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REAPING WHAT IS SOWN.
for the Company of Barbers is ascribed to as early a date as the reign of Edward of Carnarvon, but the first royal charter was granted to the Barber-Surgeons by Edward IV. and his amiable brother, the Duke of Gloucester. For some unexplained reason, the barbers and surgeons did not pull very well together, and the surgeons severed the connection; but so much inconvenience arose from the jealousy of the two companies that they were reunited by the Act 32, Henry VIII., under the name of Masters or Governors of the Mystery and Commonalty of Barbers and Surgeons of London. This document bound the associated crafts firmly together till the year 1745, when the surgeons finally departed to the Old Bailey, and subsequently, in 1800, formed the body now well known as the Royal College of Surgeons in Lincoln's Inn Fields.-All the Year Round.
REAPING WHAT IS SOWN.
To teach children that they will always get on best by honesty and fair dealing, is to put them on a support that will break down sooner or later or it will so appear to them. While, generally speaking, honesty is the best policy, and the painstaking are more prosperous that the careless, the material results ought not to determine every course of action. Do the best and the noblest things, and your reward will be in kind. F. W. Robertson thus rebukes the vain expectation of some good men: The religious tradesmen complains that his honesty is a hindrance to his success; that the tide of custom pours into the doors of his less scrupulous neighbours in the same street, while he himself waits for hours idly. My brother! do you think that God is going to reward honour, integrity, high-mindedness, with this world's coin? Do you fancy that He will pay spiritual excellence with plenty of custom? Now consider the price that man has paid for his success. Perhaps mental degradation and inward dishonour. His advertisements are all deceptive; his treatment of his workmen tyrannical; his cheap prices made passable by inferior articles. Sow that man's seed, and you will reap that man's harvest. Cheat, lie, advertise, be unscrupulous in your assertions-custom will come to you. But if the price is too dear, let him have his harvest, and take yours. Yours is a clear conscience, a pure mind, rectitude within and without. Will you part with that for his? Then why do you complain? He has paid his price; you do not choose to pay it.
POETRY.-ANECDOTES AND SELECTIONS.
WHAT IS FAITH?
"Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen."
Oн, faith is not a mere belief
That Thou canst aid in better grief,
"Tis living in Thy blessed sight
-Heb. xi. 1.
'Tis stepping light though burdened sore;
"Tis loving with unuttered love,
Though hard the heart and slow to move;
'Tis telling Thee my every thought;
My Father, I must wait on Thee,
Anecdotes and Selections.
MILTON'S DAILY LIFE.-Milton lived in a small house in London, or in the country, in Buckinghamshire. Of all consolations, work is the most fortifying and the most healthy, because it solaces a man, not by bringing him ease, but requiring effort. Every morning he had a chapter of the Bible read to him in Hebrew, and remained for some time in silence grave, in order to meditate on what he had heard. He never went to a place of worship. Independent in religion, as in all else, he was sufficient to himself. He studied till midday; then, after an hour's exercise, he played the organ or bass violin. Then he resumed his studies till six, and in the evening enjoyed the society of his friends. When any one came to visit him, he was usually found in a room hung with old green hangings, seated in an arm chair, and dressed quietly in black. He had been very beautiful in his youth, and his English cheeks, once delicate as a young girl's, retained their colour almost to the end. Few men have done such honour to their kind. Amidst so many trials (a scrivener caused him to lose £2,000; at the Restoration he was refused payment of £2,000 due to him from the excise office; his house was burned in the great fire; when he died he only left £1,500, including the produce of his library), a pure and lofty joy,
ANECDOTES AND SELECTIONS.
altogether worthy of him, had been granted to him; the poet buried under the Puritan, had reappeared more sublime than ever, to give to Christianity a second Homer.-Taine.
CHRIST'S SYMPATHY.-"If," says Augustine, "a man should come up to embrace thee, to kiss, and honour thee upward, and beneath, with a pair of shoes beaten full of nails, tread upon thy bare foot; the head shall despise the honour done unto it, and for the foot that smarteth, say, Why treadest thou upon me? So when feigned gospellers honour Christ our Head, sitting in heaven, and oppress His members on earth, the Head shall speak for the feet that smart, and say, 'Why treadest thou on Me?' Paul had a zeal toward God, but he did tread upon Christ's feet on earth, for whom the Head crieth forth from heaven, 'Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou Me?' Although Christ sitteth on the right hand of His Father, yet liveth He on earth; He suffereth all calamities here on earth; He is many times evil treated here on earth.” -Bernard Gilpin.
A PERSIAN FABLE. A drop of water fell out of a cloud into the sea, and finding itself lost in such an immensity of fluid matter, broke out into the following reflection:-Alas! what an insignificant creature I am in this prodigious ocean of waters; my existence is of no concern to the universe; I am reduced to a kind of nothing, and am less than the least of the works of God." It so happened that an oyster, which lay in the neighbourhood of this drop, chanced to gape and swallow it up in the midst of this its humble soliloquy. The drop lay a great while hardening in the shell, till by degrees it was ripened into a pearl, which, falling into the hands of a diver, after a long series of adventures, is at present that famous pearl which is fixed on the top of the Persian diadem.
FAMILY WORSHIP.-You say that your business is such that you cannot find time for its performance. What an excuse! But I would ask these simple questions: How, my friend, can you employ your more profitably than by spending a portion of each successive day in praying with your family, and commending them to the all-preserving care of God? Which should have the greater weight with you in determining your course of action, time or eternity? Is it better to strive to lay up for yourself and children treasures on earth, and disobey the commands of God; or cheerfully to obey those commands, and to lay up treasure in heaven?
NAPOLEON.-When the daring and ambitious Napoleon was about to invade Russia, a person who had endeavoured to dissuade him from his purpose, finding he could not prevail, quoted to him the proverb, "Man proposes, but God disposes," to which he replied indignantly, "I dispose as well as propose. A Christian woman, on hearing the impious boast, remarked, "I set that down as the turning point of Buonaparte's fortunes. God will not suffer a creature with impunity thus to usurp His prerogative." It happened to Buonaparte just as was predicted. His invasion of Russia was the commencement of his downfall.
THE FIRESIDE.-THE PENNY POST BOX.
TRIBUTE TO A MOTHER.
CHILDREN, look in those eyes, listen to that dear voice, notice the feeling of even a single touch that is bestowed upon you by that gentle hand! Make much of it while yet you have that most precious of all good gifts, a loving mother. Read the unfathomable love of those eyes; the kind anxiety of that tone and look, however slight your pain. In after life you may have friends, fond, dear, kind friends; but never will you have again the inexpressible love and gentleness lavished upon you which none but a mother bestows.
Often do I sigh in my struggles with the hard, uncaring world, for the sweet, deep security I felt when, of an evening, nestling in her bosom, I listened to some quiet tale, suitable to my age, read in her tender and untiring voice. Never can I forget her sweet glances cast upon me when I appeared asleep; never her kiss of peace at night. Years have passed away since we laid her beside my father in the old churchyard; yet still her voice whispers from the grave, and her eye watches over me, as I visit spots long since hallowed to the memory of my mother.-Lord Macaulay.
The Penny Post Box.
CURES FOR FITS.
For a Fit of Passion.-Walk out in the open-air; you may speak your mind to the winds without hurting any one, or proclaiming yourself a simpleton.
For a Fit of Idleness.-Count the ticking of a clock; do this for one hour, and you will be glad to pull off your coat the next and work like a negro.
For a Fit of Extravagance and Folly.-Go to the workhouse and speak with the inmates of a jail, and you will be convinced
"Who makes his bed of brier and thorn,
For a Fit of Ambition.-Go into a churchyard and read the gravestones; they will tell you the end of ambition. The grave will soon be your bedchamber, the earth your pillow, corruption your father, and the worm your mother and sister.
For a Fit of Despondency.-Look on the good things which God has given you in this world, and to those which He has promised His followers in the next. He who goes into his garden to look for cobwebs and spiders, no doubt will find them, while he who looks for a flower may return into his house with one blooming in his bosom.
For all Fits of Doubt, Perplexity, and Fear.-Whether they respect the body or the mind, whether they are a load to the shoulders, the head, or the heart, the following is a radical cure which may be relied
FACTS, HINTS, GEMS, AND POETRY.
on, for I had it from the Great Physician: "Cast thy burden on the Lord, and He will sustain thee."
For a Fit of Repining.-Look about for the halt and the blind, and visit the bedridden, and they will make you ashamed of complaining of your lighter afflictions.
Facts, Hints, Gems, and Poetry.
During the past quarter of a century the number of volumes in the British Museum increased from 435,000 to 1,100,000; in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, from 824,000 to 2,000,000, and in the public libraries in the United States, from 930,000 to nearly 20,000,000.
The total value of British exports of home, foreign, and colonial produce, is more than double what it was in 1860, having risen from £28,000,000 to £58,000,000 sterling.
The excise returns of Great Britain show that £120,000,000, are annually spent in alcoholic drinks, and that of this immense sum more than one-half is spent by the labouring classes.
The eighty-one ton gun, recently completed at Woolwich for the ironclad, Inflexible, was tested recently. The charge consisted of 250 pounds of powder and a 1,300 pound shot.
A single English firm has built 16,000 iron bridges for Indian railways. Germany has nearly 1,000,000 more women than men. .
ALPHABET OF PROVERBS.
A grain of prudence is worth
pound of craft.
Boasters are cousins to liars.
Spare that you may spend; fast that you may feast; labour that you may live; and run that you may rest. If thy conscience smite thee once,
Confession of faults makes half it is admonition: if it smite thee
Denying a fault doubles it.
Envy shoots at others and wounds herself.
Foolish fear doubles danger.
twice, it is a condemnation.
Most people would succeed in small things, if they were not troubled with great ambitions.
If you have been tempted to do evil, God reaches us good things by our fly from it; it is not falling into the hands. water, but lying in it, that drowns.