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Mazoe, aud Lo Magondas is very satis- fatal to all quadrupeds which come factory, and new finds were occurring from without. It is a small grey fly, everywhere daily, until the present about the size of an ordinary horse-ty, complications with the Matabele put a with crossed wings, and is generated, stop to all operations; and it is really some suppose, in buffalo droppings ; at on its gold-mines that the future of any rate, it is pretty clear that when Mashonaland depends; without gold the buffalo disappears from a district the country is not sufficiently rich to the fly does too. It is certainly a most warrant colonization. It could doubt- tiresome little insect, and has cost the less be self-supporting without gold, Chartered Company many thousands but as a speculation it would be value- of pounds. Now it is to be hoped that less ; hence it is intensely gratifying the railway will obviate ;
further to those interested in the Company to loss from this cause. It has always hear such good reports of the gold remained a puzzle to me why it is that prospects, and every one is eagerly in a district where a foreign horse, ox, looking forward to the cessation of donkey, or dog is sure to die from the hostilities for further development in Ay-bile, the zebra, buffalo, quagga, and this direction. The railway from Beira native dogs never suffer at all. will enable plant to be introduced into As to the fitness of the climate for the country for working the gold, Europeans, opinions differ considerwhich previously could not be done ably ; certainly, during the rainy seaowing to the prohibitive distance by son, and when the long coarse grass is road from the Cape Colony, and the rotting in the tropical sun, there is cost of transport.
inuch fever sometimes mild and There are, of course, several points easily warded off by doses of quinine which must seriously impede the prog- and Warburg, and sometimes persistress of colonization in Mashonaland ; ent, running into hæmaturia, and withfirst and foremost amongst these is the out proper care resulting in death ; but extreme unhealthiness of this country this is generally the case in a new counfor all cattle. Oxen die on the road in try. It was so in Griqualand and the quantities from the fatal lung sickness, Transvaal ; but when the drainage of which sometimes clears off whole the towns has been attended to, and teams; from drunk sickness, or stag- proper house accommodation erected, gers ; and from numerous other is the tendency to fever is much lessened. eases with curious Dutch names. The The report of the senior medical officer rank fodder is in many cases unwhole- of the British South Africa Company, at some, so that the owner of a wagon Salisbury, for 1892, is very satisfactory and a team of oxen is constantly kept on this head. He says :
in Good food, at the highest pitch of anxiety concern- good clothing, shelter from inclement ing the health of his beasts. The fatal weather and the sun, an abundant suphorse sickness, too, at present prohibits ply of medicines and invalid necessaall but salted horses from entering the ries, and a mild season, have wrought country. Ignorant of this fact, the an enormous improvement in the genpioneers took up unsalted horses, and eral health of the people, and the they all died. At Fort Victoria we saw Mashonaland of 1892 is not recognize one hundred and fifty saddles in a row able as the Mashonaland of 1891." It in the fort, and no horses to put them is to be hoped that the coming rainy on. Again, salted horses are wretched season, especially if the campaign be things, for a horse not worth a five- not satisfactorily terminated before its pound note in England you have to commencement, may be equally favorgive £100 if he is salted ; and similarly, able to the health of Europeans.
; the best horse you could see is not Salisbury, Victoria, and Umtali will worth the five-pound note up country undoubtedly be the chief towns of the if he is not salted.
new colony. The position of Salisbury Then there is the belt of tsetse-fly, 'is exceedingly dreary, but it is the
healthiest of the three. It is close on the neighborhood. Three hundred five thousand feet above the sea level, stands have been located there, and it and enjoys an abundance of that pecul- is connected with Salisbury on the one iarly exhilarating air which is to be hand, and on the other with Chimoio, found only in the tropical highlands. by a good road which Mr. Selous conIt is surrounded by a large plain, and structed last year. the town is chiefly built on aud around There is no doubt about it that in a diminutive tree-clad kopje, which their coming contest with the Matabele rises about two hundred feet out of this the Chartered Company will get no plain. The Chartered Company have assistance from the Mashonas ; they spent a considerable sum on draining are abject cowards, and have for genthe immediate neighborhood of this erations lived in terror of the Zulu. town, and last wet season it was prac- During our experience of work at Zimtically free of fever. Eighteen hun-babwe we found that they could only dred stands have already been surveyed be treated with kindness ; any repriand mapped out, and certain public mand terrified them, and they ran away buildings, such as offices for the admin- never to return, regardless of their istrator, bank, and police station, etc., wages. Once we had a quarrel with have been completed.
the chief of the village on the hill; Victoria is not nearly so advanta- there was a great deal of shouting and geously placed. The ground around it bluster and shaking of assegais, but the is marshy, and fever is here much more moment we went for them they fed frequent ; but possessing, as it does, like monkeys, and laughed at us from the key to Providential Pass, and being their unapproachable eyries. It is the in close proximity to newly discovered same when they fight with one another ; gold reefs, Victoria is bound to proceed there is much shouting and gesticularapidly. Already five hundred and tion, but rarely any bloodshed. seventy-two stands have been sold, and The Maslonas are decidedly clever public buildings superior to those of and ingenious, and, when confidence is Kimberley or Johannesburg have been once established, they may be trained erected.
to make themselves very useful workA friend writes to me concerning men. We had no difficulty with them the present condition of Fort Victoria : in that respect, and they soon learnt The old fort is abandoned, and only a work was decidedly good. They carve
how to handle our tools ; and their few ruined huts are left to mark the place. We are now on a bit of ground between the very well, and make very pretty kuife fort of the Umshagashi and another stream,
handles and pillows, aud their ingewhere was our first outspan after leaving nuity in turning ld meat tins into Victoria. This town is now nearly as big ornaments is most remarkable. as Mafeeking, and about as well built. As for Khama's men, I doubt much There is a great square barrack-yard, sur- whether they will be very efficient rounded by a loopholed brick wall ten feet allies, if they are called upon to figlit high. At two corners are towers on which against the Matabele in the open ; their are machine guns, which sweep the country value will be more in scouting and for a long distance around ; so that this place can hardly be taken by the Matabele. surprise parties, for the Bamangwato
are an essentially pastoral race, with a Umtali is beautifully situated in a wholesome dread of the Matabele. basin formed by the Mavica Moun- Throughout the length and breadth of tains. It is considerably lower than South Africa there is not a tribe which the other two, but as the fall is good can stand up to the Zulu, and all the the place is healthy. It will ultimately hard fighting will have to be done by be on the railway system which is the white men. pushing in from Beira. Umtali has Will, then, Lobengula be as easily every prospect of a successful future, quelled as the sanguine messages from and there are numerous gold reefs in Mashovaland lead us to hope? This is
a question which only time cau answer. Martha is boundlessly simple and A savage tribe lighting for its very ex-contented. It is fortunate that an existence in a difficult and at times almost ternal cleanliness is not necessary to her impassable country is a very formida- happiness, since it has been her fate to ble foe. Is it not likely that they will look at Thames Street, breathe Thames stand in a half circle in the open, to be Street, and live in Thames Street since shot down by the Chartered Company's she was five-and-twenty.
Once she guns, if ever the heavy artillery can be has been into the country. But that brought anywhere near them. Again, was a long time ago; though on the if there is no open opposition, and the window-sill of her attic there still live British forces march on and destroy miserably some of the cuttings she took Baluwayo, what will be gained ? Be- from the plants she brought back with fore the victorious army is at home her. again, another capital will be built, and Martha waters those forlorn and the question will be no more settled stunted geraniums with the greatest than it was before. Nothing but mak- pride and indiscretion. She imagines ing a clean sweep of the Matabele out that the smutty and despairing musk of the country and driving them across still smells deliciously, and puts her old the Zambesi cau settle the matter. nose into it and sniffs with the greatest Then, if a series of forts is erected to enjoyment in the world. On sultry prevent their return, Mashonaland and days she opens her window and sits at Matabeleland may hope for a time of work by her “garden." Her old face peace and prosperity.
is placid and contented. The expresJ. THEODORE BENT. sive language of the costermonger be
low falls upon her ear. The refreshing scept of decaying vegetables must quite
overpower that of the elderly musk. From The Cornhill Magazine. But either Martha has long ceased to
expect uvalloyed pleasure, or is of such Quand c'est le cæur qui conduit, il entraîne.
a very simple nature that she can enjoy MARTIIA caretakes a decrepit City imperfect happiness perfectly. warehouse. She cleans, or imaginesi Martha is very proud of ber attic. Il that she cleans, the offices of a de- may not, in fact, does not, contain pressed company of tea merchants and much oxygen. But there is a beautiful of a necessitous land surveyor. They picture of the queen smiling blaudly damn her hopelessly when they arrive out of a tradesman's almanac of the every morning and behold the thick- year fifty. Martha's circumstances renness of the dust on their ledgers and der it necessary that there should conthe black and smoky nature of their stantly be washing drying in lines tires. And Martha speaks of them across the ceiling. But she takes her tenderly as “my gentlemen," and in- meals quite blithely beneath this canopy quires fondly after their wives and fam- and has no feelings at all about cutting ilies.
her cheese — she never seems to eat Martha's appearance has, it must be anything except cheese or drink anyconfessed, a worn and dingy air, not thing except tea on the patchwork unlike the house she lives in. She is quilt which covers the négligé manner invariably attired in an ancient shawl in which she has made her bed. and a frowsy black bonnet. People Martha-has a table, indeed, but it is are apt to forget that the wrinkled old quite covered with the accumulated face beneath it is very kind and tender. treasures of a lifetime. There is a reThe blackness of Martha's aprons and ligious work presented to her by a Bible the streaky nature of her house-clean-Christian minister angling for a coning cause them to lose sight of the gregation, which Martha values no fact that London griminess has never doubt the more because she cannot reached Martha's soul.
read it. There is a creature which
may or may not represent a parrot, | dreadful, stout, stolid, apple-cheeked, with boot buttons for eyes and a body plebeian baby. But she took possession of many-colored wools. Marthịa blows of Martha's lonely old heart. Martha the dust from the glass case which in- carried back to London a cheap photocloses it, with an infinite affection and graph of Tilly in her best frock, and a reverence. She made the parrot her- deep-seated resolution concerning Tilly self a long, long time ago, and is ten- in her foolish old soul. When Tilly is derly proud of it still. By its side is a old enough she is to come up to LonTestament scored by a hand long dead, don to live, at Martha's expense, with and with Martha's homely name writ- Martha, and be 'prenticed to what ten in the fly leaf. There are two Martha speaks of reverentially in the china shepherdesses, with pink sashies abstract as “the dressmaking.” Marand squints, on the mantelpiece, and tha, like a true Cockney, loves and an In Memoriam card of Martha's dead despises the country, and is convinced nephew.
that London is the only place in which By the window there is a bird in a to get on. And the dressmaking iş cage, to whom Martha chirrups cheer- such a genteel employment. fully, and whom she addresses as To 'prentice Tilly to a very good 'Enery.
The bird never chirrups to house, to be able to clothe Tilly as her Martha old age and the stilling air of high position will require, to be able to Thames Street having long silenced support Tilly what Martha calls “elehim forever. But Martha's placid op- gant,” Martha instituted the moneytimism has caused her to believe per- box, and puts into it weekly much more sistently for many years that if she only than she can afford. She works for chirrups long and cheerfully enough, Tilly with the dogged persistence of ’Enery will reply to her at last.
the woman of one idea. The stout, “He's wonderful for company,” she earthy child whom she has not seen says, “and eats next to nothing." for a dozen years or more has been Which to Martha's mind is the greatest beautified, perhaps beyond recognition, recommendation a friend can have. in her fond and foolish imagination.
Martha is indeed well paid for her Or she thinks that large, red cheeks, caretaking. When one considers the and a stolid gaze — admirably caught sketchy nature of her cleaning she ap- by the cheap photograph — are incapears to be ridiculously overpaid. pable of improvement. Tilly's picture Martha's money is not spent on her- is assigned an honorable place by the self. She eats very little — and cheese side of a terrible, but beloved portrait and tea may be bought incredibly cheap of the Prince of Wales. Though Marand nasty in Thames Street. She in- tha is devotedly attached to the royal dulges in no vanities of dress. The family, there have been days on which frowsy shawl and bonnet are of imme- the prince's countenance has been left morial antiquity. Her employers sur-thick in dust. But Martha always mise uncharitably that she does not makes a point of cleaning Tilly reverwaste her substance on soap. Martha, entially with a corner of her shawl. in fact, wastes nothing. She has a She gazes at the picture when she has money-box secreted in a drawer amid performed this operation with an adan awful confusion of other treasures. miration and tenderness in her dim old She is a miser. She has saved and eyes which are quite ridiculous and stinted herself for years and years. pathetic. Two or three times a week She has denied herself not luxuries, for she breathes on the glass which proluxuries have never even suggested tects Tilly, and rubs it vigorously withı themselves to her, but what other peo- a piece of a cloth which is used indisple would call necessaries.
criminately as a duster or, a handkerOn that far-off visit to the country chief. Martha found and loved a great-niece. For Tilly's sake she refuses to join a Tilly was, it must be confessed, a' party of lady friends who are going by
water to Greenwich. One has to live particular sect, as because the Baptist in Thames Street, perhaps, to know chapel is very handy, the minister affawhat a temptation such an expedition ble, and the footstools large, fat, comrepresents. The land surveyor's wife fortable ones of a showy red baize. sends Martha a cheap petticoat for a “But it'd be sooperstition to let Christmas present. It is beautifully them 'assicks stand in the way of my striped in many colors, and Martha niece,” Martha says thoughtfully to says, “It's too good for my likes," and herself. The 'assicks do not stand in puts it tenderly away in a drawer for Tilly's way. In a day or two Martha, Tilly. For Tilly's sake she denies her- with an optimistic smile on her wrinself sugar in her tea. For Tilly's sake kled old face, may be seen providing she creeps about the old house in boots Ritualistic books of devotion to devout so aged that the tea merchant is con- young gentlemen who have come to strained to speak to her severely on her church to attend Prime. disreputable appearance.
For Tilly's Then Tilly comes. Martha has sake she goes to bed early to save can-house-cleaned her room for Tilly's redles, and lies awake hour after hour ception. She has not, indeed, housewith her old thoughts to keep her com- cleaned it very thoroughly, partly pany. For Tilly's sake she daily makes, because she has not bad time and is in fact, the thousand little sacrifices of seventy years old and a little feeble, which only a great love is capable. and partly because Martha has vever
The tea merchant, exasperated be- cleaned anything thoroughly, including yond bearing at last at her incompe- berself. But she has blown the dust tence, tells her her services will be no off most things, and put up a piece of longer required. On consideration, new window curtain. She has bought perhaps, of her having inquired ten- a shilling looking-glass for Tilly's benderly after his relations every morning efit, Martha never seeing her own kind, for au indefinite number of years, he tender, wrinkled, grubby old counteconsents to her still occupying the attic nance from year's end to year's end. on the payment of a modest rent. She has provided quite a sumptuous
Then Martha seeks some new em-tea — with sugar. She has made the ployment. Her old heart sinks when a bed almost neatly. She has, in fact, week has passed and slic has failed to done everything that love cau suggest. find it. For herself she can live on to her. almost nothing. But Tilly is seven- Before she goes out in the frowsy teen now, and is coming up to London bonnet and ancient shawl to meet Tilly next year. Martha would rather starve at the station she takes a last look,. than take a penny from her money-box. through eyes proudly and tenderly dim, She has called it Tilly's money so long at Tilly's picture. The day bas come that she really believes now to spend it for which she has been working forwould be robbing Tilly of her own. years, for which she has denied herself She is reduced to selling 'Enery — with gladly, for which she has yearned and tears. He fetches a very, very small prayed. She can feel hier heart beatsum, and Martha has loved him as if ing quicker under the threadbare shawl, he were a human creature. The the- and her hands tremble a little. ological work presented by the Bible She is much too early for the train, Christian minister goes also, aud Mar- and has to wait so long in the waitingtha, who has never read it, cannot see room where she has arranged to meet the vacant place on the table because Tilly that she falls into a doze. А of the mist in her old eyes.
robust female with a developed figure, At last she is engaged by the parish a tight waist, and a flowery hat, nudges clergyman to clean the church. Up to her at last impatiently with a tin hat-this period Martha has been a Baptist box. not so much because she has a lean- Lor, aunt !”
says Tilly, ing towards that particular sect, or any with you so shabby, and snoring so un