( por letter, or be the bearer of such a challenge, malice or favour: as, that a juror is of kin to ej.

is punishable by fine and imprisonments on indict. ther party within the 9th degree; that he has an 21 ment or information. See DUEL.

interest in the cause ; that he has taken money for per (III.) CHALLENGE, in the law of England, (9 1. his verdict, &c. which, if true, cannot be overPlan def

. 3.) is an exception made to jurors, (See Trial,) ruled, for jurors must be omni exceptione majores. Neither in civil or criminal cases.

Challenges to the favour, are where the party ob1. CHALLENGES, IN CIVIL.CASES, are of two jects only some probable circumstances of fufpiide furts; challenges to the array; and challenges to cion, the validity of which must be left to the deos tee the poil .

termination of triers. 4. Challenges propter délice 1. CHALLENGES TO THE ARRAY, as above de- tum, are for some crime or misdemeanor i hat aft-1 find (f 1. def. 3.) may be made upon account fects the juror's credit, and renders him infamous:

of partiality or some default of the iheriff or his As for a conviction of treaton, felony, perjury, or a Irlander officer who arrayed the panel. Also, though conspiracy; or if, for fome infamous Ghence, he

there be no personal objection against the theriit, hath received judgınent of the pillory or the like. gamit yet if he arrays the panel at the nomination, or ii. CHALLENGES, IN CRIMINAL CASES, may

under the direction of either party, this is good be made either on the part of the king, or on that 1-cule of challenge to the array. Formerly the of the prisoner ; 10 the whole army, or to the reserta kary was to come de vicinęto, i. e. from the imme- parate polls, for the same reasons that they may Nadiate neighbourhood; but by statute 4 and 5 Ann. be in civil causes, For it is here at least as neccia

F. 16. this was abolished upon all civil actors, fury as there, that the iheriff or returning officer Det fxcept upon penal fatutes; and upon those also be totally indifferent ; that, where an alien is iii

the 24 Gco. II. c. 13. the jury being now only dicted, the jury should be de medietate, or hali Ho creme de corpore comitatus, i.e. from the body foreigners, if so many are found in the place of the

county at large. The array by the ancient (which does not indeed hold in treasons, aliens may also be challenged, if an alien be party being very improper judges of the breach of aileSo the suit, and, upon a rule obtained by his mo- giance; nor yet in the case of Egyptians, under ten to the court for a jury de miedietate lingua', the statute 22 Henry VIII. c. 10.); that on every dich a one be not returned by the sheriff pursuant panel there should be a competent number of to the statute 28 Edward II. c. 13. enforced by hundreders; and that the particular jurors thould

Henry VI. c. 29. which enacts, that where either be omni exceptione majores, not liable to any ohjecAparty is an alien born, the jury shall be one half rions whatever. Challenges on any of the tore

denizens and the other aliens (if so many be forth- going accounts are Nyled challenges for cause;

coming in the place,) for the more impartial trial: which may be without stint in both civil and iriA privilege as ancient in England as the time of minal trials. But in criminal casts, or at least in E. Etbelred, in whole statute de monticolis Wallive capital ones, there is, in fil voren vitæ allowed to then aliens to the crown of England,) c. 3 it is the prisoner an arbitrary and capricious ípecies of

ordained, “ duodeni legales homines, quorum fex challenge to a certain number of jurors, without Wal! et fex Angli erunt, Anglis et Wallis jus di- showing any cause at all; which is called a perempa

tory challenge: a provilion full of that tenderncis .. CHALLENGES TO THE POLLS, in capita, are and humanity to prisoners for which our laws are exceptions to particular jurors; and seem to an- jusly famous. This is grounded on iwo reafons: fwer the recufatio judicis in the civil and canon 1. As every one must be fenfible what sudden ini.

Hawa; by the conftitution of which, a judge might preslions and unaccountable prejudices we are apt be refused upon any fufpicion of partiality. But to conceive upon the bare looks and gestures of it is now held that judges or justices cannot be another; and how neceffary it is, that a prisoner, challenged. But challenges to the polls of the jury when put to defend his life, should have a good

åre reduced to 4 heads by Sir Edward Coke: 1. opinion of his jury, the want of which might toPropter honoris refpe&um ; as, if a lord of parlia- tally disconcert him; the law wilis not that he mert be impannelled on a jury, he may be chal- hould be tried by any one man, against whom he lenged by either party, or he may challenge him. has conceived a prejudice, even without being able delf. 1. Propter defe&tum ; as, if a juryman be an to aflign a reason for such bis dilike. 2. Becaule Alien born, this defect is of birth ; if he be a fave upon challenges for cause down, if the seafou

or bandman, this is defect of liberty, and he can. alligned prove intuficient to set aside the jurur, Dot be a liber et legalis homo. Females are also ex. perhaps the bare questioning his, indifference may cluded, propter defectum fexus ; except when a wi. sometimes provoke a refeniment; to prevent ail dow feigns herself with child'in order to exclude ill consequences from which, the prisoner is still at the next beir, and a fuppofititious birth is suspect liberty, if he pleafes, peremptorily to let him aed to be intended; then, upon the writ de ventre fide. This privilege of peremptory challenges, inspiciendo, a jury of women is to be impannelled granted to the prisoser, is denied to the king by to try the question whether the be with child or the statute 33 Edw. I. itat. 4. which enacts, that mot

. But the principal deficiency is defect of ef- the king all challenge no jurors without alligning lite fufficient to qualify a man to be a juror, which

à cause certain to be tried and approved by the depends upon a variety of fatutes. See Blackl.

However, it is held that the king neeil bias or partiality. This may be either a principal is gone through, and unless there cannot be lism. 111. 362. Propter offe&tum, for suspicion of not affign bis caule of challenge till all the panel challenge, or to the favour. A principal challenge fuli jury without the pertons to challenged. And la fuch, where the cause afligned carries with it, then, and not sooner, the king's counsel mült prima facie, evident marks of fufpicion çither of show the caule; otherwise the juror hall be sworn.





Sezon On the coation of Edua alda Walloon, and terlins, as that she cannot be any the danger but has many powerful friends, Trace; viz. I. in

2. Three appeare sunt count: and was appointed UONS, CHALLO Thochota Perom, Tere to be re firft bar the nominated. His communs a epdcopal see it

batator to the emperor Ferdinand I. being an of France in tl ance of thok zat e tuis, or make de wet bitisfied with his conduct, that, foon

adable trade in de turned, to peitte Eizos cat aoper 35 or nettoptance; and the queen was contains 15,000

5. Todas as CE-That divine tis return, the sent him in the same capoly Te irmous p order, boste presence of chetett ac- Sozin e embarked for Spain in 1861, and the bra formed into ceptation is by the rings road called turned to London in 1964, in consequence of any discurt. Here Wichs 70o, se och sve ostation of Ort. He died in 1565. Sir Thom te tro fine meado

Selt. He made a confiderable figure as a pus Pas. La. 4. 27:

escalec in Terting to which he applied ho Nal, 40 mile 6. To call any one to the part of condi capital work was that of Refforing the Englihat of France, in the tions.-I will not challenge you at your promise, piblu, in to books, which he wrote while he ads an epilcor to give me certain rail 29 u the triples of in Spain. This great man, who kuew how to begaly. It is the When hounds or beagles, at fitft finding the fount compofe a Dictionary for Children, and to tranlief by Chalons; a (2.) TO CHALLE86%, ja, 34 vattert affairs of fiates and knigdoms, could descend the stat Roman

tranfaat as well as write upon, the most importantirane, and of t) of their game, prefently open and ery, they are from the Latin a book of the Offices of Serendaman magnific 1. One that defies or fummonfes another to combat the preceding, (N° 1.) was born in 1559. He nedostala the fort is

rits particular notice, not only as a skilful natural nature, the lift in an age wherein natural history was very little pie lalons is leal

understood, in this or any other country; but
Dryden. the founder of the alum works in Yorkshire, whid

have fince proved fo advantageous to the code
merce of this kingdom. Being very young wha
his father died, lord Burleigh fent him to St. Paul's

France, in the cat About this tim

It William Fleetw

sad, sometime a

Selim. Tight. For his estate at INCTS a Duritius, rathe end of the

a itd Scotland; anc CR, Sumas Bateinas, sancion of king Jan

Was was born Ladies the death of 1 a tas ne beseduceddin burti ate the daughter of

incess Bey VII pun ke had his hei

the tange ef Sir Henry be. He died in 16 to Carlos T. whom beslab Lord Burleigh, spation in 15. See All dated 1579. 2.

te feet let that place the 4to. Sir Thor Sa Gites on the cat et Barbary in or being particular It starts contes De Gating chauffed bis free ahant fome time at

Sed frike aisbead aga peetime to the art of actress sare se prepracovate se presence ef mind to a pored infinitely se

ukistan and with the lots of fun d no great bene Es Castiesce a2 selfie sum up by it into the live strept being atter To all over mises to meet. ME" Chalover returned slepence. It was bez

Tante England and was appointed in senza tronght to an The proof Wales Festes become the dead some which office he held durar o be reign of Charles And, seplies, diegu to Eagle Site Leasurite of the D of Somente dem works at RC 2. To al seu contat-I Fallenge the Battle of Modelburgh in Ireland and granted to

Shutzpars when ettei Sentad, and was nie sy ads of Charles, it make a prezacz > pwers age of the Theil e a top to Sir Thomas'sapare inest adjudged it hood, either inte table of potitie Luca zcecie.—Lazy co dien te melofele znate te sê as being a protestant, he was a tros, the name


and incredib in difficulties. During de to the original be gosten, wie sie z canlienzo De 25 och ped. On the areas of queen Elizabeth, pe fac. Sporfz mirar to the impartiaitu E anches See te sumfault. Hal Hooker

waste, prelied in an elegy written in stats and bele fier most? That we our target boonty i niend,

Where nature dah usah sietít challmy. Shk. His poetical works were publithed in 1979. HE blazonry. Peneham on Drawing faid to challenge. (1.)

merely for the utility of the subjects.

(z.) CHALONER, Sir Thomas, the only for of
Death win denounc'ds
He took the fummonis, vold of fear,
And unconcernedly call his eye around,

As if to find the gridly challenger, 9. One that claimo Tuperiority,

Whose worth stood ballonger on mount of all the age, for her perfections, A cantant one that requires something an of ford, where he discovered extraordinary talent

Sbak. school and afterwards to Magdalen college, Os arenaere are of trial, by for Latin and English poetry. About 1180 une publiek diadul melom

made the tower of Europe, and returned to be Veronellen

ono wa Compte pe


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Tam, the New Tom

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land before 1584. About this time he married the folids, allowing {pices and wine, and the use te daugther of Sir William Fleetwood. In 1591, of chalybeate waters. Arbuthnot on Diet. he was knighted; and, fometime after, discover (2.) CHALBEATE. See MINERAL WATERS. ed tire alum mines on his estate at Gisborough, in CHALYBES, in ancient geography, an ancient Yorkthire. Towards the end of the queen's reign, people of the Hitler Afia. Their situation is dif. Sr Thomas visited Scotland; and returning to ferently alligned ; Strabo placing them in Paphla. England in the retinue of king James I. was im- gonia, E. of Synope; Apollonius Rhodius and Stemediately appointed governor to prince Henry. phanus, on the E. of the Thermodon, in Pontus; Sume years before the death of that prince, he called HalizoNEs by Homer. They either gave trinied a 2d wife, the daughter of Mr Blount of their name to, or took it from the iron manufac. Loadon, by whom he had his heir Sir William, tures, their only fupport; the foil being barren and other children. He died in 1615. He wrote and ungrateful. 1. Dedication to Lord Burleigh, of his father's (1.) CHAM, or CHAMB. See CHAMB. poetical works, dated 1579. 2. The virtue of (2.) Caam, or Khan. See Khan. Nite. Lond. 1584, 410. Sir Thomas during his CHAMA, in zoology, a genus of shell fish besuadence in Italy, being particularly fond of na- longing to the order of vermes testacæ. The hell tural history, had spent fome time at Puzzoli, where is thick, and has two valves; it is un animal of the te was very attentive to the art of producing alum. oyfter kind. Linnæus enumerates 14 fpecies, prin This attention proved infinitely serviceable to his cipally diftinguished by the figure of their thells. country, though of no great benefit to himself or See Plate LXV. fig. 4,5 & 6. his fanily, his attempt being attended with much (1.) * CHAMADE.n! (French.) The beat of the dificulty and expence. It was begun about A. D. drum which declares a surrender. -Several French Isco, but was not brought to any perfection till battalions made a phew of retiftance; but, l.pon face time in the reign of Charles 1. by the affift- our preparing to fill up a little fofle, in order to 1.17 of one Ruffel a Walloon, and two other work- attack them, they beat the chamade, and fent us Lut from the alum works at Rochelle. By one charte blanche. Addison. of the arbitrary acts of Charles, it was then deem (2.) CHAMADE, is otherwise definel, a signal to ed a mine royal, and granted to Sir Paul Pindar. inform the enemy that fome propolition is to be The long parliment adjudged it a monopoly, and made to capitulate, to have leave to bury the atly restored it to the original proprietors. dead, make a truce, or the like.

CHALONNOIS, the name of two ci-devant CHAMÆBUXUS, in botany. See POLYGALA. Tritories of France ; viz. 1. in Burgundy, and


CHAMZEDAPHNE. See MITCHELLA. (1) CHALONS, or CHALLONS SUR MARNE, CHAMEDRYS. See TEUCRIUM & VERONICA. handsome town of France in the department of CHAMJEJASME, a lpecies of STELLERA. artie, lately an episcopal fee in the province of

CHAMZELEA. See CNEORUM. champagne. It contains 15,000 inhabitants who CHAMÆLEON, in zoology. See CHAMELEarty on a considerable trade in thalloons and other on, and LACERTA. wollen stuff. The famous promenade, called CHAMÆLINUM, in botany. See LINUM. Fe Gard, has been formed into a new ring much CHAMZEMELUM. See ANTHEMIS. superior to the former. Here is an academy of

CHAMJENERION. See EPILOBIUM. e sciences, arts, and belles-lettres. Chalons is CHAMÆPITYS. See TEUCRIUM, Ested between two fine meadows on the rivers CHAMÆROPS, inbotany, the DWARF PALM, Barne, Mau, and Nau, 40 miles Sw. of Verdun, or LITTLE PALMETTO, a genus of the natural Ed 95 E. of Paris. Lon. 4. 27. E. Lat. 48. 57. N. order of palmæ. The hermaphrodite calyx is tri

..) CHALONS, OF CHALLONS SUR SAONE, an partite; the corolla tripetalous; there are fix itaaient town of France, in the department of $m. mina, 3 pistils, and 3 monospermous plums. The ez and Loire, lately an episcopal fee of the pro- male, is a distinct plant, the same as the hermaa ace of Burgundy. It is the staple of iron for phrodite. There are two species, the most reyons and St Etienne, and of the wines from ex- markable of which is the Entation. The great Roman way from Lyons to

CHAMÆROPS GLABRA, a native of the West ulogne passed by Chalons; and it has various Indies, and warm parts of America, alío of the Cications of Roman magnificence, particularly corresponding latitudes of Alia and Africa. It ne t ruins of an amphitheatre. The city contains

ver riles with a tall stem; but when the plants are : Old Town, the New Town, and the suburbs old, their leaves are 5 or 6 feet long, and up. St Lawrence. In the first is the court of Jule- wards of two broad; thcie (pread open like a fan,

modern fructure, the cathedral, and the having many foldings, and at the top are deeply tel-de-ville. Chalons is seated on the Saone, divided like the fingers of a hand. This plant the miles S. of Dijon. Lon. 4. 57. E. Lat. 46. Americans call thateb, from the use to which the N.

leaves are applied. It may be ealily raised in this CHALOUP, (Fr. chaloupe, a small foop. country from feeds brought from America ; but CHALOW, a town in Berks, near Wantage.

as the plants are tender, they must be constantly CIALTON, 6 miles E. of Buih-Waltham, kept in a bark-stove.

CHAMÆXYLON. See GNAPHALIUM. 14.) * CHALYBEATE. adj. (from chalybs, Lat.

CHAMANIM, [from chuman, to burn,] in -] Impregnated with iron or steel, having the Jewith antiquity, is the Hebrew name for that alties of keel. The diet ought to itrengthen which the Greeks call PYRETA; and St Jerom, in




, that

ome, the


ped by Hears VII. fraco

, wtich judged by appeal of brating the collection of tythes. aste, STAR. See STAR-CHAMBEI IR. P. n. from the noun.) 1.

salatigue.- Let us walk honestly setia ming and drunkenness, 10 de santonnes, Romans, m. To

RE, the

ng left to

yond chamber din his bosom. She ALERER. In f. from chamber.] A1 those loft parts of conversatior


. r.!. ( Eto

bare a chamberfellozu, with wł red in many sentiments. Spellato

3. CHAMBER OF Accounts, a cid


1125, and 26 Catholics; besides Ore that lies in the same chamber.

12. IS THE FOREST, two English ..!miles NE. of Ratit. Sl. Elur. 9. 14. N. AMBER. - Ichambre, Fr. camera, ralizations, titles of nobility, &c.

merchants and others for carrying on the beam la coronation; to him belongs 4:21. 1. An apartment in a house;

of infuring. -2. A court of justice in Halle Berything in the house of lords

5 CHAMBER OF AUDIENCE, or GRAND CHEE e di the black rod, yeoman ul Become forth, and hear nie, s. In ninu nam.The dark caves of death, PER, a ci-devant jurisdiction in each parliame. To this office ti e duke of

0-st their immer door I'll beat the drum, 771 it crv letup to death.

6. CHAMBER OF BOOKSELLERS, a cider setze of the household has the Jhiner N the rive. Prior.

vernment of France, intended to prevent the lit precact of the bed.char or boili-It has, from an examination of Chrnkor this rulgar antiver is not admitted, viz. fiftants, elected by 4 delegates from the printemplaining to her deity, ir or anilm's existence in the polteriour chamber. the furr ar the ev argued against the poilibili. Carry court of justice.-In the Imperial dom of the press. It confifted of a syndic and

5. The lower powers, had authority to search for libels aga tho has the care of the chambe I do not believe it, as the matter is propounded and iz from the booksellers, who, among ote Chamberlain bis liberty.

the honour of God, and the welfare of the Data is alleep, his two cbamba and s/kal Ariffe's Parergon..

whether printed within or without the kingdon and waffel canvince. 11424.3 of great gunt. Names given then, as can

part of a gun where the charge is lodged. 6. A Hvise hem cantons, chambers, arquebuse, mufko, T. (indon's Romains. 7. The cavity where the powder is lodged in a mine. 11. ('N ANAK, in military affairs, is variously ed in most of the chief cities of France; and

our country chambers of this kind have beca la llcolm III. as the 30 gr

IRLAIS, CREAT, OF SCOT plece dink underground for holding the pow. Glasgow. Their exertions have been of no fa d!,! bumbo, where they may be out of danger,

2 lue the money for the CHMUAR OF A MINE, (I. def. 7.) is most

appointed, his provin Har hit, misch narrower than the rest of the cy- favour of Proteftants, but abolithed upon the biglice general, as

The peremptory challenges of the prisoner must, CHALLOCK, a town in Ken however, have some reasonable boundary; other.

En brats of the king, who y CHALLONE, a town of 3

bottled to see at court, in their diverfic wile he might never be tried. This reasonable vant province of Anjou.

saber is 18 under the lord cha boundary is settled by the common law to the CHALLONS. See C

ience the finest 19 are in quarterly waiting, i number of 35 ; or, one under the number of three CHALLORN, a tov full juries. For the law judges, that 35 are fully

ak in the privy chamber. In the CHALMINGTO)

ice where 2 bd chamberlain, or vice-chamt sufficient to allow the inor timorous man to chal- mile from Carltock


past the king's orders: At coro lenge through mere caprice; and that he who é (1.) CHALON

ed for

bida períodate the dukes of Ac peremptorily challenges a greater numler, or three soldier, and por


sah; and lix of them, appoin full juries, has no intention to be tried at all, mily in Dent

al camberlain, attend ambasadors fr And therefore it deals with one who peremptorily about A. D

laiks to their audiences, and in challenges above 35, and will not retract his chals univerfitie

the church

pul lenge, as with one who stands mute or refuses his who fer

runcil co

Ik pakman of the privy cham trial; by fentencing him to the peine forte et dure Kneve

Overnor in felony, and by attainting him in treason. And tend



, ECCLESIASTICAL, ci-dey to the land stands at this day with regard to trea

ral a Coc fon of any kind, But by ftatute 22 Henr. VIII. c. b 14. (which with regard to felonies, stands unrepealed,) no person arraigned for felony can be ad

ire, erede mitted to make more than 20 peremptory ch

i a right lunges.

urt of all (1.) * To CHALLENGE. v. a. Ichallenger,

the empiri 1. Tó call another to answer for an ofte eomhat.-

ither belo The prince of Wales fept farth

ecognized king,

11 a diet. By And, nephew, challeng'd you to 6

* 1648, 5o assessors ir

chamber, whereof 24 were 1. To call to a contest.--I cho make any pretence to power

1. Ją two Protestants, and ; Catholics. hood, either intelligible or pr

a ci-devant co accufe.-Many of them be

in France, where accounts were rendered of terlings, as that they car


the king's revenues, oaths of fidelity, taken be gotten, when they a

matters relating to the finances tranfadel. To fact. Spenser on Irelax


9 to the impartiality

registered proclamations; treaties of Though only 12 a turned, to supp!

OF ASSURANCE, 1. A fociety ance of those f

to lodging:fault. Hale. order, whe

where causes relating to insurances are tried. ceptation

Shakespeare. Hooker

3. Any cavity of France.

of under the late
7. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, an affembly
merchants and traders, where affairs relating

trade are treated of. There are several eftablis
: ,

public benefit.

8. CHAMBER OF London, an apartment Guildi all, where the city money is depositek

9. CHAMBER OF THE EDICT, or Chambre ** OF A MORTAR, is that part of parti, a ci-devant court in France, establide

It is of different peal of the edict of Nantz. Its judges were de "I!! Pomerimes like a reversed cone; fome

half Catholics, the other Protestants. bulur, with a neck for its communication

10. CHAMBER, PRIVY. Gentlemen of the pe

she county, (N° 1.)

was the chief:

-La Chethire, Dear Delamere: 2

baton Wells. FLAMBERLAIN, 4. f. [from chama

pt chamberlain of England is the e tynn; a confiderable part of

peace, but

1 frord of ftate ; under him are

en bereditary claim. Chambers fies belonging to the

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and tenned from the rain,

was, and was called Came bere there was a treasur

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mir, where the powder lics.

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re servants of the king, who wait to hold chamberlain ayres every year. He was ween at court, in their diversions, fupreme judge; nor could any of his decrees be ar is 48 under the lord cham- questioned by an inferior judicatory. His fentenare in quarterly waiting, and ces were executed by the magistrates of the boa privy chamber. In the ab- roughs. He also regulated the prices of provisions erlain, or vice-chambers within the borough, and the fees of the workinen g's orders: At corona in the mint. His falary was only L.200 a year; *e the dukes of Aqui- but he had great fees, arising from escheats, fines, of them, appointed tolls, customs, &c. The rigorous exaction of ambafadors from these occasioned great complaints of oppreilioni, s, and in public and the chamberlain ayre was called rather a legal rivy chamber robbery than a court of justice. When the com:

bined lords seized king Jannes VI. Aug. 24, 1982, ci-devant and carried him to Ruthven Castle, they issued a al of dif- proclamation in the king's name, discharging the

chamberlain ayres to be kept. This office was

granted heritably to the family of Stuart, duke of To Lenox; and when their male line tailed, king

Charles 17. conferred it upon the duke of Mon-
mouth, and on his forfeiture it went to the duke
of Lenox; but that family surrendered the office

the crown in 1703.

vi (f 1. def. 1.) has livery and lodging in the mng's court; and receives fees from each Abp. or

bishop when they perform their homage to the Inspeare: king, and from all peers at their creation, or dosom chamber ing their homage. At the coronation of every same chamber.-It king he has 40 ells of crimson velvet for his own smberfellow, with whom robes. On the corpnation day, he brings the king wany sentiments. Spectator. his shirt, coif, and wearing clothes; and after the *N THE FOREST, two English vile king is drefred, he claims his bed, and all the fur-. I. in Cheshire, near Delamere: 2. in niture of his chamber, for his fces : he also cara -ar Buxton Wells.

ries the coif, gloves and linen, to be used by the CHAMBERLAIN. n. f. (from chamber.] king on that occasion; the sword and scabbard; Teat chamberlain of England is the 6th the gold to be offered by the king, and the robes the crown; a considerable part of his royal and crown: he dresses and undrefies the = at a coronation ; to him belongs the king on that day, waits on him before and after of every thing in the house of lords; he dinner, &c. To him also belongs the government the sword of state ; under him are the "of the palace of Westminster.

usher of the black rod, yeoinan ushers, (4.) CHAMBERLAIN, LORD, OF THE HOUSESeepers. To this office ti e duke of An- HOLD, (5 1. def. 2.) has the oversight of the rees an hereditary claim. Chambers. 2. moving wardrobes, or of beds, tents, revels, mula zberlain of the household has the over- fic, comedians, hunting, messengers, &c. retain

olices belonging to the king's cham- ed in the king's service. He has also the oversight pt the precinct of the bed-chamber. and direction of the ferjeants at arms, of all playa

sicians, apothecaries, surgeons, barbers, the king's bly complaining to her deity,

chaplains, &c. and administers the oath to all ottilord chamberlain his liberty.

Shakes. cers above stairs. nt who has the care of the chambers. (5-) CHAMBERLAIN OF EDINBURGH, an ofii.

Duncan is asleep, his two chamberlains cer appointeri by the Town Council, to collect the with wine and watel convince. Shakes, revenues and keep regular accounts of the income er of rents and revenues; as, chamber, and expences of the city. This office is not of exchequer, of Chester, of the city of very ancient standing, having been instituted only

within these 50 or 60 years, with a view to letlen AMBERLAIN, Great, of SCOTLAND, the weight of business, that formerly fell upon tiie A by K. Malcolm III. as the 3d great of- city treasurer, whoisannually clected along with the e crown, and was called Camerarius magistrates. The city chamberlain is not a member sis. Before there was a treasurer ap- of the Town Council, but his office is permanent. was his duty to collect the revenue of (6.) CHAMBERLAIN OF LONDON keeps the city and disburse the money for the king's money, which is laid up in the chamber of Lon2nd the maintainance of his household. don: he also presides over the affairs of masters afurer was appointed, bis province was and apprentices, and makes free of the city, &c. Elie boroughs throughout the kingdom, His office lasts only a year; but it is customary to 25 a sort of justice general, as he had re-elect him, unless he is charged with a misdee r judging of all crimes committed with meanor in his office. uph, particularly forestalling. He was




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