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Admiral JOHNSON. Naturally I would prefer having fully equipped reserve centers and we are striving to achieve that objective. Despite the lack of training equipment immediately available for installation, I favor providing facilities for the Naval and Marine Corps Reserve now with equipment to be provided as soon as practicable.
30. Senator THURMOND. What have you done to provide these devices?
Admiral JOHNSON. We have made strong representation within Navy to assure that equipment requirements for the Naval Reserve are properly addressed in the planning, programming and budgeting processes. In addition, we are developing relatively low cost devices within the Naval Reserve to meet these training requirements.
31. Senator THURMOND, Admiral Johnson, reference the dispensa ry/dental clinic at NAS Atlanta, I would like to know why this item is in the reserve construction budget?
Admiral JOHNSON. NAS Atlanta is a dedicated reserve station, as is Dobbins AFB, which is collocated with NAS Atlanta. No regular squadrons are based at the field. The missions of NAS Atlanta/Dobbins AFB are to support the reserves. The runway, control tower, fire and crash facilities and medical facilities are used under a joint utilization agreement. Under the agreement, the Navy is responsible for the medical facilities for all reserve components at the NAS Atlanta/Dobbins AFB, while the Air Force is responsible for the remainder of the facilities I just mentioned.
32. Senator THURMOND. What is the estimated patient ratio between active duty and reserve personnel to be served by this clinic?
Admiral JOHNSON. There will be approximately 949 active duty personnel from all services supporting approximately 5,576 Reserves; thus the ratio of active duty personnel to Reserves is approximately 1 to 6.
TITLE VIII–RESERVE FORCES
Senator SYMINGTON. Mr. Harrington, do you have a statement?
STATEMENT OF EVAN R. HARRINGTON, DIRECTOR, RESERVE
FORCES AND SPECIAL PROGRAMS DIVISION, OFFICE OF THE
Senator SYMINGTON. Your statement is relatively short. Nevertheless, in order that we get a better feel of it, would you read it.
Mr. HARRINGTON. All right, sir.
It is a pleasure to appear before your committees today to testify concerning the construction program of the Reserve forces. For fiscal year 1973 the Department of Defense is requesting a total of $97.2 million in new authorization for construction of training facilities for the Reserve components of the Military Departments. This total is distributed between the Reserve forces as follows: Army National Guard $33.6 million ; Army Reserve, $33.5 million; Navy and Marine Corps Reserve $14.7 million; Air National Guard $9 million; Air Force Reserve $6.4 million.
The committees may note that this fiscal year 1973 request is the third successive year in which the Department has sponsored substantial increases in the program for construction of training facilities for the Reserves. As an example, the fiscal year 1973 request represents an increase of some two and a half times the amount requested in fiscal year 1971, and is over a fifth larger than last year's budget. This sustained emphasis on providing modern and effective facilities for the Reserve components, reflects the Department's appreciation of the enhanced and vitally important role the Reserves now play in the national security strategy. In that role and under current administration policy the Reserves are intended to constitute our initial and primary source of augmentation for the Active Forces in future emergencies, in lieu of increased draft calls.
In that connection, and within the broad framework of the President's strategy for peace and the derivative defense policy of realistic deterence, the Department has evolved a total force planning concept designed to maximize utilization of all forces and resources, both Active and Reserve, in meeting defense missions assigned to the military departments. This doctrine which is applied at all planning levels, is intended to insure an effective and reliable defense posture at the lowest practicable cost, and within the objectives of the All Volunteer Force which guides our manpower planning.
The success of this concept is dependent of course on having National Guard and Reserve Forces which are fully trained and equipped with the latest weapons and material, and are combat ready in every sense of the word. The provision of modern and efficient training facilities is an important factor in achieving this high level of readiness capability.
In furtherance of this objective and considering the relatively large backlog of Reserve construction requirements which have accumulated in the past years and now total over $1 billion, the Department of Defense has encouraged the military departments to apply appropriate amounts of their construction budgets to these essential needs. As we reported last year, the fiscal year 1972 budget represented the first substantial increment in a 10-year program we had designed to liquidate that backlog. We also expressed the hope that we could continue to maintain our schedule toward that objective, and I am pleased to be able to report that we have done so in our fiscal year 1973 request.
As in previous years, under the lump sum authorization procedures, the Congress would be furnished advance notification in accordance with 10 USC 2233a (1) concerning the location, nature, and estimated cost of all projects over $50,000 which are proposed to be undertaken with total lump sum authorization available.
While in accordance with the usual lump sum authorization procedures, specific projects within the total fiscal year 1973 request can only be tentatively identified at this time. However, current indications are that $45.441 million would be used to construct or expand 87 Army Reserve Centers and Army National Guard Armories, and $21.629 million for 62 projects to provide aviation support, field training, and miscellaneous summer training and nonarmory facilities. Similarly, $6.441 million would be required for four joint-use Reserve Centers for Naval and Marine Corps reservists, and $8.274 million for aviation facilities, medical facilities, and utilities. The remaining proposed authorization for the Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve would provide $5.588 million for various miscellaneous air base support facilities and pollution abatement projects.
Mr. Chairman, I have with me representatives of the military departments who are prepared to discuss their individual Reserve facilities programs in more detail if the committee so desires. Together, we shall endeavor to answer any questions you may have on the facility programs or the Reserve components generally.
Mr. Chairman, I have some questions here the staff has prepared. Would you prefer I ask these or do you have questions?
Senator ELLENDER. Go right ahead.
Senator SYMINGTON. Mr. Harrington, will you submit for the record a list of projects by States that you propose to construct out of the lump sum authorizations for the Reserve forces for fiscal year 1973? Mr. HARRINGTON. Yes, I will. I have copies with me. (The information follows:)
FISCAL YEAR 1973 MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM-Continued
Estimated Federal cost (thousands)
...do.. South Dakota: Milbank.
...do.......... Tennessee: Athens. tart
Organizational maintenance shop.... Cookeville..
1-unit armory (type D).. Jackson
Organizational maintenance shop.. Newbern..
1-unit armory (type A).... Trenton...
Organizational maintenance shop.
. 1-unit armory (type D). Austin.
U.S. property and fiscal office warehouse...
l-unit armory (type C)... Salt Lake City
Organizational maintenance sho Vermont: Brattleboro.
1-unit armory (type C)........... Virginia: Byrd Field...
Army aviation support facility.................... Charlottesville..
1-unit plus armory. Washington: Gray Field...
Army aviation support facility (expansion). Seattle
Organizational maintenance shop No. 6.....
Administration building and latrine facilities..
1-unit armory (type C).
Unit armory ( pe ...-..-.-.-.-.-.-.-. -..-.Madison...
Armory addition .... Monroe....
1-unit armory (type A).......... Wyoming: Thermopolis
.. l-unit armory (type B)...
300-man center with command and control facility....... California: Mountain View..
Expand 300-man center to 600-man center.............. Sacramento.....
...do..... San Francisco..
Expand 450-man center to 1,000 man center with hospital
and command and control facilities, Colorado: Grand Junction.
100-man center... Florida: Ocala.....
150-man center .........
Expand 300-man center to 600-man center.
Expand 300-man center to 600-man center with medical
Expand 50-man center to 200-man center... Illinois: Bloomington...
Expand 50-man center to 150-man center... Indiana: Camp Atterbury..
600-man center. Iowa: Cherokee....
100-man center.... Des Moines..
1,000-man center. Kansas:
Emporia. ...................... 100-man center..............................
xpand 50-man center to 150-man center Shreveport.
600-man center with medical facility.. Maryland: Baltimore..
1,000-man center. Westminster...
Expand 50-man center to 200-man center. Massachusetts: Hingham..
1,000-man center with medical facility-... New York: Batavia.....
Expand 50-man center to 100-man center... Corning...
...do.... Fort Totten....
2,300-man center with command and control facility..... Penn Yan...
Expand 50-man center to 150-man center.
Expand 450-man center to 1,000-man center....
Expand 50-man center to 150-man center..... .........
200-man center.. Sandusky..
do............ Pennsylvania: Indiantown Gap.
400-man center.. Military Reservation Washington........ Expand 150-man center to 400-man center............ Rhode Island: Narragansett.