« VorigeDoorgaan »
NAMES AND SUBJECTS IN THE EIGHTEENTH
nises of, 192
Mississippi scheme, the, 13
Moderation in argument, 40
Bodily labour, its advantages, 228 Convallaria majalis, 173
and misery, 228
Second Route.-Hy way of the Per-
Ceremonies, Amicable, I., 158-II., 195 Diseases. imaginary, 36
Ill-natured people, advice to, 100 Perverseness of the mind of man, 78
Illusions, Optical, I., 203—II., 228 Pest, Spring fair at, 30
Philosophy not opposed to Revelation,
Imitation from I. Kings, xix, 11, 12-23 Physic, 27
English and Indian landscapes, 150 Journey, overland, from India to Eng. grain, spurred rye, 108
Poisonous flies, 152
Porcupine, the, 68
Possession, enjoyment the true tost of,
Chinese, the inventors of bank-notes, Evil, suffering, 247
Knowledge and virtue, 27
Power of truth, 141
Landscapes, English and Indian, 150 Prejudice, 30
Sect. 1. Medals and Coins distin. I., II. The Salmon, 137, 174
Malicious wit, 183
Rome, under the emperors, 19
Mansions, Old English:-
game, 7, 20
WROXTON ABBEY, OXFORDSHIRE. miles from Oxford, and seventy-three from London, and
contains between five and six thousand inhabitants. The stately homes of England,
This place is supposed to have been occupied by the How beautifiil they stand:
Romans, from the discovery of some Roman coins and Amidst their tall ancestral trees,
a Roman altar there. About the year 1153, a castle was O'er all the pleasant laud. The deer across their greensward bound
built here by Alexander, bishop of Lincoln, which conThrough shade and sunny gleam,
tinued an episcopal residence till the first year of the And the swan glides past them with the sound
reign of Edward the Sixth; and is said to have contained Of some rejoicing stream.-HEMANS.
a dreary dungeon for convicts. During the wars of the
Roses, the neighbourhood of Banbury was the scene of We have, on one or two occasions, presented the reader frequent conflicts, of which the most disastrous was the with copies of some of the admirable engravings con battle of Banbury, fought in 1469, on a plain called tained in Mr. Nash's Mansions of England in the Danesmore, near Edgecote, a village about three miles Olden Time. The appearance of a second series of distant, between the Earl of Warwick on the one side, that work, and the permission of the publisher to pre- and the Earls of Pembroke and Stafford on the other; sent a view from it in our present Number, offers an which ended in the defeat of the Yorkists. The town opportunity for our again expressing the opinion which was again the seat of contention, during the civil wars of we have formed of it.
the Commonwealth. The inhabitants espoused the The idea of presenting views of the mansions of the cause of the Parliament; but the town was taken by the nobility and gentry in various parts of Ergiand, is by no Royalists after the battle of Edgehill, and defended by means a new one;
of our artists and engravers Sir William Compton, against Colonel Fiennes, for thirhave, at different times, and to different extent, followed teen weeks, till the garrison was relieved by the Earl of up such a plan. We may particularly allude to Mr. Northampton. It was afterwards besieged for several Neale's elegant work, entitled Views of Seats, which weeks by Colonel Whalley, and surrendered on honourextends to ten or twelve volumes, and contains repre- able terms. sentations and descriptions of a very large number of The town of Banbury is pleasantly situated in a fertile mansions. But still something else was wanted; some valley, on the banks of the small river Charwell. The other feature was looked for, which might carry the houses are well built, and the streets are lighted with imagination back to old times, when, from the peculiar gas. The chief manufactures of the town are cheese, of usages and customs of the age, the English gentry were which a large quantity of superior quality is made, and wont to dwell more in the midst of their tenantry and the celebrated “ Banbury cakes;" formerly there was dependents than they are enabled to do at the present an extensive manufacture of plush, shag, and girth webday. This is not the place to discuss why it is that such bing; but this has greatly declined. The church, dedichanges occur, during the lapse of time; but certain it cated to St. Mary, is a spacious structure, erected under is, that the home of an English country gentleman, in the authority of an act of Parliament, obtained in 1790. the reign of "good Queen Bess," of the Jameses, and The living is a discharged vicarage, in the archideaconry the Charleses, presented marked and characteristic fea- and diocese of Oxford, rated in the king's books at tures: our authors
describe these characteristic fea- 221. Os. 2d., endowed with 2001. private benefaction, tures, and do all that the pen can effect in presenting 4001. royal bounty, and 600l. parliamentary grant. then to the mind; but the aid of the painter is wanting Among the places for education are a blue-coat school. to produce the full effect.
established by subscription in 1705, and endowed with Now this brings us to the nature and object of Mr. property to the amount of 80l. per annum: this school Nash's work. He does not merely represent cold exte was, in 1807, incorporated with a national school, to riors of large mansions; he carries the spectator within which a Sunday-school has been since attached. Fordoors, and peoples the halls, the saloons, the libraries, merly, there was a free grammar-school here, which was with inmates, habited as they were wont to be in the held in such high estimation, that the statutes of Saint times of which we have spoken. His plan has been, to Paul's School, London, are said to have been drawn up visit such old mansions as present the most striking ex on the model of those of Banbury School. One of the amples of the “ Elizabethan” style of architecture, and masters, Mr. Stanbridge, was tutor to the celebrated Sir as have suffered the smallest degree of change by repair; Thomas Pope; and so great was the reputation which to select some portion of each building, of the most pic- this institution had acquired, that the statutes of the free turesque kind; to furnish it (if, as is usual, it be an in- grammar-school at Manchester, dated 1524, ordain that terior) with such decorations, furniture, and implements, the grammar be there taught after the manner of the as were likely to be found in it in times long gone by; school at Banbury, in Oxfordshire, which is called Stanto give vividness to the scene by introducing imaginary bridge grammar. figures, habited strictly in accordance with the era In proceeding from Banbury to Wroxton Abber, chosen ; and to represent those figures as being employed which is about two miles westward of it, we pass through in such avocations as will illustrate the domestic arrange the small parish of Drayton, possessed by the noble ments and the domestic sports of “merry England,” two houses of Guilford and Dorset. It once contained a or three centuries ago. Such was the plan proposed; mansion occupied by the Greville family, but this has and the mode of execution is so admirable, that a second been long in an uninhabitable state as a mansion, though series of similar views was speedily called for. This we believe a portion of it has been repaired and fittei second series is now before us; and from it we select a up as a poor-house. The church of Drayton is a simple view of Wroxton Abbey, Oxfordshire, respecting which, unimposing structure, principally remarkable for the we will give a few descriptive and historical details. tombs and relics of the noble
personages who Wroxton Abbey is situated in the parish of Wroxton, resided in the neighbourhood. near Banbury, in Oxfordshire. We will say a few words The parish of Wroxton, in which the abbey is situated. respecting Banbury, before we visit the Abbey itself. contains only about eight hundred inhabitants. The living
If we look at a map of Oxfordshire, we find that the is a vicarage in the archdeaconry and diocese of Oxford, northern portion is very narrow, not above eight or ten and in tne patronage of the Marquis of Bute. The miles in breadth. At the eastern border of this narrow church is dedicated to All Saints, and contains monudistrict, is the town of Banbury, on the river Charwell; ments to two or three of the Earls of Guilford, to several and proceeding westward from Banbury, we come to other members of that family, to the first Earl of Donne, Wroxton Abbey, at a distance of about two miles. and to other distinguished personages.
Banbury is a considerable market town, twenty-two Wroxton Abbey would seem, from its name, to be
rather an ecclesiastical structure than a private mansion ;
HUNGARY WATER. but the truth is that an abbey formerly occupied the spot, and a portion of it has been built into or included in
Doctors or Teachers they of Physick are, the present mansion, which retains the old name. A
(Whether by pen they do it, or in chair
With lively voyce,) that teach the way to know priory of canons regular of St. Augustin was founded
Man's nature, health, and sickness, and do show here in the reign of Henry the Third, and valued at
Diseases, cause, and cure: but they who spend 781. 13s. 4d. The buildings of this priory were destroyed
Their life in visits, and whose labours end
In taking fees and giving paper scrowls, by fire, and the present mansion was built on its site.
Factors of physick are, and none but owls The estate came into the family of the Norths by the
To court such doctors, that no Latin know,
From whence that name did to our language flow. marriage of Francis, Lord Keeper Guilford, with Lady Frances Pope, sister of fourth and last Earl of Donne, Thus wrote William Rowland, the coadjutor of CulpeThe greater part of the present structure was erected
per in some of his numerous works on medical subjects; by Sir William Pope, afterwards Earl of Donne, in the
and from the tone of satire in which the lines are written, year 1618. The building is of an ornamental and inte the reader would naturally suppose that this Rowland resting sharacter, though it was not completed according to the original design, as an intended wing on the south sick." Yet we are tempted to smile when we see what
was a genuine “doctor,” and not a mere “factor of physide was never commenced. The Lord Keeper made
were the ideas of such men respecting the effects of some additions, and the late Earl of Guilford erected an
medicines on the human body, and how strangely they elegant library, after a plan by Smirke. The chapel is mixed up astrology with the medical art. If we select a fine room, beautified by the first Earl of Guilford.
almost any simple herb,—-rosemary for instance,--we Among the pictures deposited in this mansion are many shall find that they attribute to it virtues which would ancient portraits of the families of North and Pope. very much gladden the hearts of invalids, could we only Among the latter is an original of Sir Thomas Pope, believe them to be true. Rosemary, Culpeper tells us, founder of Trinity College, Oxford, and uncle of the
will cure, or at least "help" cold diseases, rheum, first Earl of Donne. Of the Norths there is a complete swimming of the head, drowsiness, stupidity, dumb series of portraits, from Edward, the first lord, created palsy, lethargy, falling sickness, tooth-ache, bad breath, in the reign of Philip and Mary, to the present Earl of weak memory, dim sight, yellow jaundice, pestilence, Guilford. “ The whole of Wroxton Priory,” says
cough, ptisick, consumption, benumbed joints, and a Brewer, “is creditable to the taste of the noble owner.
host of other personal evils, both internal and external. Every improvement introduced (and many have been effccted) is rendered subservient to the ancient baronial and it is under the celestial Ram.”
He also informs us that “the sun claims privilege to it, character of the edifice. The gardens and pleasure
These whimsicalities would be calculated merely to grounds will be viewed with particular interest, as no innovating hand has robbed them of their monastic fea- disposed, by the perusal of the works, or the popular
amuse, were it not that uneducated persons are often tures.”
dissemination of the opinions, of such men as Culpeper The only remains of the original abbey (or priory, as
and Rowland, to form a very erroneous estimate of the it would seem to be more correctly called) are an arch, comparative state of medical knowledge in past and which was probably a door of entrance, and a small por- present times. The reputed properties of any particular tion of the passages, communicating with offices in the herb or medicament, however astounding they may be, lower division of the building. Mr. Nash has, in one picture, represented the porch undoubted terms, that many readers fear it would be a
are laid down by our old herbalists in such positive and of Wroxton Abbey, which is an elegant specimen of the kind of presumption to doubt the truth of what is Italian decorated entrances, so frequently attached to
asserted. This is an evil, since it is difficult, and often buildings of this date. Another plate is devoted to the impossible
, to bring the mind into a fit state for the rehall. This hall is handsome, though plain, and is re- ception of truths recently discovered, if it is pre-occupied niarkable for the screen, which is richly carved and sup- by doctrines which partake of the marvellous, and ported on columns, leaving the space beneath the music which are, principally on that account, eagerly caught up gallery open. The pendant in the centre of the ceiling is likewise a curious feature, and has a light and elegant
by the multitude.
We could easily collect numerous examples of medieffect. The stags' heads introduced into the wall are also
cinal herbs, which are now used for the most simple purpeculiar and striking ornaments.
poses only, but which were once lauded for curative properties almost innumerable.
Some preparations, JEOPARD not the loss of many things for the gain of one
formerly much vaunted, are now utterly unknown, while thing; neither adventure the loss of one thing certain for others, although still admitted into the healing art, many things doubtful.-Sir THOMAS Smith.
occupy a far humbler station than that which they once
filled. There is a curious history respecting the subject The heart may be sad, without the eye being wet.-LOVER. of HUNGARY Water, a preparation from Rosemary,
which will illustrate some of the remarks offered above,
and will show that persons moving even in the highest Adversity is like the period of the foriner and of the latter | circles were once not exempt from the belief in medicines rain, cold, comfortless, unfriendly to man and to animal; and remedies of a marvellous character. yet from that season have their birth, the flower, and the
líungary wuter is spirit of wine distilled upon rosefruit, the date, tlic rose, and the pomegranate.—Sir WALTER
mary, and therefore imbued with its oily and strongly Scott.
scented essence. It used to be brought principally frm AFFLICTioN appears to be the guide to reflection; the teacher France, particularly from Beaucaire, Montpellier, a nd of humility; the parent of repentance ; the nurse of faith;
other places in Languedoc, where rosemary grew in the strengthener of patience, and the promoter of charity? great abundance. The name by which it is known ,while of those upon whom affliction is thus sanctified to the l' Eau de la reine d'Hongrie,-seems to imply that it was purifying of the soul, and its improvement in Christian first known or used in Hungary, and such appearson graces; of those, who study to convert it with the blessing of investigation to have been the case. Several books are their merciful Father, to their spiritual and eternal welfare, been written on the subject, in which it is stated that that they “ may become partakers of his holiness;” of those the receipt for making this medicine was given to ? the statutes” of the Lorl: of such persons it may be truly queen of Hungary by a hermit, (some say by an an el, atfirmed, as the royal Psalmist acknowledged of himself, that who appeared to her in a garden, all entrance to which “ it is good for them to be afflicted."--Bisnop Mant. was shut. One writer says that this queen was Q uecu