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both in Bohemia and Poland, use the bribes, promises, and threats. In any power which he, in return for their other country in Europe a minister support, has given them, to oppress who played Count Taaffe's role would most ruthlessly their weaker neighbors. be a miscreant and a traitor ; but in The Czechs especially have shown Austria it is otherwise ; there opporthemselves tyrannical and insatiable. tunism is the one art of ruling ; and They have scornfully rejected the em- the count gave a signal proof of his peror's compromise — an attempt to loyalty and patriotism when, putting arrange a modus vivendi between them- aside all personal feelings, he set to selves and the German Bohemians work determinedly to serve his country, and they are now openly waging war not as he would have liked to serve it, against Count Taaffe, in revenge for not as he believed he best could serve his refusal to consent to the coronation it, but in the only way it is willing to at Prague. This they do, although be served. they are fully aware that a coronation would entail civil war in the land. When Dr. Gregr took Dr. Rieger's place, the ex-premier knew he must
From The Cornhill Magazine. look for supporters elsewhere ; no terms MEMORIES OF THE MASTER OF BALLIOL.
; that he could offer would satisfy the It was a very remarkable gathering young Czechs' cormorant leader.
that gathering of men in the Balliol Count Taaffe has fallen, or rather he Chapel — to mourn for the master who has stepped aside for a time — only for had been taken from their head. Walka time, nota bene that others may try ers in various paths of life, thinkers of their hand at solving some of the prob- various ways of thought, had found lems which have bamed him. During their paths and ways all converge in his fourteen years of premiership his sorrow for a common loss- not only to opponents were unscrupulous and im- the college, but to their time and placable, his supporters captious and fatherland. The coffin lay upon its vacillating; and he had to reckon with trestles shoulder high. Over it fell a a Reichsrath which contains twelve purple pall, made white with floral tribdistinct parties, each with interests, utes; but the greatest tribute there was aspirations, and antipathies of its own. the presence of such men of busy life In such circumstances the wonder is, and active mind, come to pay grateful not that he should have done so little, homage to the memory of their spirbut rather that he should have done itual father. For indeed he was their anything at all. As the head of a pro- spiritual even as he was their intellecgressive majority, he might have ac- tual father, he who for so many years complished a noble work in the world ; of incessant labor and marvellous enas the chief of a party such as his, his ergy had taught them all how best to be merit is that he has at least prevented about their Father's business. evil being done. Probably no one re- A Scotch philosopher, an English grets more than he does the straits lord, and a Japanese earl came by me which compelled him, again and again, and took their seats in silent sadness. to have recourse to somewhat unscrupu- The thought of the secret of Jowett's lous tactics and questionable manæuvres power to reach, through these his to keep together his heterogeneous troop pupils, such divers worlds crossed one's of followers, and thus frustrate the mind, and as one noted that just opposchemes of those whom he regards as site sat together the Dean of Westthe enemies of the State. By nature minster, the speaker of the House of he is a straightforward, plain-dealing Commons, and Professor Huxley, the man; and it was only hard necessity wonder grew. that drove him to govern by playing off
Then forth from the chapel we went, party against party, nation against na- a great crowd. But where were the tion, and lavishing on each in turn personal mourners ? where the rela
tives ? Close behind the coffin came talked at all about his relations - inthe faithful servants of the house, deed seemed a little huffed when asked hardly able to restrain their grief ; but after a certain cousin who was known brothers and sisters, nephews or nieces, as : “ Joe Jowett” in the Kettering there were none. Only, as we moved neighborhood some thirty years ago, through the quiet quadrangle towards and answered sharply :the St. Giles' entrance, a voice seemed "I don't know what is become of
“I have no need of relations in him. I never knew him." the flesh, seeing I have such near ones To such an apparently friendless in the spirit. Behold! all these that youth Balliol became father, mother, follow me are sons. It was indeed a sister, and brother; and one could unstriking instance of the strength of the derstand upon reflection what was spiritual tie that this man, who sixty meant when he said, “I owe everyyears ago had taken Balliol College thing to the college.” For he had unto himself as bride, should now be climbed from high to higher. Scholar, borne along to burial by such a family fellow, and tutor ; all but master in of sons and daughters (for women were 1854; master in 1870; unchanging in of the company) as followed the coffin his love and devotion to the great trust tlırough the broad St. Giles and the imposed upon him ; changeless almost narrow-streeted suburb, to that un-in cherubic face ; changeless in dress lovely and unlovable resting place in tail-coated to the last- and so unJericho.
changeable in his affectionate regard “I owe everything to the college,” for the wife he had espoused when he Jowett used to say ; and if one had became a scholar, that the very last been tempted to have replied, “The words that fell from his lips before he college owes everything to you,” the died were My love to the college.” master W certainly ha said, What were the secrets of this life of * Not at all, not at all! You don't influence ? They were many.
First know what you are talking about.” and foremost, resistless and untiring And, in a sense, it was true. For the energy. In the old tutorial days, belittle fair-haired lad, of cherub face, fore he became master, bis doors were clad in tail-coat and short breeches tied open to every undergraduate who cared at the kuee with blue ribbon, who was to be helped. Many a don felt that the joke of his competitors for the Bal- the day's work ceased with the last lecliol scholarship long years ago, came ture ; most were confident that after nobody quite knew from whence, and Hall came Common-room, and after seemed to have no relatives to return Common-room rest, perhaps sleep. But to. He might have been the son of a from eight o'clock till midnight a stream certain gentleman foud of flowers, of of young men might be seen passing whom in 1810, at Cambridge, ran the up to Jowett's rooms, with essays, quatrain :
iambics, Greek verse or prose — all
coming, by invitation, for advice and A little garden little Jowett made,
help, and taking away not only correcAnd fenced it with a little palisade.
tions in metre and style, but new If you would know the mind of little
thoughts about the worth of work done Jowett, "This little garden does no little show it.
thoroughly, and the possibility of serv
ing others than themselves by the work Or, again, he might be the son of a they took in hand. It was this resistworthy printer in Bolt Court, London. less energy that made hini, as an underSome averred that his parents were graduate, work thirteen hours a day, as well-known linen - drapers, near St. he once told a Siamese prince in my Paul's school. All that was really hearing. known was that, from the day he won The said Siamese prince had, as the the scholarship, Balliol became to porter pompously expressed it,“ Comed the boy's heart - home. He never l into Balliol by the master's front door,
VOL. LXXXIV. 4364
sir,” lad entered for his " Smalls," had sharply, “No, no; I don't want an telegraphed, so it was popularly under- arm. Just steady me that's all." stood, to his father that he was in for Another secret of his influence with this, his first examination, and had men was his transparent candor-canpaid for a reply telegram, which, it is dor too transparent to be rude. One asserted, ran as follows : “ It is well. remembers how, at the first breakfast Fourteen youths of the nobler sort have with the master, we, who as trembling been sacrificed.” But the propitiatory undergraduates liad talked, or thought offering in Siam had failed to help in we had talked, of all things under the battle of the schools. The prince heaven and on earth, and had been had been plowed, and was sent for by unable to extract any replies whatever, the master.
heard from the master's lips his opin“I am much ashamed of you, ,” said ion of our chatter- “Good-morning, Jowett, in his sternest and jerkiest gentlemen. I think you must cultivate manner; “you are very idle — very conversational
powers. Good-mornidle. You are no credit to your coun- ing.” try, or to this college. How many
This candor was so natural to the hours a day do you work ?”
man that at times he ran risks of being To which the Siamese answered smil- thought to be personal. Thus, for exingly, “Aw, master, I do work very ample, in one of his sermons in chapel hard. Sometimes three hours."
we were electrified to hear him once To whom replied the master, “You say, “We see our old friends sitting in ought to work at least eight lours. their study-chairs and getting narrower When I was your age I worked thir- and narrower every day.” Now, we
one of those old friends actiIt is true that one was convulsed at ally sitting within a few feet of the the time by hearing the prince say, preacher, and our ears lingled for the with a grin from ear to ear, but in all master ; but it was quite evident that good faith, “ Aw, but master, you have the preacher was in that condition of such a very big head !” but that “I mind upon the matter that friends qua used to work thirteen hours a day" persons had ceased to exist for him, sank deep into one's mind.
and the truth he wished to press home It was this same unquenchable en- of the need of wide sympathy to the ergy that made Jowett (at least so it is end of life had obliterated all thought reported), when he was beginning to or fear of the person of man. be ill two years ago, on hearing from From anyone else it might have his medical attendant that he was very seemed a little rude to take a man out seriously sick and must keep absolutely for a long walk, make no reply to quiet, after much question and answer remark about the weather that had about the symptoms, bow the doctor been at last made in sheer desperation, out of his bedroom, with “ Thank you, walk back a mile in silence, and turn thank
you !” — then rise from his bed, round on the doorstep, shake hands, dress, order a hansom, go up to Lon- and say : “I don't think much of tbat don, transact some business he felt im- last remark of yours —good-day ;” but portant, and return to his bed. It was it came naturally from Jowett, and was the same spirit that, as late as three said with such evident intent not to years ago, when I met him at a station, harm, but to help, that the man was refused to low me to carry his luggage not hurt by it at all. for him to the couveyance, with a short By the way, what funny things those “I can do it myself.” It was this silent walks were ! The master would, spirit that, when on the occasion of the after a lap or two of silence, suddenly laureate's funeral, a year ago, I prof- break to humming a tune, and after a fered him an arm as we descended the turn or two of humming would relapse long steps from the Chapter House to into silence. Sometimes he would asthe cloisters, made him say, a little tonislı his companions by saying, “ Shall
we run and get warm ? " and away he Of course, at times this blunt outwould go till the younger would cry, spokenness and absolute reality were “Hold ; enough !"
felt to be galling. Men who were deIt was this caudor that made him say servedly snubbed smarted under it. once to a talkative young fellow who But then the master knew generally had come up to compete for the Balliol what was in man ; le studied men's scholarship, and who had come into characters, observed men closely, and breakfast with his competitor
a very even on the torture-rack of his long shy boy - and had asked whether his silences he learned something of their rival was a clever boy, “Yes ; he'll inner lives. So that if his words were get the scholarship - not you."
sharp, they were often salutary. It was this candor that came to the A Greek scholar, with a great repufront at a dinner party of men (old tation and a fairly good opinion of himBalliol scholars) who had passed out self, came up from a Scotch university with honors from the college, and were and showed up an incontestably good serving their country in various public copy of Greek Iambics. Jowett looked posts of importance. One of them said, them over, and to the young mau ex
Master, we should be very sorry to pectant of great praise quietly said, have to go in for the Balliol scholarship with his quaint blink of the eye,“ Do now; we should none of us pass,” and you think, Mr. So-and-So, you could do all expected to hear Jowett say, “Oh, anything in the way of mathematics ? nonsense ! You are all better scholars On another occasion, at one of the now than then." But Jowett glanced test-by-silence breakfasts, a young man round the table, and just said, “Yes, who did most of the chatter said to his one of you would — Stanley, here.” neighbor, “I seem to be doing all the
It was this candor that enabled him, talking.” Jowett overheard him, and as it was currently reported, to say to answered, “ Yes ; very young men the young man who had thrown up an generally do that.' important post in the Indian Civil Ser- This reality of the master made him vice and taken the twelve shillings a impatient of all sham or' shoddy, and week pay of a captain in the Salvation very much inclined to distrust all gush Army, “ I always thought you a foolish and all apparent unreality. It was a young man ; but, on the whole, I have common story in old Balliol days that come to the conclusion that this is the an undergraduate who had attended wisest step you could have taken." the master's lectures on " Natural Re
Once I feared his blunt outspoken- ligion” thought it the right thing to ness would have got him into serious pose as an unbeliever, and said, trouble. A drunken flyman, one fine fact is, master, I cannot fiud evidence moonlight night, came to take us home of a god anywhere.” after dinner from the house of a friend, 6 You must find one by midvight, or aud our host had gone to the door and you will go down to-morrow,” was the expostulated with the incapable coach- sharp answer that brought the young
When we went out the driver man to his senses, and discovered a had got down from the box, and ap- divinity that shaped his ends where it peared to wish to be squaring up to the was least expected, in the clear commaster, with the words, “This gen- mon sense that would stand no trifling ’man says I'm drunk. What do you or levity in serious things.
I shall not soon forget the I remember his saying to a young look of calm serenity, nor the absolute man who had been talking rather gushtruthfulness and tone of unflinching ingly of his love for the poets, 5. Do assertion, with which Jowett — who you ever write poetry, Mr. M might have been pardoned for a certain “ Yes — well, I do something in that evasion under the circumstances — said way," was the answer. “Never mind,” to the flyman militant, “ Yes, you are said the master, “how much you drunk – very drunk indeed.”
write, as long as you burn it all.” It
was good advice, and it was said with few words. As vice-chancellor men such a kindly smile that it was felt for said his ability to transact business good.
swiftly was astonishing. On another occasion an undergrad- Of course, it is true that sometimes uate gushed considerably about the in council or debate he was accused of glory of the bright spring day. “ The being very deaf at judicious moments, shower of bl som, the song of birds, and so not putting a motion which the music of bees what a gift from he knew would be the direct opposite Heaven it all is ! It makes us all of what he wished or felt was wise ; poets. Does it not make you feel poet- but even then his wisdom, his determiical, master ?" said the raslı youth. nation not to be caught napping, called “No,” said Jowett testily, “ I think forth the admiration of his opponents. not. Take some more tea."
Undergraduates ofteu experienced how Jowett's reality could not stand con- wide-awake the apparently comatose ceit a bit more than he could away with master was, and this especially at idleness. Instead of saying, as Harry essay-time. A friend of mine had forSmith would say, “My dear sir, you gotten till too late the weekly task, and are a very young man and belong to a accordingly had written six instead of very old college,” Jowett would say twelve sheets of rubbish. straight out, “ You are a very con- peared to be asleep, and the reader ceited young man ; do not be so fool- read very slowly and majestically, and ish."
ended the "linked sweetness long Akin to this love of reality was a drawn out” with a grand rhetorical love of naturalness that at times almost flourish, as much as to say, “ You see appeared simplicity. The master's easy what a hard-working young fellow I manuer with women, and his pleasure am, and how industriously I have perin the company of children, was the formed the allotted task !" Jowett result of this love of naturaluess. The just said, “Read on, please,” in his way in which he shared his confidence little chirping voice, and my friend was with the servants of liis household, his floored. close friendship with his 'secretary That piping chirrup of the master's whom he had trained to the work, was was very catching. One at least of the part of his sincere deliglit in natural- undergraduates had by imitation be
On one occasion a friend of come so unconsciously like of speech mine bad forgotten the hour for read that we who were assembled in the ing essays to the master till it was too master's study to hear the essays read, late for him to go home and change his and wait our turn for execution, were boating-dress. He came up breathless horrified and convulsed to hear Jowett from the boats in a Balliol blazer, say at the end of the essay, · Very knocked at the study door, and said, “I bald, very bald,” in his quaint falsetto, am very sorry, master, I clean forgot and to hear in answer from the culprit the time, and have ruu up straight from in just the same falsetto with a crack the boats to read my essay. I know I in it, “Oh! do you think so ?" We ought to have come in cap and gown, expected an explosion, but the master but I really have not had time to go to was always master of himself, and he my lodgings.”
simply stirred the fire, and said, “ Next, To the astonishment of the brother please.” essayists assembled, Jowett smiled, I suppose it was in his business caand said, “ Come in, come in. I quite pacity that his brevity of speech stood understand.” It was the naturalness the master in best stead. Many inof the man in the blazer that had ap- stances occur of this commendable pealed to the master's heart.
brevity. There was also about the master an There had been a luncheon party in attractiveness to business men from the college, and, after it, the young men way in which he went to the point in 'who had well lunched thought it the