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CTFORD, a town near Tunbridge, Kert

Whose scent fo chaf'd the neighbourair, that you end of the box and cuts the chaff, which is brorg:$ Would surely swear Arabick spices grew. forward between the rollers, which are about ::

Suckling: inches asunder. The straw is brought on by the 4. To make angry; to inflame passion.-For all worm taking one tooth of the wheel every round that he was inwardly chafed with the heat of of the knife; and being so hard presled between youth and indignation, against his own people as the rollers, the knife cuts off the chaff with lo well as the Rhodians, he moderated himself be- great ease, that 22 bushels can be cut within the twixt his own rage, and the offence of his soldiers. hour, and makes no more noise than is caused by Knolles's Hiftory:

the knife palling through the chafi

. In Plaza This chaf'd the boar, his noftrils flames expire, LXV. Fig. 1, À represents the box into which And his red eye-balls roll with living fire. Dryd. the straw is put: B, the upper roller, with its

(2.) * * To CHAFE, V. n. 1. To rage; to fret; diagonal projecting ribs of iron, the whole moving to fume; to rave; to boil.

by the revolution of the brass wheel C, on the axis How did they fume, and stamp, and roar, of which it is fixed. D, a brass wheel, having up and chafe,

on it a face wheel, whose teeth take into the And fivear! not Addison himself was safe. Pope. endless screw on the arbor E, while the teeth 02 2. To fret against any thing:

the edge of this wheel enter between those on the The murmuring surge,

edge of the wheel C. On the axis of the whead That on th' unnumber'd idle pebble chafes, D is a roller, with iron ribs limilar to B, but bid Cannot be heard so high, Shak. King Lear. within the box. E, the arbor, one of the ends d

(1.) *CHAFER. ». /.[ceafon, Sax. keper, Dutch.) which being made square, and pafling through An infect; a sort of yellow beetle.

mortise in the centre of the wooden wheel F, is (2.) CHAFER. See SCARABÆUS.

fastened by a strong screw and nut; the other end (1.) * CHAFERY. n.): A forge in an iron mill, of this arbor moves round in a hole within the where the iron is wrought into complete bars, and 'wooden block G. H, the knife, made falt by brought to perfection. Philips.

screws to the wooden wheel F, and kept at the (2.) CHAFERY, in the iron works, is the name distance of nearly of an inch from it, by means of one of the two principal forges. The other is of the blade, and reaching to within an inch of called the FINERY. When the iron has been ile edge. the handle, mortised into the cute brought at the finery into what is called an an. side of the wooden wheel F. CONY, or square mass, hammered into a bar in

(1.) * To CHAFFER. v. a. (The active fenk is its middle, but with its two ends rough, the bu- obsolete.] 1. To buy.-liness to be done at the chafery is the reducing He chaffer'd chairs in which churchmen vor the whole to the same hape, by hammering down these rough ends to the shape of the middle part. : And breach of laws to privy farms did let. Sport

* CHATE-WAX. n. f. An officer belonging to 2. To exchange.the lord chancellor, who fits the wax for the leal

Approaching nigh, he never said to greet, ing of writs. Harris.

Ne chaffer words, proud courage to provoke * CHAFF. n. f. (ceof, Sax. kaf, Dutch.] 1. The

Fairy Que hulks of corn that are feparated by threshing and (2.) * To CHAFFER. v. n. (kaufen, German, to winnowing.–He set before him a fack of wheat, þuy.) To treat about a bargain; to haggle ; 13 as it had been just threshing out of the theaf; he bargain.-- In disputes with chairmen, when your then bid him pick out the chaff from among the master sends you to chaffer with them, take a corn, and lay it aside by itselt. Spectator. 2. It is and tell your master that they will not take a fase used for any thing worthless.

thing lefs. Squift. CHAFF-CUTTER, a machine for making chaff CHAFFERCONNERS, or in

commerce to feed horses.-The advantages of an easy and CHAFFERCOUNCES, expeditious method of cutting fraw into "chaff

, manufactured in the Great Mogul's dominios by an engine which could be used by common la- and imported by the way of Surat. bourers have occafioned various attempts to bring * CHAFFERER. n. f. (from cbaffer.] A buseri such an engine to perfection. An invention of bargainer; purchaser. Mr James Pike, watchmaker of Newton Abbct * CHAFFERY. n. f. [from schauer, Fr, to in Devoniliire, which is of a simple and cheap heat.] A vefsel for heating water. Dit contruction, seems to ansiver every purpose. 1.) * CHAFFERY. n.). (from chajfer.) Tree This engine is fixed on a wooden frame, which is fick; the practice of buying and selling:- T* fupported with 4 legs, and on this frame is a box third is, merchandise and cbaffery, that is, bužis for containing the straw, 4 feet 6 inches long, and and selling. Spenjer's State of Ireland. about 10 inches broad. At one end is fixed a

(2.) CHAFFERY. See CHAFERY, s 1 and 2. cross the box two rollers inlaid with iron, in a (1.1 * CHAFFINCH. n. f. (from chaff and diagonal line about of an inch abo the fur- A bird so called, because it delights in chat, a fice; on the end of these rollers are fixed two is by some much admired for its song. Perissa firong brass whitels, which takes one into the o (2.) CHAFFINCH. See FRINGILLA. iher. On one of these wheels is a contract whee!, * CHAFFLESS. adj. [from claf.} Willem whole teeth take in a worm on a large arbour ; on chaft.the end of this arbour is fixed a wooden wheel, a

The love I bear him, feet s inches diameter and 3 inches thick; on the Mademetofan you thus; but the gods madera infide of this wheel is fixed a knife, and every Unlike all others, chaffless. revolution of the wheel the knife padits before the

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(1.) CHAFT

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outer edze of the chain Wales, 10 as to unite

w1,250w of Fra_ (6) CHIR, SEDAN, d. de..! is lupus с нд ( 200 ) с нд them, in 1212, the magnificent'tent of Miralmumin from falling down, when the ropes, by which thing CH A was given to the king of Navarre, he being the first are hung, happen to be thot away, or rendered in co chairs allow who broke and forced the chains thereof.

incapable of service. (6.) CHAINS, in thip-building, are firong links CHAIN-WALES, or CHANNELS, of a ship, porto than the rate or plates of iron, the lower ends of which are bolt- boissuirs, are broad and thick planks projeding recotch driven t ed through the ship's fide to the timber.

horizontally from the ship's outside, abreaf of asd za ç.09.c.23. $ 1 (7.) CHAINS, Gold, are among the badges of somewhat behind the matts. They are formed in 10 Ann.cos dignity of the chief magistrates of a city, as the extend the throuds from each other, and from the

HACINEY C lord mayor of London, the lord provost and baie middle line of the thip, fo as to give a greater for ... (from lies of Edinburgh, &c.-Something like this ob- port to the maits, as well as to present the throne of an attembi tained among the ancient Gants: the principal from damaging the gunwake, or being hart by ruta pain is cholen el ornament of those io power and authority was a bing againit it. Every mast has its chain-traksy gold chain, which they wore on all occalions; and which are either built above or below the found

One wbose to even in battle to distinguith them froin the com deck ports in a fhip of the line: they are limepit. mnon foldiers.

connected to the tide by knces, bolts, and that was tim, one juftle (8.) CHAINS, HANGING IN; a kind of punifi ards, besides being confined thereto by the ci dis bead, or a mnent inflicted on murderers. By ltat. 25. Geo. II. whose upper ends pass through notches as its c. 3;. the judge thall direct fuch to be executed on the next day but onc, unless Sunday intervene; the throuds above. See Plate LXV, fiz. 2. and their bodies to be delivered to the furgeons * CHAINWORK. 11.): (from chain and used in be dillected and anatomized: and he may di Work with open spaces like the links of a chaise rect them afterwards to be hung in chains. This -Nets of checuerwork, and wreaths of ikan Puschenand has not been used for many years past the play for the chariters which were upca ili opis i ternier

, * To CHAIN. v. 0. [froin the noun.] 1. To CHIAJOTLI, or CHAYOTI, a Mexican frit falten or bind with a chain.--They repeal daily a round Pape, and similar in the husk with wild a!ly wholesome act establithed against the rich, it is covered to the chesnut, but four or five times and provide more piercing statutes daily to chain larger, and of a much deeper green colour. Is up and reftrain the poor. Shakesp.-The mariners keinel is of a greenish white, and has a large wit he chained in his own galleys for Naves. Knulles. ftone in the middle, like it in fublance. lol 2. To enslave; to keep in slavery.

boiled, and the lione eat with it. This fruits The monarch was ador'd, the people chain'd. produced by a twining perennial plant, tben? de

Prior. which is also good to eat. See Plate LXV. 3. To put on a chain.-The admiral seeing the (1.) * CHAIR."n.f. [chuir, Fr.] 1. A morin mouth of the haven chained, and the castles full of feat. - If a chair be defined a feat for a fingie po ordnance, and strongly manned, durft not attempt fon, with a back belonging to it, then a fta! to enter. Knollis's Hift. of the Turks. 4. To unite. seat for a single perton, without a back. We

O Warwick, I do bend my knee with thine, Logick. 2. A feat of justice, or of zuttority.And in this vow do chain my soul with thirie.

The honour'd gods Shakespeare. Keep Rome in lifety, and the chairs of juiza CHAIN-ISLAND, an island discovered by Cap Supply with worthy men. Slake p. Come tepping to the tain Wallis in the South fea. It seemed to be a. --The committee of the commons appointed bout 5 miles long and as much broad, lying in the Pym to take the chair. Clarenden, direction of NI' and SE.

It appeared to be a born by men; a fedan,double range of woodly islands joined together by Think what an equipage thou hast

air, reefs, so as to compose one island of an oval figure, And view with fcorn two pages and a chair. Por with a lake in the middle. The trees are large; (2.) CHAIR, (Cthedra, was anciently wed and from the finoke that issued from the woods, the pulpit. It is full applied to the place where it appeared to be inhabited. Lon. 145.54. W. profesors and regents in universties daliere Lit. 17.2;. S.

leciures, and teach the sciences to their popis * CHAINPUMP. n. f. [from chain and pump ] (3.) CHAIR is also applied by the Rumanit's A pump used in large English vesels, which is

certain feasts, held anciently in commemera. Coubie, so that one rises as the other fills. It

of the translation of the fee, or scat of the Tonite yields a great quantity of water, woris easily, and

age of Chut, by St Peter.
ig casily menced, but takes up a great deal of (4.) CHAIR, CURULE, was an ivory Reap
foon, and makes a difgrceable noile. Chambersa on a car, wierein were feated the price

(7.- CHAINSHOT. n. f. [from chain and jo irates of Rome, and those to whom the boradi
Two bullets or haif bullets, fastened togeiber by a triumph had been granted,
a chain, which, when they fly open, cut away (5.1 CHAIK, PERFORATED, a chair, when :z**
whatever is before them. - in ita fights oftentimes, new elected pope is placed, I'. 11. bilion ulitis
a buttock, the brawn of the thighs, and the calf is to be iten at Rome: but the orixin the cards
of the leg, are torn off by the chain.jbot, and splin. does not attribute, as is conimonly done, to
ters. I':jean's Surgery.

adventure of Pope Joan; but lays there is a man (2. CHAIN-SHOT are used at fea to Moot down tery in it ; and it is intended, foi south, to edi yards or masts, and to cut the furouds or rigging to the pope those words of fcripture

, the cost of a ship.

draws the por iram out rive wall unw witr. CHAIN, TOP, on board a flip, a chain to ling thu tiil yards in time of battle, to prevent them by poles, and persons are carried in it, bylin

ETICS, relating

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men. There are 200 chairs allowed by act of par CHALCEDONIANS, the people of CHALCE, liament ; and no person is obliged to pay for a

See last article. hackney chair more than the rate allowed by the CHALCEDONIUM. Sce'CHALCIDIC. act for a hackney coach driven two third parts of

CHALCEDONY, in natural history, a gerius the faid ditance. 9 Ann.c. 23. 9 8. Their number of the femipellucid gems. They are of a regular is fince increased, by 10 Ann.c. 19. and 12 Geo. I. structure, not tabulated; of a semi-opaque cryfC. 13. to 400. See HACKNEY COACHES.

taline balis; and variegated with different colours, CHAIRMAN. n. f. [from chair and man.] disposed in form of milts or clouds, and, if nicely 3. The president of an afsembly.-In assemblies examined, found to be owing to an admixture of generally one person is chosen chairman or mode- various coloured earths, but imperfectly blended Fitor, to keep the several speakers to the rules of in the mass, and often visible in dif.ct moleculæ.

ceder. Watts. 2. One whose trade it is to carry - It has been doubted whether the ancients were a chair.

acquainted with the stone we call chalcedony; they One elbows him, one justles in the shole, having described a Chalcedonian carbuncle and e. A rafter breaks bis head, or chairman's pole. merald, neither of which can at all agree with the

Dryden. characters of our stone; but they have also de. CHAIS DIEU, a town of France, in the depart. fcribéd a Chalcedonian jasper, which feems to ment of Upper Loire, and ci-devant province of have been the stone they describe by the word Velay. Its late Benedictine Abbey was much ce- turbida, which extremely well agrees with our lebrated. It is 12 miles E. of Brioude. Lon. 3. chalcedony. There are 4 known species of the 4. E. Lat. 45. 15. N.

chalcedony. 1. A bluish white one. This is the (1.)* CHAISE. 1. l. (chaise, Fr.] A carriage of most common of all, and is found in the shape of pleasure drawn by one horfe.-Instead of the cha our flints and pebbles, in matles of 2 or 3 inches ;*not he might have said the chaise of government;

or more in diameter. It is of a whitish colour, for a chaise is driven by the perfon that fits in it. with a faint cloud of blue diffufed all over it, but didi on,

always in the greatest degree near the furface. (3.) CHAISES, Post, are said by Aurelius Vic- This is lefs hard than the oriental onyx. The tor

, to have been first introduced by Trajan ; but oriental chalcedonies are the only ones of any va.. the invention is generally ascribed to Augustus ; lue; they are found in vast abundance on the and was probably only improved by Trajan and thores of rivers in all parts of the East Indies, and his succesfors.

frequently come over among the ballast of the CHALASTICS, relaxing medicines.

East India thips. They are common in Silefia, CHALAZA, a white knotty ftring at each end Bohemia, and other parts of Europe ; but with of an egg, formed of a plexus of the fibres of the us are less hard, more opaque, and of very little membranes

, whereby the yolk and white are con- value. 2. The dull milky veined chaleedony. nected together. See EGG.

This is a stone of little value; and is fometimes CHALBURY, a town in Dorsetshire.

met with among our lapidaries, who mistake it for CHALCAS, in botany? A genus of the mono a kind of nephritic stone. It is of a yellowish Eynia order, belonging to the decandria clafs of white or cream colour, with a few milk white plants

. The calyx is quinquepartite; the corolla veins. This is principally found in New Spain. campanulated, with the petals heeled; the ftigma 3. The brownilli, black, dull, and cloudy chaltound-headed and warty.

cedony, known to the ancients by the name of CHALCEDON, or CALCEDON, anciently cal!- finoky jasper, or jaspis capnitis. This is the least od PROCERASTIS and COLEUSA, a city of Bi- beautiful stone of all the clats: it is of a pale thynia, situated at the mouth of the Euxine, on brownish white, clouded all over with a blackilli

the N. extremity of the Thracian Bosphorus, over mist, as the common chalcedony is with a blue. aga'nst Byzantium. Pliny, Strabo, and Tacitus, it is common in the East and West Indies, and in all it The City of the Blind; alluding to the an. Germany; but is very little valued, and is seldom fwer which the Pythian Apollo gave to the foun- worked into any thing better than the handles of ders of Byzantiuin, who, consulting the oracle rela- knives. 4. The yellow and red chalcedony is tive to a place where to build a city, were direc- greatly superior to all the rest in beauty; and is ted to choote that spot which lay oppofite " to

in great repute in Italy, though very little known the habitation of the blind;" that is, as tras then among us. It is naturally compofed of an admirunderstood, to Chalcedon: the Chalcedonians well ture of red and yellow only, on a cloudex cryftaldeferving that epithet for having built their city line bafis; but is fometimes found blended with

in a barren and fandy fail, without seeing that the matter of common chalcedony, and then is advantageous and pleasant spot on the oppofite mixed with blue. It is all over of the misty hue of More, which the Byzantines afterwards chote.- the common chalcedony. This is found only in Chalcedon became famous A. D. 451, on account

the East Indies, and there not plentifully. The Itaof the council which was held there against Euty, lians make it into beads, and cali thefe callidonies; ches. The emperor Valens caused the walls of but they are not determinate in the use of the word, this city to be levelled with the ground for tiding but call beads of feveral of the agates by the lune. with Procopius, and the materials to be conveyed name.

All the chalcedonies readily give fire with to Conftantinople, where they were employed n steel, and make no effervescence with aquafortis. building the famous Valentinian aqueduct. Chal

CHALCEMBOLON, in antiquity, a ihip with redon is at present a poor place, known to the a brazen rostrum. Ceeks by its ancient name, and to the Turks by

CHALCIDENE, OT CHALCIDICE, in aricient that of Cadiaci, i. e. the judge's town.

geography, an inland country of Syria, having Sce

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VOL V. Pars I.

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