A list of these and all other information will be ! members of the Sixth and elected solely by the Sixth Form, gladly supplied by the Hon. Sec., S. T. Fisher, Esq.,

and that visitors will only be admitted on producing a member's

ticket of admission. Pray Sir, who is responsible for these 4, Park Prospect, Little Queen-Street, Westminster, S.W."

alterations ? I am not aware that the Debating Society was consulted at all on so vital a subject. Apparently the change

has been effected entirely to please a few members of the Correspondence.

Sixth Form. Surely, Sir, you will not decline to insert this To the Editor of the Marlburian.

protest against the high handed injustice of a narrow clique ? SIR, -I have been instructed by the Committee of the

Yours, etc., Marlborough Nomads Football Club to request you to be good

SCHOOL MEMBER. enough to publish the following resolution passed at their last

[We insert our correspondent's letter, bnt decline to hold Meeting (held on the 23rd instant) :

ourselves responsible either for the sentiments or the “That the Committee having heard of the sudden death on

language in which they are conveyed.- Ed. M.] the 1st instant of their old friend and schoolfellow, Henry Stanhope Illingworth (since its foundation a member, and for

To the Editor of the Marlburian. many years the active and energetic Honorary Secretary of

Dear SIP,-A reference to Spartan History will show that the Club), desire to place on record their sincere sorrow at his

those hardy warriors in their youth lived on black broth. Sir, the early death and their keen appreciation of the benefit which New Zealander of the future, who will some day take his stand on the Club derived from his exertions."

the ruins of London Bridge, will read with amazement that the It may not be generally known that Stanhope Illingworth

School called Marlborough prospered for many years despite was one of the originators and the first Hon. Sec. of the now a most pernicious habit called in old days ‘Brewing.' He will no longer existing Marlborough Nomads Cricket Club, which,

see beyond a doubt that this degrading practice was the cause during his Secretaryship, was the most successful effort which of the ultimate ruin, which befell this once prosperous institu0.M's. have made at cricket.

tion. But seriously is there not enough good sense in MarlHe was a true lover of Marlborough, and the regret of the

borough to see that this custom tends to violate the "manly Committee will I am sure be shared by all the Members of

simplicity' of our School life. It is luxurious and unnecessary. the Club past and present and by other Old Marlburians to

Surely now the food in hall has been so much improved and whom my dear old friend was known.

will, as we hope, be some day even better in tea, it is ungrate: I remain, yours obediently,

ful to leave College fare untouched that in our private circles F. INNES CURREY,

we may enjoy a more luxurious repast. It seems to me that Grays Inn, London,

President, M.N.F.C.

both work and games would fare much better if this pernicious January 25th, 1885.

habit were suffered gradually to die out. Rome was not built

in a day, nor do I suppose it possible to abolish such a popular To the Editor of the Marlburian.

institution at one blow. But suffice it for the present to call DEAR SIR,- Permit me through the medium of your columns

attention to the lengths it has run and try by exhortation to to call attention to the way hockey is played here. I think I

coerce it within the range of our sumptuary laws. “Sic Etruria have hardly seen a half-back hit the ball without having sticks

fortis crevit-Sic Marlburia.-which it is sad to say are rarely or never called.

Yours, And of the new hockey sticks that I have seen, 5 out of 6

“NOLI SAGINARI." must be greatly over weight.

[We decline to be answerable for the opinions of our corresCould not this be remedied. Hard hitting in hockey ought pondent.-Ed. M.] to be quite rare, and confined to backs and half-backs.

Hockey if played as it should be is a very excellent game, but played as it is here, I am not surprised to hear it grumbled


Ex-Officio—President, H. Richardson, Esq. I am, yours etc.,

Treasurer, Rev. J. P. Way. “AN UPHOLDER OF HOCKEY."

Secretary, E. K. Chambers.

Elected-Rev. T. N. H. Smith. E. F. Benson. To the Editor of the Marlburian.

R. G. Durrant, Esq. E. Robertson. DEAR SIR, --Will you allow me to enter a protest in your This Society held its usual preliminary meeting columns against the recent action with regard to the debating on Thursday, January 29th. The President stated society. Hitherto this society has been a School institution

that various donations had been presented to the

Society, consisting of books, coins, beetles, skulls, and open freely to all members of the School who cared to

etc. Among these were some skulls from G. T. K. join. Many who have not wished to become members have

Maurice, O.M., a work on the Geology of Shropshire, yet found much pleasure in attending the debates as visitors.

and a valuable book on British coins. After criticising Now forsooth we are told that henceforth the Society will be

the work of the Society during the last year, he stated known as the Sixth Form Debating Society, that all who wish that a book had been provided to contain a collection to become members must be proposed and seconded by l of autographs. He also stated that an otter was

Natural History Society.


captured on the Kennet the other day. It had ! Mr. Preston will be glad to receive notices' of somehow or other got caught in a mill wheel and any kind in the Museum. Ornithological notices was slain by the miller.

may also be taken to Rev. J. P. Way, and EntomoA short discussion followed on various subjects of logical notices to the Rev. T. N. H. Smith, or E. K. interest. The Rev. T. N. H. Smith announced that Chambers. the Entomological Section would not meet for the present. He further urged members of the Section SIXTH FORM DEBATING SOCIETY. to collect beetles. E. Robertson announced that By this significant change of name our readers the Astronomical Section would continue its meet will understand that the Society has ceased to exist ings during Saturday preparation, and invited new on its old footing. At a Sixth Form meeting, on the members to join.

motion of H. M. Lewis, Speaker of the old The Rev. T. A. Preston then gave some account society, the new society was chosen to supersede of the various additions to the Museum col. the old one, which had practically died out. lections. These were in part due to the liberality To prevent misapprehensions let us state-1. of the British Museum. Among them were That the members of the old society will be a drawing of the Archæopteryx, or flying lizard, a entitled to be considered as members of the new.-2. Toucan presented by Hamerton, some humming-birds That it is not an exclusive society, confined to the from America, a bird of Paradise, some poisoned Sixth. Any member of the Modern or Upper School arrows from the Solomon Isles, and a holothuria, or is eligible; he must be proposed and seconded by sea-cucumber. This is one of those curious animals Sixth Form Members, and the election it is hoped which when irritated throws away its head, stomach will be gently exclusive. No really energetic candi. and other unnecessary luxuries; these are however dates are likely to be rejected ; and as speakers not presently replaced by a new growth. We further members make a debating society, we hope there will gather that in London the holothuria is used in the be many such. The role of admitting visitors by manufacture of soup.

ticket will be enforced. School members will be Mr. Preston also read a letter from an old mem turned out for inefficiency and in most other ways ber of the Society, E. F. Im Thurm. This gentle the society will be as of old. It is however a Sixth man is exploring in the wilds of British Guiana, and Form Society and the Sixth Form members alone wrote an account of some of his experiences to the will determine its constitution. The Senior Prefect Demerara Argosy. He is now on the slopes of will be President, and the Sub-librarian of the Sixth Mount Roraima, and is being remarkably successful Form vice-President. in his researches for flowers, insects, birds, et hoc We desire the co-operation of the School in the genus omne.

matter, that this coup d'état may have some perHe remarks that his chief obstacle is an ecclesi. manently good effect in reviving oratorical talent astical mania which has spread over the neighbour and energy, which have been allowed to decline ing tribes. They are by no means Christians, but influenced by the love of imitation, common to men

A. B. POYNTON (Hon. President). and monkeys, they have erected numerous churches,

A. F. B. WILLIAMS (Vice-President). copied from a mission church at Potaro. In these they spend 6 hours a day during the week, and 8 MARLBOROUGH MISSION CHURCH on Sundays, “repeating the creed, the Lord's Prayer,

BUILDING FUND. and the ten Commendmants in the, to them, vulgar tongue, though it is quite evident that what they are

The following additional contributions have been saying is not understanded of the people.” They do

received in answer to the appeal contained in our not aim at harmony, but each man doeth “ that

last pumber. which is right in his own eyes.” Some pray, others

From members of the Council, per the Master

£ s. d. £ s. d. sing hymns or psalms, others deliver sermons with The Warden of Keble ...

5 0 0 appropriate gestures. They appear to incline to R. Hunter, Esq. ... ... ... 10 10 0 ritualism. At any rate they universally indulge in The Bishop of Bath and Wells altar pieces. An enlightened community had a

W. S. Seton-Karr, Esq. ... ...

The Marquis of Bath ... ... portrait of our respected Premier, another was con

The Bishop of Durham ... ...
tent with a page torn out of Mr. Payn's ‘ By Proxy.' The Rev. Canon Bridges ... ...
Let us hope they live up to it.

The Rev. M. T. Farrer
The report this year will be unusually interesting. The Earl of Devon ... ... ... ...
In an appendix will be published an analysis, care-

– 71 0 0

Other donations, per the Masterfully compiled by Mr. Preston, of the notices taken

General and Mrs. Askwith

Oo during the last twenty years. This will show the

The Rev. W. Chambers... ... ... 5 00 average date of first appearance of insects, of laying The Rev. G. C. Bell (3rd inst.) ... 25 0 0 of birds, of first flowering of plants, etc., etc.

The Rev. J. Meek Clark... ... ... The lectures this term will be as follows :-Feb

- 45 00

Per the Secretary at Marlborough Collegeruary 5th, W. W. Fowler, Esq., on “ The birds of

The Rev. T. W. Lee the Alps.” February 21st, Dr. Hudson. March

The Rev. W. E. Vigor for Capt. F. 12th, E. Robertson, on Astronomy. March 26th, T.

G. V. (serving in the Soudan) 1 0 0 Corbett, Esq., O.M., on Rome.

F. C. Beazley, Esq. ... ... ... ... 1 0 0


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15 96


March 1st-Offertory
April 6th-Offertory
May 2nd-Rev. T. A. Preston's House Box

Box for Lent Term
May 9th-Offertory
June oth-Offertory
July 14th-Offertory
July 29th-Offertory

Dr. Fergus - Additional to ditto

Master (box in old Chapel) Sept. 22nd-Offertory

Box for Summer Term Nov. 14th-Offertory Dec. 1st-H. T. Grummitt (subscription) Dec. 19th-Box for Winter Term Dec. 21st-Offertory

Additional to ditto

£ 8. d. 22 10 16 120 17 14 0 1 2 0 6 0 71 21 3 0

8 5 0 21 10 0 17 2 0 0 10 0 2 16 9 21 15 6

2 14 111 15 14 6 0 10 6 1 15 3 27 10 0 1 0 0


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£219 19 53



£ 8. d. Feb. 12th-Perkins (printing)

1 96 March 31st-Curate's stipend

37 10 0 May 5th-Cemetery subscription

0 10 0 July 28th-Curate's stipend

37 10 0 Oct. 6th-Curate's stipend

37 10 0 Dec. 21st-Savernake Hospital...

15 15 0 St. Mary's Parish St. Peter's Parish

4 4 0 Preshute Parish

4 4 0 Curate's stipend

37 10 0 S.P.G. (subscription per Dr. Fergus) 15 15 0


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196 1 6 23 17 111

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Per the Treasurer (the Rev. W. Almack,

Bruce Castle, Tottenham)Lieutenant Norris, sub., 1885

1 0 0 The Rev. II. Bell, sub., 1884

1 0 0 W.C. Stunt, Esq., sub., 1885... 3 3 0 Ch. Mayhew, Esq.

0 5 6 The Rev. E. G. Wyld

1 0 0 The Rev. R. Blakiston, subs., 1885 1 1 0 The Rev. R. B. Forrester subs., 1885 1 1 0

1886 1 1 0 H. M. Leaf, Esq.

5 0 0 C. L. Bell, Esq....

0 10 St. Mary's Guild, per Miss Cook 12 0 The Rev. W. Lock

5 0 T. T. Ward, Esq.

5 5 0 C. L. Wilson and Co.

2 2 Per the Rev. E. F. N. Smith (Small sums)

3 1 0 The Rev. E. F. N. Smith

1 19 0 S. E. Waller, Esq.

0 10 0 W.J. Harrison, Esq.

1 1 0 W. B. Canning, Esq.

1 1 J. T. Dickinson, Esq.

1 0 H. G. Madan, Esq,

5 0 The Rev. H. J. Lomax

1 1 0 H.C.

0 6 The Rev. S. F. Bridge

0 10 6 A. Digby, Esq.

5 0 0 Professor S. II. Butcher ...

10 0 0 L. M. Curtler, Esq.

5 0 0 W.J.

3 0 0 The Rev. W. W. Howard

1 1 0 The Dean of Westminster, sub. 1 10


1 1 0 Mrs. Bradley, sub.

0 10 6 Mrs. Morgan Yeatman

10 Miss Penrhyn

0 10 A. W. Yeatman, Esq.

0 10 Mortimer Rooke, Esq.

3 3 F. Madan, Esq.

2 2 0 The Rev. E. H. C. Stephenson 10 0 0 The Rev. J. S. Tyacke

1 1 0 E Mitchison, Esq.

2 2 0 Offertory at Marlborongh Mission... 2 7 6 Sacred concert at do.

9 5 0 H. H. Baber, Esq.

5 0 0 C. V. Boys, E-q.

£219 19 51

M. H. GOULD, Hon. Treasurer.

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HONOURS. Arthur Swinton Weatherhead, Scholarship at King's College, Cambridge.

John Francis Wills Little, a Price Exhibition at King's College, Cambridge.

Francis Erskine Rowe, Major Scholarship at Trinity College, Cambridge.

Andrew Claude De la Chievis Crommelin, Major Scholarship at Trinity College, Cambridge.

John James Guest, Exhibition at Trinity College, Cambridge.

Percy John Frederick Macaulay, Open Nomination at Woolwich.

1 1 0 T. H. Carson, Esq. (2nd don.) 10 0 0 Miss Molesworth (2nd don.)

5 0 0 Rev. (. R. Carr (2nd don.)

10 0 0 C. W. Pill, Esq.

2 2 0 R. L. Hesketh, Esq....

3 3 0 L. R. Furneanx, Esq.

3 3 0 G. Lawson, Esq.

3 3 0 W. W. Dayman, Esq,

1 1 0

1 1 0 Editors of Marlturian

3 0 0


160 16 6

£292 6 0


£ 8. d. January 1st-Balance in hand

14 1 41 W.C. Stunt, Esq.

1 1 0

ERRATUM. In the article on Matthew Arnold in our last number, for “hills and towns of the Lake country," read“ hills and tarns of the Lake country.” Printed by Chas. Perkins, at his General Printing Office,

High-Street, Marlborough.

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CHARLES DICKENS. There is hardly any other English author who has won such world-wide reputation, and has at the same time met with so much unfavourable criticism as Charles Dickens. Englishmen and Englishwomen are never tired of revelling in the mingled humour and pathos of his writings; critics are never tired of pointing out the innumerable defects and faults that disfigure them as works of art. It is our purpose in this short paper to attempt to point out what are the qualities which have won him this universal love and admiration, and at the same time what are the deficiencies which cause his books to fall so far below the ideal standard of novel writing.

It will be necessary to give a very brief sketch of Dickens' early life, because this bears in a peculiar manner upon the development of his genius. He was born in 1812, and from 1816 to 1821, lived with his family in the military town of Chatham. Here he acquired a lasting affection for his home and the neighbouring sleepy old town of Rochester, and the lanes and woods, and wide lonely marshes, which form such a conspicuous part of the scenery of that part of Kent. Again and again he recurs in his novels to the home of his childhood, especially in Pickwick, and in Great Expectations. At the age of

ten his troubles began. His father, who appears to have resembled the immortal Micawber, moved to London. He was unsuccessful, was compelled to become an inmate of the Marshalsea, while the unfortunate Charles was put into Messrs. Warren's blacking factory. The story of this part of his life has been told in David Copperfield. He loathed his work and the company into which it threw him with a bitter loathing which he never forgot. But it was during this terrible time that he became acquainted with the miseries of low life in London, which he afterwards depicted so faithfully. Mr. Dickens' affairs amended after a time, and Charles was sent to school for two or three years. Then, after an interval, during which he was engaged as a reporter for the daily press, he began his brilliant career as an author with the Sketches by Boz, published in the Evening Chronicle during 1834.

He first showed what he was really made of in The Pickwick Papers, which has always been one of his most popular works. This was followed by Oliver Twist, his first attempt at a regularly constructed novel, and by many others in quick succession.

Dickens is essentially a novelist of the middle and lower classes ; in this fact lies the source both of

his strength and his weakness. He has painted | ble as are his characters, numbers of them are to us with a master's brush, the sin and misery, the joys ll as to him real living beings. In spite of the exag. and sorrows of the vast masses which inhabit our gerated way in which they are drawn, we can great towns. Himself one of the people, he wrote scarcely conceive of them as being mere figments of of the people and for the people. His great aim the artist's brain. Many of them are become housewas to depict the struggle of what is natural in hold words among us; Sam Weller, Mrs. Gamp, man with what is artificial and conventional. He Pecksniff, Dick Swiveller The Marchioness will finds nature in all sorts of unexpected places, often live as long as the English language lives. Sam mingled with much that is evil and repulsive. He Weller and his father serve as admirable illustra. finds it in little Nell, moving in her childish inno tions of Dickens' peculiar type of broad vigorous cence unharmed through the sin and coarseness that humour, often with a strong farcical element in it. surround her on every side; he finds it again, Dickens' imagination was very powerful, often almost crushed out by drink and brutality, in the indeed it carried him to lengths which to us appear poor drab, whose faithful love for Bill Sikes is fanciful. When a villain, a Jonas Chuzzlewit or a requited by cruelty such as we shudder to read of, Bill Sikes is about his deeds of darkness, the very or in the unhappy drudge of a Yorkshire school, or rain and wind seem to fall in with his mood, and in countless other beings whose lives have been every passing event appears to allude to what is in spent under the most baneful influences. In the his mind. At such momentous crises this is same spirit Dickens strove against every form of very well, and serves to keep up the interest, bat oppression; against the poor laws in Oliver Twist, when the same style of writing is used in the de. against circumlocution and red tapeism in Little scription of mere common-place events, such as Tom Dorrit; and many are the now happily obsolete Pinch's journey to London on a stage-coach, it characters, such as Mr. Squeers and Mrs. Gamp, cannot but be a little forced and unnaturalwhose extinction is in great part due to the liberrima Another remarkable trait in Dickens is his pathos. indignatio of this powerful writer and earnest At times, it is true, this is a little maudlin, just as reformer. Are we then to class Dickens with that his humour is at times a little broad or far-fetched, school of French novelists who consistently repre yet there is often a very genuine ring about it. sent all that is good in men as being in perpetual Great as were Dickens' talents and much as we conflict with the ordinances of society ? Surely he must admire his genius, yet it cannot be denied that has very little in common with these ? The answer for us of the 'superior social section,' who lay some is not far to seek. One of the strongest of our perhaps not unjust claim to the 'finer sense of the national characteristics has always been what Mr. city,' there is something in which he seems to fall Arnold calls the "sentiment of conduct. This is short of our standards. We cannot impute it to our great safeguard against those offences against him as a fault; doubtless it was the natural result social order and decorum which are so frequent in of the circumstances of his up-bringing, and if this writers of this school. This sentiment Dickens had been otherwise, much of his special force might possessed in a very high degree. He is indeed a have been lost. Yet the fact remains that he is very typical Englishman. A strong element in his entirely out of sympathy with the intellectual and nature was that innate conservatism which is often artistic interests which form so large a part of to be found in many who are to the world radicals, modern life, that he is, in a word, an utter Philistine. such as he was. Never is he more at home, than Viewed by our criteria there is much in him which when describing the festivities of a real old English

is altogether untrue and unnatural. His humorous Christmas ; again, he obviously looks with a tender characters are painfully exaggerated, he labels the regret on the days of postboys and coaches, of with a few distinctive phrases, very amusing, very ostlers and bagmen, which the march of modern humorous, but recurring again and again almost civilisation has swept away.

ad nauseam. All his men and women are so oneThe two qualities most strongly developed in sided; they are mere embodiments of one single Dickens are an extremely vivid imagination and a idea ; there is no light and shade in them; Mark - somewhat loud and rollicking humour. Innumera. | Tapley asserts his jo!liness' in every so

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