in Italian, "What does a man think of when he "thinks of nothing?" Sir Edward, who had not had the effect of some of the queen's grants so soon as he had hoped and desired, paused a little; and then made answer, "Madam, he thinks of a woman's promise." The queen shrunk in her head; but was heard to say, "Well, Sir Edward, I must not confute you." Anger makes dull men witty, but it keeps them poor.

6. When any great officer, ecclesiastical or civil, was to be made, the queen would inquire after the piety, integrity, learning of the man. And when she was satisfied in these qualifications, she would consider of his personage. And upon such an occasion she pleased once to say to me," Bacon, "how can the magistrate maintain his authority "when the man is despised?"

7. In eighty-eight, when the queen went from Temple-bar along Fleet-street, the lawyers were ranked on one side, and the companies of the city on the other; said Master Bacon to a lawyer that stood next him, "Do but observe the courtiers; if they bow first to the citizens, they are in debt; if "first to us, they are in law."

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8. King James was wont to be very earnest with the country gentlemen to go from London to their country houses. And sometimes he would say thus to them, "Gentlemen, at London you are like ships

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"in a sea, which shew like nothing; but in your country villages you are like ships in a river, "which look like great things."


9. Soon after the death of a great officer, who was judged no advancer of the king's matters, the king said to his solicitor Bacon, who was his kinsman, "Now tell me truly, what say you of your "cousin that is gone?" Mr. Bacon answered, "Sir, "since your majesty doth charge me, I'll e'en deal plainly with you, and give you such a character of 'him, as if I were to write his story. I do think he "was no fit counsellor to make your affairs better: "but yet he was fit to have kept them from growing "worse." The king said, " On my so'l, man, in the "first thou speakest like a true man, and in the "latter like a kinsman."

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10. King James, as he was a prince of great judgment, so he was a prince of a marvellous pleasant humour; and there now come into my mind two instances of it. As he was going through Lusen, by Greenwich, he asked what town it was? They said Lusen. He asked a good while after, "What town "is this we are now in?" They said, still 'twas Lusen. "On my so'l," said the king, "I will be king of Lusen."

11. In some other of his progresses, he asked how far it was to a town whose name I have forgotten. They said, Six miles. Half an hour after, he asked again. One said, Six miles and an half. The king alighted out of his coach, and crept under the shoulder of his led horse. And when some asked

his majesty what he meant? "I must stalk," said he, "for yonder town is shy, and flies me."

12. Count Gondomar sent a compliment to my lord St. Albans, wishing him a good Easter. My lord thanked the messenger, and said, "He could "not at present requite the count better than in

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returning him the like; that he wished his lordship a good Passover."


13. My lord chancellor Elsmere, when he had read a petition which he disliked, would say, "you would have my hand to this now ?" And the


party answering, Yes;" he would say further, "Well, so you shall: nay, you shall have both my "hands to it." And so would, with both his hands, tear it in pieces.


14. I knew a wise man,* that had it for a byword, when he saw men hasten to a conclusion, Stay a little that we may make an end the sooner." 15. Sir Francis Bacon was wont to say of an angry man who suppressed his passion, "That he

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thought worse than he spake ;" and of an angry man that would chide, "That he spoke worse than " he thought."

16. He was wont also to say, "That power in an "ill man was like the power of a black witch; he "could do hurt, but no good with it." And he would add, "That the magicians could turn water "into blood, but could not turn the blood again to


* See this also in his Essay of Dispatch.

17. When Mr. Attorney Cook, in the exchequer, gave high words to Sir Francis Bacon, and stood much upon his higher place; Sir Francis said to him, "Mr. Attorney, the less you speak of your own greatness, the more I shall think of it: and the more, the less."

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18. Sir Francis Bacon coming into the earl of Arundel's garden, where there were a great number of ancient statues of naked men and women, made a stand, and, as astonished, cried out, "The resur"rection."

19. Sir Francis Bacon, who was always for moderate counsels, when one was speaking of such a reformation of the Church of England, as would in effect make it no Church; said thus to him, "Sir, "the subject we talk of is the eye of England; and "if there be a speck or two in the eye, we endeavour "to take them off, but he were a strange oculist .' who would pull out the eye."

20. The same Sir Francis Bacon was wont to say, "That those who left useful studies for useless "scholastic speculations, were like the Olympic "gamesters, who abstained from necessary labours, "that they might be fit for such as were not so."

21. He likewise often used this comparison; « *The empirical philosophers are like to pismires "they only lay up and use their store. The rationalists are like to spiders; they spin all out of their own

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* See the substance of this in Nov. Org. Ed. Lugd. Bat. p. 105, and Inter Cogitata et Visa, p. 53.

"bowels. But give me a philosopher, who like the "bee, hath a middle faculty, gathering from abroad "but digesting that which is gathered by his own "virtue."

22. The lord St. Alban, who was not over hasty to raise theories, but proceeded slowly by experiments, was wont to say to some philosophers, who would not go his pace, "Gentlemen, nature is a labyrinth, in which the very haste you move with, "will make you lose your way."

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23. The same.lord, when he spoke of the Dutchmen, used to say, "That we could not abandon "them for our safety, nor keep them for our profit." And sometimes he would express the same sense on this manner; "We hold the Belgic lion by the

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24. The same lord when a gentleman seemed not much to approve of his liberality to his retinue, said to him, "Sir, I am all of a piece; if the head be "lifted up, the inferior parts of the body must too."

25. The lord Bacon was wont to commend the advice of the plain old man at Buxton, that sold besoms a proud lazy young fellow came to him for a besom upon trust; to whom the old man said, Friend, hast thou no money? borrow of thy back, "and borrow of thy belly, they'll ne'er ask thee "again,I shall be dunning thee every day."


.26. Solon* said well to Croesus, (when in ostentation he shewed him his gold)" sir, if any other come

* See this in his Essay of the True Greatness of Kingdoms.

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