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SERM. CLXXIII. The danger of impenitence, where the go.
in you, bad been done in Tyre and Sidon, ibey would bave repented
lerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, tban for you pag. I
immortality of the soul, as discovered by nature, and by revela-
muft all appear before the judgment-seat of Christ, tbat every one
done, wherber it be good or bad 75. 87. 99. 109. 120
fidered and improved. Mark xiii. 32. 33. But of ibat day and
foolifoness; but unto them which are called, borb Jews and Greeks, Cbrift the power of God, and the wisdom of God
278 Serm. CXCIII. The evidence of our Saviour's resurrection. Alts i.
3. To wbom also be shewed himself alive after bis passion, by many infallible proofs, being seen of ibem forty days, and speaking of the tbings pertaining to the kingdom of God
• 293 SERM. CXCIV. The poffibility of the refurre&tion asserted and
proved. A&ts xxvi. 8. Why should it be thougbt a thing incre. dible with you, that God foould raise tbe dead?
307 SERM. CXCV. The resurrection of our Saviour considered, as an
argument for seeking things above. Col. iii. 1. 2. If ye éhen be risen witb Cbrift, seek those things which are above, where Cbrift fitteth at the rigbi-band of God. Set your affections on things above, not on things on the earth
321 SERM. CXCVI. The circumstances and benefits of our Saviour's
ascension. Acts i. 9. 10. II. And when he bad spoken tbe fe things, while they bebeld, be was taken up, and a cloud received bim out of their fight. And while they looked fiedfastly toward beaven, as be went up, bebold, two men ftood by them in white apparel; wbich allo faid, ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? This fame Jefus which is taken up from you into heaven, fall fo come in like manner, as ye bave seen bim go into beaven
333 SERM. CXCVII. Of the gift of tongues conferred on the Apostles,
Acts ii. 1. 2. 3. 4. And when the day of Pentecoft was fully come, tbey were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a found from beaven, as of a mighty rushing wind, and it filled all the bouse wbere they were fitting And ibere appeared unto them cloven tongues, like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghof, and began to speak with otber tongues, as tbe Spirit gave them utterance
347 SERM. CXCVIII. Of the coming of the Holy Ghost, as an Ad
vocate for Christ. John xvi. 7. 8. Nevertbeless, I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not conie unto you ; but if I depart, I will fend bim unto you. And wben be is come, be will reprove tbe world of fin, and of righteousness, and of judgment
361 SEKM. CXCIX. Of the coming of the Holy Ghost, as a guide to
the Apoftles. John xvi. 12. 13. I have yet many things to say unto you, but you cannot bear them now: bowbeit when be, tbe
Spirit of trutb, is come, be will guide you into all truth 376 SERM. CC. CCI. Of the ordinary infuence of the Holy Ghost
on the minds of Christians. John vii. 39. But this spake be of the Spirit, wbich they that believe on him, should receive. For the Holy Ghojt
was not yet given, because that Jesus was not yet glorified 358.400 SERM. CCII. The fruits of the Spirit, the same w th moral virtues.
Eph. v.9. For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness, and rigbteousness, and trutb
413 SERM. CCIII. The necessity of supernatural grace, in order to a Chriftian life. John xv. 5. For without me, yecan do not bing · 428
W SERMON CLXXIII.
The danger of impenitence, where the
gospel is preached.
MATTH. xi. 21. 22.
the mighty works which were done in you, had been done
FTER our blessed Saviour had instructed, and
sent forth his disciples, he himself went abroad to preach unto the cities of Israel; par
ticularly, he spent much time in the cities of Galilee, Chorazin, and Bethsaida, and Capernaum, preaching the gospel to them, and working many and great miracles among them; but with little or no success: which was the cause of his denouncing this terrible woe against them, ver. 20. Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not. Woe unto thee Chorazin, &c.
In which words our Saviour declares the fad and miferable condition of those two cities, Chorazin and Bethfaida, which had neglected such an opportunity, and resisted and withstood such means of repentance, as would have effe&tually reclaimed the most wicked cities and people that can be instanced in any age, Tyre, and Sidon, and Sodom; and therefore he tells them, that their condition was much worse, and that they should fall under a heavier sentence at the day of judgment, than the people of those cities, whom they had always looked upon as the greatest finners that ever were in tlie world. This is the plain meaning of the words in general; but yet there are some difficulties in them, which I shall endeavour to clear, and then proceed to raise such VOL. VIII.
observations from them, as may be instructive and useful to us.
The difficulties are these: :
1. What repentance is here spoken of; whether an external repentance, in shew and appearance, only, or an inward, and real and sincere repentance.
2. In what sense it is said, that Tyre and Sidon would have repented.
3. What is meant by their would have repented long ago.
4. How this affertion of our Saviour's, that miracles would have converted Tyre and Sidon, is reconcilable with that other saying of his, Luke xvi, 31. in the parable of the rich man and Lazarus, that those who believed not Mofes and the Prophets, neither would they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead,
1. What repentance is here fpoken of; wliether a mere external and hypocritical repentance, in Thew and appearance only, or an inward, and real and sincere repentance.
The reason of this doubt depends upon the different theories of divines, about the sufficiency of grace accompanying the outward means of repentance, and whether an irresistible degree of God's grace be necessary to repentance; for they who deny fufficient grace to accomipany the outward means of repentance, and affert an irrelitible degree of God's grace neceffary to repentance, are forced to say that our Saviour here fpeaks of a mere external repentance : because if he spake of an inward and sincere repentance, then it must be granted, that sufficient inward grace did accompany the miracles that were wrought in Chorazin and Bethsaida, to bring men to repentance; because what was afforded to them, would have brought Tyre and Sidon to repentance. And that which would have effected a thing, cannot be denied to be sufficient; so that unless our Saviour here fpeaks of a mere external repentance, either the outward means of repentance, as preaching and miracles, must be granted to be sufficient to bring men to repentance, without the inward operation of God's grace upon the minds of men, or else a sufficient degree of God's grace must be acknowledged to accompany the outward