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descriptions of property, and other | fluence the conduct of unseen powers. business documents which are only of If any sense whatever is extracted interest to specialists. Unfortunately, from these magical formulæ, of which there are but few private letters. Here Dr. Wessely at Vienna has published a is one, which we may take to be from a whole volume, and the Leyden editors daughter to her father (Pap. XLIII.) : another, I am ready to retract my

' Hearing that you are learning the words, and confess that what I de. Egyptian language, I was glad both for clared to be nonsense has turned out you and for myself, since now you can sense. come to the city and teach children at Very different is the catalogue of the school of and so you will ob- accounts, which are indeed most diffitain a support for your old age.” The cult to decipher, but which, when once “ Petrie Papyri” have many more such understood, at least give us the sympapers. Here is a specimen : “Doro- bols for figures, the prices of ordinary theos to Theodoros, greeting. Take things, the methods of business among notice that I am going to have my the Greeks of Egypt. Among the vintage on the 9th inst. You will do “ Petrie Papyri” there are also a large well, therefore, to send some one here number of such pieces in Greek, many on the 8th, who may superintend the more in Demotic, very dry and repouring out of the “inust' which comes pulsive to decipher, but yielding to to you, or if you like to manage the such men as M. Eugène Revillot most thing some other way, let me know by important results. These, too, are letter. Good-bye. — 4th Payni, year 7 strictly technical results, and have by [which means B.C. 240].” Isolated no means reached the point where they letters of this kind are, however, not can be put in an easy form and exnearly so interesting as the various let- plained to the public. ters sent by or to a single man, such The whole result is, however, broadly as Kleon, the commissioner of works this, that these recent discoveries, espealready mentioned, from whose corre-cially those of Mr. Petrie in the Fayspondence we have in the “Petrie yûm, have opened up to us the ordinary Papyri” at least twenty-five letters life of Egypt, both private and official, more or less well preserved, which are with a wealth of detail which we seek given in the second volume of the Irish in vain from the centuries following Academy's publication.

upon the second before Christ. The The two other large sections of the latter half of the third B.c. is, perhaps, London collection are magical papers, the best represented; then we have and accounts — two very contrasted from monkish times (sixth and seventh subjects, seeing that vagueness is the centuries of our era) a good many conleading feature of the former, accuracy tracts of sale, etc., drawn up with curiof the latter. The editors in the Mu- ous and suspicious minuteness. The seum are bold enough to call the collec- monks seem to have been as anxious tion of magical conundrums and recipes to guard themselves from the claims of interesting; to the ordinary person of brother monks as if they had been common sense they will seem an ex-horse-dealers. Of these papers also traordinary mass of gibberish. There there are specimens in the British Muare horoscopes, divination formulæ, seum publication. But they tell us recipes for love charms, mystic' dia- little of real life ; little of the disputes, grams, all the paraphernalia of a false the interests, the anxieties of men and science, which could hardly interest women of like passions with ourselves, any society of modern men, save, per- such as the natives and settlers in the haps, the Psychical Society of Cam- Egypt of the Ptolemies. bridge. To them we commend the This latter has, indeed, up to our Egyptian forerunners of the modern own generation been a mere valley of spiritualist, who sought by vain for- dry bones, like the vision of the mulæ to penetrate the secrets and in-prophet; but now bone is joiuing

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bone, the flesh is coming upon them, and began to ascend the slope that ledt and the men of that day are taking to "the Great Divide.” Flowers still form and color. It but requires the blossomed for her. Friends met her breath of the historian to breathe upon and walked with her. Now and again them, and they will live. Then we one would slip from her side, and she shall see into another episode of that would call the friend by name, and eternal process by which foreign na- there was auswer. The woril tions subdue Egypt, regenerate her “ loss” had crept into her vocabulary resources, develop and appropriate her and stayed there. She had been learnwealth, and yet, when they have done ing a language all the way hitherto, all this, and are complete masters of in which the words “joy,” “ love,that patient land, pass away either by “life,” “ light,” and their synonyms, absorption or decay, leaving the older were in daily use. She was aware of ai race almost unchanged. Egypt has figure walking always just in front of forever, so far, as history can reach, her, with buoyant step and smiling been the property of foreigners. The face. She loved the look on the face, oldest Egyptians of Meza's day were but she never asked who this pioneer plainly no Africans, but an immigrated could be. She was occupied in listenAsiatic people, as their type and lan- ing to the swish of the rustling grasses. guage betray. Ever since, the great as she trod upwards, and to the music rulers of the land have been invaders, of a rivulet which babbled down over or mules in descent. The occupation wossy stones. of the Macedonians has many points of There were times when the place likeness with that of the English. The whereon she stood became holy ground, Macedonians reformed the administra- and she talked with God on the Mount. tion, improved the irrigation, strength- There were moments when evil beasts ened the military defences, and occupied came out of the rocks and glared at. the frontiers with their superior army. her. She found as she neared “the Yet they respected native law and na- Great Divide,” that a new language tive traditions, and made no serious was spoken tliere. The commonest attempt to denationalize the adminis- words in

this new language were tration. If the English control coull “effort,”. “ darkness," “ failure,”! " only be as successful as that of the row,”. templation." Yet the old Macedonians, our interference would words were still at times in use, and require no further justification.

Love would show his face tip-tilted like J. P. MAHAFFY. a flower from out a brier bush. And

Joy would toss himself laughing at her feet ; but the laugh sounded like an

echo, and seened to come up from the From Blackwood's Magazine. path below, and not from where he THE GREAT DIVIDE.

lay. SHE stepped out of the Imperial Pal- And now she was aware of a great ace into a garden full of roses and change in the figure before her. It. mignonette. She never looked back at had shrouded itself in a cloak, and had the Imperial Palace. Youth's starlike drawu a.cowl over its head. The face eyes look straight ahead, and she wore had grown grey and set, and now she no Mnemosyne face as yet. The bees stood at last on " the Great Divide," hummcd deliciously over the migno- and heard, as it were, a trumpet talknette. The scent of the roses crept ing. The summit was bare and windinto her blood. She Aung herself swept. As she stood, the mountain among flowers. Something stung her, uloom and the mountain glory strove and she rose with a sharp cry. The for mastery over her, and in their word “ pain” bad crept for a moment conflict transfigured her now to the into her vocabulary and out again. blackness of darkness and now to the Moving on, she passed through a gate brightness of day. She turned to take

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the first downward step from “the off, and the radiant, smiling form and Great Divide,” and caught sight of the face lit up the path around. She said cloaked figure crouching near her with gently, “ Who are you? I know your its arms clasped round its knees; and face — it is the same that went before rocking softly, it sang in sobbing minor me towards the Great Divide.'" key :

“ Meu call me Hope,” the figure auswered ;

when trouble and trial make Ah ! sorrow in the morn Is not lightly to be borne,

me veil my face at the summit of the And the tears of early youth

Great Divide,' men call me Despair. Are tears of bitter ruth.

Anon, descending the dark downhill Pass by, pass by, O grief !

side of the slope, I renew my youth, The tender budding leaf. and men call me Hope once more.

We Ah! sorrow in the noon

are near the valley ; sit down and I Comes all too soon, too soon,

will sing you to sleep.” She obeyed, And the tears of riper age

resting on a bank beside the smiling No comfort may assuage.

face of Hope, who crooned softly thus : Pass by, pass by, () grief ! The full-blown perfect leaf.

You may reap your harvest of wheat and

tares, Ah ! sorrow in the eve,

You may gather your cockle and barley ; No thought can well conceive

You may husband a harvest of joys and
How bitter in their sinart
Are the tears of failing heart.

Laboring late and early,
Pass by, pass by, O grief !

The grain of gold
The sear, the yellow leaf.

And the poppy bold

And the cornflower blue for adorning ; Ah! sorrow in the night

But the fullest ears of the seven fat Is there in her own right

years If Faith and Hope are fled,

Will be gleaned by the gleaner next mornAnd Love's deep heart be dead.

ing. Pass no more by, O grief ! Stoop, take thine own poor leaf. You may draw your nets, you may draw

your line, The figure rose, and stepped down

Find silvery fish in plenty ; the path before her, its face still hid- You may angle for honor, hook titles fine, den. Her face shone with the glory of And of places and posts fill twenty, the Mount, shone with the clear shin

The fish of weight ing after rain — the rain of tears. The

Swallowed up your bait, slope she was descending lay for the Your lures and your wiles not scorning ; most part in shailow. No brook leapt

But the lustiest trout, there's no manner forth in the sun

of doubt, - but a sluggish stream bordered by Willows crept drop by drop Will be caught by the fisher next morning. down a shallow bed. The alders sighed You may think out thoughts that are witty as she passed. She began to unlearn

and wise, the language she has learnt on the You may think some deep, some shalother side of the Great Divide."

low ; Many words slipped altogether out of You may store your brain with truth or her vocabulary. Others remained with

with lies, half their former meaning attached.

You may let your brain lie fallow.

Thought is good, A few new ones added themselves –

Be it understood ; peace,” rest,” patience

But this fact on your mind must be borne some of these.

in, The shadows deepened, but there

That the latest thought that mankind was light enough for her to see that a

can be taught strange change had come over her Will be thought by some thinker next guide. The mantle and cowl had fallen


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You may cling to this world of time and the means used are continuously consense,

trolled by that calm reason which is You may think of another rarely ; inseparable from the idea of justice. You may sigh, ah ! whither ? and ask, ah ! It is well known that certain members whence ?

of the animal creation, from man to And find life puzzling — fairly.

crustaceans, may be hypnotized — that Yet life is sweet We still repeat

is, have their consciousness placed in a On this dear old earth we were born in.

condition which, in the higher animals, Good bettered to best, best changed into and of course most evidently in man, blest

resembles sleep or dream consciousWhen we wake to God's cloudless next ness. Abercrombie relates the case of morning.”

a young man whose natural sleep was She fell asleep with the song in lier of such a character that he could be ears, and the darkness covered her. made in all things to follow the sugShe will lie there sleeping till “next gestions of companions who prompted morning.”

O. J. him. The mind revolts from the

thought - for which, nevertheless, there is some evidence - that it is

within the power of one human being

From The Lancet. so to influence the consciousness of anHYPNOTISM IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION. other — so to hypnotize him

as to It would appear from the latest par- cause him to perpetrate acts only pos. ticulars of the case of De Jong that the sible in a condition of moral irresponsiDutch authorities have abandoned the bility. Is it more tolerable, we would intention they were at one time stated ask, that a fellow-creature accused of a to entertain of subjecting the accused crime, and who should be assumed to the process of hypnotization, with until convicted to be innocent, should the view of obtaining evidence from at such a crisis in his life be rendered him which might lead to his conviction. irresponsible for his thoughts and acIt would appear that such a method is tions ? It is doubtful, indeed, whether permitted by the law of Holland, al- under such circumstances an unwilling though, necessarily, information thus subject could be lıypnotized; but, obtained cannot be made use of unless granting the success of the experiment otherwise corroborated. The Dutch and the necessarily inconclusive nature philosopher Spinoza defined the natural of the evidence, we ask our brother state of living creatures to be one in practitioners in Holland whether they which the big fish bad been created to consider it calculated to enhance the swallow the little fish, and considered dignity and independence of the professociety to be an organization of little sion of medicine to lend themselves as

fish to protect themselves against the the agents of an inquisitorial process big fish. In such an organization, the worthy of the days of Torquemada or of Dutch, tutored in the rough school of Alva. The intrusion of a period of their struggle for independence against irresponsibility into a legal process Philip of Spain and his merciless lieu- which may end in the forfeit of a life tenants — which is still a living memory is, to our minds, an invalidation of the

- appear to bave imbibed the idea that investigation and an offence against everything is permissible in defence of justice. To countenance, directly or the commonwealth. Salus populi su- indirectly, such a method we deem prema lex. With such an argument we worthy of a calling which is nothing if are in the fullest sympathy, provided not rational, beneficent, and impartial.



Fifth Series, Volume LXXXIV.

No. 2581. - December 23, 1893.

From Beginning


707 721


Temple Bar,
Austin. Part II.,

National Review,
J. Theodore Bent,

Contemporary Review,

Cornhill Magazine, VI. THE PARSEES. By Cornelia Sorabji, Nineteenth Century,


749 758 762

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