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interminable country dance, with many essential of church worship. But even violent bumps and jumps in it, till the in the time of Mr. Hardy's Wessex, very fiddlers as well as the dancers choirs were in their decline. Their get red in the face.” But in this be- position had been injured by such mismused and bemortalized Arcady danc-haps as at Christmas-tide befell those ing is found to be tiring, as well as choir members who, over-tired by exerenlivening,”

,” when the limbs are less tions at a dance on the Saturday night, young than once they were, and the fell in the seclusion of their gallery dancer has experienced that “loss of into deep slumber during the serinon, animal heat"

which Mr. Stevenson and, when suddenly roused and called finds a sufficient explanation of all the to action, plunged into the rattling tune cooling emotions of middle age. You of "The Devil among the Tailors.” be bound,' says Fairway, 'to dance at A similar mischance befell Father Christmas because 'tis the time o’year; Mathew, who had hired a barrel-organ you must dance at weddings because which, instead of the desired Adeste 'tis the time o' life. At christenings fideles, produced the strains of “ Moll folks even smuggle in a reel or two, if in the Wad.” But even barrel-organs 'tis no farther than the first or second assisted to displace the Wessex choirs ; chiel, And this is not naming the and, most of all, the errors of the songs you've got to sing . . . For my choristers themselves in introducing part, I like a good, hearty funeral as clarionets.

was long and well as anything. You've as splendid merry ago now ! when not one of the victuals and drink as at other parties, varmits was to be heard of; but it and even better. And it don't wear served some of the choirs right. They the legs to stumps in talking over a should have stuck to strings and poor fellow's ways as it do to stand keep out clar'nets, and done away with up in hornpipes."

serpents. If you'd thrive in musical But it must not be supposed that religion, stick to strings, says I.' death begets no more serious thoughts Strings are well enough, as far as in the laborer. Indeed, the inevitable that goes,' said Mr. Spinks. ness of death is far more impressed on 66. There's worse things than serhis mind than on theirs who in the pents, said Mr. Penny. Old things towns lead a more crowded and ample pass away, 'tis true ; but a serpent was life. Its tragedy is felt, though un- a good old note ; a deep rich note was spoken ; for the peasant is not apt, as the serpent.' Gabriel Oak said, in making a map of " Clar'nets, however, be bad at all his mind upon his tongue. The pitiful- times.”” ness of some minor incidents of death The choir practices and carol singing rings in Mother Cuxsom's lament over gave to Wessex villages an unwontedly the dead Mrs. Henchard. ".. Well, idyllic air. Yet the fever and the fret poor soul, she's helpless to hinder that of all this unintelligible world vexed or anything now. And all her shining even these serene moments. Number keys will be took from her, and her seventy-eight, “a good tune," was cupboards opened ; and things a' didn't always a teaser ; ” but there was alwish seen anybody may see; and her ways “Old Wiltshire,” “the psalm little wishes and ways will all be as tune," said Henchard,

66 that would nothing !""

make my blood ebb and flow like the Occasions such as weddings or fune- sea when I was a steady chap."' And rals, however, were rare in Wessex. beside these joint achievements there The one constant and universal pleas- were individual triumphs that dwelt ure was music — principally in the form sweetly in the memory of the musiof choir performances ; the choir, that cians. Such was the performauce of is, of stringed instruments, general ere neighbor Yeobright,” remembered the organ had attained its present long after his death : equality with the prayer-book as an "No sooner was Andry asleep and

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the first whiff of neighbor Yeobright's Cantle (late of the Bang-up Locals), wind had got inside Andry's clarinet, boasted an extreme excellence of unthan every one in the church feeled in derstanding. Only two in all the a moment there was a great soul among gallery of Arcadian portraits are of 'em. All heads would turn and they'd professed idiots ; but these are of a say, “Ah, I thought 'twas he !" One Shakespearean quality. Of Leaf it Sunday I can well mind - a bass viol might be said, as Hazlit said of Slenday that time, and Yeobright had der, that he is "a very potent piece brought his own. 'Twas the Hundred of imbecility ;” of Joseph Poorgrass,

' and thirty-third to “ Lydia," and when as of Joseph Rugby, that “his worst they'd come to “Ran down his beard fault is that he is given to prayer, and o'er his robes its costly moisture but nobody but has his fault.”' The shed,” neighbor Yeobright, who had faults of the others are less easy to just warmed to his work, drove his bow find. Their hard work is stoically into them strings that glorious grand done. Hezzy declared that he had that he e'en a’most sawed the bass viol“ defied the figure of starvation nineinto two pieces. Every winder in the and-twenty years on nine shillings a church rattled as if 'twere a thunder- week.” “I've tended horses fifty storm. Old Passon Gibbons lifted his years,” said the hostler in the Hand of hauds in his great holy surplice, as if Ethelberta, “that other folk might he'd been in human clothes, and seemed straddle 'em.” Yet of discontent there to say to hisself, “« Oh for such a man is nothing; the picture left upon the in our parish !"

mind is of a people cheerful, kindly, Providence, which denied all sense and amusing. of music to Dean Stanley, and allowed But, for their author, there so little to Macaulay that he is only through the pleasant land of his invenonce recorded to have distinguished any lion a stream of sadness. 6. The view one tune from any other, granted to of life as a thing to be put up with, these peasants a fine sensitiveness of replacing the zest for existence which ear and voice — and even of jaw. For was so intense in early civilizations,"? "Once,' said Michael Mail, ‘I was which, Mr. Hardy thinks, must ultisitting in the little kitchen of the Three mately enter thoroughly into the conChoughs at Casterbridge having a bit stitution of the advanced races,” has of dinner, and a brass band struck up already entered his own soul. The vilin the street. Sich a beautiful band lagers are content to realize “the wellas that were ! I was sitting eating fried judged plan of things ;” Mr. Hardy liver and lights, I well can mind — ah, laments its “ill-judged execution.: I was ! — and to save my life I couldn't He finds the face of Egdon Heath help chawing to the tune. Band played perfectly accordant with man's nasix-eight time; six-eight chaws I willy- ture neither ghastly, hateful, nor nilly. Band plays common; common ugly, neither commonplace, unmeantime went my teeth among the fried ing, nor tame, but, like man, slighted liver and lights, true as a hair. Beau- and enduring." Yet it was on Egdou tiful 'twere ! Ah, I shall never forget Heath Granfer Cantle chirruped out his that there band !""

eighty years, while for Eustacia love So they passed their lives, biding in and ambition warred to the death. their cheerful old inn, free from the Wessex love is of its life a thing apart. cares and questionings of the new “Heroines,” says Mr. Barrie, spirit. The “horse sense,” which is strange, especially in Wessex. Their the chief lesson of the school of life, fate does not affect the serenity of its sustained them, and the calm conceit people. Mr. Hardy, in spite of his which grows in the quiet places of the heroines and his own philosophy, has world. Some of them, like Granfer added to the gaiety of nations.

EDMUND B. V. CHRISTIAN.

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From Chambers' Journal. Lancashire announces the following SOME SINGULAR SIGNS.

miscellaneous articles for sale : " BiTRAVELLERS in China often derive bles, Blackballs, and Butter. Testaamusement from the peculiarities of ments, Tar, and Treacle, Godly Books, shop-signs there, many of which are and Gimblets, Sold here." couched in the most eloquent and poet

A shop-sign in London reads : “ Plots ical terms. In America, too, may be for novels or short stories. Prices reaseen sign-plates of such curious occu- sonable.” The occupant of the shop pations as hose-restorers, artificial-ear is said to have a rare talent for devismakers, child-adopters, salad-mixers, ing plots, but no great powers of narraand so forth. But it is not necessary tion, so he is supposed to make his to leave the British Islands in order to living by selling skeleton plots for find business announcements quite as stories in cheap papers. curious in their way as those in other

Another singular business announcelands. In the Isle of Man, over the ment over a certain photograph gallery shop of a barber who supplies custom-is, “Misfit photographs for sale." ers with all kinds of fishing-tackle, the This, we are told, brings many customwriter was amused to read the follow-ers. Mothers, for instance, who have ing : Piscatorial Repository, Tonso- little children, often buy pictures of rial Artist, Physiognomical Hairdresser, children with long hair when the hair Cranium Manipulator and Capillary of their loved ones hasn't grown, and Abridger, Shaving and Hair-cutting

send them round to friends at a diswith Ambidextrous Facility, Shampoo- tance. Brides' photographs are also ing on Physiological Principles.” On said to sell very well. à signboard in the town where the “Teeth pulled while you wait” is a writer lives may be read this phonetic still more singular sign, said to have announcement, “Shews Maid and Men been set up by a dentist in Fleetwood. dead Hear ;” and when we add that it

This curious specimen of orthogis over a cobbler's shop, the reader may raphy was displayed on a house in a discover its meaning.

street in Marylebone : “The MangelA poetical shoemaker hung up the ling Traid removed hear from the following remarkable effusion on

Strete round the Cornir. Threhapense board over his shop :

a Duzzen.

N.B. - New Milk and

Creme Sould Hear. Warentidd Fresh Blow, oh, blow, ye heavenly breezes, Underneath these lofty treeses ;

and not Stail evry Mornin”.” Sing, oh, sing, ye heavenly muses,

A dealer in ice thus attracted public While I mend my boots and shoeses.

attention to his cold commodity : – Above an establishment in Liverpool Ice! Ice !! Ice !!! not very long ago appeared the legend, If you want it pure and n Rages and Bones.” In another town

And at a reasonable pr

Follow no new dev can be seen the inscription, “ Cole and

ice

But send to me in a tr Wood, dealers in Wood and Coal ;"

At my off and a street in Clifton is graced by a sign informing the passers-by that the “ Irish and English ” is the name of owner thereof is a “Milliner and Mod- a firm in Buffalo, New York. The

strangest thing about it is that Mr. A Bristol chimney -sweep once Irish is English, and Mr. Euglish is dropped into poetry in this wise : Irish. John Cummins lives here.

As a precautionary measure, a ClapHe'll sweep your chimneys cheap and clean ham jeweller painted on his shutters : With, or without, the new machine ;

" NOTICE.

- In every part of this And if your chimneys catch on fire,

house there is sure and certain death He'll put them out at your desire.

FOR BURGLARS. BEWARE." An inscription on a signboard in In a little village near Gloucester

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there was an inn situated at the foot of played on a notice posted up in an Art a hill, whose double-sided signboard Exhibition in Japan to which foreignbore the following :

ers were welcomed. Here are a few Before the hill you do go up,

examples of the rules : 66 Visitors is Step in and have a cheering cup.

requested at the entrance to show tick

ets for inspection. Tickets are charged On the other side: –

10 seps and 2 sens, for the special and You're down the hill, all danger past ;

common respectively. No visitor who

is mad or intoxicated is allowed to enCome in and have a friendly glass.

ter in, if any person found in shall be At a small inn by the roadside, near claimed to retire. No visitor is allowed a farmhouse called Highgate, can be to carry in with himself any parcel, read on a sign :

umbrella, stick, and the like kind, ex

cept his purse, and is strictly forbidden Highgate hangs high, hinders none;

to take in with himself dog, or the Refresh, pay, and travel on.

same kind of beasts. Visitor is reHe must have been a facetious hotel quested to take good care of himself proprietor who hung up this sign in his from thievely." rooms: “ Indian clubs and dumb-bells An Englishman in Boulogne saw diswill not be permitted in any of the played in a shop window this notice :

Guests in need of exercise Eating and Drinking Sold Here.” can go down to the kitchen and pound Doubtless, as curious as any of the

foregoing is the puzzling sign in front A notice displayed in a Norway hotel of a small shoemaker's shop at Cannes. is a curious specimen of “ English as It is in English, and is thus worded : she is spoke.” It reads as follows : “ Repairs hung with stage-coach.". The " Bath ! first-class bath. Can anybody visitor for whose benefit this inforget. Tushbath. Warm and cold. mation is intended, may, after much Tub-bath and shower-bath. At any cogitation, arrive at the conclusion that time. Except Saturday. By two hours the cobbler only wishes to inform his forbore.” This brings to mind another numerous patrons that repairs are exespecimen of foreigners' English, dis-l cuted with diligence.

rooms.

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THE EARLY CHRISTIANS AND CLEAN-, borrow but one or two illustrations from LINESS. - In the reaction against the mon- the “H ory of European Morals,” St. strous corruptions and unbridled sensuality Athanasius relates with a thrill of admiraof pagan Rome, Christian enthusiasts tion how St. Anthony had never once been rushed to the opposite extreme. An age guilty of washing his feet. For fifty years of asceticism succeeded to an age of sensu- St. Abraham the hermit washed neither his ality. The human body which imperial face nor his feet. Another saint had never Rome had pampered and indulged was now seen himself naked.

Another, a famous to be neglected and humiliated. A “cult virgin, joined herself to a community of of bodily uncleanliness began. A hid- nuns who shuddered with horror at the eous, sordid, and emaciated maniac, passing very mention of a bath. This cult his life in a long routine of useless and atro-threatens to reappear. We note that some cious self-torture, became, as Mr. Lecky curates are abandoning clean collars and has said, “the ideal of the nations which necks, and imitating the priests abroad in bad known the writings of Plato and these matters ; and where a complaint was Cicero, and the lives of Socrates and Cato. made of this to a bright woman of literary

The cleanliness of the body was re- tastes, she replied, But uncleanliness is garded as the pollution of the soul, and the not a crime.” It seems as if it threatened saints who were most admired had become to become a merit. one hideous mass of clotted filth." To

Temple Bar.

Fifth Series, Volume LXXXIV.

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No. 2576.- November 18, 1893.

From Begin-'ng

Vol. OXOIX.

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CONTENTS. I. THE CITY OF YORK,

London Quarterly Review, II. “SIR John." By John Kent, .

Gentleman's Magazine,
III. THE COMTE DE PARIS,

Temple Bar,
IV. AN ENGLISHWOMAN IN THIBET.
Annie R. Taylor,

National Review,
V. THE POETRY OF JOHN DONNE.
Edmund Gosse,

New Review,
VI. DWELLERS

By Anne
Ritchie,

Macmillan's Magazine,
VII. A SIAMESE PAGEANT. By David Ker, Chambers' Journal,
VIII. THE BIRTH

MECHANICAL
POWERS,

Chambers' Journal,
IX. LINES BY TOM SHERIDAN,

Athenæum,

Ву

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ARCADY:

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