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We find the whole prediction, in our pre fent tranflation of the Holy Scriptures, in thefe words:
Daniel, ch. viii. ver. 8-14.
8. Therefore the he-goat waxed very great: and when he was firong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones, toward the four winds of heaven.
9. And out of one of them came forth a little born, which waxed exceeding great, toward the fouth, and toward the caft, and toward the pleafant LAND.
10. And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it caft down some of the hoft and of the ftars to the ground, and fiamped upon
11. Yea he magnified himself even to the Prince of the hoft; and by him the daily facrifice was taken away, and the place of his fanctuary was caft down.
12. And an hoft was given him against the daily facrifice by reafon of tranfgreffion; and it caft down the truth to the ground, and it practifed and profpered.
13. Then I heard one Saint Speaking, and another Saint faid unto that certain Saint
which pake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily facrifice, and the tranfgreffion of defolation, to give both the fanctuary and the hoft to be trodden under foot?
14. And be faid unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then fhall the fanc tuary be cleanfed.
After which follows a further explanation by the Angel:
19. And he faid, Behold I will make thee know what fhall be in the last end of the indig- 465. nation; for at the time appointed the end shall be.
20. The ram which thou faweft having two horns, are the kings of Media and Perfia.
21. And the rough goat is the king of Grecia, and the great horn that is between his is the first king.
22. Now that being broken, whereas four ftood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.
23. And in the latter time of their kingdem, when the tranfgreffions are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and underStanding dark fentences, shall stand up.
24. And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and fall profper and practise, and fhall deftroy the mighty and the holy people.
25. And through his policy also be shall caufe craft to profper in his hand; and he fall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace fall deftroy many: he shall also ftand up against the Prince of princes, but he shall be broken with
Bishop Newton* having obferved that this Little Horn has, by the generality of interpreters both Jewish and Chriftian, and especially by Jerome, been supposed to mean Antiochus Epiphanes, adduces many fubftantial reasons to fhew that in fuch interpretation they must have been mistaken; except as far as Antiochus Epiphanes was a type of the dreadful and mischievous power, ultimately intended.
An Horn, he juftly remarks, in the ftyle of Daniel's prophecy, doth not fignify any parti466. cular king, but is uniformly an emblem of a kingdom. And then he proceeds to fhew, that there was another kingdom befides that
* Differtations on the Prophecies, Vol. II. p. 50.
of Antiochus, to which the character and circumstances afcribed to the power of the Little Horn are even much more applicable: and this kingdom, he fays, was the Roman.
The Romans were a new and different power among the four preceding horns; they rofe from fmall beginnings to an exceeding great empire; they firft fubdued Macedon and Greece, the capital kingdom of the Goat; and from thence fpread and enlarged their conquefts over the reft: and the time of their final dominion and ufurpations agrees. better than that of Antiochus with the time mentioned in the prophecy, viz. the latter part of the kingdom of the four great horns.
The Romans, he further fays, (having first fubdued Macedon and Greece,) inherited, by the will of Attalus, the kingdom of Pergamus, which was the remains of the kingdom. of Lyfimachus; and afterwards they converted into a province the kingdom of Syria, and laftly the kingdom of Egypt.
When the Romans ftood up, alfo, the tranfgreffions were come to the full; very abominable iniquities (which he enumerates) being practifed amongst the Jews, even with regard
regard to the high priesthood, and with reagard to religion.
The Romans, moreover, waxed exceeding great towards the fouth, towards the east, and towards the pleafant land, even within the territories of the Goat. They made provinces of Egypt in the fouth, of Syria in the east, and of Judea.
The Romans alfo took away the daily facrifice, and deftroyed the temple at Jerufalem, and put an end to the government of the Jews.
The Romans also, in one sense of the word, ftood up against the Prince of princes, the Meffiah; because, although it was in confequence of the malice of the Jews, and of their 467. profecution, yet it was by the Supreme power of the Romans, that Our Bleffed Lord (when humbled in the flesh) was put to death.
After making these observations, the Bishop proceeds to give ftill another turn to the metaphorical emblem: endeavouring to fhew, in the moft forcible manner, that the Romans not only crucified our Saviour, and were perfecutors of his difciples; but that, moreover, embracing the Chriftian religion, they then very