cause or one of the causes of sleepless- | the entrance of the products of diges

A well-known French scientist tion into the general circulation, to has shown that certain matters which turn back such as would prove deleare formed during sleep are stimulants terious, to alter and elaborate those to the nervous system, and as the tide which in a crude state might be obnoxof their production rises they finally ious, and to regulate the admission of wake the sleeping brain cells, and stim- fit and proper materials ; and when ulate them into activity. On the other the function of the liver is not suffiland, the matters formed while the ciently active, or is overtaxed by the individual is active and awake, when excessive duty imposed on it under the sufficiently accumulated in the body, circumstances of over-indulgence in tend to produce sleep. But it is more the pleasures of the table, or a vitiathan probable that inactivity, especially tion of the digestive processes not so muscular disuse, interferes with the immediately under the control of the due production of the soporific matters individual, it follows that the blood bein the blood and tissues, so that in- comes overcharged with matters which somnia often results from the want of are not nutritive as they should be, a fair amount of muscular exercise. but poisonous, so that the body, instead Perhaps the most remarkable advance of being refreshed and invigorated, is in the investigation of the action of or- impoverished and weakened, all the ganic liquids, as means for the cure or organs and functions being upset in modification of disease, is the alleged consequence. Headaches, lassitude, discovery, by a Russian savant, that all nervous irritability, all the thousandthe organic liquids derived from differ- and-one ills of which the so-called nerent sources, and whose use has been vous invalid complains, may be directly advocated by his French colleagues, traceable to the ingestion of poisonous depend for their efficiency on a con- materials replacing the properly elabstituent which is common to them all ; orated nutritious matter which should and it is maintained that all the bene- serve to build up the organism. Now, ticial effects produced by the injection it is suggested that the elimination of of diverse organic extracts may be these poisonous substances may be equally derived from a much smaller greatly facilitated by the injection of quantity of a solution containing the a ferment which shall so alter their active ingredient which is stated may chemical composition as to render them be found in every tissue of the body, easy of excretion by the organs whose but is more easily isolated from some particular function is to get rid of matthan from others. The theory that ters for which the body has no further functional disorders of the nervous That the substance introduced by system depend in great part on errors the Russian scientist is endowed with of digestion and on the accumulation properties which effect certain well of waste products and effete matters recognized chemical changes under acting as poisons on the nerve cells, certain conditions outside the body has which the writer has frequently had been demonstrated. Experience of the reason to believe is abundantly proved remedy in the native country of its to be unquestionably correct, would inventor has led to its employment in appear to be supported by the experi- disorders of the nervous system, bemental evidence afforded by the dis- lieved to be dependent on poisonous coverer of the substance which is conditions of the od, with alleged asserted to be the active principle and beneficial results. It is on trial in this essential ingredient of the older prep- country, and hopes are expressed that arations. The matters which are formed a good record of utility may follow its in the digestion of food-stuffs escape employment, for it appears to rest the protective function of the liver, upon an intelligible basis. French whose duty it is to mount guard over advocates of these remedies have endeavored to claim for them some vital may be used judiciously and temperproperties, and the use of such sugges- ately for the reason that the end justitions has been regarded with eyes ties the means. askance by the majority of practition






A. SYMONS ECCLES. ers of medicine in this country, who are inclined to place them in the same category with certain remedies of medieval medicine-mongers savoring of the

From The Globe. witches' broth in Macbeth,

BATTAMBONG AND ANGKOR. Eye of newt and toe of frog,

The city of Battambong lies at a disWool of bat, and tongue of dog,

tance of about three days' march from Adder's fork and blind-worm's sting,

the northern shores of Lake Foule Lizard's leg and owlet's wing,

Sape. It is situated on a small river, For a charm of powerful trouble,

navigable for boats, but so narrow that Like a hell-broth boil and bubble.1 the branches of the trees, on which But the Northern chemist places the stand grinning monkeys, touch the boat use of organic liquid injections outside as it progresses, while now and again a the pale of “ A New Phase of Sugges- will plunge into its waters. Battan

crocodile, disturbed from its slumber, tive Therapeutics » which an Italian critic has insisted is the only virtue to bong could offer no adequate resistance

to the French troops if, after all, it be discovered in the use of these remedies. If the material prepared in the

should be attacked, for its only defence Muscovite laboratory behaves with the

is a fortified earthwork, situated on the same vigorous chemical action within high ground overlooking the river, to the human body as it possesses when

which the name of "the citadel” has brought in contact with certain oxidiz- been given. It is now nearly one hunable substances outside it, considerable

dred years since the province of Batresults may be anticipated.

tambong submitted to the Siamese. The elimination of waste products, have tried several times to rebel, and to

Since then, however, its inhabitants the chasing away of poisonous matters, in other words, the cleansing of the

become incorporated in the dominions intoxicated nervous system, is a process

of Annam, the king of which country in treatment which must result in ben- was the lord of Cambodia until his efit to the sufferer from the many evils troops were driven southwards to Peconsequent on the toil and trouble, nompenh by the Siamese. The major hurry and scurry, of these closing years bong are Cambodians.

portion of the inhabitants of Battamof the nineteenth century.

The present Be the what they may, mechanical,

town dates only from the time of the chemical, or some other agencies not capture of the province by the Siamese.

The ancient town was three leagues yet within our grasp, those who are in constant attendance on the sick and

further eastwards, on the banks of the sorry, who are sometimes oppressed river, which has been diverted from its

course. When this town was seized with the sense of shortcoming and futility which ordinary methods too

by the Siamese its inhabitants were often engender, may be forgiven if in

carried away to Siam and to the Laos their anxiety to relieve pain, to modify provinces. The principal part of the suffering, or to lift the cloud of mental population of the new town was drawn

from Penompenh, and the neighboring depression, they seek the aid of " fin de

district, and although they have been siècle medicine which

not lie

under foreign dominion for a century, strictly within the limits of ancient orthodoxy, but which, if haply the re

these people have preserved the cussults are curative or even alleviative,

toms and usages of their country. The

consideration in the way of taxation 1 Macbeth, Act iv., sc. 1.

shown to them by the government of


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Siam, and the rich character of the present capital of the province, is an country and of the fisheries of the adja- insignificant town, and situated about cent lake, have created a state of con- fifteen miles north-north-east of the siderable prosperity in Battambong. lake. The legendary story of the overThe houses on the borders of the river throw of the empire of Cambodia at are surrounded by fine plantations of Angkor, and the subsequent desolation bananas, or are hidden in groves of of the province, is as follows: The mangoes. Behind the houses stretch king of Cambodia, who was a leper, large fields of rice. The Battambo- built Angkor Wat, the great temple, as nians are passionately fond of horse- a propitiatory offering to the gods, and racing Ponies of great speed are to with the expectation that they would be found in Battambong. Cock and cure him of his leprosy. Finding that tortoise fighting are also favorite pas- they did not intervene, he thereupon times of the people. The latter is a advertised for a doctor to cure him. most barbarous sport. Two planks are An illustrious Brahmin turned up and fixed in a narrow place at some distance proposed a bath of aqua fortis. This from each other, with cross pieces at the king refused to enter until it had the ends. Two tortoises are placed in been tried by the physician himself. this enclosure, and are then divided The Brahmin undertook to enter it on from each other by another plank, the king promising to pour over him a which is so arranged as to leave a small certain mixture. No sooner, however, opening at the end by which each tor- had the Brahmin entered the bath than toise can get into the enclosure of the the king ordered his slaves to throw the other. Fires are then lighted on their bath and its contents into the river. backs, and the poor reptiles immedi- For this breach of faith the gods interately rush to the opening in order to fered and took away the kingdom from escape, and, meeting one another face him. The Cambodian Lake is a splento face, a fierce encounter takes place did sheet of water, about sixty miles between them. The whole province of long, and covers about a thousand Battambong is filled with ruins of an square miles. Its shores are covered unknown date. Everywhere there are with vegetation and forests of trees, extensive and marvellous remains of a beyond which rise lofty mountains, decayed empire and a vanished civiliza- which seem to touch the sky. In the tion. The ruins of Bassette are sup- middle of the lake towards its northern posed to be the remains of the summer end is a tall mast, the line of demarcapalace of the ancient sovereigns of the tion between the Siamese and Cambocountry.

dian dominions. The lake swarms Old Angkor is situated to the north- with fish, and the fishing is a source of east of Foule Sape, and gives its name great revenue. Thousands of webto the province. It stands in the midst footed birds of all sizes and colors of a large and fertile plain, which is cover the surface of the lake. Flocks surrounded by mountains. Angkor of pelicans stand in its waters literally was the ancient capital of Cambodia. gorging themselves with fish; clouds This empire was so famous that its of cormorants skim across its waters ; sovereign had one hundred and twenty while myriads of aigrettes, sitting on tributary kings, an army of five million the branches of the trees, look like soldiers, and a royal treasury which enormous balls of snow among the occupied a space of several leagues. green. The native legends affirm that Angkor Wat is a celebrated temple, of before the great catastrophe which such huge dimensions and such admi- brought in the flood of waters forming rable proportions and adornment that the lake a smiling city stood there in the natives say it was the work of the the midst of a rich and fertile plain. king of the angels. New Angkor, the

Fifth Series, Volume LXXXIV.


No. 2572. – October 21, 1893.


From Beginning



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Church Quarterly Review,

Doughty. By Julian Corbett,

Macmillan's Magazine,

Cornhill Magazine, .
Catherine Milnes Gaskell,

Nineteenth Century, .

Leisure Hour,

Macmillan's Magazine,
E. Guthrie,

Leisure Hour,

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For EIGHT DOLLARS remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks, and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTELL & Co.

Single copies of the LIVING AGE, 18 cents.


ENGLISH STORNELLI. In the shadow and the sighing, and the

I. rain,

Be quick, be quick! The thrush's voice In the desolation dreary

rings clear, Comes a moaning long and weary, Be quick, O Spring, be quick to come and Comes a murmur and a crying, as of pain ;

cheer And I listen through the sighing and the My weary heart, that for so long has lain rain.

Fallow beneath the winter snows and rain ;

Be quick, be quick ! that joys may yield All the night I lie and listen in my fear;

increase, And with spirit sadly daunted,

And all my day be filled with thy sweet In the chamber shadow-haunted,

peace : See the fitful moonlight glisten, white and clear

Be quick, O Spring, to hasten on thy way, Hear a moaning as I listen, ever near. And with thy sunshine gladden all my day.


Who is whispering and calling through the rain ?

Blow, winds of Spring! while fast across

the sky Far above the tempest's crashing, And the torrent's ceaseless dashing,

The white clouds sail like ships on summer I can hear a weary calling, as of pain

sea ; Far above the torrent's falling, and the The lark pours out his tuneful joy on high, rain ;

And daisies dapple all the sunny lea :

Winds, birds, and flowers, for thee, O Far above the wind that rushes through

Spring, are glad ; the trees

Only my heart, poor aching heart, is sad. Yet so soft, I scarcely hear it, And so gentle — who could fear it ?

Blow, winds of Spring, the clouds from my

sad heart, Like a lullaby that hushes, like a breeze When the purple sunset' flushes o'er the That joy may blossom, have therein a part.


ARTHUR WRIGHT. ARTHUR L. SALMON. English Illustrated Magazine.

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to me;


I SAUNTER all about the pleasant place

You made thrice pleasant, O my friends,
An ancient garden with a crumbling wall But you have gone where laughs in radiant
Here let me idly roam the livelong day,

grace 'Mid old gnarled pear-trees, hung with That thousand-memoried unimpulsive

lichens grey ; Through pathways doomed to slow efface- To storied precincts of the Southern foam, ment all;

Dear birds of passage, ye have taken On grassy borders, where in silence fall

wing; The drifted petals of the browning may; And ah ! for me, when April wafts you By honeyed banks where wanton breezes home, stray,

The Spring will more than ever be the And scents commingled ev'ry air enthrall.


Still lovely, as of old, this haunted ground; A garden fair, wherein to court mine ease, Tenderly, still, the Autumn sunshine To wander, heedless if the shadows pass

falls ; O’er the grey sundial peeping from the And gorgeously the woodlands tower grass –

around, A haunted garden, mid the age-bent trees Freak'd with wild light at golden interFair Julia's lover may have wooed the

vals ; shade,

Yet, for the ache your absence leaves, O And with his amorous lute in idlesse friends, played !

Earth's lifeless pageantries are poor amends. Good Words. FRANK MILLER. Spectatur,


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